Study Guide for the Cells Unit by HC120913001914

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 2

									Study Guide for the Cells Unit
Cell History and Cell Structure

The students will be able to:
    Identify the first person to view cells.
    Identify the “Father of the Modern Microscope.”
    Identify the scientists that concluded that all living things are made of cells.
    List the parts of the Cell Theory.
    Explain the differences and similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
    Provide examples of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
    Identify pictures of cells as prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells.
    Explain the differences and similarities between plant and animal cells.
    Identify pictures of cells as plant or animal cells.
    Define the term “organelle.”
    Identify key organelles in the cell. (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus,
       mitochondria, chloroplast, ribosome, vacuole, cytoplasm)
    Explain the function of key organelles in cells.
    Explain why cell size is limited.
    Define the term “passive transport.”
    Identify and explain the mechanisms of passive transport. (diffusion, facilitated
       diffusion, osmosis)
    Define the term “concentration gradient.”
    Define the terms “hypotonic,” hypertonic,” and “isotonic.”
    Explain what would happen to a cell placed in hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic
       solutions.
    Define the term “active transport.”
    Identify and explain the mechanisms of active transport. (protein pumps,
       endocytosis, exocytosis)
    Explain the similarities and differences between facilitated diffusion and transport
       using protein pumps.

Mitosis

The students will be able to:
    Define the term “mitosis.”
    Explain why mitosis is necessary.
    Identify what kinds of cells are produced by mitosis.
    Compare the cells produced by mitosis to the parent cells.
    Define the term “daughter cell.”
    Define the terms “haploid” and “diploid.”
    Identify the diploid number of a cell if given the haploid number, and vice versa.
    Define the term “gamete.”
    Define the term “interphase.”
      List and explain what occurs during the stages of interphase.
      Identify when in the cell cycle the DNA replicates.
      Name the stages of mitosis in the correct order. (prophase, metaphase, anaphase,
       telophase)
      Define the term “cytokinesis.”
      Explain what happens during each stage of mitosis.
      Explain how telophase is different in plant cells than it is in animal cells.
      Explain how a chromosome is different than chromatin.
      Define the term “sister chromatid.”
      Define the term “centromere.”
      Define the term “mitotic spindle.”
      Define the term “centriole.”

Meiosis

The students will be able to:
    Define the “meiosis.”
    Explain why meiosis is necessary.
    Identify what kind of cell is produced by meiosis.
    Compare the cells produced by meiosis to the parent cell.
    Compare the cells produced by meiosis to the cells produced by mitosis.
    Name the stages of meiosis in the correct order. ( MEIOSIS I: prophase I,
       metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, and cytokinesis. MEIOSIS II: prophase II,
       metaphase II, anaphase II, telophase II, and cytokinesis)
    Explain the major events of each stage of meiosis.
    Identify which division of meiosis is more similar to mitosis.
    Define the term “tetrad.”
    Define the term “crossing over.”
    Explain how meiosis increases genetic variation in a species.

								
To top