Art From the Harlem Renaissance by 1s84ji5

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									Harlem Renaissance.

  By: <names removed>
Harlem Renaissance was the period from the
end of World War I through the middle of the
1930s Depression. During which a group of
African-American writers produced literature in
the four genres of poetry, fiction, drama, and
essay.

Harlem Renaissance included many things
such as literary movement, racial
consciousness, racial integration, music (such
as jazz, spiritual and blues), painting and
dramatic revues.
                 Literature
There were many literary writers in the time of the
Harlem renaissance. One known writer was Langston
Hughes who published the books: The ways of the
white folks, Laughing to keep from crying, and The
best of simple. Another known writer was Mary White
Ovington who published the books: Half a man, The
awakening, and The walls come tumbling down. The
last known writer was Claude McKay who published
the books: Home to Harlem, Spring in New
Hampshire, and A long way from home.
                       Art
There are many examples of the art work from this
time period here are a few of the paintings and
influential artist from the Harlem Renaissance:
The first picture on this slide is called The Banjo
Lesson and it was created by Henry Ossawa
Tanner.
The second picture on this slide is called Nightlife
and it was created by Archibald J. Motley.
                Art continued
The first picture on this slide is called Sahdji and It
was created by Aaron Douglas
The second picture on this slide is called Chain Gang
by William H. Johnson
The last picture on this slide is called Fishing Smacks
by Loïs Mailou Jones.
                           music
The most creative composer of the 20th century was Edward Kennedy
“Duke” Ellington. He was considered to be Americas best composer,
band leader, and recording artist. He synthesized many of the
elements American music like the minstrel song, ragtime, tin Pan
Alley tunes, and the blues. Ellington's first achievement came in the
form of a three minute song, later he wrote for all kinds of settings
like, ballroom, comedy, nightclub, movie house, and theater.

The most important improviser in Jazz was Louis Armstrong, he also
taught the world to swing. He was known as the “Satchmo” short for
“Satchelmouth” which was referring to the size of his mouth. He had
an breathtaking style of playing that musicians still imitate. He won
the hearts of people everywhere. He spread the language of Jazz
around the world, he served as the international ambassador of
swing. His impact on music continues into the 21st century.
                    Music cont.
Jelly Roll Morton was an itinerant pianist that worked in many
cities in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. One
interesting fact about Jelly Roll Morton was he was a gambler,
pool player, and procurer, but music also remained his first line of
business. His first two performances with a sextet were Big Foot
Ham and Muddy Water Blues and he created a series of solo
piano renditions of his own work.

Billie Holiday was a troubled woman her father left her and then
her mother left her with relatives that mistreated her and not long
after that she was jailed briefly for prostitution. At some point
after 1930 she started singing at a small club in Brooklyn, a year
later she moved to Pods’ and Jerry’s, a Harlem club well known
to jazz enthusiasts. Her recordings caught the attention of
musicians throughout America and soon other singers were
working in Holiday's light, rhythmic manner.
• http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/h/harlemrenaissan
  ce.html
• http://web.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap
  9/9intro.html
• http://www.pbs.org/jazz/biography/artist_id_arm
  strong_louis.htm
• http://www.pbs.org/jazz/biography/artist_id_ellin
  gton_duke.htm
• http://www.pbs.org/jazz/biography/artist_id_holi
  day_billie.htm

								
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