Test 1 Study Guide: geography skills, Native Americans, exploration
USA Latitude and Longitude Activity #2
1. The location 26 degrees N, 105 degrees W is in what country? Mark the spot on the map
with a black X. Mexico
2. Is the location 35 degrees N latitude, 75 degrees W longitude in the Atlantic or Pacific
Ocean? Mark it on the map with a green X. Atlantic Ocean
3. Is the location 30 degrees N, 87 degrees W on land or under water. Mark it on the map
with a blue X. on land
4. On the map, label the location 38 degrees N latitude, 105 degrees W longitude with a red
X and write the name of the state it is in. Colorado
5. The location 43 degrees N, 75 degrees W is in what state? On the map, write the state's
name. New York
6. Name the state whose southern border is latitude 35 degrees N, and label the state on the map.
1. What is the capital city of the USA?
2. What country borders the USA on the north?
3. What country borders the USA on the south?
4. What ocean borders the USA on the west?
5. What ocean borders the USA on the east?
6. What large body of water borders the USA on the southeast?
Gulf of Mexico
Northwest Coast Southwest Eastern Woodlands
Tribes: : Hopi, Navajos, Apache Tribes:
Tribes: Chinooks, Makah, Haida Cherokee, Iroquois, Mohawk
Homes The Chinooks village was Homes The Hopi took advantage of the Homes: The Iroquois built
made up of rows of wooden desert climate and built their homes out of longhouses. A longhouse is a long
house called pit houses. A pit adobe, a type of clay. They built their wooden building in which several
house is a house built of wooden homes on top of one another much like an families lived together, it was made
boards with no windows. Each apartment building called a pueblo. The of elm bark and had a large door at
house was built partly over a Navajos lived in houses called hogans. A each end. The Cherokee had two
hole so that some of the rooms hogan is a cone shaped house built by homes, one for the winter and one
were underground. covering a log frame with mud or grass. for summer. Winter homes were
small cone shaped pit houses made
of wooden poles covered with earth.
Summer houses were larger box
shaped houses with grass or clay
walls and bark roofs. In both the
winter and summer homes several
families from a clan lived together.
Crops Grown/animals hunted Crops Grown/animals hunted Crops Grown/animals hunted
Due to the wet, cool climate of
the Northwest Coast, the Indians The Indians of the Southwest grew corn, The Indians of the Eastern
that lived there were unable to beans, squash and cotton. They hunted the Woodlands grew corn, beans,
grow many crops. They hunted small animals that live in the desert. squash, pumpkins, sunflowers and
the many animals that lived in tobacco. They also gathered wild
plants from the forest. They fished
the forest and also fished in the
rivers. The Makah’s were and hunted squirrels, rabbits,
famous for going hunting for turkeys, bears and deer.
whales. This was a very
How tribes adapt to region How tribes adapt to region How tribes adapt to region
The Chinooks who were unable The Indians of the Southwest were forced The Indians of the Eastern
to farm came up with another to conserve their supplies in case of Woodlands built their homes in
way to get the items they drought. They used materials like adobe villages to offer protection from
needed. They began a trading and mud to build their homes because neighboring tribes and animals from
network with their neighboring lumber was harder to come by in the the forest. This region was the most
tribes. This gave the Chinooks a desert. The Indians of this region had to be populated so fights were very
chance to get the items they mindful of having a surplus of food at all common. The Indians adapted to the
could not grow or find in the times. climate by building their homes with
forest. Both tribes took materials to both keep them warm
advantage of the forest near in the winter and cool in the
their homes for hunting and for summer.
Explorer Places explored Country that sponsored Discoveries made
Christopher Landed in a place he Spain Columbus discovered the new land of
Columbus called San Salvador, San Salvador which he thought was
located in the close to India.
Explored the area
nearby including the
Barthlomeu Dias Dias explored the coast Portugal Dias discovered that the journey
of Africa searching for a around Africa was very dangerous
way to India and although he never made it he
provided useful advice to future
Amerigo Vespucci Sailed to the places Portugal Vespucci realized that Columbus
Columbus explored, could not have reached Asia like he
also sailed down the first thought because: the land did
coast of South America. not look like Asia, the trip was not
long enough and Asia was not a large
as Columbus thought.
Vasco Nunez de Discovered the Isthmus Spain Was the first European to see the
Balboa of Panama that Pacific Ocean. Balboa provided
connects North further proof that Columbus never
America to South reached Asia like he thought.
Ferdinand Magellan One of his ships Portugual Discovered that it was possible to
reached Asia by sailing reach Asia by sailing west, however
west around the this trip took over three years and
Americas. was very hard on the sailors.
Vasco da Gama Discovered that is was Portugal Reached India for the first time by
possible to sail around sailing west around Africa
Africa and reach India
Explain how Marco Polo contributed to future exploration: Marco Polo was a famous trader in Europe,
at the time of his death his stories were published into books. These books were read by a generation of
young men who were amazed at the things Polo was and experienced. These readers of his stories soon
wanted to go and have the same adventures as Marco Polo did.