; Temperate Deciduous Forests
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Temperate Deciduous Forests

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									Temperate Deciduous Forests
                A Project by: Angell Brake, Brittany Shea, Cassidy
                Butler, Robin Blagdon, and Damian Hirschkorn.

Deciduous Vegetation
--Type of vegetation that sheds its leaves during winter or dry
Temperate Deciduous Forests
   Temperate deciduous forests are found in the Eastern
    parts of Canada, below the boreal forests
   Deciduous forests have four seasons: spring, summer,
    fall and winter caused by the position of the sun and
    rotation of the Earth.
   During the summer months the temperature will range
    from 75 to 86 degrees.
   The soil conditions in the TDF are fair & Fertile.
   The annual precipitation in the deciduous forest is about
    75cm to 150cm
Soil Conditions

    People often marvel at the many
different types of trees comprising
these forests, such as oaks, maples,
hickories, walnuts, and beech. However,
they tend to overlook the soils at the
bases of these temperate deciduous
trees, which provide the trees with the
nutrients necessary for life and growth.
Alfisols; Ultisols; & Rocky Soils
 Alfisols
 Also known as brown forest soils, alfisols have two
  distinct layers: a top layer, consisting primarily of
  dead leaves, and a subsoil, which has a high
  content of clay
 Ultisols
 Ultisols provide poor aeration and lack nutrients.
  While primarily brown in color, ultisols often
  contain streaks of red or yellow
 Rocky Soils
 These Soils are dry and unfertile. Only small
  deciduous trees, like hickories, are able to grow in
  rocky soils.
Interesting Facts

 The Deciduous Forest’s have a lack of Evergreens
 The Largest Forest in the world is A Temperate Deciduous
  Forest. It is found in Northern Russia and Has over 3.5
  Million Acers of Trees!
 Humans have often colonized places in the Temperate
  Deciduous Forest, as well as harvesting the wood for
  timber. As a result, less than a quarter of the original
  forests are left.
Threats to the Temperate
   Deciduous Forests
 This biome has been very extensively affected by
  human activity, and much of it has been
  converted into agricultural fields or urban
 Air pollutants from fuels we burn are destroying
  forests, killing our wildlife and poisoning the soil.
 Acid Rain
 Global Warming
 The introduction of non-native plant and animal
  species to the Deciduous forest can destroy the
  balance of the forest.
 Plant Life
Plants in the Temperate deciduous forests
 adjust their growth and activity to the
 seasons of the year.
         ->Oak Trees
         ->Birch Trees
         ->Red Maple Tree
         ->Sugar Maple Trees
Dogwood, Oak, Maple, Elm, and Birch are
among the largest plants found in the
temperate deciduous forest biome of

Small plants like wild berry bushes and
flowers have adapted to bloom and
reproduce quickly in the spring before the
trees’ leaves bloom and take up most of the
sunlight. Mosses and Lichens are also ever
present on the trunks of trees and covering
the ground.
Dominant Animal Life
 There are many different types of plants and animals found throughout
  the temperate deciduous forest biome. The main types of animals found
  here in Canada are:
                                                 The Red-Tailed Hawk,
 The Bald Eagle, which has                       who hunts mostly
  adapted to live in higher regions               small prey such as
  of trees and mountains where                    mice and squirrels.
  many other species of large
  predator birds cannot live.

 The Black Bear, which helps
  to control the population of
  many small species of prey
  animals such as rabbits and

 The Coyote has adapted to
  live almost everywhere and                     The Fox and Red Fox,
  can wipe out smaller species                    who eat mostly small
  which it preys on in only a                     prey and wild berries.
  matter of a few years.
More Dominant Animal Life

 Several Species of Squirrels
 The Mallard Duck
 Many species of Rabbit
 The White-Tailed Deer
Thanks for Watching!

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