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					     Linking labour market
    with educational policy:

Practical experiences from AT and PT
       for the most vulnerable

             5-7 September 2012,
Look Who’s                                   Education
Talking?                                    Policy Advice
                                         Network coordination

                               Work & Equal    Research Policy   Technology
                               Opportunities   & Development     & Knowledge

 ZSI: Think-Tank for Social Innovation
 Policy Advice, Network Coordination and Research

 50+ experts in innovative labour market issues, equal opportunities,
 integration and migration, eLearning, democracy and participation
 research, technology shaping and European RTD policies

                                                         Anette Scoppetta
   Labour market policy, social inclusion, regional economic development,
          partnerships, social innovation, social dialogue and governance
What will be discussed?

→ Grand challenges faced in the EU in the relevant policy areas

→ Changes needed in regard to training for the most vulnerable

→ Practice examples of AT and PT

→ Lessons learnt from the practices
Some grand challenges in the EU
Poverty and the growing divide between the rich and the poor
    → In OECD countries: Increasing divide between the rich and the poor (OECD,
         Divided We Stand, Why inequality keeps rising, 2011)
    → High unemployment rates for specific target groups in particular regions (Youth
         unemployment in ES, higher unemployment of older people in AT, less skilled migrants,
         women, etc. are the most disadvantaged)

Demographic change/Ageing Society
    → ‘Growing old’ (ageing population, healthier people, longer life expectancies, old-age
          dependency ratio increases, pressure on the social security systems )
    → Failing of intergenerational contracts?

    → Integration and inclusion is a challenge
          (system adaptations are necessary)
 and, hence,
investment in
human capital
   is key !
                     Changes needed
At the interface of active labour market policy, education and social policy:

→ Policy fields are often still isolated (no/less interaction)
    National Programmes are often drawn independently from each other;
    Actors on the regional/local level are not linked to each other
    ESF 2007-2013: many Operational Programmes are human capital oriented

→ Trainings, in particular for the vulnerable, are often not oriented to their social
    Access to the target group is missing; programmes are focussing on training
    and are not linked to social demands of the target group; enhancing basic social
    skills are often not part of the training; only few projects exist which serve the
    most vulnerable, …

    Linking the labour market with training and social work is necessary !
Source:   Dirk Maier, Improvement of transition management for youth at risk of marginalisation,
          COP Meeting & PEO Exploration in Austria, 10 October 2011
            Four good practices
  - for the most vulnerable youth -

→ VIA factory school Tirol (Produktionsschule Tirol, AT)

→ Space!lab 3 (Vienna, AT)

→ Coordination Unit Youth Education Employment (Vienna, AT)

→ New Opportunities partnerships (PT)
               VIA factory school Tirol
The goal of the VIA factory school is to find new career opportunities for girls form
15 to 19 years of age. The VIA factory school is a place where young women can
find out and develop their individual skills and potentials. The factory school offers
substantial support for young people with social disadvantages in the transition
from school to working life.
                                             For training purposes the factory school
                                             offers five laboratories, where the
                                             participants can explore their productive
                                             and creative potentials (the labs are metal
                                             workshop, wood workshop, textile studio,
                                             media lab and the VIA shop).
                                             Apart from working in the labs, the young
                                             people receive personal assistance by
                                             our coaches, who give support in the
                                             process of vocational orientation, pre-
                                             paration of application documents,
                                             training of behaviour in job interviews
                                             and more. Additionally we offer soft skills
                                             training as well as team training.
                                                     Space!lab 3
                                             Mobilisation, career guidance, future
                                             planning - Space!lab 3 is a low-threshold
                                             service for teenagers and youngsters
                                             between the age of 15 and 25 years, who
                                             need support for planning their education
                                             and career.


→ Open space as the first contact point - without advance registration
→ Initial discussions with a perspective coach
→ Factory training, even on a daily basis, in the fields of green space,
            ecological workshop, media workshop and creative workshop
With Spacelab, options to enter the working world or to obtain a qualification
    and training are created for the teenagers and adolescents of Vienna.
Coordination Unit Youth Education
      Employment (Vienna)
In 2007 the coordination unit was set up in order to bring together
organisations that implement programmes and measures for disabled and
disadvantaged youth with difficulties at the transition from school to work and
with difficulties in labour market integration.

The target group of the three partner organisations, Public Employment
Service Vienna, Federal Social Office branch Vienna and the Vienna Social
Fund are youth below 25.
Source:   Dirk Maier, Improvement of transition management for youth at risk of marginalisation,
          COP Meeting & PEO Exploration in Austria, 10 October 2011
     New Opportunities partnerships
• Portugal faced 44% of early school leavers and low levels of education among
  working population in 2001.
• The New Opportunities Initiative was launched in 2005 to overcome the low
  qualification levels. It had the specific goal to provide young people more
  opportunities to complete the upper secondary level, through the promotion of
  vocational education and training courses.
• 456 New Opportunities Centres
  spread all over the country were
  build up
• Public Schools, Vocational
  Training Centres, Professional
  Schools, Commercial
  Associations, Local Associations,
  Training companies, Institution of social solidarities, Town Halls or
  municipal companies as well as Private companies served as entities
Source:   Maria do Carmo Gomes, National Agency for Qualification, Presentation
          at the 2nd COP meeting on 18 June 2009, page 9
  Lessons Learnt
  from AT and PT – part I
→ Start (as early as possible) in the schools (and involve parents)
→ Ensure access to the target group via street workers, NGOs established on the
       groups, Youth Centres, etc.
→ Combine training with social work
→ Provide soft skills trainings (e.g. enhance language competence, develop
       intercultural dialogue and gender competences (for trainers and
       participants), ensure violence prevention)
→ Build up local partnerships between the administration, the private sector, the
        non-profit sector (namely secondary schools, training centres, big
        enterprises, public institutions, unions, social partners and organisations
        focusing on vulnerable groups
  Lessons Learnt
  from AT and PT – part II
→ Assure a close link between the educational and training offers and the labour
       market needs
→ Provide locally based services
→ Establish new learning formats (e.g. blended-learning) combining classroom
       sessions with virtual learning platforms with tutorial support and tailored
       guidance to individual candidates.
→ Adjust vocational inclusion measures and projects: prolonged apprenticeship,
       partial apprenticeship, accompanying assistance, vocational/career
       guidance, acquisition of specific prerequisites and skills, internships,
       clearing & job assistance (for adolescents)
→ Develop comprehensive solutions, measure chains, combined measures at the
        interfaces of policies, policy-mixed projects, etc.

  Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI)
                Linke Wienzeile 246
                     A - 1150 Vienna
               Phone ++43.1.4950442-58
                Fax. ++43.1.4950442-40

                   Anette Scoppetta


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