The Anglo-Saxon Period

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					The Anglo-Saxon
     Period
     449-1066
                    Objectives
The student will:
   recognize literary forms and major literary
    techniques
   recognize the characteristics of the Anglo-Saxon
    period and the literary movements associated with
    this era
Read pages 2-14 and take notes
 using Cornell Notes format
           Prior Knowledge
 What have you learned about the climate and
physical environment of Britain in social studies
                    classes?
How have these factors influenced the nation’s
                 development?
What types of people are likely to deal well with
   conditions common to the British Isles?
           Today’s Assignment
   Read pages 2-14 in your literature book.
   Complete Cornell Notes worksheet.
   Please work quietly and independently. This
    should take you approximately 45 minutes.



                     Stopwatch
 Warriors from Denmark and Germany, the
  Angles and the Saxons, attacked Britain
  during the 5th century
 signaled the beginning of the English
  language
 became known as “Angles’ land”

 their Germanic languages developed into a
  new language called “Angle-ish”
 this language shaped the literature of
  Britain
    Britain Before the Anglo-Saxons
   Britons (Brythons)
       settled on the largest island, Britain
   Gaels
       settled on the second largest island, Ireland
   were farmers and hunters
   tightly knit clans
   Druids- priests
       settled disputes
       Presided over religious rituals
       Memorized and recited long, heroic poems
          The Roman Conquest
   First invaded by Roman general Julius Caesar
    and later by Roman emperor Claudius
   Roman legions spread across the island,
    establishing camps, which grew into towns.
   constructed a system of well-paved roads and
    highways
   brought their skills in the art of warfare
       The Anglo-Saxon Conquest
   Tribal life:
      Each tribe was ruled by a king, who was chosen by a
       witan, council of elders
                              Earls

                            Freeman


                              Churls


                             Thralls
      The Anglo-Saxon Conquest
   Fate
   Worshipped ancient Germanic gods
     Tiu: god of war and the sky

     Woden: chief of the gods

     Fria: Woden’s wife and goddess of the home
          Coming of Christianity
   4th century
   In 563 a group of Irish
    monks established a Christian
    monastery on the island of
    Iona
   Columba and his monks
    moved across northern
    Britain spreading their faith
          Coming of Christianity
   597- arrival of Saint Augustine
   Effects of Christianity
     Softened the ferocity of the warrior people
     Improved the conduct of the faithful

   2 Major Contributions
     education
     written literature
         Christianity and Literature
   established schools at Canterbury and York
   In the monasteries, monks worked as scribes,
    recording and duplicating manuscripts, books
    written by hand
   Latin was the language of church scholarship
   Venerable Bede- “father of English history”
       A History of the English Church and People
        The First Danish Invasion
   The Vikings left Scandinavia and set their sights
    on the British Isles
   Alfred the Great
     King of Wessex
     Preserved the remnants of pre-Danish invasion

     Encouraged a rebirth of learning and education
           Translated Bede’s History
         Anglo-Saxon Literature


   Scholars believe the
    literature of the British
    Isles began with Celtic
    Druids
               Anglo-Saxon Poetry
   scops: professional minstrels
       Responsible for history, culture, values, entertainment
   gleeman: their assistants
   poems followed a set formula of composition
     caesura: mid-line pause
     alliteration: repetition of initial consonant sounds

   The most important poem is Beowulf
       Epic: long heroic poem
              Anglo-Saxon Poetry
   Two great Christian poets: Caedmon &
    Cynewulf
   Early Christian poetry is often referred to as
    Caedmonian verse
   Before the reign of Alfred the Great, all
    important prose was composed in Latin
       Monks regarded the vernacular, the language of the
        common people, as a vulgar tongue
   After the Normans occupied England, they
    transformed Old English into Middle English.
          Closing Activity
On an index card, list 3 important facts
  you learned about the early cultures
  and their influence on the literature
         and culture of Britain?

				
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