Traffic Saftey by 8Ul4aq3R

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									Traffic Saftey

Location         Dempster Hall
Time             9:30 – 3:00 pm, Saturday, February 16, 2008
Duration         5 hours

Presenter    Alex Hughes and Jake----
Co-Presenter

Materials Needed
   Measuring tape
   100 ft of rope measured out in 4ths
   1 computer with audio
   1 car/truck/other similar vehicle
   board/ pens for drawing
   loose leaf paper for all of the students


LEARNING OBJECTIVES
   Know the top 10 mistakes new drivers frequently make
   Know the two items that you are required by law to have while operating a motor
    vehicle
   Know the affects of Drugs and Alcohol on the human body and why you should
    not drive under the affects of them
        o Know the legal Blood Alcohol level for your state and the “open container
            law”
   Know at least 4 factors that are considered when designing and building a road or
    highway.
        o Understand how roadside hazards and road conditions can contribute to
            the occurrence and seriousness of traffic crashes
   Be able to explain why a fatigued or distracted driver should not operate a motor
    vehicle
        o Know five common distractions
        o Understand how the distractions contribute to traffic accidents and explain
            how drivers can minimize distractions.
   Know how volunteer drivers can plan to be alert when transporting scouting
    participants
   Be able to demonstrate how to properly wear a lap or shoulder belt.
        o Understand how it is important for drivers and passengers to wear safety
            belts at all times
   Be able to list 5 safety feature found in motor vehicles besides seat belts
        o Be able to describe each safety feature, how each works, and how each
            contributes to the overall safety of the vehicle.
   Know your way around a vehicle
        o Demonstrate that all the lights and lighting systems are working
                 Understand their function and contributions to safety
           o Demonstrate how to check tire pressure, how to identify the correct tire
              pressure
                   Explain why proper tire pressure is important for safe driving
           o Demonstrate the “Smear-and-Clear” test
                   Explain how, in good and bad weather, windshield wipers are
                      important for safe driving.
      Show, with a measuring device, the distance a car will travel (with reaction time
       included) when stopping a car.
           o First 30 miles per hour (mph) then 50 mph,, then 70 mph.
      Demonstrate the difference in nighttime and day time visibility for:
           o A bicycle/pedestrian with reflective material
           o One of the above without reflective material
      Be able to explain how color and shape help road users to recognize and
       understand information presented on traffic and road way signs.
           o Explain the purpose of the different signs, signals, and pavement
              markings.
      Describe at least three examples of traffic laws that apply to drivers of motor
       vehicles and that bicyclist must obey.

TEACHING/LEARNING
        Keep the class talking, be open to their ideas, suggestions and let them weigh
in on ideas

Introduction time! 20 min
      Name, funniest accident you’ve had, favorite tv show and sports team.


Frequent Mistakes (15 Minutes )
    Overconfidence
         o Expect the unexpected. Not doing so can lead to crashes in unfamiliar or
             unexpected situations.
                 To get better, practice with an experienced adult who knows how
                    to react
    Not buckling up
         o 2/3rds of all teens killed in car accidents were not wearing their seatbelts
         o wearing a safety belt can reduce the chance of injury or death by 45%
    Speeding
         o 1/3 of fatal accidents involving teens involve speeding
         o driving the speed limit increases the likely hood of avoiding an accident
             and decreases the severity of accidents that do happen.
    Rowdy passengers
         o Adding even one rowdy passenger can increase
    Talking on a cell-phone
    Fiddling with the CD player, Radio, or mp3 player.
    Late night cruising
    Drinking and driving
      Getting into a bad situation
      Taking risks

Small group: discuss the top three mistakes and summarize why you think they are
dangerous (10-20 min- open the discussion up to the whole class room after a while)

The Two Required Items (5 Minutes)
Current Driver’s License from the state you live in
Proof of Insurance on your vehicle

Alcohol’s Affects (10 Minutes)
The legal limit: .08 Blood alcohol content.

      A depressant. Slows brain function:
          o Multitasking
          o Reaction Time
          o Tracking
          o Comprehension
          o Attention Span
          o Coordination

Youtube video on Alcohol and Driving: From Mythbusters
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t8LuM92Twm8&feature=related (5 Minuets)

Highway Building (30-45 min)

