Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961 �Papa� by wx38hgq


									Ernest Hemingway

         Early Experience
• Dad- highly successful doctor;
  committed suicide
• Mom- a singer
• 5 siblings
             World War I
• Wanted to enter the war but couldn’t
  because of a bad eye
• Very disappointed b/c he saw war as
  exciting and adventurous
• Joined the Red Cross as an ambulance
  driver on the Italian front
• First day- had to carry mutilated bodies
  out of a factory explosion
           World War I cont.
• Within weeks, he was wounded while passing
  out chocolate and cigarettes to Italian soldiers
  in the trenches near the front lines. The
  explosion knocked Hemingway unconscious,
  killed an Italian soldier and blew the legs off
                WWI cont
• Some say that he saved a wounded man. He
  received the silver medal of valor that read:
  "Gravely wounded by numerous pieces of
  shrapnel from an enemy shell, with an
  admirable spirit of brotherhood, before taking
  care of himself, he rendered generous
  assistance to the Italian soldiers more
  seriously wounded by the same explosion
  and did not allow himself to be carried
  elsewhere until after they had been
                WWI cont.
• Hemingway described his injuries to a friend
  of his:

  "There was one of those big noises you
  sometimes hear at the front. I died then. I felt
  my soul or something coming right out of my
  body, like you'd pull a silk handkerchief out of
  a pocket by one corner. It flew all around and
  then came back and went in again and I
  wasn't dead any more."
              WWI cont.
• While in the hospital, Hemingway met a
  nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky.
• His relationship with her
and his recovery in the
hospital inspired his
novel A Farewell To Arms.
        A Farewell to Arms
• WWI on the Italian front
• Seems to have inserted his experience
  as an ambulance driver (book- Lt.
  Frederic Henry) & love story with a
  nurse (real life- Agnes; book- Catherine)
  Hemingway quotes on war
• “But in modern war you will die like a
  dog for no good reason.”

• “Never think that war, no matter how
  necessary, not how justified, is not a
• Wrote for the Kansas City Star
• Was a war correspondent for the Spanish
  Civil War and WWII
• Style is simple, clean, short; came to “distrust

• “My aim is to put down on paper what I see
  and what I feel in the best and simplest way.”
         Hemingway’s style
• Mix of realism and romanticism
• Iceberg theory

  "If a writer of prose knows enough about what
  he is writing about he may omit things that he
  knows and the reader, if the writer is writing
  truly enough, will have a feeling of those
  things as strongly as though the writer had
  stated them. The dignity of movement of an
  iceberg is due to only one-eighth of it being
  above water."
• If it is any use to know it, I always try to
  write on the principle of the iceberg.
  There is seven-eighths of it underwater
  for every part that shows. Anything you
  know you can eliminate and it only
  strengthens your iceberg. It is the part
  that doesn't show. If a writer omits
  something because he does not know it
  then there is a hole in the story.
• Often reflected in his writing- hunting,
  fishing, bull-fighting, boxing, nature
Short Happy Life of Francis
• One of the finest pictures to come out of the
  expedition is this image showing Hemingway with a
  downed leopard. The problem was, however, that it
  was not quite clear whose bullet had actually killed
  this leopard--Hemingway's or that of one of his
  hunting companions--and Mary Hemingway was
  adamant that it not run in Look unless her husband
  bagged another leopard that he could unambiguously
  call his own. Much to the benefit of Look's picture
  spread, he did.
           Lost Generation
• Generation that came back from the war
  feeling aimless, disillusioned, and “lost”
• “The World War seemed to destroy for many
  the idea that if you acted properly, good
  things would happen. But so many good
  young men went to war and died, or returned
  damaged, both physically and mentally, that
  their faith in the moral guideposts that had
  given them hope before, were no longer
  valid...they were ‘Lost.’"
            Lost Generation
• A name to describe all the disillusioned young men
  who had survived World War I and who seemed to
  end up in France with no real purpose, but because
  of its relatively low cost of living.
• Hemingway’s novel The Sun Also Rises- a
  novel about The Lost Generation
• Hemingway himself lived abroad with other
  authors and artists- Fitzgerald, TS Eliot, Ezra
  Pound, James Joyce
        Hemingway Hero
• Someone for whom life is a battle
• Someone who displays grace & dignity
  under pressure
• Usually wounded physically or mentally
• Plays “the game” well, even in defeat
       Hemingway women
Two types:

  1) Perfection

  2) The 5-lettered word
        Hemingway’s works
• The Sun Always Rises- Lost Generation,
  Paris, Spain, bull-fighting
• For Whom the Bell Tolls- Spanish Civil War
• Old Man and the Sea- won the Pulizer Prize
  in 1952
• Won the Nobel Prize in 1954
• Snows of Kilamanjaro- book of short stories
  of adventures in Africa; Short Happy Life of
               Later life
• Four marriages, all ended in divorce
• Major health issues, alcoholism
• Committed suicide at age 62

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