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Substance abuse by qVR8Jq00


									                       St Malachy’s College


St Malachy’s College                          1

    • Rationale                                       Page 3
    • Definitions and Drug Education                  Page 4
    • Drug Paraphernalia and Drug Related Incidents   Page 5
    • Ethos                                           Page 6
    • Aims and Objectives                             Pages 6 and 7

Development and Implementation
  • Roles and Responsibilities                        Pages 7 to 10
  • Training and Information                          Page 10
  • Drug Education Programme                          Page 11
  • Procedures for dealing with drug-related incidents Pages 12 to 13
  • Recording an incident; Searching pupils
    and property; Handling substances and Dealing with the media Page 14
  • Monitoring and Evaluation                         Page 15
  • Communication and Dissemination of policy         Page 15

   • Appendix (Please see appendices within)
         - Further information about drugs (outside agencies)
         - Checklist for handling drug incidents in BELB schools
         - Conclusion: Effective principles for prevention
         - BELB Record of drug related incident pro-forma
         - Names of staff

St Malachy’s College                                                       1
For the purpose of this document the term ‘drugs’ includes tobacco, alcohol, over-the-
counter and prescribed medication, volatile substances and controlled drugs. St Malachy’s
College does not condone the misuse of drugs but recognises that there has been a
considerable increase in the misuse of drugs in recent years in Northern Ireland. Drug
misuse appears to be affecting an ever-younger population and the so-called "recreational"
use of drugs can lead to a dangerous acceptance of illegal and harmful drug misuse as
part of everyday life.

We believe that St Malachy’s College has a vital preventative role to play in combating the
misuse of drugs by young people and we therefore include a Drug Education programme in
our curriculum. St Malachy’s College sees its role as that of a caring community committed
to the physical, mental, social, emotional, moral and spiritual health, safety and well being
of our pupils and staff.

We want our pupils to make informed and responsible decisions about drugs by increasing
their knowledge and by developing in them appropriate values, attitudes and skills.
However, we recognise that drug misuse is a whole-community issue and that schools
alone cannot solve the drugs problem; the school is only one of a number of groups and
agencies which must play a part in the education of young people in and we make use of
their expertise where possible in the delivery of the programme.

       "There is a public perception that drug misuse is mainly an issue in disadvantaged
      inner city areas ......... Drug misuse is just as much an issue in rural areas and
      affluent communities: it extends across socioeconomic, geographical and cultural
      boundaries. Educationally successful young people are just as likely to put
      themselves at risk as low attainers.” (DENI 1996/16)

All staff (teaching and non-teaching), should familiarise themselves with the information
included in this policy and further copies may be obtained from the Designated Teacher for
Drugs or Deputy Designated Teacher (see appendix)

Copies of the guidance on which this policy is based, Drugs: Guidance for Schools in N.
Ireland 2004, are available from the Department of Education website

St Malachy’s College                                                                       2
Drugs Education
The programmes of work in tutorial classes, science, physical education and religious
education cover the physical and moral effects of drug solvent and alcohol abuse and are
presented in such a way as to discourage experimentation. The R.E., English and Tutorial
programmes help pupils to develop mature responses to the dangers of substance abuse, and
to deal with peer group pressure when they are confronted socially with alcohol, cigarettes and

It is hoped that all areas of the curriculum will contribute to developing an awareness of the
dangers of substance abuse.

