ANZSCO: 3122 CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAFTSPERSONS AND TECHNICIANS
… assist in civil engineering research, design, construction, operations and maintenance.
This Unit Group contains the following occupations included on the 2012 Skilled Occupation
Civil Engineering Draftsperson
Civil Engineering Technician
Indicative Skill Level
Most occupations in this Unit Group have a level of skill commensurate with the qualifications
and experience in AQF Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma (ANZSCO Skill
Level 2). At least three years of relevant experience may substitute for the formal qualifications
listed above. In some instances relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required
in addition to the formal qualification.
Specialised Occupation Criteria
Long lead time
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians meet the criteria for long lead time, as entry to
this occupation requires a substantial training commitment.
Employment as a Civil Engineering Draftsperson generally requires the completion of a
university qualification of at least four years study (full-time equivalent), such as a Bachelor of
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians meet one aspect of the criteria for high use,
showing that the skills which people have acquired through education and training are being
deployed for the uses intended.
Of new graduates employed as Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians, 91% had
studied in a related field, such as engineering, building, or architecture and urban environment
(Australian Graduate Survey, 2010).
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians also meet the criteria for high risk/high
disruption. This indicates that shortage of skills causes significant cost to the community and/or
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians are required to be licensed in some states and
territories, and there is a strong interdependency between the work done by Civil Engineers and
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians.
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians are important to meet government policy
priorities. These include the Green Building Fund, the Solar Flagships Program, the Nation
Building Program, and Building Australia Fund Projects.
Employment in this occupation was rising strongly until late 2010, but over 2011 there was a
marked decline, with the level of employment at November 2011 being 6.0% below its
November 2006 level. However, employment growth is expected to be strong over the next five
years to 2015-16, providing additional openings, and shortages are apparent despite low activity
in employing industries.
The workforce has a relatively old age profile, with around 45% of workers aged 45 years and
over, so replacement demand is likely to provide a significant number of job openings over the
next decade or so. VET completions in recent years have been declining.
The evidence indicates the demand for Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Civil Engineering
Technicians is expected to exceed supply over the medium to longer term.
ANZSCO: 3122 Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians
Employment level 8700 A high proportion of workers (89.6%) are employed full-time.
6 digit employment
(2006 Census) 3122-11 Civil Engineering Draftsperson 4190
3122-12 Civil Engineering Technician 2710
Employment growth Over the five years to November 2011, employment in this occupation
decreased by 6.0% (compared with growth of 10.4% for all occupations). Employment over the
next five years is expected to increase by 22.3%.
Unemployment rate 1.1% compared with 3.1% for all occupations.
Educational profile 34.3% have an Advanced Diploma or Diploma and 26.5% do not hold post-
Vacancies The Internet Vacancy Index (IVI) rose by 5.1% over the 12 months to November
2011. Vacancies for all occupations fell by 7.1%.
Gender 11.8% of workers in this occupation are female (compared with 45.5% for all occupations).
Labour turnover Annually, 10.0% of Building and Engineering Technicians (which includes
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians) leave their occupation group, creating some
potential job openings (this compares with 14.2% across all occupations).
Age profile The median age is 42 years and 45.1% of workers are aged 45 years and over
(compared with 38.5% for all occupations).
Earnings Median full-time weekly earnings (before tax) are $1350 compared with $1050 for
Graduate outcomes National Centre for Vocational Education Research data are at a highly
aggregated level, combining outcomes across the various engineering specialities, competitive
manufacturing and some textile, clothing and footwear courses under the title Engineering and
related technologies. However, for this group, 83.0% of 2010 Diploma graduates were employed
(64.9% full-time) six months after graduating, 33.3% of whom were employed in the occupation
group for which they trained.
Skill shortages National shortages of Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians were evident
between 2006 and 2011, except for 2009.
This group is assessed as a single labour market. Widespread shortages were identified between
2006 and 2008 when demand was particularly strong, but the labour market eased in 2009 and
shortages abated as employers received higher numbers of applications and filled a larger
proportion of vacancies.
Shortages re-emerged in 2010, and have persisted in 2011. In 2011, slightly more than half the
surveyed vacancies were filled and there were, on average, 1.1 suitable applicants per vacancy
(similar to results recorded in 2010).
Employers generally attract quite large numbers of applications but the vast majority are considered
to be unsuitable for a variety of reasons, including lacking skills on particular software packages,
poor communication skills, and lack of specific experience. The areas for which recruitment is
difficult vary across states and territories but include experience in oil, gas and mining operations
and in infrastructure and urban development.
Civil Engineering Draftpersons and Technicians Employed Persons Nov 2001 to Nov 2011 graph
has been removed to enable this document to be available to people with information accessibility
needs. The image is included in the PDF version of this publication.
Civil Engineering Draftpersons and Technicians Internet Vacancy Index 3 monthly average Nov
2006 to Nov 2011 graph has been removed to enable this document to be available to people with
information accessibility needs. The image is included in the PDF version of this publication.
Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) January 2012