Doing DEWEY

Document Sample
Doing DEWEY Powered By Docstoc
					 “Doing DEWEY”
The Dewey Decimal
     System
     Library Skills
      Mrs. Geist
Do you have a lot of books? What if you had
 100 more? What if you had 10,000 more?
 Where would you PUT them? How would
 you keep track of them?
   Now imagine that
    this whole building
    is a library, with
    books filling each
    room instead of
    classrooms. If you
    need a dictionary,
    which room would
    you go to?
   Libraries have many,
    many books. Our very
    small library has almost
    5,000 books.
   Large public libraries
    can have several
    hundred thousand
    books.
   Large university libraries
    can have several
    MILLION books!
WHERE IS THAT ONE BOOK
   THAT YOU NEED???
Librarians need to
know what books are in
the library and where
they are located. So do
you.
Most school and public
libraries use a
numerical system to
arrange books on the
library shelves…
 The Dewey
   Decimal
Classification
   System!
    (or DDC
   for short)
What have we learned about how
  books are arranged in this
           library?
Fiction = Books that are not true
  (Novels, stories, picture books, scary
  books, chapter books, mysteries, fantasy
  books, books in series, etc.)
Arranged on shelves ALPHABETICALLY by
  the AUTHOR’S LAST NAME.
Call number is “F” followed by first letters of
  Author’s last name.
For example, F CAB is the call
number for The Princess Diaries
 by Meg Cabot.

F ROW is the call number for
  Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s
  Stone by J. K. Rowling.
NONFICTION = Books that are TRUE,
 factual, or real.
   Arranged on shelves using Dewey
    Decimal Classification System
   Includes biographies, reference books,
    textbooks
   Call number is a series of at least 3
    numbers, followed by a “cutter” of the
    first letters of author’s last name.
For example:

031 Gui -- Guinness Book of World
 Records
636.7 Bar -- The Big Book of Dogs
973.75 Dou -- The Civil War in
 Virginia
*To confuse matters, SOME
  “nonfiction” books are actually
  fiction!

Fairy tales are shelved in 398’s.
Poetry and plays are shelved in
 800’s
So who was this Dewey
    guy anyway?
              Melvil Dewey
   Melville Louis
    Kossuth Dewey was
    born in New York in
    1851 and died in 1831.
   He was a professional
    librarian and
    educator.
   As a child, Dewey was fascinated with
    books. In 1868, when his school caught
    fire, he rescued as many books as he
    could from the school library.

   While attending Amherst College,
    Dewey worked in the library, where he
    was frustrated by the disarray of the
    book collection. There was no uniform
    system for organizing books.
Back in Melvil’s day,
every library had a
different way to arrange
their books.
Plus, no two libraries
used the same
system, making it
difficult for people to
use different libraries.
   Frustrated with these problems,
    Dewey searched for a way to classify
    books by subject.

   Dewey invented his system of decimal
    numbers to arrange books according
    to their subject. He published it in a
    book in 1876, when he was 25 years
    old.
With his book Dewey established the
 Dewey Decimal Classification System.
 His work created a revolution in libraries.
 Other libraries adopted his decimal
 system for arranging books.
       It was a library revolution!

His system was so important, Melvil
  Dewey has been called the “Father of
  Modern Libraries.”
   Dewey’s new system classified ALL
    KNOWLEDGE (we would say
    “information”) into ten broad
    categories.

 Could you fit everything
you know into TEN
categories? Think about it!
Here are the TEN categories:

   000- 099 General Works
     Books that have a lot of subjects,
      like encyclopedias, world record
      books.
   100-199 Philosophy and
    Psychology
     Includes “self-help” books, and
      books about the great thinkers.
   200-299 Religion and Mythology
     The Bible, books about other

      religions, and myths.

   300-399 Social Science
     A big category, includes

      patriotism, banks and money, law,
      customs, holidays and fairy tales.
   400-499 Languages
     Includes dictionaries and other

      books in English and foreign
      languages.

   500-599 Pure Science and
    Mathematics
     Books about all kinds of math,
      plus planets, weather, animals
   600-699 Applied Science,
    Technology
       Medicine and health, cars,
        airplanes, space travel, farming,
        pets, cookbooks.


   700-799 Arts and Recreation
       Painting, drawing, tv and movies,
        music, sports of all kinds, hunting
        and fishing.
   800-899 Literature
     Poetry, plays, jokes



   900-999 Geography & History
     Travel in the US and foreign

      countries, US history and history
      of other countries.

    So how do the books get their numbers?
   A library book is assigned a Dewey call
    number of between 001 and 999 based on its
    subject.
   Numbers to the right of the decimal point are
    for more specific subjects.
       So books about US history have the call number
        973.
       Books about the history of the US Civil War are
        973.7
       Books about the US Civil War in Virginia are
        973.755
   Here’s another one:

   Books in the 630s are Agriculture
     Animal Husbandry (raising animals) is 636

     Dogs are 636.7

     German Shepherds are 636.737
       Each main category has 10
             subdivisions:
   700 Arts & Recreation
    710 Civic & landscape art
    720 Architecture
    730 Sculpture
    740 Drawings & decorative arts
    750 Paintings & painters
    760 Graphic arts (Printmaking & prints)
    770 Photography
    780 Music
    790 Recreational & performing arts
     Each subdivision has 10 sub-
            subdivisions:
   790 Recreational & performing arts
       791 Public performances
        792 Stage presentations
        793 Indoor games & amusements
        794 Indoor games of skill
        795 Games of chance
        796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games
        797 Aquatic & air sports
        798 Equestrian sports & animal racing
        799 Fishing, hunting & shooting
   That’s 1000 different places
    where library books can be on
    the shelf. How do you know
    where to go??
  How do you find a book using
               Dewey?
 Use the signs on the bookshelves

 Use the library catalog

 Use the Librarian

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:9/12/2012
language:simple
pages:30