Educational objectives:
     • to provide pupils with a clear moral framework;
     • to enable pupils to make healthy, informed choices by increasing knowledge,
        challenging attitudes and developing and practising skills;
     • to provide pupils with accurate information about substances;
     • to increase pupils’ understanding of the implications and possible consequences of
        the use and misuse of substances;
     • to widen pupils’ understanding about related health and social issues e.g. crime,
     • to enable pupils to identify sources of appropriate personal support if the need

For the purpose of this document and in line with the guidance issued to all schools by the
Department of Education (2004/9) drugs will include any substance which, when
taken, has the effect of altering the way the body works or the way a person
behaves, feels, sees or thinks.
As well as everyday substances such as tea and coffee, drugs include:
- alcohol and tobacco;
- “over-the-counter” medicines, such as paracetamol;
- prescribed drugs, such as antibiotics, tranquillisers, inhalers and Ritalin;
- volatile substances, such as correcting fluids/thinners, gas lighter fuel, aerosols, glues
  and petrol;
- controlled drugs, such as cannabis, LSD, Ecstasy, amphetamine sulphate (speed), magic
  mushrooms (processed), heroin and cocaine; and
- other substances such as amyl/butyl nitrite ( ‘poppers’) and unprocessed magic

St Malachy’s College                                                                         3
  • Drugs themselves
  • Cigarette papers
  • Pipes, buckets, “Bongs” and plastic bottles
  • “Wraps” - square folds of paper
  • Cling film, foil and small plastic bags to hold small quantities of drugs

A drug related incident may include some of the following examples. These are a brief
   • Drug related litter on or near school premises
   • Suspicion or allegations made in or out of school
   • Disclosure of drug misuse taking place
   • Pupils displaying symptoms of drug misuse
   • Pupils or adults with drugs on school premises
   • Pupils or adults taking drugs on school premises
   • Pupils or adults selling drugs on school premises
   • Any of the above will also apply whilst on school transport, a school trip, a school
      minibus or any other authorised school related activity.

St Malachy’s College is a large urban school and all members of staff are very aware of the
pressure placed upon young people to experiment with tobacco, alcohol, solvents or controlled
substances at an ever younger age. Believing as it does in the principle of education in its
widest - and thus most challenging - sense, the College has undertaken to draft, and will do all
that it can to implement, its Policy on Substance Use and Abuse, including Drugs Education,
preventative measures and interventionist measures.

Aims and Objectives
General aims
    To promote and develop the ideals, values and beliefs of the College as these are
      set out in the Statement of Aims;
    To ensure that the welfare of pupils and staff is of paramount importance at all
    To develop the idea of the College as a health promoting community.
    To have a clear and agreed understanding among everyone in the school
      community about the implications and possible consequences of drug use/misuse.
    To provide all staff (teaching and non-teaching) with adequate training and support
      to enable them to deal effectively and confidently with incidents of suspected drug
      misuse, and to ensure that the procedures are sensitively and consistently applied in
      all situations.
    To empower teaching staff through appropriate training and support to develop and
      deliver an effective drug education programme.
    To provide a drug education programme which
              o Develops pupils’ self esteem and promotes positive attitudes in their
                  relationships with others
              o Gives pupils’ opportunities to develop the values, skills, knowledge and
                  understanding necessary to make informed and responsible decisions
                  about the use/misuse of drugs including tobacco, alcohol and volatile
                  substances, within the context of a healthy lifestyle; and

St Malachy’s College                                                                       4
             o helps pupils’ develop the skills necessary to assert themselves confidently
               and resist negative pressures and influences.

Roles and Responsibilities
      Be aware of and adhere to school rules in relation to drug use/misuse, including
       tobacco, alcohol, over-the-counter and prescribed medication, volatile substances
       and controlled drugs.

All staff (teaching and non-teaching)
      Be alert to the possibility of drug use/misuse. Record all information/incidents.
      Be familiar with the school’s procedures in the handling of suspected drug-related
      It is not the responsibility of the individual staff member to investigate the
         circumstances surrounding an incident, however he/she should deal with any
         emergency procedures if necessary.
      Any information, substance or paraphernalia received should be forwarded to the
         designated teacher for drugs who may have to take immediate action.

Teachers delivering the Drug Education programme
In addition to the above:
      Deliver the school’s drug education programme.
      Try to create an atmosphere in the classroom in which pupils can freely contribute
         to discussion, safe in the knowledge that the comments, ideas and feelings of the
         group are valued.
      Support pupils in their class if necessary.
      Liaise with the designated teacher for drugs regarding any aspect of the
         programme/policy, as necessary.

