World War I
DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION
TOPIC World War I STANDARD 10.6.1
Analyze the impact of the struggles on German society,
following their defeat in WWI.
After Germany was defeated in WWI they were forced to submit
to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. The goals of the Treaty
were intended to weaken Germany permanently for decades.
However, the Treaty didn't accomplish that. Instead it left a
legacy of bitterness and hatred in the hearts of the German
Article 231: The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany
accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss
and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their
nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon
them by the aggression of Germany and her allies….
The Allied and associated Governments…require, and Germany undertakes,
that she will make compensation for all damage done to the civilian
population of the Allied and Associated Powers and to their property….
“War Guilt Clause” from Treaty of Versailles, 1919
Map of Post-World War I Germany 1919
The cartoon shows the Allied leaders forcing Germany to accept the peace
terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
“The Versailles Treaty is worthless. 60 million
hearts and minds are on fire with anger and
shame. They will cry out, “We want war!”
Mein Kampf (a book written by Hitler, 1924)
Inflation – a rise in the general prices of goods and services in an economy
over a period of time.