Basic Guide to Essay Writing by HC120913041532

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									Basic Guide to
Essay Writing
        Writing the Introduction
   Your introductory paragraph should start out
    very broad and narrow down to your topic,
    position, and reasons.
   An introductory paragraph should be at least 4
    sentences in length.
             Writing the Introduction
   Start with a HOOK!
       Need to have something that grabs your reader’s
        attention.
          Story
          Description

          Quote

          Question

          Statistic
        Writing the Introduction
   Examples:
     $5.85 can buy a gallon and a half of gas. It can buy a
      sandwich—not a meal—at Subway. It can buy a
      movie ticket, but only if it’s a matinee. $5.85 is how
      much a minimum wage worker makes in an hour in
      the United States.
     How much is an hour of manual labor worth?
      Shoveling rocks, laying grass, or planting bushes in
      the hot sun might feel like it’s worth at least $10.00
      an hour, but for many minimum wage workers, it’s
      only about half that.
          Writing the Introduction
   THEN you need to ELABORATE as you
    narrow to the topic.
       $5.85 can buy a gallon and a half of gas. It can buy a
        sandwich—not a meal—at Subway. It can buy a
        movie ticket, but only if it’s a matinee. $5.85 is how
        much a minimum wage worker makes in an hour in
        the United States. That amount of money doesn’t
        go very far, and in today’s society it’s getting even
        more difficult to stretch a paycheck to cover all the
        bills.
          Writing the Introduction
   THEN you need to ELABORATE as you
    narrow to the topic.
       How much is an hour of manual labor worth?
        Shoveling rocks, laying grass, or planting bushes in
        the hot sun might feel like it’s worth at least $10.00
        an hour, but for many minimum wage workers, it’s
        only about half that. Is it really fair that a worker in
        this country should earn so little money for putting
        in such effort?
          Writing the Introduction
   FINALLY, you need a THESIS statement—this
    is your topic, position, and main points.
       I strongly believe that the minimum wage should be
        raised because the cost of living has increased,
        people work much harder than they are paid, and
        more money will equal better work.

       This is the last sentence in your introduction.
    Full Introduction Example
   $5.85 can buy a gallon and a half of gas. It can buy a
    sandwich—not a meal—at Subway. It can buy a
    movie ticket, but only if it’s a matinee. $5.85 is how
    much a minimum wage worker makes in an hour in
    the United States. That amount of money doesn’t
    go very far, and in today’s society it’s getting even
    more difficult to stretch a paycheck to cover all the
    bills. I strongly believe that the minimum wage
    should be raised because the cost of living has
    increased, people work much harder than they are
    paid, and more money will equal better work.
    Full Introduction Example
   How much is an hour of manual labor worth?
    Shoveling rocks, laying grass, or planting bushes in
    the hot sun might feel like it’s worth at least $10.00
    an hour, but for many minimum wage workers, it’s
    only about half that. Is it really fair that a worker in
    this country should earn so little money for putting
    in such effort? I strongly believe that the minimum
    wage should be raised because the cost of living has
    increased, people work much harder than they are
    paid, and more money will equal better work.
                     Main Points
   Each of the reasons listed in your thesis, should
    make up one of your body paragraphs.
   You need a clear topic sentence—
       One reason that the United States needs to raise the
        minimum wage is because the cost of living has
        increased.
   THEN you need to add information, statistics,
    and analysis to support this point.
            Writing the Conclusion
   At the end of your paper, you need a clear conclusion.
    The purpose of the conclusion is to give a sense of
    wrap-up to your paper.
   Start by re-stating your thesis **This often is re-worded
    from your original statement.
   Example:
       Overall, I strongly believe that the United States should raise
        the minimum wage. The increase is needed to support the
        increasing cost of living, to compensate people for their hard
        work, and to inspire people to produce a better product.
           Writing the Conclusion
   The rest of the conclusion should continue to
    offer wrap-up—moving away from the specifics
    and possibly making a connection to your
    introduction.
   Example:
       If the minimum wage was raised, people would
        finally be able to afford more than a sandwich or a
        matinee movie ticket. People would be able to
        support their family and pay their bills—which is
        really the most important thing of all.
    Final Conclusion Example
   Overall, I strongly believe that the United States
    should raise the minimum wage. The increase is
    needed to support the increasing cost of living, to
    compensate people for their hard work, and to
    inspire people to produce a better product. If the
    minimum wage was raised, people would finally be
    able to afford more than a sandwich or a matinee
    movie ticket. People would be able to support their
    family and pay their bills—which is really the most
    important thing of all.

								
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