7th Grade Language Arts Final Exam Mr. Myrberg, Mrs. Thomas, Mrs. Smith December 12, 2011 Standards ELA7C1 The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats. The student a. Identifies and writes simple, compound, complex, and compound sentences correctly, punctuating properly, avoiding fragments and run-ons, adding or deleting modifiers, combining or revising sentences. c. Uses standard subject-verb agreement and pronoun-antecedent agreement. ELA7R1. The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a warranted and responsible explanation of a variety of literary and informational texts. For informational texts, the student reads and comprehends in order to develop understanding and expertise and produces evidence of reading that: a. Analyzes common textual features to obtain information (e.g., paragraphs, topic sentences, concluding sentences, concluding sentences, introduction, conclusion, footnotes, index, bibliography). b. Identifies and uses knowledge of common graphic features to draw conclusions and make judgments. For literary texts, the student identifies the characteristics of various genres and produces evidence of reading that: b. Interprets a character’s traits, emotions, or motivations and gives supporting evidence from a text. e. Identifies events that advance the plot and determines how each event explains past or present actions. ELA7R1. The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a warranted and responsible explanation of a variety of literary and informational text. For literary texts, the student identifies the characteristics of various genres and produces evidence of reading that: b. Interprets a character’s traits, emotions, or motivations and gives supporting evidence from a text. e. Identifies events that advance the plot and determines how each event explains past or present actions. Directions: Use the details from “Only a Dollar’s Worth” to answer the questions that follow the selection. “Only a Dollar’s Worth” Should you always treat people the way they treat you? For some, that’s a tough decision. By Herma Werner IT WAS MR. WATTS AGAIN. Isabel sighed and grabbed the hose. She took the cap from the gas tank and called through the car window, “A whole dollar’s worth again, Mr. Watts?” She knew she sounded nasty, but she didn’t care. Mr. Watts got out of his old car. “Watch your smart mouth, little girl,” he said. “You ought to know by now what I want. Maybe you ought to get a job a girl can do right.” Isabel knew the whole routine from start to finish, including the insults. Mr. Watts watched like a hawk as she ran a dollar’s worth of gas into the tank. He didn’t take his eyes off her. He watched to make sure that every drop of gas he paid for got into the tank. Then the old man opened a beat-up wallet and fished out a dollar bill. He held on to the money as if it were a fortune in diamonds. “Get that windshield clean.” He said. “And the rear glass, too. How come I have to remind you every time? The boy that was here before never forgot.” Isabel looked at Mr. Watts with scorn. Every couple of days, he came around for a dollar’s worth of gas. For a dollar, he felt he was entitled to a window cleaning ----front, rear, and sides. His dollars’ worth included water in the radiator once a week. And water for the battery once a month. Every two weeks, Isabel gave the old car an oil check. But if the car needed oil, Mr. Watts would order it from an auto-supply store. Then he’d have his grandson add it for him. Cheap! Isabel thought to herself. She wished the old man could read her mind. She finished polishing the glass. “OK, Mr. Watts? That the way you want it?” she asked. Mr. Watts shrugged and gave Isabel the money. “Do I have a choice?” he muttered. He climbed back in his car and drove off as about ten miles per hour. Isabel turned and saw that her boss, Mr. Kirkland, had been watching. She handed him the dollar bill. “Mr. Watts just paid off your mortgage,” Isabel said sarcastically. Mr. Kirkland laughed, but Isabel just looked disgusted. Why do you put up with him, Mr. Kirkland?” she asked. “Oh, he’s been doing that for years,” Mr. Kirkland said. “He’s old. He has nothing else to do all day. Let him have his fun.” “I wish he’d have his fun with somebody else,” Isabel said. She had been working at Kirkland’s Gas Station for a few months. She liked the job, but she had come to dread the sight of Mr. Watts. “I know he’s not broke,” she went on. I heard he has a lot of money.” “Not true,” said Mr. Kirkland. “Mr. Watts has a small pension. If he didn’t live with his daughters, I don’t know what he’d do.” He turned to go back to the office. “Don’t let it get to you, Isabel,” he added. It’s just one of those things. There’s nothing we can do.” “No?” Isabel thought to herself. “Just once I’d like to tell that old cheapskate what I think of him. I bet we wouldn’t see him again after that.” She went back to the pumps. And there, right where the old man had stood, Isabel saw it. It was green and beautiful. It was a $20 bill. She scooped it up and stared at it for a while to make sure it was real. She figured that it had to belong to Mr. Watts. She looked down the street. Mr. Watts would be coming back for it any minute. Quickly, she stuffed the bill into the pocket of her jeans. Half an hour passed. Mr. Watts did not return. After an hour, Isabel felt that the $20 was really hers. She began to make all kinds of plans for it. She could see herself adding it to the money she’d saved for a car. After an hour and a half, she had switched to buying a new jacket. After two hours, she watched herself listening to the new tapes