Cultural Considerations - PowerPoint by PPWC40c

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									CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS
WHAT IS CULTURE?
   How does one identify as part of a culture?

   How does one identify that someone is from a
    culture different than one’s own?

   How do we learn about other cultures?




                      Gibbons, R.
                  Housing

                     Clothing

                                  Food
 Primarily        Music
 in                               Fine arts
 Awareness        Dance           and crafts

                            Literature
           Language                        Celebrations

                     Courtship       Conflict
         Values                                        Human
                                     resolution
             Role of the elders                        rights
                                                              Personal space
              Worldview           Kinship patterns        Gender roles
Primarily
out of                                               Facial
Awareness Status and        Parenting practices      expressions
             how it is
             determined         Concept of beauty              Gibbons, R.
DEFINING CULTURE
   “Shared experiences that develop and evolve
    according to changing social and political landscapes.”
    It includes the following axes of identification within
    the historical context of oppression.
       Race
       Ethnicity
       Gender
       Sexual orientation
       Class
       Immigration
       Ability
       Age
       Location
       Time
                             Warrier, S.
                             (2005).
DEFINING CULTURE
   Neither a blueprint nor an identity

   Complex, multi-faceted

   Always changing




           Safe Harbors Youth Intervention Project, 2009
CULTURAL LENS
Consideration of Culture must encompass
 what we know about ourselves first, what
 “cultural lens” we bring to the experience.

   What has shaped your cultural lens?




                 Espondaburu , L.
CULTURAL SENSITIVITY AND CULTURAL
COMPETENCY

   Sensitivity: An awareness, understanding,
    responsiveness, and respect for the beliefs,
    values, customs, and institutions (family,
    religious, etc.) of a group of people, particularly
    those different from one’s own

   Competency: Incorporating the awareness,
    understanding, responsiveness, and respect into
    services

   Cultural Competency is a life-long learning
    process, not an end result
HOW PRIVILEGE AND OPPRESSION
IMPACT CULTURE

   Privileged group behaviors, values, customs,
    language, institutions, etc. are the norm

   Cultural Monopoly: A single source, view, center
    of power which defines, determines and dictates
    the “cultural norm” for process, procedure,
    communication and interaction in everyday task
    and existence, based on the mainstream social
    structure



                   Espondaburu , L.
CYCLE OF OPPRESSION
•Know Nothing                                                                    •No choice who we
•Promote Status Quo                                                              are
                            Conscious                                            •No Information
•Inaction is Action                                       Born Into
                          Unconscious                                            •No Misinformation
•Pass to Next Generation                                  The World
                           Acceptance                                            •No Biases or




                                                                                                          Espondaburu, L.
•Become part of the Problem
                                                                                 Stereotypes
                                                                                 •Born into Social
•Guilt/Rage                                                                      Groups
•Fear/Hurt
•Confusion
•Dehumanization Results                                               Socialized
•Self-                                                                                 •Parents, Teachers
Hatred/Defensiveness                                                                   •People we trust
•Stress/Lack of Reality                                                                •Our norms, values,
•Hate/Ignorance                                                                        Roles, and rules are shaped
 •Media
 •Schools                       Reinforced
                                 Messages
                                                             Learn
 •Religious Institutions
 •Government/Laws                                                         •Stereotypes
 •Privileges/Punishments                                                  •Myths
 •Discrimination                                                          •Misinformation
 •Empowerment
      Adapted from “Cycle of Oppression,” Roberto Harro, Diversity Works, Amherst MA
      J. Jay Scott, Office of Housing, University of Florida, Gainsville
    BREAKING THE CYCLE OF
    OPPRESSION
                     Norms, Values, Roles, Rules
                                   Which Calls Us To:




                                                                                         Espondaburu, L.
                                •Learn New Information
                                •Unlearn Misinformation
                             •Recognize/Analyze Stereotypes
                             •Move Out of Our Comfort Zone

         •Anger, Pride, Love, Empowerment              •Race/Ethnicity
         •Educating Ourselves, Educating Others        •Gender/Age/Sexual Orientation
         •Interrupting Oppression                      •Class/Economic Resources
         •Celebrating Diversity                        •Spirituality
         •Building Communities and Coalitions          •Physical Abilities/Mental/Emotional
                                                       Abilities

Feelings and Actions                         Redefining Who We Are in Regard To



     Adapted from “Cycle of Oppression,” Roberto Harro, Diversity Works, Amherst MA
     J. Jay Scott, Office of Housing, University of Florida, Gainsville
HOW DO WE BECOME CULTURALLY
COMPETENT?
 Become aware of our own cultural values, biases
 and assumptions about human behavior

 Understandhow cultural differences, attitudes
 and behaviors are crucial to effective
 communication

 Always consider: Language, Communication
 Style, Alternative Learning Styles, Values,
 Roles, Traditions and Beliefs

 Understand how oppression and privilege
 impacts services and survivors

               Espondaburu , L.
  OUR CORE ELEMENTS
                                                             Awareness: Impact of
              YOUR                                           Your Personal Cultural
              Core                                           Lenses on Intervention
              Elements
                                               Heightened
                                               Awareness
 Incorporation and Balance
 of YOUR Core Elements
                                                                    Sense        Importance of
 with a Commitment of
                            Personal                                 Of          Self Awareness
 Awareness to Self,
                           Action Plan                             Cultural      and its
 Organization and
                                                                   Identity      Contribution to
 Community
                                                                                 our worldview
                                               You & the
                                              Organization


                               Interrupting                       Power in
                                Culturally                                       Awareness,
                              Inappropriate
                                                                  Cultural
                                                                                 Recognition,
Recognition, Commitment,         Actions                          Dynamics
                                                                                 Knowledge and
Effective Strategies and                                                         Proactive Action in
Action to INTERRUPT                                                              our intervention
Culturally                                     Cross-Cultural
                                              Communications
Inappropriate/Offensive
remarks, actions, policies,                                     Awareness of Privilege and
etc…                                                            Misunderstanding/Misinterpretatio
                                                                n and Strategies to address and
                                                                avoid
                                   Espondaburu, L.
QUESTION

 What are some specific ways you
 could become more culturally
 considerate/sensitive/competent?
REFERENCES
   Espondaburu, L. Cultural Considerations:
    Understanding Culture and its Impact on
    Intervention. [PowerPoint slides].

   Gibbons, R. Cultural Competency in Violence
    Prevention and Intervention. [PowerPoint slides].

   Safe Harbors Youth Intervention Project. (2009).
    Cultural Considerations When Working with
    Homeless Runaway and Sexually Exploited Youth. St.
    Paul, MN: Partners for Violence Prevention.

   Warrier, S. (2005). Culture Handbook. Retrieved from
    http://endabuse.org/userfiles/file/ImmigrantWomen/C
    ulture%20Handbook.pdf

								
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