; Subhash Chandra Bose was born in a
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Subhash Chandra Bose was born in a


  • pg 1
									Subhash Chandra Bose was born in a Bengali family on
January   23,   1897   (23   January 1897(1897-01-23))
in Cuttack, Orissa, to Janakinath Bose, an advocate and
Prabhavati Devi. He was the ninth child of a total of
fourteen siblings. He studied in an Anglo school [Stewart
School] at Cuttack until the seventh standard as that time
Stewart School functioned upto seventh standard only and
then shifted to Ravenshaw Collegiate School. From there
he went to the Presidency College where he studied
briefly. His nationalistic temperament came to light when
he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for his
anti-India comments. Bose later topped the matriculation
examination of Calcutta province in 1911 and passed his
B.A. in 1918 in philosophy from the Scottish Church
College under University of Calcutta.Subhash Chandra
Bose left India in 1919 for England with a promise to his
father that he would appear in the Indian Civil Services
Examination. He was selected in his first attempt, but he
did not want to work under an alien rule. He resigned his
civil service job and returned to India. Bose went to study
inFitzwilliam College, Cambridge, and matriculated on 19
November 1919. He was a non-collegiate student. He
studied Philosoe newspaper Swaraj and took charge of
publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.
His mentor was Chittaranjan Das who was a spokesman
for aggressive nationalism inBengal. In the year 1923, he
was elected the President of All India Youth Congress and
also the Secretary of Bengal State Congress. He was also
Editor   of   the   newspaper      "Forward",    founded    by
Deshabandhu. Bose worked as the CEO of the municipal
corporation of Calcutta for Das when the latter was
elected mayor of Calcutta in 1924. In a roundup of
nationalists in 1925, Bose was arrested and sent to prison
in Mandalay, where he contracted tuberculosis. Bose
married his Austrian secretary Emilie Schenkl (1910–96) in
1937. Their only daughter, Anita Bose Pfaff born in 1942, is an
economist associated with the University of Augsburg.

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