Corporate Design am Fraunhofer ISST by HC120912173459

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									Fire Safety in Metropolitan Areas in Europe



                 Effective communication to the broader public
                 following disasters



                 Agnès Voisard
                 Fraunhofer-Institut für
                 Software- und Systemtechnik ISST

                 November 2005
                                                            1
Road Map

Brief introduction to our institute

The Problem: Disasters and Information Disasters

Our Solution: Information Logistics

Example: Early Weather Warning System (WIND)

Future Projects: From Research to Application




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The Fraunhofer Society




                         3
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft: Short Profile
                    • Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der
                      angewandten Forschung e. V. (»Fraunhofer Society
                      for the Promotion of Applied Research«)

                    • Named after the researcher, inventor and
                      entrepreneur Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787-1826)

                    • Founded in 1949

                    • Headquarter in Munich

                    • 80 research units including 58 Fraunhofer Institutes
                      at over 40 different locations in Germany

                    • Around 12.700 employees

                    • Branches in Europe, the USA and Asia                   4
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft: Profile


                     Europe’s largest organization of institutes
                     for applied research and development
                     (R&D in all fields of natural sciences and engineering)


                     Tasks and Customers:
                        Contract research for small,
                        medium-sized and large businesses in
                        industry and the service sector:
                        “Know-how Transfer” into the private sector


                     Strategic research projects commissioned by
                     national and regional government
                                                                               5
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft: Key Figures 2003

                                                    2003        Change
                                           in Mill. Euro       on 2002
                                                           in Mill. Euro
            operational budget                    1048               -27
               contract research                    925              -2
                  basic funding                     362              +6
                  industrial earnings               287             +11
                  other project earnings            276             -18
               defense research                      39              +2
               building construction and             84             -27
               investment in equipment
            employees                           12 750             -125




                                                                           6
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft: Financing
                                                               Balance between financing and
                                                               research orientation

   Technical pilot plants, prototypes
                                                                                                           Industry



                                        Research orientation
                       Development



                   Applied research

                                                                                            Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
                Application-oriented
                     basic research


                                                                        Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Universities
                     Basic research
                                                                                       Financing
                                                               100%                                                   100%
                                                               public                                                 private
                                                                                                                                7
Fraunhofer ISST


                    The Fraunhofer Institute for
              Software and Systems Engineering ISST




                                                      8
Locations
                           www.isst.fraunhofer.de
         Berlin Branch
           Mollstraße 1
          10178 Berlin


     Dortmund Branch
      Emil-Figge-Str. 91
       44227 Dortmund




                                                    Founded in 1992

                                                                      9
Master Themes

                Information Logistics
                provides customers with solutions
                that enable an individual and
                active information flow


                Continuous Software Engineering
                develops concepts, methods, and
                architectures for the construction
                of long-lived software systems




                                                     10
International Partners of Fraunhofer ISST

                 Jönköping University, Sweden:
                 ISST-Project Group Information Engineering



                                          ICT of the Chinese
                                          Academy of Sciences,
                                          Beijing:
                                          Sino-German Joint
                                          Laboratory SIGSIT


                      ICICI, India, Karnataka:
                      Indo-German Technology Bridge

                                                                 11
Location-based Services Group of Fraunhofer ISST

    Focus on:

    - Early warning systems

    - Personalized information supply in mobile applications



    For instance in:

    - Transportation Information Systems

    - Early Weather Warning Systems




                                                               12
   The Problem:

      Disasters
         and
Information Disasters




                        13
Motivation: The Storm Disaster of December 1999 in
Europe

                                                         •   First warnings have been available on
                                                             the Internet 7 hours prior to the storm

                                                         •   Warnings over radio and television
                                                             came too late for any precautions

                                                         •   Damage could have been avoided if
                                                             individuals would have been warned
                                                             early enough

Bildquelle: Bayerisches Landesamt für Wasserwirtschaft
                                                         •   The weather disaster was in fact an
                                                             information disaster


                                                                                                       14
Key Points

-Technical infrastructure is there but logistic is missing



-Importance of informing the public – masses and individuals



-Importance of a reliable information system, accurate information




                                                                     15
The Solution: Information
       Logistics




                            16
Motivation of information logistics
The problems   Too much information
involved:
               • Information flooding (paper, e-mail, web, ...)
               • Which information is important, which is irrelevant?
               • Information is required at a different time

               Too little information

               • Where and how do I find the information I require?
               • Information is not available at a given time
               • How is information kept up to date?

