Drug Education Policy (Draft 1)

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       MANOR HIGH SCHOOL – DRUG EDUCATION POLICY


1. Development process.
   Manor High School
   Date of First Policy October 1995
   Sixth update September 2009
   Academy update Nov 2011
   This policy was developed through consultation with staff, parents, pupils and
   governors.

   Headteacher_Mrs S. M. Major

   Governor- Chair of Governors

   Pupil Council-Representative Chair of the pupil Council

   Location and dissemination.
   A copy of this policy is stored in the main school office.
   Copies have been circulated to
   Head of PSHE/Citizenship
   Head of RE
   Head of Science
   School Nurse.
   Context and relationship to other policies.
    The policy is part of the schools behaviour and rewards policy, the child
   protection policy, the Health and Safety policy and the safe use of medicines
   policy.

   Local and National Guidance.
    This policy is based on the document ‘Drugs:Guidance for schools’
   DFES/0092/2004. We acknowledge help from the Healthy Schools team and
   from Leicestershire Constabulary for their advice and support.

   Where and to whom does this policy apply?
   This policy applies to all pupils and all staff, to all visitors who are on site.
   The policy boundaries are those of the school site apart from sections which
   refer to incidents which occur in the pupil’s home or on the way to or from
   school.
   It supports and reflects the whole school approach to being and staying
   healthy.


   Drugs- A Definition

    ‘A substance people take to change the way they feel, think or behave’
                     (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)

This definition includes all illegal and legal drugs including alcohol, tobacco and
medicines

 Statement of values and objectives.
Manor High School acknowledges its shared responsibility with parents and the
community for making sure that the school plays its part in meeting national and local
concerns in drug education and other substances of misuse. The school is committed
to the health and welfare of all its pupils within a safe environment. To these ends it is
the policy of the school to promote and sustain the following activities within the
current Drug Policy:-
 a) The curriculum offered by the school and the day to day procedures which govern
the conduct of the school will promote the health and safety of all who work or study
with in the school community.

b) Formal and informal pastoral arrangements will be made to support the welfare of
all pupils. Pupils will be encouraged to use these arrangements whenever support is
needed. The interests of individual pupils and the needs of the whole school
community will always be taken into account. Pupils are given training in the
PSHE/Citizenship sessions on how to handle peer pressure. The school has a drugs
notice board funded by a local rotary club. Pupils are given information on how to
contact child charities and help lines.
Pupil views will be canvassed through the pupil council, tellus survey and healthy
teens survey and this will be fed back into the review process.
Our aim is to provide opportunities for pupils to develop their knowledge, skills
attitudes and understanding about drugs and appreciate the benefits of a healthy
lifestyle, relating this to their own and others’ actions.

c) The school has always believed that health education has an important place within
the school program in which all pupils have an entitlement to participate to their
benefit.

d) The misuse of drugs and the use of other substances of misuse cannot be condoned.
Within the same context the sale or supply as defined in the misuse of Drugs Act
1971, within school premises will not be condoned. The school will take appropriate
steps to deal with any such incidents should they arise.

e) Within its current Drug Policy, the school believes in the importance of forming a
partnership with parents, the local community and with statutory and voluntary
specialist agencies, which in itself would seek to promote the health and welfare of its
pupils.

 Policy Statement for Drug Education.
The past decade has seen an increase in the prevalence of drug use in society. The
acquisition of knowledge, understanding and skills, which enables students to
consider the effect of drugs on them selves and others, is of vital importance. The
ability to make informed and healthy decisions about the use of drugs should be part
of a broad and balanced health education curriculum.
 Aims of the Drug Education Policy.
The Drug Education program is an integral part of the learning process for all students
which aims:-
1) To promote and develop positive attitudes and behaviour towards good health.
2) To enable pupils to make healthy informed choices
3) To seek to reduce risks to young people and to reduce harm
4) To help pupils to develop decision making skills which will assist them in dealing
with problems and pressures.
5) To provide accurate information about drug related substances and to increase the
understanding about the effects of their use and misuse.
6) To detail how drug related incidents will be handled.
7) To identify how pupil support will be provided.
8) To define how training and support will be provided to staff.
9) To determine the involvement of outside agencies.
10) To determine the involvement of parents.

