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East Oakland by xiangpeng

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									  East Oakland
Community Information Book Update                                                                                                   October 2005



                                                       Social and Demographic
                                                       Characteristics
                                                       The latest figures            East Oakland Racial and Ethnic Composition, 1990
                                                       from Census 2000              vs. 2000
                                                       show that 87,943          60,000
                                                       people live in East                                                                              1990
                                                                                 50,000                                                                 2000
                                                       Oakland, an increase
                                                       of 16% since 1990.        40,000

                                                                                 30,000
                                                       ■ The racial/ethnic
                                                                                 20,000
                                                     composition of East
                                                     Oakland is 51%              10,000
                                                     African American,               0
                           38% Latino, 4% Asian, 4% White, 2% two or                      Latino     White        Afr.     Amer. Asian/PI Other         Two or
                           more races, 1% Pacific Islanders, and less than                                       Am.        Ind.                         more*
                                                                                     *Information on multiracial residents was collected for the first
                           1% each of American Indians and other race.               time in the 2000 Census. Therefore, 1990 comparison is not
                                                                                     available.
                           ■   The racial/ethnic composition of Alameda
                           County is 41% White, 20% Asian, 19% Latino,              ■   Additionally, the Asian and Pacific
                           15% African American, 4% two or more                     Islanders in East Oakland experienced a 13%
                           races, and less than 1% each American Indian,            population increase between 1990 and 2000.
                           Pacific Islander, and other race.
                                                                                    ■   The African American population
                           ■  The East Oakland Latino population                    experienced a decrease by 16% to 43,744.
                           showed the fastest growth rate of 132% from              The White population also decreased by 24%
                           1990 to 2000, reaching 33,827.                           between 1990 and 2000, to a population of
                                                                                    3,217.

                            East Oakland Racial and Ethnic Composition, 2000
                                                 Two or more
                                      Pacific                Other race
                                                    races
                                     Islander                  <1%
                                                     2%
                                        1%
                                           Asian
                                            4%
Alameda County                  American
Public Health Department          Indian                                Latino
                                   <1%                                   38%
Community Assessment,
Planning, and Education                                                              The census tracts included in this update
(CAPE) Unit                                                                          are 4073-4076, 4084-4089, 4091-4097,
1000 Broadway, Suite 500             African
                                                                                     4102-4104. Please see the East Oakland
Oakland, CA 94607
                                    American                                         Community Information Book for a
Tel: 510 267 8020                     51%                        White               map of the area.
                                                                  4%
                   Sex and Age                                         Language

                 ■  In 1999, East Oakland had slightly more           ■   In 2000, 58% of East Oakland residents
                 women (51%) than men (49%). This was the             age 5 years and older spoke only English at
                 same as Alameda County.                              home.

                 ■  Children under 14 years of age made up            ■   The breakdown of languages spoken in
                 29% of the community in East Oakland, as             East Oakland homes was Spanish (35%),
                 compared to 21% in Alameda County as a               Vietnamese (2%), Mon-Khmer/Cambodian
                 whole.                                               (1%), and some other language (4%). This
                                                                      included people who can speak English in
                 ■   Seniors (65 and older) made up 8% of the         addition to other languages.
                 East Oakland population, as compared to 10%
                 countywide.

                   East Oakland Age Distribution by Sex, 2000          East Oakland Language Spoken at Home, 2000
                     Age                                                              Mon-Khmer;
                  85+                                                                              Other
                                                                                      Cambodian
                 75-84                                                     Vietnamese               4%
                                                                                         1%
                 65-74                                                         2%
                 55-64
                 45-54
                 35-44
                 25-34
                 15-24                                                    Spanish
                  5-14                                                     35%
               Under 5                                                                                         English
                                                                                                                58%
                     25%      15%       5%       5%       15%   25%
                                Male                  Female


                   Household
                 ■   Between 1990 and 2000, households in
                 East Oakland increased by 3.7% from 24,627
                 to 25,544.




East Oakland
 Income and Poverty
                                                  East Oakland Household Income Distribution, 1999
■   Almost half (48%) of households in
                                                                      >$100K
East Oakland earned an income of less than              $75-100K        5%
$30,000 in 1999, as compared to 26% in                     7%
Alameda County as a whole.