               In many cases, the way information is supplied and used
               is neither purpose-oriented nor timely.
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An Example: WIND




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Evolution of the WIND-System

           May 2002            First demonstrator with 5.000 users
                               of an insurance company

           January 2003        Start as a commercial service in
                               Germany

           March 2003          WIND gained the Innovation Award
                               of the insurance sector in Germany

           October 2004        Start of WIND in Austria

           2005 – 2007         Establishing the service for 1.5 Mill.
                               Users in Europe


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WIND: Warning Map on the Internet

                                       No Warning

                                       Long term
                                        Warning

                                    Short term Warning
                                         Low Risk

                                    Short term Warning
                                        High Risk

                                    Short term Warning
                                      Extreme Risk


                                                     22
WIND: General Overview




 Data             Prognosis und Logistics            Users

            WIND ensures timely information supply
                                                             23
Example: Precise Radar Based Warning with WIND

                               Data basis:

                               • Intensity of rain fall and hail

                               • Radar picture every 5 minutes

                               • Granularity of 1x1 kilometers




                                                                   24
Example: Precise Radar Based Warning Supported by AI-Prognosis

                                      Prognosis:

                                      • Estimating the direction of the
                                        storm supported by expert
                                        systems




                                                                          25
WIND: Warning on Mobile Devices




                                  Akute Warnung
                                  ab 18.2.
                                  14:00 Uhr

                                  Um 21:00 Uhr hat das Nieder-
                                  schlagsradar 1 Gewitterzelle(n)
                                  im Bereich Berlin registriert.
                                  Der Schwerpunkt des Unwetters
                                  ist etwa 20 km von Ihrem abo-
                                  nnierten Ort PLZ: 10435
                                  entfernt, kommt aus Süd-West




                                                                    26
Example: Precise Radar Warning via E-Mail/Fax




                                                27
Example: Precise Radar Based Warning Via GPS-
Coordinates
                                    • Precise location-based
                                      and individual warnings
                                      within seconds

                                    • Local map with risk areas
                                      (MMS and E-Mail)

                                    • Update information in
                                      case of changes

                                    • Additional information
                                      for precautions



                                                               28
Experience from WIND

                       • Awareness

                       • Precautions

                       • Responsible Acting

                       => Reduction of damage




                                                29
 Future Projects: From
Research to Applications




                           30
EU Initiative
 Submission, FP6:

 RAPID: Rapid Deployment of Wireless Communications in Mass Emergencies and Post Conflict
 Situations

 Partners: Queen Mary, University of London (Coordinator), Epsilon S.A.3, Siemens PSE Romania ,
 Fraunhofer ISST, Space Applications, Institute of Communication and Computer Systems / National Technical
 University of Athens

 Goal: deploy the most suitable wireless communication channels in disaster situations.

 Designed to be used by both the emergency services and civilians


 Enables:

 - dynamic, communications resource management and prioritisation
 - context dependent information services.



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Pilot Projects


On research and commercial basis



Possible collaborations:

Insurance Companies, Fire Brigades, Public authorities




                                                         32
Summary
 The technical infrastructure is there – The logistic is missing

 Importance of accurate, reliable information offered to the public

 In the near future, new ways of „intelligently“ and individually informing the public will
 be crucial in disaster management

 ISST: expertise in „Information Logistics“ which can be used in pilot projects in
 disaster information management




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