The designated teacher for drugs (See Appendix)
     Ensure that all staff and parents are aware of and have access to a copy of the
     Have oversight and co-ordination of the planning of curricular provision in
       compliance with the statutory requirements including periodic update and review of
       the policy.
     Liaise with other staff responsible for pastoral care in co-ordinating the delivery of
       the drug education programme.
     Co-ordinate training and induction of all staff in the procedures for dealing with
       incidents of suspected drug misuse.
     Be responsible for co-ordinating the school’s procedures for dealing with incidents
       of suspected drug misuse.
     Determine the circumstances surrounding the incident.
     Complete a suspected incident report form and forward to principal.
     Ensuring the engagement and active participation of parents in all aspects of drug
     Act as the point of contact for outside agencies working with the school.

St Malachy’s College                                                                      5
The Principal
     Ensure that members of the Board of Governors have been consulted on and
        ratified the policy.
     In the case of incidents of suspected drug misuse:
     Ensure the welfare and well being of the pupil(s) involved in the incident and the
        rest of the school community.
     Ensure that the following people are informed (where relevant):

            * PSNI - preferably the Community and Schools Involvement Officer (CSIO)
            * Board of Governors
            * Designated Officer in ELB/CCMS
            * Members of staff
            * Other pupils and parents informed within the confines of
     Agree, in consultation with the Board of Governors, appropriate pastoral and
       disciplinary responses in relation to the incident, including counselling
     Retain written records of the incident and ensure copies of the reports are
       submitted to Board of Governors, ELB/CCMS as appropriate.
     Review procedures and amend.

Board of Governors
        Examine and approve the completed policy and education programme, prior to
          their implementation in the school.
        Ensure the policy is published in the school prospectus and that it is reviewed at
          regular intervals.
        Be fully aware of and adequately trained to deal with suspected incidents of drug
          misuse, including tobacco and alcohol, and their appropriate disciplinary response.
        Agree in consultation with the principal appropriate pastoral and disciplinary
          responses in relation to suspected drug related incidents.
It is recommended that there should be a designated Governor to work with the principal
and designated teacher for drugs in relation to drug related issues.

Student Support
The Vice Principal and Student Support Teacher is available to talk in confidence to pupils
who wish for advice or guidance. An experienced and fully accredited counsellor (see
appendix) is also available one morning per week. Referrals from class tutors, year heads
or parents should be made through the Student Support Teacher. Pupils may also self-refer
through a “confidential” box in the General Office. There is generally a waiting list for the

Specific drugs counselling is also offered by the Dunlewey Substance Advice Centre, 228
Antrim Road (Tel: 028 90743999) or Contact Youth (Tel: 028 90456654) or Youthline
freephone (Tel: 0800 808 8000). The Parents Advice Centre can be contacted by phone on
their Helpline (Tel: 028 9023 8800) or by e-mail at

St Malachy’s College                                                                       6
     Support your son/daughter if they have become involved with drugs.
     Support the school in the development and implementation of this policy, including
       the school’s procedures for handling incidents of suspected drug misuse and the
       drug education programme.

A partnership with parents
Fundamental to our school’s values and practice is the principle of sharing the
responsibility for caring and educating our pupils with parents. The school will take every
opportunity to inform and involve parents or guardians:
      • by direct contact
      • at parents’ evenings
      • by encouraging parents to contact the school if they have any concerns.

Role of the School Nurse
Among her other duties in the College the nurse (see appendix) provides assistance,
guidance and support to staff and pupils. Parents of pupils who need to take medication in
school should send their sons’ medication in to her, accompanied by a letter permitting her
to dispense the medication and stating the precise dosage to be administered. All parents
should have completed the Yellow College Medical Form and have returned it to the
General Office.

