Post-Colonialism & Provincializing Europe by wON0m3

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									 Post-Colonialism &
Provincializing Europe
                  Introduction
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EwOA8Af
  eHM4&feature=player_embedded
• Lecture looks at:
  – The demise of European imperialism
  – Post-colonialism & ‘provincializing Europe.’
     • States
     • The internet
               Decolonization
• India in 1947 to Hong Kong & Macau in late
  1990s.
• Reasons
  – Imperial decline
  – Rise of nationalism
• Period of uncertainty
  – Which nation? Whose nation?
           Decolonizing the Mind
• Post-colonialism
   – Roots in politics and
     economics
• Post-colonialism and
  culture
   – Language & Ngugi wa
     Thiong’o
      • http://www.ngugiwathion
        go.com/writings/writings-
        home.htm
       Decolonizing the Mind
Language carries culture, and culture carries,
particularly through orature and literature, the
entire body of values by which we come to
perceive ourselves and our place in the world.
How people perceive themselves affects how
they look at their culture, at their politics and at
the social production of wealth, at their entire
relationship to nature and to other beings.
Language is thus inseparable from ourselves as a
community of human beings with a specific form
and character, a specific history, a specific
relationship to the world.
                  Orientalism
• Edward Said
   – http://www.youtube.co
     m/watch?v=xwCOSkXR_
     Cw
• Post-colonial studies
           Provincializing Europe
• Historians & post-
  colonialism
   – To what extent is the
     practice of history
     informed by the imperial
     past?
   – Subaltern Studies
      • Approach
      • Methodology
           Provincializing Europe
• Provincializing Europe
   – ‘Political modernity’
      • State
      • Bureaucracy
      • Capitalism
   – The paradox:
      • Produced by a distinctive
        moment of European
        history
      • Assumed to be universal
         Provincializing Europe
• ‘We hold these truths self-evident, that all
  men are created equal, that they are endowed
  by their Creator with certain unalienable
  Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and
  the Pursuit of Happiness.’
  US Declaration of Independence
• If self-evident, how do we explain absence &
  difference?
             Provincializing Europe
• James Scott, The Art of
  Not Being Governed
   – Zomia
      • Highland S & SE Asia
           Provincializing Europe
• North East Africa
   – Shifta War 1963-7
   – Somali irredentism or
     opposition to state-
     building?
   – Ongoing weakness of
     states in region
          Provincializing Europe
• Populations of areas like Zomia depicted as
  ‘pre-modern’
  – Use of internet
     • ‘Indigenous people’
     • http://ogiek.org/
  – The internet as part of history of technological
    innovation dating back to Scientific Revolution?
  – Or best understood as part of history of escape
    from state control?
     • Wikileaks, Twitter etc
                 Conclusion
• To what extent is the modern world ‘post-
  colonial’?
• To what extent can the professional discipline
  of history be understood in the terms of post-
  colonial critics?
• Can we see traits of what Said warned against
  in our own work?
• Is it possible to write a history of the modern
  world without modernity?

								
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