ALCOHOL 101 by N1OGt08x

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									ALCOHOL 101
Parenting to Prevent
 Underage Drinking

   Ellen Snelling MS
Tampa Alcohol Coalition
               ALCOHOL
   Alcohol is a drug
   Alcohol is the #1 drug of choice for
    children and adolescents
   Persons who first drank before the
    age of 15 are 5 times more likely to
    report dependence or abuse than
    those who first drank at 21 or older
    ALCOHOL IS A DRUG-
THE #1 DRUG OF CHOICE FOR
          TEENS
WHERE DO KIDS GET
   ALCOHOL?
MANY TEENS GET ALCOHOL
      FROM HOME
         ALCOHOL AT HOME
   2 out of 3 teens said it is easy to get
    alcohol in their homes
   Nearly 1 in 4 teens were given
    alcohol by their parents
   25% of parents allowed their kids to
    drink with “supervision”
   27% of teens said they attended a
    drinking party with parents present
      source: AMA nationwide poll, 2005
       SOURCES OF ALCOHOL
           FOR TEENS
   Adults over age 21 are the main
    source
   Youth under age 21
   Parties
   Bars, grocery stores, convenience
    stores and liquor stores
   Fake IDs
    IS IT OK TO LET TEENS DRINK
              AT HOME?
   NO!
   It is illegal- parents can be arrested
   It is condoning underage drinking
   Too much alcohol can lead to alcohol
    poisoning
   Teen’s brains are still developing and
    alcohol can have a toxic effect
       UNDERAGE DRINKING
   Affects school performance
   Increases risk of depression
   May cause brain damage
   Associated with unprotected sex
   Impaired driving crashes are a major
    cause of death for teens
BINGE DRINKING
      Increased Risks:
       Assault

       Rape

       Alcohol poisoning

       Car crashes

       Drowning

       Suicide

       Injuries and falls
       HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY
           ALCOHOL FACTS
   45% of high school students drink
   23% binge drink
   25% of middle school students drink
   8% binge drink
   19% of high school students went to
    school high or drunk

    Source: Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey 2004
       HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY
      IMPAIRED DRIVING FACTS
   7,135 DUI arrests in 2005
   482 DUI arrests in 18 to 20 year olds
   Impaired 18 to 20 year old drivers
    caused 12.8% of the alcohol-related
    crashes in 2003- but this age group
    made up only 4.6% of licensed
    drivers
   59 alcohol-related fatalities in 2005
       Source: HCSO and Florida DHSMV
    DRINKING LAWS
   Minimum drinking age is 21
   Purchase and possession
    under age 21 is illegal, fine up
    to $500 and 60 days in jail
   DUI- BAC .08- Possible jail
    time, DUI Counterattack
    class, fines, court fees, lose
    license, high risk insurance
   Zero Tolerance: driver under
    age 21 with .02 BAC- 6 month
    Driver’s License suspension
      MORE DRINKING LAWS
   Open container in car
   Open container in street or park
   Providing alcohol to youth under 21
   Selling alcohol to minor
   Open house party
   Intoxicated and disorderly
   Fake ID
             ALL ILLEGAL!
                 FAMILY
   1 in 4 children are exposed to family
    alcoholism or alcohol abuse at home
   Children of alcoholics are at higher
    risk of developing alcohol abuse
   Children are less likely to drink if
    they are bonded to parents
   Adolescents have fewer alcohol-
    related problems when parents
    provide supervision and discipline
    WHAT CAN A PARENT DO?
   Open communication
   Show you care
   Offer praise for good behavior
   Set clear rules and curfews
   Set a NO alcohol or drug use policy
   Establish consequences and enforce them
   Be a good role model
   Inventory and secure alcoholic beverages
     ALCOHOL FREE PARTIES
   Set ground rules
   Don’t allow uninvited guests
   Plan fun activities
   If a guest brings alcohol- make him/
    her leave
   Serve plenty of snacks and non-
    alcoholic drinks
   Be visible and available
     ALCOHOL FREE KIDS
Encourage Activities:
 Sports and recreational activities

 Church activities

 Club participation

 Employment

 School attendance and good grades

 Volunteering
     RESISTANCE SKILLS
Teach your child:
 How to say no to alcohol

 Refuse to ride with an impaired
  driver
 To stay away from people and places
  that expose them to alcohol
 How to leave a party where alcohol
  and drugs are being used
 To be a good influence on peers
           DO YOU KNOW?
   Where your child is?
   Is it a safe environment?
   Who is she with?
   Is there adequate adult supervision?
   What is he is doing?
   Is alcohol available?
   Do you know your child’s friends and
    their parents?
     WHEN YOUR CHILD COMES
     HOME FROM A NIGHT OUT
   Greet your child at the door
   Give him a hug
   Notice unusual behaviors
   Is she trying to avoid eye contact?
   Observe eyes- are they red, are
    eyelids droopy, are pupils dilated or
    constricted?
   Detect odors (alcohol, marijuana)
MY CHILD CAME HOME DRUNK-
    WHAT SHOULD I DO?
   Get medical attention for child if
    needed
   Don’t have a conversation with them
    until morning or when sober
   Determine source of the alcohol
   When the child is sober, say you love
    him and will not allow drinking
   Enforce appropriate consequences
    MY CHILD NEEDS HELP

 Educate yourself about alcohol on-line:
 www.health.org
 www.tampatac.com
 Call the Hillsborough County Help Line at
  211 or 813-234-1234
 Get a substance abuse counselor

 Referral to a treatment agency
            GET INVOLVED
   Meet your child’s teachers
   Monitor school work
   Attend your child’s sports events
   Attend school activities for parents
   Join the PTA
   Network with other parents
   Join the Tampa Alcohol Coalition
    www.tampatac.com and
    the Anti Drug Alliance www.hcada.com
ALCOHOL ENVIRONMENT
      TV and radio alcohol ads
      Sponsors of sport events
      Happy hour signs
      Alcohol billboards
      Drinking actors in movies
      Alcohol at fairs and events
      Community alcohol norms
      Alcohol law enforcement
ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION
 EXAMINE YOUR COMMUNITY:
   Alcohol advertisements
   Beer and liquor billboards
   Alcohol laws and policies
   Enforcement of alcohol laws
   Community norms toward underage
    drinking
   Underage access to alcohol
   Drink specials- Ladies Drink Free

								
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