Earth Science Chapter 1 Outline by CVGHpO

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                 Earth Science Chapter 13 Outline: The Rock Cycle

                                          Vocabulary
Please use either the Glossary or read through the text to get definitions for the following words.


Vocabulary Section 4

Rock


Igneous


Sedimentary


Sediment


Metamorphic


Rock Cycle


Vocabulary Section 5

Extrusive Rock


Intrusive Rock


Vocabulary Section 6

Clastic Rock


Organic Rock


Chemical Rock
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Vocabulary Section 7

Metamorphism


                                          Questions

Please answer the following questions using one or more complete sentences. You may draw or
include graphs, charts or other relevant information.

Questions Section 4: What Is A Rock?

   1. What is a rock according to science? How is a rock different from a mineral?




   2. How do igneous rocks form?




   3. How do sedimentary rocks form?




   4. How do metamorphic rocks form?




   5. What is the rock cycle? What two factors in the cycle may change sandstone to
      quartzite?




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Questions Section 5: What Is A Rock?

   6. How are igneous rocks classified? What does texture and composition mean?




   7. What are the 4 basic types of texture in igneous rocks? How can you tell each texture
      apart?




   8. In what way does where and how magma cools affect the texture of the igneous rocks?




   9. What’s the difference between intrusive and extrusive rocks?




   10. What is a pluton? How can a pluton shape the land, such as in Yosemite National Park?




Questions Section 6: Slowly Built Layers: Sedimentary Rocks

   11. What are the 3 categories of sedimentary rocks?




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   12. What are clastic rocks, conglomerates, sandstones and shales? How is each formed?




   13. How are organic rocks formed? What are 2 types of organic rocks?




   14. What are chemical rocks? How are they formed?




   15. Figure 13-31: What are 5 common sedimentary rock structures?




Questions Section 7: Changes in Form: Metamorphic Rocks

   16. How do metamorphic rocks form? What 2 things do you need to have in order to create
       metamorphic rocks?




   17. What types of rocks can be changed into metamorphic rocks?




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18. During the melting of metamorphic rocks, how do the atoms rearrange themselves? Can
    atoms outside the original rock be included in new metamorphic rocks?




19. During metamorphosis, what happens to the original rock’s texture, mineral and chemical
    composition?




20. What are foliated rocks? Are most metamorphic rocks foliated? List 3 common
    examples of foliated rocks.




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