The School Drug Education Policy- Organisation, Content and Methodology.

The program is co-ordinated by the Head of History/RE in co-operation with the Head
of PSHE/Citizenship and the Head of Science.
The content of the program will be consistent with that recommended through the
National Curriculum standing orders. It will be supported by informed advice from
outside sources. Active pupil participation will be encouraged and a variety of
teaching and learning styles will be employed. Outside speakers will be used as and
when appropriate.

The program will be delivered by staff with the necessary training and skills in the
relevant curriculum areas. The different needs of Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 will be
addressed.
Science
KS 2
Sc 2 2 g the effects on the human body of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs and how
these relate to their personal health.
KS3
Sc2 2m that the abuse of alcohol, solvents and other drugs affects health.

RE
The topic is delivered in class groups using a variety of teaching strategies. The
FRANK booklets and other health publications are used. Class discussion plays an
important part in this course. The school has purchased a “drugs box” which has a
complete range of drugs with information on each, the “drugs” in the box are
imitations.

PSHE/Citizenship.
Drugs content in PSHE has been rationalised to avoid overlap with the content
delivered in R.E..
KS2 Yr 6Healthy living (Drugs, exercise, rest, healthy eating)
KS2 General discussion of prescription drugs that are beneficial and of drugs that are
harmful.
The good health guide to drugs – three programmes
Drugs, what are they?
Under pressure
You choose

KS3 Yr 7 Substance Misuse (2 x 1 hour lessons)
KS3 Stored in PSHE room in Resource Area.
I.D learning to be you BBC series.
3 programmes each of 20 minutes Tobacco, alcohol, illegal substances.
Worksheets on each programme
Group activities
Further worksheets for extension work.

KS3 Yr 8. Dealing with pressure (Drugs) (1 x 1 hour)
KS3 Yr 9 Substance misuse – alcohol (2 x 1 hour)

Methodology.
In PSHE/Citizenship the topic is delivered by form tutors and outside speakers if
appropriate. Tutors use a variety of teaching styles and are aware of the preferred
learning styles of their audience.
The school nurse is available at “drop in“sessions and is actively involved in
delivering some sections of the pshe scheme of work.

Training.
The Assistant Head (Personnel) is responsible for assessing the training needs of all
staff in relation to the drug education policy and will allocate funds and or time as
appropriate. The school will use the training opportunities offered by the Healthy
School Team to address the needs of all staff. The Pastoral support manager (Mrs
Kam Dhinsa) and the Assistant Headteacher (Pupils) have been trained to DART tier
2 standard and attend regular refresher training.

Assessment, monitoring, evaluation and review.
The teaching of drug education will be monitored during the review of PSHE, which
is a regular part of the school’s self-evaluation cycle, as well as through the
departmental review cycle for aspects that are delivered departmentally. Assessment
has been introduced in citizenship modules and this will be further developed to meet
the new statutory requirements from 2011. Feedback from pupils, staff, parents and
external agencies will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug education.
The policy will be reviewed biannually.

Handling a drug related incident.
Incidents have been divided into the following categories.
1. Witnessing or hearing reports of suspicious activities.
2. Student caught in possession or using tobacco (see appendix 5), alcohol or solvents.
3. Student caught in possession of any class of illegal drugs.
4. Students found to be dealing or supplying illegal drugs.
5. Others on site behaving irresponsibly with potentially hazardous substances.

Guidelines for each category.
Category 1.
Where the evidence is based on suspicion or hearsay with NO direct evidence.
1. The Headteacher and /or Assistant Head (Pupils) will be informed.
2. The incident will be logged and the situation will be monitored discreetly.

Categories 2,3,4.
1. Remove the evidence. Call First Aid if necessary.
Follow the guidelines for syringes. (See appendix 4)
2. Immediately inform the Headteacher or LT.
3. Headteacher or LT will isolate and interview pupil.
4. Parents will be contacted and may be asked to come into school immediately.
5. Possession of drugs will normally lead to a fixed term exclusion.
6. Students found to be dealing or handling quantities of illegal substances will be
excluded with the recommendation that it is made permanent.
Permanent exclusion is always seen as the last resort.
The Police will be involved in categories 3.4 and 5. (See Appendix 9 for Police
guidelines)
The school has a close working relationship with local officers, particularly the
community police officer PCSO 6518 IKRAM.
Under certain circumstances the Police may be involved in category 2 incidents
particularly those involving solvents.
The school is aware of the guidance given by Leicestershire Police in their Drugs:
Guidance for Schools, part of which is included in Appendix 9.