The Caretaker/Ancillary Staff
     Be vigilant around and conduct regular checks of school grounds for drug-related
       paraphernalia. Inform the designated teacher for drugs should any be found.
     Ensure the safe storage, handling and disposal of potentially harmful substances
       such as solvents and cleaning fluids.

Training and Information
All staff (teaching and non-teaching) and Governors will be provided with training to
support the full implementation of this policy including the delivery of the drug education
programme. Information awareness sessions will be offered to parents/guardians.

St Malachy’s College                                                                          7
The Drugs Education Programme
The drug education programme in St. Malachy’s College is just one part of the whole
school response to drug use/misuse. The programme provides opportunities for pupils to:
   • acquire knowledge and understanding in relation to drug use/misuse;
   • identify values and attitudes in relation to drug use/misuse;
   • develop skills to enable them to consider the effects of drugs on themselves and
      others; and
   • make informed and responsible choices within the context of a healthy lifestyle.

Drugs Education in the Curriculum
     Tutorial (Personal, Social & Health Education)
     KS3 Year 8 Making Choices (including a selection of materials for 11-12 year olds
     from ‘Getting it Sorted’ (pub. Hope UK)
     Year 9 ‘Substances’ (Materials for 12-14 year olds from Dunlewey Substance
     Advice Centre)
     KS4 Year 11 ‘Substances’ (Materials for 15-17 year olds from Dunlewey Substance
     Advice Centre)

      KS4 Drugs - part of the syllabus for GCSE Single Award Science (Non-Modular)
                  - part of the syllabus for GCSE Double Award Science
                  - part of the syllabus for GCSE Biology

Modern Languages (French, German, Irish, Spanish)
     AS/A2syllabus specifies certain topics, during which the issue and problems of
     substance use and abuse are addressed:
           Young People & their problems
           Crime & Homelessness
           Health & Safety
           Youth Concerns
           Social Issues

St Malachy’s College                                                                  8
Procedures for dealing with suspected drug related incidents
Fundamental to dealing with incidents of suspected drug misuse is the principle of ‘in loco
parentis’, and St. Malachy’s will always take the steps that would reasonably be expected
of any parent to safeguard the well being and safety of all the pupils in their charge.
The school will at all times give careful consideration as to how any information relating to
an incident of suspected/confirmed drug use/misuse is communicated to staff, pupils and

The parents/guardians of the pupil(s) directly involved in an incident of suspected drug
use/misuse will be informed of the incident. Recognising that the future of a child or adult
can be adversely affected. Confidentiality is of paramount importance in drug related
incidents and subsequent outcomes.
Procedures should an incident occur involving drugs, solvents or alcohol
Should an incident occur in the school where drugs or solvents have been abused, the
       following procedures will be carried out:

      (a) Legally held substances
      (i) In the case of misuse of legally held substances, the member of staff who
           discovers the incident will call the school nurse and a member of Senior
           Management who will:
      • assess the situation
      • ensure the safety of the pupil and others
      • give emergency aid and seek medical assistance if necessary
      • inform parents
      (ii) It is important that the teacher remain calm especially if sniffing is suspected.
           Make sure that the pupil has plenty of fresh air. If he is lying on the ground, turn
           him on his side so that he won’t choke;
      (iii) Pupils will, if it is thought necessary, be taken to a hospital to receive medical
      (iv) The pupil or pupils will be dealt with according to the school’s disciplinary

      (b) Illegal substances
      (i) In the case of illegally held substances, the above steps will be taken;
      (ii) Should any illegal substance be found on the premises, the designated teacher
           should follow College procedures and thereafter Senior Management should be
           informed and Police and parents will be notified.
      (iii) Suspicion of trafficking in illegal drugs in school will lead to an investigation co-
           ordinated by the designated teacher. If an offence is confirmed, the person or
           persons concerned will be suspended pending recommendations of expulsion to
           the Governors;
      (iv) Incidents where pupils are suspected of buying illegal drugs in school, or
           bringing illegal drugs into school will be investigated, and, if this is found to be
           happening, Police and parents will be informed. If the offence is confirmed, the
           person or persons concerned will be suspended pending recommendations to the
           Governors of expulsion;
      (v) Should an incident involving drug or solvent abuse occur in school, its
           implications will be considered by a team which will include the following staff
                 • The Principal