■   In 1999, half of all households in Alameda    $50-75K
County earned more than $46,795. In 1999,           16%                                    <$30K
half of the households in the richest census                                                48%
tract of East Oakland earned more than
$40,787, while half of the households in the
poorest census tract earned less than $25,903.

■   Another way to look at income is through
                                                            $30-50K
a poverty level established by the federal
                                                              24%
government. According to this method, people
under a certain income level are considered
poor. The map below shows the percent of
people living in poverty in 1999. The poverty
level for a family of four was $16,895 in 1999.


 Oakland and Alameda County Poverty Rate, 1999
                Employment and Occupation                               East Oakland Occupations, 2000
                                                                           Production,
               ■   27,680 people in East Oakland age 16                  transportation,                   Management,
               years and older were employed in 1999.                     and material                     professional,
                                                                             moving                         and related
               ■   Approximately 26% of employed East                         20%                              17%
               Oakland residents worked in sales and office
               jobs. These included retail workers, secretaries,
               and postal clerks.
                                                                   Construction,
                                           ■    24% of East      extraction, and
                                           Oakland workers maintenance                                             Service
                                           held service               13%                                           24%
                                           occupations such as
                                           firefighters, police,            Farming,
                                           housekeepers,                  fishing, and
 Place Artwork Here                        childcare workers,
                                           cooks, waiter/
                                                                             forestry
                                                                              <1%
                                                                                       Sales and
                                                                                         office
                                           waitresses, janitors,                         26%
                                           and hairdressers.
                                                                        Oakland Annual Unemployment Rate, 2000-2004
                                           ■  20% of East
                                          Oakland residents
                                                                       12          Oakland
                                          were employed
                                          in production,               10          Alameda County
               transportation, and material moving
                                                                        8
               occupations, which included bus drivers,
               movers, and aircraft control operators.                  6

                                                                        4
               ■  Construction and maintenance workers
               made up 13% of the workers. These included               2
               construction trade workers, installation,                0
               maintenance, and repair occupations.                           2000       2001       2002   2003     2004


               ■  About 17% were employed in
               management, professional, and related                  as compared to 6.0% in Alameda County as a
               occupations. These included executives,                whole.
               engineers, teachers, lawyers, and nurses.
                                                                      ■  Unemployment in Oakland increased
               ■   In 2004, approximately 9.1% of Oakland             from 2000 to 2003 and had a slight decline in
               residents age 16 or older were unemployed,             2004.




East Oakland
 Education                                                  Housing

■   In 2000, about 7% of East Oakland                      ■   In East Oakland, there were 26,583 housing
residents aged 25 and older had completed                  units in the year 2000. About 3.9% of these were
college (bachelor’s degree) or held a graduate/            vacant.
professional degree. For Alameda County as a
whole this figure was 35%.                                 ■   On average, there
                                                           were 3.4 persons per
■   About 21% in East Oakland had                          household in East
completed some college (but had not                        Oakland, as compared
graduated) and 4% had completed an associate               to 2.7 in Alameda
degree. This was similar to 22% who had                    County.
attended some college and 7% who had
completed an associate degree in Alameda                   ■   46% of the
County as a whole.                                         households in
                                                           East Oakland were
■   Approximately 24% of East Oakland                      occupied by the
residents had graduated from high school or                owner.
passed the General Educational Development
(GED) exam. In Alameda County as a whole,
19% had finished high school or held a GED
certificate.

■   43% of East Oakland residents ages 25 and               East Oakland Tenure, 2000
over did not have a high school degree. This
figure was 18% in Alameda County as a whole.