Category 5.
This will depend on the circumstances but may include:-
1. Being asked to leave the site
2. Calling the police
3. Informing other schools or colleges.

Record keeping.and confidentiality
The importance of good record keeping cannot be over emphasised.
The school will use the record sheet attached in the appendix (8) to record drug
related incidents.
Incidents will be treated in confidence, sensitive information will only be disclosed
internally or externally after due consideration of pupils’ rights and needs.
The school will co-operate fully with any police investigation.

Child Protection Issues.
The School will follow its Child Protection procedures if relevant disclosures are
made or if staff feel it is necessary. The school has a Child Protection Policy in the
light of the “Every Child Matters” agenda.


What does the school expect of pupils and parents?
With effect from 2009 there will be an explicit statement in the prospectus (appendix
6) so that pupils and parents are clear about the standards set by the school with
respect to drugs. Parents/carers will be kept fully informed of any incidents relating to
their child providing there is no over riding child protection issue. Parents/carers are
encouraged to approach the school if they are concerned about drug related issues
related to their child.
The role of the governors.
The governors will be kept fully informed of all drug related incidents. They will have
access to the drug incident log and a report will be made to the relevant governor’s
sub committee and /or the full governors meeting.
The designated governor will oversee the policy development and contribute to case
conferences where appropriate. The governor may also form part of the appeals panel
against exclusions for drug related incidents.
Training is offered for governors by the Health Schools Team, it is hoped that this
will be taken up by at least one governor.

Liaison with other schools.
The Assistant Head (Pupils) works closely with the other high school and the upper
school to monitor the level of drug use within the school communities. There is a
clear link between older siblings illegal drug use and the behaviour/life style of
younger siblings in the high schools. Often the older siblings have been permanently
excluded from the Upper School and then pose a problem to High School pupils by
trying to access the site in social times.
Where pupils live out of the catchment area this is much more difficult as there are
many more influences which we have no way of monitoring. Intruders on site from
out of catchment area pose the biggest problem.


Referral and external support.
The school will make full use of external agencies where necessary, these may
include the Education Welfare Service, the Connexions Service, the School Nurse,
local youth and community services and other agencies providing specialist help and
advice such as New Directions.

Confidentiality.
The school will have full regard for issues of confidentiality. Teachers cannot and
should not promise confidentiality. All staff will fulfil their professional
responsibilities in relation to child protection, co-operating with a police investigation
and referral to external agencies. Confidentiality is discussed with pupils before
discussion is embarked upon, particularly in Year 9.

Procedures for Policy monitoring and Evaluation.
We are committed to monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of the program.
This is achieved by:-
1. Student, staff and parental feedback
2. OfSTED inspection.
Appendix 1.

Directory of Sources of Support.
1. The Education Welfare Officer                     0116 278 8991

2. The school nurse                                  0116 257 0708

3. Leicestershire Constabulary
Youth Initiatives officer for educational support.
Local Policing Commander                             0116 222 2222

4. Healthy Schools Team for Drug Education           0116 265 6321
and policy development support.

5. National Drugs Helpline FRANK                     0800 77 6600

6. New Direction Team
Leicestershire County Council is a partner in the DART (Drug and Alcohol Response
Team) network. This is a local network of statutory and non-statutory agencies
committed to providing high quality and consistent advice, support and treatment to
young people with substance misuse problems. It is recommended that schools
promote and use the services of New Direction 0116 2229559, a county and city-
wide young peoples service.

7. Release (Legal advice)                            020 7729 9904

8. Drug Scope                                        020 7928 1211
Appendix 2.

Substances included in the school policy on drugs are:-

1. Illegal drugs as classes under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
(eg Cannabis, Heroin, Amphetamine, LSD, Ecstasy, Temazepan)

2. Legal drugs including alcohol, tobacco (See appendix 5), caffeine, khat, pann.

3. Prescription medicines including Ritalin and other amphetamine derivatives,
anabolic steroids and tranquillisers.

4. “Over the counter” medicines including Pro Plus, Night Nurse and paracetamol/
paracetamol products.