she wanted. Just then Mr. Watts came driving into the station. Isabel slipped a hand into her pocket and touched the bill. There was no way Mr. Watts could know she had it. After all, he could have lost it anyplace. She thought of all his insults----about girls working at gas stations, about how dumb she was. Maybe he deserved to pay for the way he treated her. The old car sputtered to a halt in front of the gas pumps. Isabel stood with the hose in her hand. For the first time she really noticed the torn upholstery inside the car. She got a look at the old empty crate that always sat on the backseat. Mr. Watts got out of the car. He seemed even slower than usual, and he stared down at the ground for what seemed a long time. Then he looked hard at Isabel. “Listen here, Missy. That wasn’t a dollar bill I gave you before. It was a 20.” Isabel felt her face grow hot. Why was he always so quick to blame her and put her down? He must know he gave her a dollar. So why lie about it? All of Isabel’s doubts dissolved. Now she knew she had a right to the $20, but she was afraid he might make her empty her pockets. “You give me the same thing every time you’re here, Mr. Watts,” she said. She met his eyes and stared him down. She was telling the truth, and he knew it. “Today was different,” said Mr. Watts. “You forgot to give me change, Miss Know-It-All. I want my money.” “You gave me a dollar bill,” Isabel insisted. “That’s the truth.” Mr. Kirkland came over to them, wiping his hands on a rag. “What’s the trouble?” he asked. “When I was here before I gave this….this girl of yours a $20 bill. She didn’t give me my change,” Mr. Watts said. “No,” Mr. Kirkland said, “Isabel handed me the money right after you left. It was a dollar bill. You’re wrong, Mr. Watts. I hope you’re not calling me a liar.” Mr. Watts stared at Mr. Kirkland. Then he shook his head sadly and seemed to fold up into a tiny gray package right before Isabel’s eyes. She tried to blink the image away, but it stayed. She had never thought of Mr. Watts as anything but mean and cheap and nasty. But suddenly, she understood him better. She was young and strong and able to do what he considered a man’s work. He was old and poor. He didn’t like buying a dollar’s worth of gas at a time. He had to be frugal. But he still had pride, so he covered up what he had to do with a lot of noise. Isabel went over to the old car. She opened the door and looked into the back where the crate was. “Hey you, get out of there!” Mr. Watts called. It was the old nasty voice, but Isabel heard something else under the sharp words. Fear. She stood up and turned. The $20 bill was in her hand. “Is this what you’re looking for?” she said. She walked over to the two men. Mr. Watts grabbed the bill and waved it under Mr. Kirkland’s nose. His voice was loud and mean again. “See?” Mr. Watts said. “I don’t go around saying things that aren’t true.” Without even a thank you, he climbed into his car and drove away. Mr. Kirkland gave Isabel a long, thoughtful look. Isabel felt her face growing hot again, but she returned the look. After all, her only crime had been to dream a little. “Think he’ll be back?” she asked after a while. “He’ll be back,” Mr. Kirkland said. “For a dollar’s worth?” “I’m afraid so,” laughed Mr. Kirkland. And this time, Isabel laughed too. Directions: Choose the best answer for the following questions. 1. Which of the following sentences represent events that happened during the exposition? A. Isabel slipped her hands in her pockets and touched the $20 bill. B. Mr. Kirkland came over to Isabel and Mr. Watts to see what they were talking about. C. Isabel looked in the car and pretended she found the $20 even though she had it in her pocket. D. Isabel works at a gas station, and Mr. Watts is a regular customer. 2. Which part of the story’s plot does the following event take place in? Isabel finds a twenty dollar bill on the ground A. Exposition B. Climax C. Resolution D. Rising action 3. Which statement explains how the events of the story were resolved? A. Isabel pretends she found $20 in the back of the car where the crate was, so she gives it to Mr. Watts, and he leaves without saying thank you. B. Mr. Watts tells Mr. Kirkland that he gave Isabel a $20 bill. C. Isabel finds $20 dollars on the ground near the gas pump. D. Mr. Watts comes back to the gas station. 4. Which of the following character traits identify the Mr. Watts character? A. Wise and kind B. Intelligent and wealthy C. Rude and insecure D. Nice and pleasant 5. Which of the following statements represent the basic conflict in the story? A. Isabel doesn’t want to work at the gas station. B. Mr. Kirkland won’t hire Mr. Watts. C. Isabel doesn’t want to return money because of the way Mr. Watts treats her. D. Isabel finds the $20bill on the ground after Mr. Watts leaves. Simple and Complete Subjects/Simple and Complete Predicates 6. What makes up a complete subject? A. The simple subject B. The simple predicate C. The simple subject plus its modifiers D. The simple predicate plus its modifiers Directions: Choose the best answer for the following questions. . The farmers lost most of their crops because of the drought. 7. What is the complete predicate in the sentence above? A. The farmers B. lost most of their crops because of the drought C. of their crops D. because of the drought 8. What are the simple subject and simple predicate of the sentence below? Despite their differences, the boys wrote an excellent report for their English class. A. Despite, differences B. boys, wrote C. report, class D. wrote, report . My adventure in white water in a kayak was the most exciting outdoor fun I have ever experienced! 