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     Jessica Juarez
Learning Through Play




      How much playtime does your child get?
      Can playtime be educational?
      Do you play with your child?
 Essential Component of
 Education
 The National Association of  Recess provides the
                                   opportunity for young
  Early Childhood Specialists
                                   children to develop and
  in State Departments of          improve many social, life,
  Education asserts that           and physical skills.
  recess is an essential
  component of education
                                  With the increased pressure
  and that preschool and           to improve achievement,
  elementary school children       increase test scores, and
  must have the opportunity        cover and increasingly
  to participate in regular        demanding curriculum,
  periods of active, free play     nearly forty percent of the
  with peers.                      nation’s 16,000 school
                                   districts have either
                                   modified, deleted, or are
                                   considering deleting recess
                                   from the daily elementary
                                   school schedule.
“Recess is the right of every child. Article
  31 of the United Nations Convention
  on Children’s Rights states that every
     child has the right to leisure time.
    Taking away recess, whether as a
  disciplinary measure or abolishing it in
   the name of work, infringes on that
      right.” [Skrupskelis, in Clements
                  (2000),126]
How Important is Play?
 “Play is the process through  Recess contributes
  which children learn”          significantly to the physical,
  (Morrison,1998)                social, emotional and
                                 cognitive development of
 During the period of time      the young child
  commonly referred to as        (Clements,2001).
  recess, learning occurs in
  ways not possible inside the  A large majority of parents
  regular classroom.             (75%) believe that play is
                                 important to children's
                                 development.

                                 87% of parents expressed
                                  belief that their
                                  opportunities for play as
                                  children have contributed
                                  to their success as adults.
The Effects of Recess on the
Developmental Domains
       Social Development

       Emotional Development

       Physical Development

       Cognitive Development
 Social Development
 A wide range of social
  competencies such as
  cooperation, sharing,          Develop a respect for
  language, conflict              rules
  resolution can be actively
  practiced, interpreted, and    Gain self-discipline
  learned in a meaningful
  context during recess.
                                 Self-confidence/ self-
                                  esteem
 An important educational
  and socialization
  experience is lost when        Construct an
  children are not allowed to     appreciation for other
  participate in free play with   people’s cultures and
  peers on a regular basis.       beliefs.
 Emotional Development
 Recess may act as an outlet      Children learn to express
  for reducing anxiety and          themselves to others.
  serve as a means by which
  children learn to manage
  stress and gain self-control.    Learn about their own
                                    abilities, perseverance, self-
 A positive social and             direction, responsibility, and
  working relationship with         self- acceptance.
  peers helps children
  develop a sense of social        They learn how to maintain
  and emotional                     and sustain relationships
  competence.
 Physical Development
 Recess provides young           The novelty theory claims
  children with opportunities      that on-task attention can
  to move and participate in       be increased by providing
  physical activities.             opportunities for diversion
                                   from boredom.
 The surplus energy theory
  cites recess as a means for     Through active play, young
  children to release excess       children learn about their
  energy that has built up         bodies’ capabilities and
  over time, while they have       how to control their bodies.
  been sitting in a classroom.
                                  Physical activity fuels the
                                   brain with a better supply of
                                   blood and provides brain
                                   cells with a healthier supply
                                   of natural substances.
 Cognitive Development
 Children develop               “Children can remember
  intellectual constructs and     more, focus better, and
  cognitive understanding         regulate their own behavior
  through the hands-on,           better in play than in any
  manipulative, exploratory       other context”.(Guddemi et
  behavior that occurs during     al.,p.5).
  play episodes and play
  opportunities.                 After children practice skills
                                  in play, they become ready
 Play context provides the       to utilize these skills in other
  most appropriate support or     contexts(Bodrova & Leong,
  scaffolding for children as     1999)
  they develop skills.
Just Playing
by Anita Wadley
Taken from the Early Childhood News magazine

When you see me learning to
   skip, hop, run and move
  my body, please don't say
    I'm "Just Playing". For,
   you see, I'm learning as I
  play. I'm learning how my
          body works.
I may be a doctor, nurse or
       athlete someday.                         When you see me sitting in a chair
                                                      "reading" to an imaginary
                                                   audience, Please don't laugh and
                                                      think I'm "Just Playing".
                                               For, you see, I'm learning as I play. I
                                                     may be a teacher someday.
   Future Engineers
                                       When you see me up to my elbows in
                                           paint or standing at an easel, or
                                         molding and shaping clay, Please
                                          don't let me hear you say, "He is
                                           Just Playing". For, you see, I'm
                                          learning as I play. I'm expressing
                                              myself and being creative.
                                        I may be an artist or an inventor
                                                      someday.
When I'm building in the block room,
       please don't say I'm "Just
      Playing". For you see, I'm
   learning as I play, about balance
              and shapes.
 Who knows, I may be an architect
               someday.
Don’t Bug Me…I’m Learning
                                      When you ask me what I've done at
                                         school today, and I say, "I Just
                                                    Played",
                                        Please don't misunderstand me.
                                          For you see, I'm learning as I
                                                      play.
                                          I'm learning to enjoy and be
                                           successful in my work. I'm
                                            preparing for tomorrow.
                                          Today, I am a child and my
                                                 work is play.
 When you see me combing the
  bushes for bugs, or packing my
 pockets with choice things I find,
  Don't pass it off as "Just Play".
    For you see, I'm learning as I
                play.
   I may be a scientist someday.

								
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