St Malachy’s College                                                                              9
                  • Members of the Pastoral Committee
                  • Health Education Co-ordinator
       (vi) The involvement of the media will be dealt with by the Principal of the College;
       (vii) All staff - teaching and non teaching - will be made aware of the above

Prevention: The Health Education programme in school also covers the consequences of
alcohol abuse. Pupils will not be permitted to bring alcohol into school or to consume it in
school or on any school activity.

Intervention: Pupils breaking this rule will be dealt with according to the school’s disciplinary

Smoking is an addictive habit generally acquired in childhood, and it causes an appalling
amount of preventable death, disability and suffering. In Northern Ireland, over 2,500 people
die every year because of smoking.

This school has a responsibility to promote healthy lifestyles and, in pursuit of this, teaches
pupils about the hazards of smoking as part of the health education cross-curricular theme.
The school must legally provide an environment which complements this teaching. It also
has a legal duty to protect the health of staff and visitors to the school.

A pupil smoking offence is a most serious breach of the Code of Conduct and will be
punished accordingly

St Malachy’s College                                                                           10
Recording an Incident
  • Full written factual record of the incident on official report form
  • Carefully record any statements provided by pupils
  • Careful storage of pupil and staff statements

Searching Pupils and Property
  • You can search school property
  • You can search personal property – BUT ONLY WITH CONSENT
  • Ensure you have another adult present as a witness
  • NEVER physically search a pupil
  • You can invite the pupil to turn out their pockets – but you cannot make them

Handling Substances
  • Always ensure the safety of staff and pupils
  • Always wear protective gloves
  • Put suspected substances in a sealed container
  • Lock away for safe keeping if they cannot be disposed off straight away. Get a witness
      to verify
  • Contact the PSNI immediately – do not leave this matter overnight

Dealing with the Media
If the school receives an enquiry from the media the caller will only be referred to the
principal or, in the absence of the principal, a designated nominee.
When responding to the media the privacy of the pupil(s), his/her family and/or any staff
members will be respected at all times.

St Malachy’s College                                                                   11
Monitoring and evaluation
St. Malachy’s College will ensure that procedures are put in place to monitor and evaluate
the effectiveness of all aspects of this policy. Information will be regularly collected from
pupils and staff as part of the monitoring process, and this will then be evaluated against
the aims and objectives of the policy at appropriate intervals.

What exactly is to be monitored/evaluated?
The whole policy document can be reviewed in part or as a whole document. In particular
the aims, objectives, roles and procedures.

How precisely will this be monitored/evaluated?
This is a working document and will therefore be evaluated in detail and precisely at
appropriate intervals.

By whom will the monitoring/evaluation be undertaken?
The monitoring and evaluation will be carried out by the designated teacher or any other
member of staff requested to by the principal.

Implications of the outcomes e.g. review of policy, including changes to the drug education
Any changes or implications that need to be conveyed to others will be done so in an
appropriate time scale. Changes to the drug education programme will be effected as soon
as possible.

Links to other school Policies/Guidelines
It may be appropriate to refer to other school policies e.g. Behaviour
Management/Discipline Policy, Pastoral Care Policy, Guidelines for administering
prescribed medication etc. where they have a direct impact on the schools drug policy.
Communication and Dissemination of Policy
The Board of Governors and all staff will be given a copy of this policy. The policy will also be
placed on the College web-site, Additional copies will be available
from the Principal. It is a statutory requirement for schools to include a description of their drug
policy in their prospectus.

