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					Test 1 Study Guide: geography skills, Native Americans, exploration

September 7th

 USA Latitude and Longitude Activity #2

    1. The location 26 degrees N, 105 degrees W is in what country? Mark the spot on the map
       with a black X. Mexico

    2. Is the location 35 degrees N latitude, 75 degrees W longitude in the Atlantic or Pacific
       Ocean? Mark it on the map with a green X. Atlantic Ocean

    3. Is the location 30 degrees N, 87 degrees W on land or under water. Mark it on the map
       with a blue X. on land

    4. On the map, label the location 38 degrees N latitude, 105 degrees W longitude with a red
       X and write the name of the state it is in. Colorado

    5. The location 43 degrees N, 75 degrees W is in what state? On the map, write the state's
       name. New York
6. Name the state whose southern border is latitude 35 degrees N, and label the state on the map.

   1. What is the capital city of the USA?
      Washington DC

   2. What country borders the USA on the north?

   3. What country borders the USA on the south?

   4. What ocean borders the USA on the west?

   5. What ocean borders the USA on the east?

   6. What large body of water borders the USA on the southeast?
      Gulf of Mexico
  Northwest Coast                 Southwest                                    Eastern Woodlands

                                            Tribes: : Hopi, Navajos, Apache              Tribes:
Tribes: Chinooks, Makah, Haida                                                 Cherokee, Iroquois, Mohawk

Homes The Chinooks village was Homes The Hopi took advantage of the            Homes: The Iroquois built
made up of rows of wooden        desert climate and built their homes out of   longhouses. A longhouse is a long
house called pit houses. A pit   adobe, a type of clay. They built their       wooden building in which several
house is a house built of wooden homes on top of one another much like an      families lived together, it was made
boards with no windows. Each     apartment building called a pueblo. The       of elm bark and had a large door at
house was built partly over a    Navajos lived in houses called hogans. A      each end. The Cherokee had two
hole so that some of the rooms   hogan is a cone shaped house built by         homes, one for the winter and one
were underground.                covering a log frame with mud or grass.       for summer. Winter homes were
                                                                               small cone shaped pit houses made
                                                                               of wooden poles covered with earth.
                                                                               Summer houses were larger box
                                                                               shaped houses with grass or clay
                                                                               walls and bark roofs. In both the
                                                                               winter and summer homes several
                                                                               families from a clan lived together.
Crops Grown/animals hunted         Crops Grown/animals hunted                     Crops Grown/animals hunted
Due to the wet, cool climate of
the Northwest Coast, the Indians The Indians of the Southwest grew corn,          The Indians of the Eastern
that lived there were unable to   beans, squash and cotton. They hunted the       Woodlands grew corn, beans,
grow many crops. They hunted      small animals that live in the desert.          squash, pumpkins, sunflowers and
the many animals that lived in                                                    tobacco. They also gathered wild
                                                                                  plants from the forest. They fished
the forest and also fished in the
rivers. The Makah’s were                                                          and hunted squirrels, rabbits,
famous for going hunting for                                                      turkeys, bears and deer.
whales. This was a very
dangerous task.

  How tribes adapt to region       How tribes adapt to region                     How tribes adapt to region

The Chinooks who were unable       The Indians of the Southwest were forced       The Indians of the Eastern
to farm came up with another       to conserve their supplies in case of          Woodlands built their homes in
way to get the items they          drought. They used materials like adobe        villages to offer protection from
needed. They began a trading       and mud to build their homes because           neighboring tribes and animals from
network with their neighboring     lumber was harder to come by in the            the forest. This region was the most
tribes. This gave the Chinooks a   desert. The Indians of this region had to be   populated so fights were very
chance to get the items they       mindful of having a surplus of food at all     common. The Indians adapted to the
could not grow or find in the      times.                                         climate by building their homes with
forest. Both tribes took                                                          materials to both keep them warm
advantage of the forest near                                                      in the winter and cool in the
their homes for hunting and for                                                   summer.
building supplies.
Explorer             Places explored           Country that sponsored   Discoveries made

Christopher          Landed in a place he      Spain                    Columbus discovered the new land of
Columbus             called San Salvador,                               San Salvador which he thought was
                     located in the                                     close to India.
                     Caribbean Sea.
                     Explored the area
                     nearby including the

Barthlomeu Dias      Dias explored the coast Portugal                   Dias discovered that the journey
                     of Africa searching for a                          around Africa was very dangerous
                     way to India                                       and although he never made it he
                                                                        provided useful advice to future

Amerigo Vespucci     Sailed to the places    Portugal                   Vespucci realized that Columbus
                     Columbus explored,                                 could not have reached Asia like he
                     also sailed down the                               first thought because: the land did
                     coast of South America.                            not look like Asia, the trip was not
                                                                        long enough and Asia was not a large
                                                                        as Columbus thought.

Vasco Nunez de       Discovered the Isthmus    Spain                    Was the first European to see the
Balboa               of Panama that                                     Pacific Ocean. Balboa provided
                     connects North                                     further proof that Columbus never
                     America to South                                   reached Asia like he thought.

Ferdinand Magellan   One of his ships          Portugual                Discovered that it was possible to
                     reached Asia by sailing                            reach Asia by sailing west, however
                     west around the                                    this trip took over three years and
                     Americas.                                          was very hard on the sailors.
Vasco da Gama           Discovered that is was    Portugal                    Reached India for the first time by
                        possible to sail around                               sailing west around Africa
                        Africa and reach India

Explain how Marco Polo contributed to future exploration: Marco Polo was a famous trader in Europe,
at the time of his death his stories were published into books. These books were read by a generation of
young men who were amazed at the things Polo was and experienced. These readers of his stories soon
wanted to go and have the same adventures as Marco Polo did.

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