The External Environment by evJE4k

VIEWS: 22 PAGES: 15

									The External Environment
                     Overview

   Organizational Domain
   Environmental Forces
       Need for information
       Need for resources
            Environmental Domain

   Organizational Environmental
       Domain
           Sectors
         Environments & Sectors

   Task Environment
       Industry
       Raw materials
       Market
       Human resources
       International
          Environments & Sectors

   General Environment
       Government
       Sociocutural
       Economic
       Technology
       Financial
        Environmental Uncertainty

   Chief focus?
   Three Categories of Uncertainty
       Change
       Complexity
       Need for resources
   What is uncertainty?
          Dimensions of Analysis

   Simple-Complex Dimension
       Environmental complexity


   Stable-Unstable Dimension
       How often does the environment change?
    Buffers & Boundary Spanning

   Buffers
       Absorb uncertainty
   Boundary-spanning
       Two roles
       Competitive intelligence
       Public relations
    Organizational Differentiation

   Organizational Differentiation
       Sales v. Research & Development
   Strengths
   Weaknesses

   Liaisons and integrators
        Organizational Structure and
                  Planning
   Organic v. Mechanistic
   Planning
       Stable
       Unstable
           Resource Dependence

   Resource Dependence
   Methods to Overcome
       Establish interorganizational links
       Control of the environmental domain
        How to Control Environmental
                 Resources
   Establish Interorganizational Links
       Ownership
       Strategic alliances
       Cooption
       Executive recruitment
       Advertising, public relations
      Controlling the Environmental
                 Domain
   Change of domain
   Political activity, regulation
   Trade associations
   Illegitimate activities

								
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