      Four Factors
          o Roadway Safety Features
                  Rumble Strips:
                  Retroreflective signs
                  Timing of Traffic lights at intersections
          o Speed
                  If there is a curve too sharp for driving over 30 mph, then the road
                    is not fit for highway speeds
          o Uniformity
                  If the same signs were different from state to state, it would be
                    hard to drive across country
          o Intersection, Lane and visibility Safety
      Roadside Hazards
          o Vehicle malfunctions
          o Traffic situations (sudden breaking)
          o Poor road conditions
          o “Booby Traps”
                  trees, signs, posts, guardrails
          o All need to be taken into account.
                    Often, there is a wide shoulder to lessen the chance of those factors
                     becoming fatal
      Road Conditions
          o Good pavement helps to keep good tractions and prevent skidding
          o When the highways are well maintained, drivers are more likely to stay on
             the road
                  They won’t have to swerve to avoid potholes
          o Weather
                  Even a small drizzle of rain can cause the tires to lose traction
                  Hydroplaning- skidding on top of the water
                         Roads designed so that water is quickly drained off of them
                  Snow
                         Some roads are designed to hold snow pushed there by the
                             snow plows.
                         Chemical releasing roads to speed up melting when cars are
                             passing over it.
          o Electronic Road signs now warn of bad road conditions
      Highway Work Zones
          o The designer of the construction area must ensure it is safe for workers
             and travelers
                  Traffic flow along the construction route
                         Warning signs, barricades, drums or cones
                         Detours
                         Reduced speed limit to help prevent drivers getting
                             confused

Fatigue and Distractions (20-25 min)

      Fatigue
           o Several times a day, body hits a natural “lull”
                 Slows reaction time
                 Dulls awareness
                 Impairs Judgment


      Distractions
          o Rubbernecking
                   Looking at other accidents can lead to accidents
          o Mobile phones and other devices
                   Video from mythbusters, driving with a cell phone
                   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGN1pLI4ZaM (6 min)

          o Music
          o Passengers
                 Loud and rambunctious passengers
          o Eating and Drinking
       Small Groups again: Discuss how these distractions can be minimized.

Volunteer Drivers (15 min)

Ask the scouts to give ideas for what a Volunteer Driver should be aware of.

      Should not drive when they feel fatigued.
           o Should realize that they process information more slowly.
      Should arrange their schedule so that, for several days before the event, they get
       good nights rest.
      Should make trip preparations far enough in advance that last minute preparations
       do not interfere with their rest.
      Should make travel plans that take into account their personal biological clock.
           o They should drive only during the time of day when they are alert.
      Should be smart about engaging in physical activities during Scouting outings and
       will be sure to continue to drive alert.

Safety Belts (15 min)

      Should be able to properly use a lap or shoulder belt.
      Be able to explain why it is important for drivers and passengers to wear a safety
       belt.

Safety Features (20 min)

      Be able to list five safety features, other than the safety belt, found in motor
       vehicles.
          o They may include; headlights, dashboard lights, turn signals, high beams,
              emergency flashing lights, Anti-lock breaks, tire treads, windshield
              wipers, etc.
      Describe each and how they contribute to safety.

   Game time! “Hangman” only with drawing a car

Demonstrations (30 min – 1 hour depending on the number of kids)

      Demonstrate that all the lights and lighting systems work.
         o Explain their function and importance for safe driving.
      Demonstrate how to check tire pressure and identify the proper tire pressure.
         o Explain why proper tire pressure is important to safe driving
      Demonstrate how to check for proper tire tread height.
         o Explain why this is important for safe driving
      Demonstrate the “Smear-and-Clear” test.
         o Describe instances where good and bad weather driving where windshield
            wipers are important for safe driving.
Stopping a vehicle (10 min)

       In a safe location, measure off the stopping distance (including reaction time) for
        a car moving 30, 50, and 70 miles per hour on dry level pavement.
                     Discuss how environmental factors affect the stopping distance
                     Point out the differences in distance
                     Pg 64 in the book (30 mph – 76 ft)
                                            50 mph – 174ft
                                            70- 311 ft
Visibility (20 min)

      Demonstrate the difference in nighttime visibility between a properly lit bicycle
       and rider (or pedestrian) wearing reflective material verses one with no reflective
       material or lighting.
           o Short video on reflective clothing
               http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ys3SB0EYjtc&feature=related (2 min)
      Explain how color and shape are used to help road users are used to help road
       users recognize and understand the information presented on traffic and roadway
       signs
           o Draw some signs on the board- shape only- to show how recognizable the
               signs are.
      Explain the different purposes of the types of signs signals and pavement
       markings.- Refer to pages 58-59.

Bicycles (10 min)

      Describe at least three examples of traffic laws that apply to drivers of motor
       vehicles and bicyclists must obey.
          o Always travel on the right side of the road: ride with traffic and never
              against
          o Obey all traffic signals and signs
          o Always check before turning and use signals


Quiz one: (after finishing the Road side hazards section)
       1. Name four of the ten mistakes new drivers often make
       2. What affect does alcohol have on the mind, describe it.
       3. Name two of the four factors considered in the design of a highway and
           explain their importance

								
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