5. Volatile substances including aerosols, butane products, toluene products and alkyl
nitrates.

6. There has been a noted increase in boys using steroids to “body build” and
information on the dangers of these substances is made available and their side effects
highlighted to individuals. We have a concern that incresed anger is the result of use
of steroids by adolescent boys.
Appendix 3.

Recording of Drug related situation.

The paper record Appendix 8 is completed.
This is then recorded on computer and is held on the admin server which is backed up
daily.

Access is through the Assistant Head (Pupils)

The Assistant Headteacher (Pupils) is also the Designated Senior Person for Child
Protection.

Appendix 4.

Safety with Syringes.
Any used needles or syringes should only be touched with extreme care.

Pupils must never touch syringes and should report syringe finds to an adult.

If in doubt cover the syringe and or send for another adult.

Alert the Headteacher or a member of the LT.

The Headteacher can contact the local environmental health department to arrange
safe disposal of syringes.

REMEMBER YOUR SAFETY AND THE SAFETY OF THE EDUCATIONAL
COMMUNITY IS PARAMOUNT.


Appendix 5.
Smoking.
Manor High School is a non-smoking school. Tobacco and alcohol are the two main
gateway drugs and therefore we will treat incidents involving these seriously.
Tobacco and alcohol are not illegal but they have no place in a High School


Appendix 6.
The following section should be included in the prospectus.
It is the policy of the school that no alcohol, tobacco, solvents or illegal substances
are allowed on the school site. Anyone found to have these in their possession for
personal use or with intent to supply will be subject to the full range of sanctions as
detailed in the behaviour policy.
Glossary
Drug- a substance people take to change the way they feel, think or behave.

Drug incident- suspicion or evidence of any situation or specific event involving a
drug. This could relate to a pupil, parent/carer or member of staff.

Drug misuse- drug taking which leads a person to experience social, psychological,
physical or legal problems related to intoxication or regular excessive consumption
and/or dependence.

Drug use- is drug taking. Any drug use can potentially lead to harm.

Paraphernalia- the equipment used for drug taking.

Volatile substances- aka solvents. A substance which gives of a gas or is a gas
including butane, propane, aerosol propellants, glue, solvents petrol etc.
Appendix 7.
                            I have heard a rumour!


     Tell the headteacher or the
     LT.



                            I have found something!




   Drugs/Alcohol/                              Needles or
   Tobacco/Solvents/                           paraphenalia
   medicines




 In students possession                        On school premises




Assess medical situation                       Secure site where
and call for First Aid if                      paraphernalia is. Inform
necessary                                      Headteacher or LT




Confiscate drugs. Have a
witness present. Handle                        Contribute to completing
carefully. Inform                              the drug related incident
Headteacher or LT.                             form.




What do I do if ………..? (Staff)
    Appendix 7
    What do I do if ………….? (Pupils)
I have seen someone      Find and tell a teacher
smoking                  or other adult.




I have found a needle     DO NOT TOUCH IT




I have found
something that I think
may be drugs.



I have been offered             Find and tell a
drugs/cigarettes/               teacher or other
alcohol                         adult.
Appendix 8 Responding to incidents involving drugs.
Name of person reporting the incident__________________________

Date of incident ____________________

Brief description of incident
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

Details of those involved.(If known)

_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________




Please pass the completed form to Assistant
Headteacher (Pupils)
Appendix 9
Guidance for schools: Drugs – Involving the Police
The misuse of drugs in Leicester, Leicestershire and Rutland is a
growing issue for all areas, from the larger urban centres to the most
rural communities. Misuse of drugs is often associated with levels of
poverty, deprivation and crime. While there is some correlation, the
growth in drug misuse is such that it affects all our communities
irrespective of social disadvantage or privilege and new ways of tackling
substance misuse issues have to be found.

Whilst schools should have an effective education programme and policy and
procedures for dealing internally with drugs related incidents, there are occasions
when circumstances arise which cause schools to involve the police.

