GEOG 101b Introduction to Human Geography by mtPjMYC

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									 GEOG 101b Introduction to Human Geography


Lecture 14 Week 9

  RURAL GEOGRAPHY
  Agricultural production
  systems
               Contents


1.   Rural Geography
2.   Themes in Rural Geography
3.   Agricultural systems
             1. Rural Geography
   Definition:
       The study of how people earn their living, how
        rural livelihood systems vary by area, and
        how the economic activities are spatially
        interrelated.
2. Themes in Rural Geography
 Rural depopulation
 Land management

 Land reform

 Rural settlements: Patterns and
  characteristics
 Structural changes in agriculture

 H.Y.V. technology
2. Themes in Rural Geography
 Marketing structure in rural areas
 Theories and models in rural development

 Foreign aid

 Rural credit and banking

 Co-operatives

 Rural development,
           3. Agricultural systems
   Hunting and gathering
       Extractive systems
   Nomadic herding
       Northwest Asia,
       the Middle East,
       North Africa and
       the Arctic Tundra
   Shifting cultivation
          Small-scale agriculture

   Traditional agriculture
         Large-scale Agriculture
   Commercial Agriculture
     Plantation
       Associatedwith slavery, indentured labour,
       and other economic models of high inequity
           Eg. Sugar cane plantations in Brazil
   Livestock ranching (intensive and
    extensive)
   Commercial Agriculture
     large-scale
     capital intense

     high yield varieties

     high market value crops
Impacts from the expansion of agriculture
              Urban farming
   The benefits of urban agriculture
     Food security
     Diminished food miles

     Organic food production

     Community involvement
       Urban agriculture

 China: cities produce 90% of
 vegetables consumed
 Africa: 20% is produced in towns
 and cities

								
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