Participial Phrase Practice by PKOWDx10

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									Participial Phrase Practice
Directions:
Underline the participial phrases in the following sentence and draw an arrow to the
nouns they modify.

1. He loved this season when the rains stopped and the sun rose with dazzling
      beauty.
2. He would remember his own childhood when he would wander around
      leisurely looking for a kite sailing against the blue sky.
3. Unoka went into an inner room and soon returned with a small wooded disc
      containing a kola nut, an alligator pepper and a lump of white colored chalk.
4. They would talk about many things, including an impending war with the
      Mbiano
5. He could hear in his mind’s ear the the blood-stirring and intricate rhythms of
      the ekwe, the udu, and the ogene, and he could hear his own flute weaving in
      and out of them, decorating them with a colorful and plaintive tune.
6. Having spoken plainly so far, Okoye said the next half dozen sentences in
      proverbs.
7. And that was how he came to look after the doomed lad who was sacrificed to
      the village of Umuofia by their neighbors to avoid war and bloodshed.
8. The ill-fated lad was called Ikemefuna.


Read the first two paragraphs of part 2 and find a participle in each. Copy the
sentence below underline the participle

9.




10.
Verbals and Verbal Phrases
              A verbal is a verb form that functions in a sentence as a noun, an
               adjective, or an adverb.
              A verbal phrase is a verbal plus any complements and modifiers.


Participles
              A participle is a verb form that can function as an adjective.
              Present participles always end in -ing (losing). Past participles often end
               in -ed (winded), but some forms are irregularly formed (broken)
              Many commonly used adjectives are participles.

Examples
        The baseball team finally broke its losing streak. (present participle modifies
streak)
        The winded runner stopped for a rest. (past participle modifies runner)
        The fallen trees were blocking the road. (irregular past participle modifies trees)

Gerunds
              A gerund is a verb form that ends in -ing and is used in the same way a
               noun is used.
              Gerunds can function all the same ways as a noun does.(subject, direct
               object, indirect object, object of the preposition, predicate nominative,
               appositive)
              Although both present participles and gerunds end in -ing, they function
               as different parts of speech. Gerunds function as nouns and participles
               function as adjectives.

Examples
       Swimming is excellent cardiovascular exercise. (gerund as subject)
       My brother enjoys running . (gerund as direct object)
       Mark’s favorite sport, kick boxing, is a physically demanding sport. (gerund as
appositive)

Infinitives
              An infinitive is a verb form that is usually preceded by the word to and is
               used as a noun, an adjective , or an adverb.
              When you use the word to before a verb it is part of the infinitive form of
               the verb and should not be confused to used as a preposition.

Examples
     To volunteer is rewarding.( infinitive as subject)
     No one wanted to work on the project.( infinitive as direct object)
     The desire to graduate kept the students working. (infinitive as adjective)
     Everyone was prepared to sacrifice. (infinitive as adverb)

								
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