Police drug operations within schools are an emotive subject that require careful
planning and clarity of search powers. Recent publicity about the use of "sniffer"
dogs has caused further questions as to the legality of certain actions.

It has been decided therefore to provide head teachers with this specific advice and
guidance on what to expect if the decision is taken to contact the Leicestershire
Constabulary.

DfES "Drugs: Guidance for schools" (February 2004 - Ref: DfES/0092/2004)
All schools should refer to the document "Drugs: Guidance for schools" published by
the DfES in February 2004. This is a comprehensive document which outlines how to
deal with substance misuse incidents, what should be included in a schools drug
policy, and who should be involved in the consultation, dissemination and evaluation
of the policy. Appendix 3 provides a summary of the relevant laws.

Police Involvement
Schools have no legal obligation to report an incident involving illegal drugs to the
police. Nevertheless, not informing the police may prove to be counter-productive for
the school and wider community.

The law permits school staff to take temporary possession of substances suspected of
being illegal drugs for the purposes of preventing an offence from being committed or
continued - provided that all reasonable steps are taken to destroy the substance or
deliver it to a person lawfully entitled to take custody of it (see DfES guidance para
4.7 for further advice).



Cannabis has been re-classified as a Class C drug.( This is under review, May 09 and
reclassification back to Class B is likely) As such it remains an illegal substance.
Small quantities of this substance coming into the possession of staff may be disposed
of independently but with a second member of staff present and the incident being
recorded.
The following are the most common Class A & B drugs and substances suspected of
being any of these should be retained for disposal by the police: heroin; ecstasy; LSD;
cocaine; crack cocaine and amphetamines.

When suspected illegal substances are handed over to the police, there is no obligation
to identify the person from whom they were taken. However, the police will expect to
be given any information that may assist in identifying those dealing in drugs.

Schools should be aware that once a police officer (as opposed to a member of school
staff) finds illegal drugs on a pupil, the school's discretion as to what action to take
no longer exists.

Urgent action required
Where a school has recovered drugs from a pupil, or suspects that a particular pupil is
in possession of an illegal substance the police may be asked to attend. Where the
pupil is suspected of having possession but has refused to hand it over to a member of
the teaching staff, only a police officer has powers available to search under the
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. The police officer attending will seek to obtain the
reasonable grounds required for searching from information given by school staff.

Non-urgent action required
Schools may have cause to suspect that illegal drugs are in wider circulation in or
around the school. If the decision is taken to involve the police in seeking a
resolution, initial contact must be with the Local Policing Unit (LPU) Inspector. This
can be done by calling 0116 2222222 and asking for the LPU Commander for your
area.

Joint discussions about the perceived problem need to take place before a decision is
made as to whether/what type of police action is required. From a police perspective,
any operation will only be based upon recent and credible intelligence.

Head teachers are not empowered to authorise the police to conduct general searches
of pupils or their personal property. Under normal circumstances the police will not
use passive1 or proactive2 dogs to search pupils and their property unless there has
been sufficient evidence to obtain a search warrant under the Misuse of Drugs Act
from a magistrate. (See DfES guidance para 4.10.2 and appendix 10). There are
serious implications for schools when "sniffer" dogs are used. These are outlined in
appendix 10 of the DfES guidance and need to be considered carefully.

Because of limited resources, demonstrations of drugs searches by police dogs are not
available on request but are sometimes arranged as part of a wider response to
suspected drug use. Where such a demonstration is arranged it will not be used
surreptitiously as a detection exercise and participating volunteers will be sought from
staff and not pupils.

If Police are invited to become involved in dealing with suspected illegal
drug possession, the school should have procedures in place of how to
1
  Dogs will be led by Police Employee and will indicate possible presence of an illegal
substance by sitting.
2
  Dogs will search property and retrieve any potential substances.
deal with the aftermath of such operations. Involvement of the police
should be covered in the schools drug policy or as a separate set of
procedures (see DfES guidance, appendix 10 to ensure that all
eventualities have been covered).
These guidelines must be read in conjunction with the Drugs: Guidance
for schools document, which outlines police involvement (section 4.6).

Options other than police action
1) Existing Drugs Education Programme that is being delivered in the school
2) Heightened awareness via assemblies

				
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