Unit 4 Test: Latin America
South of The Rio Grande
Imagine mountains that pierce
the clouds and grassy plains that
never seem to end. Picture wet
rain forests and sun baked deserts.
That is Latin America, a region of
variety and contrast.
Like Canada and the United
States, Latin America is part of the
Western Hemisphere. It is a
cultural region that is influenced
by Spain and Portugal. With this
one cultural region, there are two
America and Middle America.
Directions: Study the map and the
information above. Use them and
your own knowledge to answer
1. _____ Mexico’s Central Plateau is an important region because it
a. is a mountainous region where few people live, but minerals are mined.
b. contains most of the country’s most important cities and best farmland.
c. is a place where active volcanoes and earthquakes make life difficult.
d. has a climate that is pleasant and therefore attracts many tourists.
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2. _____ The soil in the farmland in Mexico and Central America is made fertile by
a. decomposing leaves from trees.
b. water from the Caribbean.
c. melting snow.
d. volcanic ash.
3. _____ Some Caribbean islands are formed from the tops of underwater mountains
while others are formed from
a. earthquakes and hurricanes.
b. the skeletons of tiny sea animals
c. active volcanoes.
d. high, flat plateaus.
4. _____ The long mountain chain that runs along the side of South America is called the
b. Sierra Nevada.
d. Sierra Madre.
_____ The Amazon River Basin is home to
a. the rolling highlands called pampas.
b. South America’s gauchos.
c. the largest tropical rain forest in the world.
d. the worlds biggest volcano.
6. _____ One statement that can be made about climate in Latin America is that
throughout the region it is
a. always hot and rainy.
b. usually cold and frosty.
c. very much the same.
d. different from place to place.
_____ To reduce their reliance on one natural resource or crop, many Latin
American nations have begun to
a. increase exports
b. reduce imports.
c. depend more on oil.
d. diversify their economies.
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8. _____ Trade and travel among the regions of South America has been affected by
a. natural resources and vegetation.
b. high mountains and dense rain forests.
c. the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
e. Argentina and Venezuela’s relationship.
_____ When the price of copper goes down, how does that affect the economy in
a. The economy is not affected.
b. The price of copper never goes down.
c. The economy suffers.
d. The economy improves.
10. _____ The types of crops grown by farmers in the Andes is influenced in large part by:
11. _____ Central America is a narrow strip of land, or ______________, that lies between Mexico
and South America.
12. Argentina’s prized cattle graze on plains called the _________________.
Down the center of Mexico is a(n) ___________, or large, mostly flat, highland area.
The Amazon has hundreds of rivers and streams that flow into it, each of
which is called a(n) _______________________.
END OF SESSION 1
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Time line: “What is a time line?” you might ask. A timeline is a diagram that shows the time and
order in which important events took place.
Directions: Look at the time line and read each statement below.Use your
knowledge to complete the time line below by matching each statement with the
500 B.C.- 1300 1400 1500 1800 1900
(A) 500 B.C.- (E)1521 (H)1900
15. Columbus sails to the Americas.
_____ 17. The Spanish conquer the Aztec empire.
_____ The Mayan civilization flourishes.
_____ Pizzaro has conquered most of the Incan empire.
_____ The Aztecs build Tenochtitlan.
_____ Many foreign companies begin investing in Latin America
_____ Haiti fights for and gets its independence.
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Ancient Civilization: You have learned that a civilization has the following characteristics:
It has strong central government.
Its people work at various kinds of jobs.
Its people depend on farmers to supply them with food.
Religion is an important part of life.
Some people have more wealth than others.
The people have a system for recording information that they want to remember.
Directions: All of these characteristics can be found in the Incan way of life. On the lines below,
describe three ways in which the Incas demonstrated that they had these characteristics.
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Directions: Use your knowledge to answer the following question about how the Maya, Aztec, and
Incan Empire fell to destruction.
Compare the falls of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations. How were their falls similar? How
were they different?
END OF SESSION 2
Directions: Use your knowledge to answer the following question about the ethnic background of
Latin America is home to people of many backgrounds. For example, there are Indians, people
of European descent, people of African descent, and people of mixed descent. Most Latin Americans
today are of mixed ancestry. From which groups are the following people descended?
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Latin America Today: Latin America faces many issues today. Some of these issues that deal with
government, foreign investment, land distribution, and population movement from rural to urban.
With these issues come many economic challenges.
Directions: Use your knowledge about Latin America today, to answer questions 25-30. Write
the letter of the best response in the blank provided.
_____ Many Mexican farmers who do not own their own land travel from one area to another
working on large farms. They are called____________________.
a. urban farm workers.
b. migrant farm workers.
_____ In a typical rural village in Mexico, you might expect to find that most people living on
farms get their food by
a. growing their own food.
b. buying what they need at large supermarkets.
c. buying what they need at small supermarkets.
d. Gathering nuts and berries.
27. _____ Most land in Guatemala belongs to
a. national parks.
b. foreign companies.
c. mayan farmers.
d. a few rich families.
_____ In the original treaty signed by the Untied States and Panama, the United States was
given control of the Panama Canal
b. for 99 years.
c. for 150 years.
d. until 1999.
29. _____ The type of government in Cuba is
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30. _____ Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between Puerto Rico
and the United States?
a. Puerto Rico is a state of the United States.
b. Puerto Rico is and independent country.
c. Puerto Rico is a colony of the United States.
d. Puerto Rico is a commonwealth of the United States.
_____ Before Haiti gained independence, it was a colony of
b. The United States.
32. _____ The Brazilian government has given permission for some people to clear rain forest
a. Yanomamo are moving to the cities in large numbers.
b. airplanes make travel to the Amazonian rain forest possible.
c. it needs to build a new capital city.
d. farmers need the land to make a living.
_____ Three main geographical regions of Peru are the
a. sierra, the rain forest, and the plateau.
b. Pampas, the rain forest, and the Montana.
c. montana, the sierra, and the Pampas.
d. sierra, the coastal plain, and the montana.
34. _____ Both Chile and Venezuela are trying to change their economies by
a. increasing the amount of oil they produce.
b. decreasing the amount of copper exported.
c. diversifying and developing new industries.
d. building subways and railroads.
35. _____ The Panama Canal is important because it
a. is the only canal of its kind.
b. Is controlled by Colombia
c. Allows ships to pass from the Indian Ocean to the Caribbean Sea.
d. Cuts shipping time between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
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Analyzing a Political Cartoon
Political cartoons are drawings that express a point of view. They generally show public SESSION 3
social or economic situations. The cartoonist may use symbols, labels, captions, or exaggeration to
make a point.
Directions: Study the political cartoon below, and then use your own knowledge to answer the
Environmental issues are viewed differently by people in different circumstances. Explain
how the artist makes this point in the cartoon.
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END OF SESSION 3