Scaling up rural sanitation programme in India with - India Water

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					 SCALING UP RURAL SANITATION PROGRAMME IN INDIA
          WITH QUALITY AND CONVERGENCE

NATIONAL SEMINAR ON DECENTRALIZED
GOVERNANCE IN WATER AND SANITATION

              28TH JUNE, 2012
               NIAR,LBSNAA

                         URVASHI PRASAD
                         CONSULTANT
                         Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
                  WHY CONVERGENCE?

 Sanitation is Multildimensional
 Multiple Impacts and Determinants
 Poor Sanitation Impacts Health particularly of Women and
  Children Diarrheal diseases resulting from poor sanitation
  and hygiene kill more than 400,000 persons in India every
  year.
 Poor Sanitation Impacts learning ability - Study in Alwar,
  Rajasthan showed school toilets increased enrollment by
  11%
 Poor Sanitation Impacts Nutrition
 Poor Sanitation Impacts Environmental Pollution
                 WHY CONVERGENCE?

3 FS OF SANITATION PROGRAMME
FUNCTIONS,FUNDS AND FUNCTIONARIES
A) FUNCTIONS - Range of Components
Creating Sanitation infrastructure
Software activities IEC, Hygiene Education
Capacity building
Alternative Delivery Mechanism- Effective supply of sanitation
goods and Services
School Sanitation
Solid & liquid waste management
Operation and maintenance
Monitoring and Evaluation
             WHY CONVERGENCE?

B) Funds - Limited Budget allocated for specific component or
  to improve quality of a specific component
Eg – Cost of construction of Individual Household Latrine –
  Convergence of NBA with MGNERGA
C) Functionaries – Multiple Institutions/ Ministries which look
  after the same programme/population /category of population
School Sanitation – Ministry of Human Resource Development
  & Drinking Water and Sanitation
Children – MHRD, MWCD
           NIRMAL BHARAT ABHIYAN (NBA)
                     GOALS


• Making Nirmal Bharat
• Community saturation approach –APL, BPL
• Conjoint approach – water supply, sanitation,
  housing, SLWM
• Dedicated funding for capacity building of stake
  holders like Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs),
  Village Water and Sanitation Committees
  (VWSCs) and field functionaries for sustainable
  sanitation
• Prioritize Malnutrition and JE affected Districts
          Convergence of NBA with other Schemes
           Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

• Village Water Health, Sanitation Committees (VWSHC) to
  review and monitor convergence of schemes – Define Roles,
  mechanisms for pooling of funds & functionaries
• Common information and monitoring mechanism for tracking
  impact of poor sanitation on diseases and key health
  indicators like IMR, MMR- Eg. JE affected areas of UP
• Capacity building of ASHA, ANMs on sanitation promotion.
  Incentives to ASHA of Rs. 75/- from NBA funds
• Joint IEC plans – Inclusion of WATSAN messages in ASHA
  radio programme, Use of rubber stamps messages on
  sanitation by doctors
• Convergence of SSHE with School Health Programme
• Joint Action Plans for Epidemic illnesses – JE, Polio
           Convergence of NBA with other Schemes
   Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan,(SSA) Ministry of Human Resource
          Development (MHRD) & SSHE under NBA
• Coverage of all schools with WATSAN – Toilets
  in Schools prior to 2007 – NBA All new schools
  SSA
• Sharing of School coverage data – DISE data
  updated to include indicators on handwashing,
  functionality, O& M
• Capacity building – Teacher Training on
  hygiene Education, Common training Module
  and Training Calendar
• Inclusion of hygiene Education in Curriculum
  Monitoring of toilets constructed in Schools
• Pilot Projects on School Water Supply &
  Sanitation – Linking Solid Liquid Waste
  Management with Schools Mid Day Meal
  Programme –Biodigestors in Schools for
  kitchen waste
                 Convergence with other Schemes
            Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

• Joint surveys for identification of manual scavengers and status of dry
  latrines and manual scavenging in States.
• NBA guidelines outline conversion of the existing bucket latrines into pour
  flush latrines
• Instructions to States which show large percentage of dry latrines to
  conduct survey to identify dry latrines and prepare and send project
  proposal for their conversion to sanitary latrines.
• Organizing awareness camps with Karamcharis and Scavengers to stop
  manual scavenging
• Manual Scavengers may also be given incentives under TSC for acting as
  motivators for creating awareness on sanitation issues and demand
  generation for sanitation facilities in the village
• Training may be imparted to the eligible members of the target group for
  self employment ventures and skill development for taking up income
  generating activities in industry
                Convergence of NBA with other Schemes
               CONVERGENCE OF TSC WITH MGNERGA