St Malachy’s College                                                                          12
Further information about Drugs

      The National Drugs Helpline (Tel: 0800 776600) is a free and confidential service.
      Trained counsellors offer general advice and information about specific drugs and
      can direct you to local support services.
      Your family doctor (GP) is another good source of advice about drugs and local
      support services.
      The website provided by the Health
      Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland (Tel: 028 9031 1611) gives a
      comprehensive survey of help available in the various Health Boards.
      Dunlewey Substance Advice Centre
      228 Antrim Road; Belfast; BT15
      Tel: 028 9074 3999
      Parents Advice Centre
      Franklin House; 12 Brunswick Street; Belfast; BT2 7GT
      Helpline: 028 9023 8800
      Office: 028 9031 0891
      Contact Youth
      Tel: 028 9045 6654
      Youthline Freephone
      Tel: 0800 808 8000
      FASA – Forum for Action on Solvent Abuse
      Tel: 028 9080 3040 or Helpline: 028 9031933
      Useful drugs advice in particular for parents.

Staff Roles and Names
   • Principal – Mr D Lambon
   • Vice-Principal/Student Support Teacher – Mr Eamonn Lewis
   • Designated Teacher for Drugs – Mr M Cooke
   • Deputy Designated Teacher for Drugs – Mr K McKenna
   • School Counselling –provided by New Life Counselling
   • School Nurse – Mrs N Loughran

St Malachy’s College                                                                  13
This is a guide on the key procedures to undertake when a drug incident occurs in schools.
   1. Ensure the safety of the individual pupil involved, of other pupils, yourself and
       other staff. On finding a situation with a suspected substance:-
           �� Get help immediately from another adult.
           �� Assess situation, to see if this is a life-threatening situation or not.

If an emergency:-
          �� If necessary contact an ambulance.
          �� Put person under the influence of the drugs in the recovery position.
          �� Ensure airways are cleared.
          �� Remove any other bystanders from the immediate vicinity.

Then in all cases:-
          �� Carefully gather up any drugs / paraphernalia / evidence lying around and
              keep safely.
          �� Ascertain which substances / drugs have been taken and how much.
          �� Secure all drugs and paraphernalia and give to the Principal / Designated
              teacher immediately, and lock them away.
          �� Contact the parents as soon as possible.

   2. Ensure all incidents are properly investigated and recorded:-
          �� Never accuse pupils of drug dealing/possession, these are alleged illicit
             substances until substantiated by the PSNI.
          �� Conduct search procedures according to school policy. (Never search
             personal belongings without permission. It is okay to search school property
             such as lockers, cupboards or desks)
          �� Ensure all drugs are safely and securely stored or destroyed, making sure that
             this is witnessed by another adult and recorded.
          �� Gather details and data from all the eye-witnesses at the scene.
          �� All statements and phone calls should be recorded, signed and dated.
          �� Record all information on official incident form and sign and date, or ensure
             accurate details are given to whoever is writing the form and co-sign.
          �� Ensure the BELB incident form is filled in and returned to the Advisor for
             Pastoral Care (and CCMS documentation if appropriate).
          �� Ensure that you follow all the procedures in your Schools Drugs Policy.
   3. Ensure appropriate individuals and agencies are informed and contacted as
          �� Principal and Designated drug teacher.
          �� Parents / Guardians
          �� PSNI (CSIO or Uniform Branch)
          �� BELB Pastoral Care Advisor (and CCMS if appropriate).
          �� Chairperson initially and subsequently the Board of Governors.
          �� The Education Welfare Officer.
          �� No media statements, only the Principal should do this.
          �� Other pupils, parents and staff are only told on a need-to-know basis.

A pastoral / disciplinary response needs to made by the school, balancing the need for
compassion and the pupil’s welfare with the need to send a clear message about illegal
actions and behaviour and the impact on the school community.

St Malachy’s College                                                                     14
St Malachy’s College   15

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