CASE STUDY NAME: A Primary Economic Development – Quarrying in the Peak District
TOPIC: People, work and development LOCATION: Peak District
What and Why Strategies
A variety of minerals are mined in the Peak District: Special equipment used to reduce dust.
SHALE – needed in making cement. Is extracted at Hope. About 40% of the cement is transported by road and
CEMENT - The cement works at Hope, which is owned and the remaining 60% by rail.
run by Blue Circle, is close to supplies of both limestone The Park Authority works with the following companies
and shale. The chimney of the works is 130 metres high, to help make decisions:
and the ‘smoke’ that comes out of it is in fact steam and
does not cause pollution. the District Council Environmental Health Authorities
SANDSTONE (MILLSTONE GRIT) - About a dozen the National River Authorities
medium to small quarries extract sandstone for use as the Air Pollution Inspectorate
building stone. The largest quarries are at Stoke Hall, the Mines and Quarries Inspectorate
(Grindleford), Stanton Moor and Birchover. The stone is
used in local buildings either for walls or as details such as These companies have responsibility for such matters
cornerstones and quoins on limestone buildings. It is also as noise nuisance, water and dust pollution and safety
used in other parts of the country, particularly for within quarries.
restoration work on historic buildings.
Many of the quarries and mines in the Peak District were
operating before the area became a National Park. The
National Park boundary was drawn so that it excluded many
of the main limestone quarries in the Buxton area (that is
why the Park is an odd shape
CASE STUDY NAME: location of industry
TOPIC: People, work and development LOCATION: Globally
Effects on people and the environment
Arguments for and against quarrying in an area of
outstanding natural beauty:
Provides jobs in a rural area where work is
scarce. The cement works in the Peak District
employs about 200 people and is the largest
single local employer.
There is a national need for stone for roads
and other building.
Good stone and rock can only be quarried in
hilly areas and these are usually attractive.
When the quarry closes it must be landscaped
to tone in with local environment.
For the amount of disruption caused, few
people work in the quarry.
Creates and eyesore in the landscape visible
Lorries carrying stone are large, noisy and
damage the road surface.
Dust from the crusher spoils the surrounding
What is taken away cannot be replaced.
Whole hillsides are disappearing.