•   Ministry of Rural Development (MRD) expanded the scope of
    works under Schedule 1 Para 1 (ix) of MGNREGA guidelines to
    include works relating to access to sanitation facilities.
•   Construction of IHHL -Unskilled labour (upto 20 person days) and
    skilled labour (upto 6 person days, under material component
    under MGNERGA Total amount to be booked under MGNREGA
    not exceed Rs. 4,500 per IHHL
•   Construction of Anganwadi Toilet Unit and School Toilet Unit as
    Institutional Projects as per prevailing SORs.
•   Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) works in proposed
    or completed Nirmal Grams.
•   Cost incurred in providing skilled labour and mate will be booked
    under material component of MGNREGA
•   DWSM will communicate to GPs approved TSC plan which
    includes total No. of IHHLs for their respective GPs. The GPs will
    , following approval of the Gram Sabha, finalize list of Individual
    beneficiates within the given numbers and will also include this as
    part of approved shelf of projects under MGNREGA.
•   Estimates of IHHL will be based on type design of MDWS and
    combined Technical Sanction(TS) will be issued as per the
    combined Administrative Sanction and Financial Sanction
         Convergence of NBA with other Schemes
                  Indira Awas Yojana


• All IAY beneficiaries who are sanctioned a house will
  be sanctioned one toilet each under TSC
  simultaneously
• Layout , location and technology of sanitary latrines
  in IAY houses to be appropriately designed
• IEC material to be included in IAY publicity material
• Joint training programme to be organized for
  functionaries under TSC and IAY at State level,
  District , Block and Gram Panchayat level
                  NEW AREAS OF CONVERGENCE
                National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)


• NRLM aims to provide financial support to BPL SHGs in terms of
revolving fund for microenterprise development activities, skill
development Training to BPL youth for gainful self-employment and
wage employment opportunities
• SHGs to be involved as motivators/campaigners for sanitation
promotion.
•Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETI) to train Women
SHGs. Training may be provided in setting up Rural Sanitary
Parts/Production Centres, as masons
•SHGs be provided assistance to start Rural Sanitary Marts and/or
Production Centres
•Linking SHGs to VWSC for monitoring water supply and sanitation
projects and also to help in developing village water security and
sanitation plan.
•Water quality testing by women SHGs
•SHGs to be entrusted with operation and maintenance of community
sanitary complexes.
              NEW AREAS OF CONVERGENCE
       Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Sources


• Construction of Biogas linked toilets specially in NGP
  villages
• Research, Development, Pilot projects on sustainable
  sanitation technologies including biogas linked toilets
• Capacity building of Panchayat on taking up Clean
  Development Mechanism projects for gaining carbon credits
  for biogas linked toilets
• State level Biogas development and training Centres under
  MNRE may be linked to WSSO,KRCs, Regional Resource
  Centres for providing technical, training support
            NEW AREAS OF CONVERGENCE
               Ministry of Youth Affairs


• National Service Scheme (NSS)
  Volunteers may work as
  motivators in awareness
  generation , IEC activities on
  sanitation , construction of toilets
  and hygiene Education in villages.
• Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan a
  network of Youth Clubs involved in
  Sanitation promotion
• National Youth Corps, Scouts and
  Guides as Swachchata Doots
      EVOLVING A CONVERGENCE FRAMEWORK


Objectives                      Convergence with     Convergence options
                                scheme/ Department
IEC                             WCD                  Anganwadi Workers as
                                                     Swachata Doots

                                                     ASHA worker as Swachata
                                NRHM                 Doots
Providing Revolving Fund        NRLM                 SHG women trained as
                                                     masons for running
                                                     Production Centres
Construction of pits for IHHL   M GNERGS             Construction of IHHL -
                                                     Unskilled labour (upto 20
                                                     person days) and skilled
                                                     labour (upto 6 person days,
                                                     under material component
                                IAY                  Construction of Toilets in
                                                     IAY houses
                       Convergence Framework

Objectives                  Convergence with          Convergence options
                            scheme/ Department
School Sanitation Hygiene   SSA, MHRD                 Teacher Training on hygiene
Education                                             Education

                            MGNREGS                   Construction of School Toilets
                                                      Blocks

                                                      Hygiene Education
                            School Health programme
                            NRHM                      Ensure water supply in all
                                                      Schools
                            NRDWP
Anganwadi Sanitation        ICDS MWCD                 AWW as Swachchata Doot
                                                      Awareness on safe disposal of
                                                      child faeces in pottys
                            MGNR EGA                  Labour Component of
                                                      Construction of Anganwadi
                                                      Toilets Blocks
                            NRDWP                     Ensuring water supply in AWCs
        Steps to Strengthen Convergence

 Setting up Coordination Mechanisms with all Ministries at Central, State,
  District and village level
 Officials implementing the specific programmes must be made members
  of the Coordination Committees.
 Capacity building of functionaries on mechanisms for convergence
 Identifying specific key component of the scheme and define roles,
  responsibilities mechanisms of pooling of financial and human resources.
 Lateral Learning- Exposure visits to Project areas where convergence
  work has happened
SCALING UP SANITATION PROGRAMME
 WITH QUALITY AND CONVERGENCE




 COMING TOGETHER IS BEGINNING

 WORKING TOGETHER IS PROGRESS

 REACHING TOGETHER IS SUCCESS

				
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