9. The underlined word in the sentence above is A. a simple subject B. a complete subject. C. a simple predicate. D. a complete predicate My family went on a trip to Mexico. 10. What is the complete predicate in the sentence above? A. My family B. went on a trip to Mexico C. went D. My family went 11. Which group of words is the complete subject in the following sentence? Michelle Simpson and her husband run a hotel in Mobile, Alabama. A. Mobile, Alabama B. Michelle Simpson C. Michelle Simpson and her husband D. run a hotel in Mobile, Alabama 12. Which group of words is the complete subject in the following sentence? The efforts of the volunteers may save the sea turtle from destruction. A. the efforts B. the efforts of the volunteers C. may save the sea turtle from destruction D. of the volunteers 13. Which group of words is the complete predicate in the following sentence? Many raccoons dig up other animals’ eggs for food. A. Many raccoons B. raccoons C. dig D. dig up other animals’ eggs for food ELA7C1 The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves the appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats. c. Uses standard subject-verb agreement and pronoun-antecedent agreement. Subject Verb Agreement Directions: Choose the verb form that correctly completes the following sentences. 14. The beautiful garden in front of the buildings __________ maintained by the groundskeeper. A. is B. are C. am D. were 15. I can’t believe there ______________ true stories about Bigfoot! A. is B. are C. be D. am 16. My teacher, together with her students, __________ visited the museum several times. A. have B. having C. has D. were 17. One of my good friends __________ riding his motorcycle to Dayton A. is B. am C. were D. are 18. Select the letter of the sentence that shows correct subject-verb agreement. A. We has been waiting for two hours B. Each morning I look out my window at the sunrise. C. The coach, along with her team, have returned from the game in New York. D. When my dog eat, I also have a snack. 19. Select the letter of the sentence that shows correct subject-verb agreement. A. The principal attend every game. B. Both the karate student and her teacher were invited to participate in the tournament. C. Before the show, the performer practice the line. D. The boss want to hire a new staff for the project. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement 20. A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in _________________. A. number B. gender C. number and gender D. number, gender, and part of speech Directions: In the following sentences, choose the antecedent for the underlined pronoun. 21. The network writers are editing their script for the new show. A. network B. writers C. script D. show 22. Elizabeth told Pete to take her backpack to the car. A. Elizabeth B. Pete C. backpack D. car 23. Which of the following sentences has correct pronoun—antecedent agreement? A. A person should always try their best. B. Janine found her umbrella by the door. C. Aubrey couldn’t solve their own problems. D. The student created its website in a week. 24. Which of the following sentences has correct pronoun—antecedent agreement? A. A doctor must always be at his or her best. B. A student who gets good grades usually does his work well. C. The people is charge of the company have done his best job in years. D. I can’t get our shoes tied easily. 25. Which of the following sentences has correct pronoun—antecedent agreement? A. My friends have its plans in place for the holidays. B. U.S. citizens have cast their votes for years. C. The women had her dinners delivered at the same time. D. A wise investor will easily make his money back 26. Which of the following sentences has correct pronoun-antecedent agreement? A. Michelle reads mystery books in their spare time. B. Michelle reads mystery books in its spare time. C. Michelle reads mystery books in her spare time. D. Michelle reads mystery books in his spare time. ELA7C1 The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves the appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats. The student: b. Identifies and writes correctly punctuated adjective and adverb clauses. 27. Choose the sentence where an independent clause is underlined: A. We will all remember the day of our first meeting. B. This is a day that we will all remember. C. The first meeting of the club is on Monday afternoon. D. After the meeting, we will go out for pizza. 28. Choose the sentence where a dependent clause is underlined. A. I finished the project by myself because you failed to show up. B. We could leave now, or we could leave later. C. My cousin Jackie lives on a lake. D. If you helped, we could finish sooner. 29. Which sentence below is a compound/complex sentence? A. Writing a research paper can be such a daunting task that many students may become anxious. B. The tall boy swung the bat and sent the ball crashing into the upstairs window at the neighbor’s house. C. If everything works out according to plan, we will meet Tom and Joe at the train station, and then the four of us will go to dinner and a concert. D. Why do you think it is important to learn about faraway places? 30. Which sentence below is a complex sentence? A. The musicians carried their instruments. B. Do each exercise ten times a day for two weeks, and then come back to see me. C. Every year my grandmother grows a large garden with tomatoes, green beans, lettuce, brussel sprouts, carrots, and beets. D. When she spoke to her partner, she was very frustrated. 