RATIO: AF ramework for Open & Distance Learning: Modes, Methods by HC120912082737

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									    The Information Revolution
- Innovations, Issues and Impacts


         Steve Wheeler
    University of Plymouth, UK
    In this presentation...

 Technology Supported Learning
 Student Centred Approaches
 Diffusion of Innovations
 Adoption of Technology
 Current Research Areas in ICT
                Information and
    Communication Technologies
 Computers
 Telecommunications
 Internet and WWW
 Software
 Networks
 Teaching and Learning!!!
      Technology Supported Learning
   Any Time Any Place
   Student Centred
   Resource Rich
   Personalised
   Teacher as a Resource
             Satellite transmission




                                                Transmission
                                                via uplink to
                                                Satellite




    E-Mail             Video           Audio




                                               TV Studio
    Terrestrial feed (ISDN and Analogue)
     Student Centred Learning
   Flexible learning:
       at own pace
       variable timescale
       location independent
       variable workspace
   Teacher as a resource
   Personal technologies
   Variety of learning modes
   Learning preferences catered for
        To reach 50 million users...
 Radio - 38 Years
 Television - 13 Years
 Internet - 4 Years
                           Internet Use
 267 Million users worldwide (March 2000)
 1 Billion Web pages (87% in English)
 17 Million users in the UK
 Internet connections double in number
  each year
Adoption of Innovations



             Early Majority                        Late Majority


      Early Adopters
                                                                     Laggards
Innovators


      2.5%        13.5%       34%             34%              16%



                                    Source: Rogers, E. (1983) Diffusion of Innovations
Adoption of Technology



           Techno-Realists                 Techno-Sceptics


     Technophiles
                                                           Techno-Luddites
Techno-Romantics




                             Wheeler (2003) Adapted from Rogers (1983)
Moore’s Law                                             Source: Downes & Mui (2000)
                                                        Unleashing the Killer App. p 22
  Transistors
     per chip


 1 000 000 000                                                 1286


  100 000 000

                                                            886
   10 000 000
                                                                  Every 18 months
    1 000 000                       i486          Pentium         computer power
                                                                  will double whilst
      100 000                              i386                   prices will remain
                            i286
                                                                  stable.
       10 000


         1000


                 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
Metcalf’s                         Utility


Law
 Generally, as more
 users buy into a new
 product, so the costs                      Utility = Users2
 of manufacturing
 decrease, and prices
 fall, in turn encouraging
 more buyers.



Source: Downes & Mui (2000)
Unleashing the Killer App. p 25
                                                               Users
                                   Internet host

Birth of a                          computers
                                     (Millions)
                                   25

Network                                                                                      Nov1997




“Computer hardware,                20
                                                                                      July 1997
software and networks
had been building up their
user bases for decades,
using closed standards…            15
                                                                                Sep 1996

The Internet on the other
hand, has always been
                                   10
based on public, open                                                      Apr 1996
standards”.

                                   5
                                                                Jan 1995
 Source: Downes & Mui (2000)
 Unleashing the Killer App. p 27                   July 1989
                                                                                           Timeline

                                                   (130,000 )
     Current Research Areas in ICT
   Transactional distance theory
   Cognitive load theory
   Benefits analysis
   ‘Telepresence’ and distributed social
    interaction
   Student motivation
   Individual differences in learning
   On-line moderation
   Creativity
     The Future...

   Integrated technology
   Mobile personal technologies
   Tele-collaboration
   Digital books / paper
   Wearable computers
   Tele-immersion
   ? Any-time any-place learning
                     Integrated Technology
         Satellite transmission




                                            Transmission
                                            via uplink to
                                            Satellite




E-Mail             Video           Audio




                                           TV Studio
Terrestrial feed (ISDN and Analogue)

								
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