                                                                                                 Owner
 East Oakland Educational Attainment, 2000                                                      occupied
                                                                Renter
                                                                                                  46%
      Graduate/                                                occupied
     Professional                                                54%

        Bachelor

       Associate
   Some college,
     no degree
High school grad;
      GED
 9th-12th grade;
    no diploma

     <9th grade

                    0%      5%    10%   15%    20%   25%

                         East Oakland   Alameda County




                                                                                                              East Oakland
                   Mortality                                                ■   The number of deaths in a defined group
                                                                            of people during a given period is called the
                                                                            mortality (or death) rate.
               ■   Life expectancy is the average number of
               years of life to be expected if current mortality
               rates continue.
                                                                            ■   The mortality rate for all causes of death
                                                                            in West Oakland was 1,133 per 100,000 people
                                                                            for 2000-2003. This is 50% higher than the
               ■   The life expectancy in East Oakland for
                                                                            Alameda County rate of 756.
               the years 2000 to 2003 was 72.0 years. This
               was 6.9 years lower than Alameda County as a
               whole.
                                                                            ■   The mortality rate for each cause of death
                                                                            was higher in East Oakland than the Alameda
                                                                            County rates. The exceptions were suicide,
               ■   Except for Hispanics, the life expectancy
                                                                            whose rate was half that of the county, and
               for each race/ethnic group was lower in East
                                                                            breast cancer, whose rate was the same as the
               Oakland than in Alameda County.
                                                                            county.
               ■   The life expectancy for Hispanics in East
                                                                            ■  The homicide rate in East Oakland was
               Oakland (81.9 years), was slightly higher than
                                                                            over four times the county homicide rate.
               that for Alameda County (81.6 years).

                                                                             East Oakland Mortality Rate, 2000-2003
                   East Oakland Life Expectancy, 2000-2003
                                                                                      East Oakland
                        East Oakland
                                                                                      Alameda County
                        Alameda County
                                                                                                                                        251
                                                               72.0                         All Cancers                           182
                           All Races
                                                                 78.9
                                                                                                                      73
                                                                                          Lung Cancer               48
                            Hispanic                                81.9
                                                                    81.6                                       18
                                                                                         Colon Cancer          18
                               Asian                             78.5                                                   62
                                                                  83.8          Prostate Cancer (Male)             30
                           African                            68.5                                                 26
                          American                             71.8             Breast Cancer (Female)             26
                                                                                                                                        248
                              White
                                                              67.1              Coronary Heart Disease                            168
                                                                  79.0
                                                                                                                             94
                                                                                                Stroke                  66
                      Hawaiian/
                    Pacific Islanders                          70.9                                                 43
                                                                                    Unintentional Injury           24
                   American Indian/
                                                                  80.4                                          40
                    Alaskan Native                                                            Diabetes         23

                                        0     20    40   60    80     100                                          38
                                                                                              Homicide         8
                                            Life Expectancy (Years)                                            4
                                                                                                Suicide        8
                                                                                                               11
                                                                                Motor Vehicle Crashes          8

                                                                                                           0            100       200    300
                                                                                                     Mortality Rate (per 100,000)




East Oakland
■  The top two causes of death for each race/ethnic group in East Oakland were heart disease
and cancers.

■   For Whites and Asians in East Oakland, stroke, unintentional injuries, and chronic lower
respiratory diseases were the third, fourth, and fifth leading causes of death, respectively.

■    Homicide was the fourth leading cause of death for Hispanics and African Americans.

 Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity, 2000-2003

                                                                                        Hawaiian and
                                                     African                            Other Pacific
 Rank        Hispanic              Asian            American               White          Islanders
 1       Heart disease      Heart disease       Heart disease         Heart disease   Heart disease (5)
         (38)               (21)                (537)                 (82)            Cancers (5)
 2       Cancers (37)       Cancers (19)        Cancers (468)         Cancers (51)            ◆
 3       Unintentional      Stroke (15)         Stroke (155)          Stroke (16)             ◆
         injuries (21)
 4       Homicide (20)      Unintentional       Homicide (118)        Unintentional           ◆
                            injuries (8)                              injuries (14)
 5       Perinatal          Chronic lower       Unintentional         Chronic lower           ◆
         conditions (15)    respiratory         injuries (78)         respiratory
                            diseases (5)                              diseases (13)

Notes: The numbers in ( ) are the four-year total number of deaths.
◆ Fewer than five deaths during the four-year period.




                                                                                                          East Oakland

								
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