31. What type of sentence is shown below? Bruno tends to get bored sitting on the beach, watching the waves, getting sand in his swimsuit, and reading detective novels for a week. A. Simple B. Complex C. Compound D. Compound-complex 32. Which type of sentence is shown below? Sometimes the thoughtless use of cell phones can create traffic hazards. A. Simple B. Complex C. Compound D. Compound-complex 33. Which type of sentence is shown below? Some campers gathered wood, and others carried water from the camp’s well. A. Simple B. Complex C. Compound D. Compound-complex 34. Identify the underlined part of this sentence: After the dance, we went out for dinner. A. Coordinating conjunction B. Preposition C. Subordinating conjunction D. Relative pronoun 35. Identify the underlined part of the sentence: The ring that you ordered is not available. A. Coordinating conjunction B. Preposition C. Subordinating conjunction D. Relative pronoun ELA7R1. The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a warranted and responsible explanation of a variety of literary and informational texts. For informational texts, the student reads and comprehends in order to develop understanding and expertise and produces evidence of reading that: a. Analyzes common textual features to obtain information (e.g., paragraphs, topic sentences, concluding sentences, concluding sentences, introduction, conclusion, footnotes, index, bibliography). b. Identifies and uses knowledge of common graphic features to draw conclusions and make judgments. Text Features Directions: Read the following article and answer the questions that follow. Immune Troops! Move In! by Shauna Hutton Your body has a very special system that protects you from illness and disease. It’s called the immune system and it knows when there is something inside your body that should not be there. All the cells in your body have a way to tell the immune system, “I belong here. I’m not going to do any harm.” And so the immune system leaves those cells alone. Think about the cells in your body wearing name tags that say “self”. Anything with a “self” name tag is a good guy. But things like bacteria, viruses, and parasites wear name tags that say “nonself”. When the immune system sees a “nonself” nametag, it jumps into action and attacks those foreign invaders. Any foreign substance in your body that makes the immune system attack it, is called an antigen. These antigen invaders can be pollen from the air, a virus, or certain White blood cells, like the one types of bacteria. pictured above, attack the harmful bacteria, viruses, and parasites that enter your body. There are many different kinds of immune cells helping to keep you from getting sick. They can be grouped into phagocytes (pronounced fag-uhsahyt) and lymphocytes (pronounced lim- fuh-sahyt). Phagocytes are a type of white blood cell, and one of their jobs is to gobble up and digest antigens. They are always swimming around in your blood stream, always on the lookout for antigens. And when they see one, GULP! Lymphocytes are also white blood cells and the main types are B cells, T helper cells, and T killer cells. Many antigens can be very sneaky (like viruses) and can hide from phagocytes, so it’s the job of the lymphocytes to find them and get rid of them. B cells secrete (produce) substances, called antibodies, which stick to the antigen. When that happens, it alerts the T helper cells to come over and either: 1. help the B cells destroy the antigen, or 2. call the phagocytes or T killer cells to move in for the kill T killer cells are really good at finding and killing cells that have been infected by a virus. Once a B cell or T cell attacks an antigen, they create cells to “remember” it. Those “memory cells” hang out in your blood and if they see that same antigen again, they quickly recognize it so your immune system can act faster at killing it. The “B” in B cells stands for bone marrow, which is where B cells, and all immune cells originate from. The “T” in T cells stands for thymus. Young T cells start out in bone marrow, but they travel to the thymus to continue growing into mature T cells. The thymus is an immune organ located in the middle of your chest, near your heart. Its job is to produce mature T cells. You have your own little army of cells inside you, always fighting to keep Viruses will kill healthy cells in the body you healthy. And you can be a part of that army too! By getting plenty of sleep at night and eating nutritious foods, you’ll help keep your immune system strong and ready to fight. Go immune troops! Go! 36. After reading the first paragraph the reader is aware that the article’s main purpose will be A. Preparing to join the army B. Learning about one of the body’s systems C. Studying to be a doctor D. Knowing that your body has few protections against disease. 37. According to the article, an antigen is A. Something foreign to the body B. Something that you take for infections C. Something that body uses to protect you from disease D. Something that some people’s immune systems have 38. White blood cells A. attack the harmful bacteria, viruses, and parasites that enter your body. B. kill healthy cells in the body C. produce antigens D. prevent disease before it happens 39. According to the article, viruses A. Will kill healthy cells in the body B. Will help protect the immune system C. Will combine with antigens D. Will soon be eliminated 40. The article compares the immune system to an army because A. it has leaders and followers. B. it contains cells that fight to keep you healthy. C. it is colored green. D. it has many divisions.
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