Margus Arm and Mart Lainas
Supervisors: Tiia Pukk, Marje Maasen
• Scotland is 31,510 sq. miles in area; it is 274 miles long
from North to South and varies in breadth between 24 and
• The capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh.
• There are 790 islands off the coast of Scotland of which
130 are inhabited.
• Scotland's longest river is the Tay (120 miles).
• The highest mountain in the UK is Ben Nevis (4,418
The population of Scotland in 1997 was 5,122,500
1855 2,978.1 1931 4,843.0
1861 3,069.4 1941 4,819.4
1871 3,368.9 1951 5,102.5
1881 3,742.6 1961 5,183.8
1891 4,036.2 1971 5,235.6
1901 4,479.1 1981 5,180.2
1911 4,751.1 1991 5,107.0
1921 4,882.5 1997 5,122.5
Population of Cities
300 Aberdeen (189,707)
200 Dundee (158,981)
The tallest man in Scotland
• The Guinness Book of
Records shows that the
tallest Scotsman and the
tallest "true" giant was
• He was born in 1825 was
7ft 9 (2.36m) tall.
• He died on Cape Breton
Island, Nova Scotia, in
• Ben Nevis - 4,406 feet
• Ben Macdhui - 4,300 feet
• Braeriach - 4,248 feet
• Cairn Toul - 4,241 feet
• Cairngorm - 4,084 feet
• Aonach Beag - 4,060 feet
• Carn Mor Dearg - 4,012 feet
• Aonach Mor - 3,999 feet
• Ben Lawers - 3,984 feet
• The longest river in Scotland is the Tay (120 miles long).
• The River Clyde is 106 miles long.
• The Tweed (97 miles).
• The Dee (85 miles).
• The Don (82 miles).
• The Forth (65 miles).
• Scottish banks have issued banknotes continuously since
• Scotland design and print their own notes.
• About 95% of the banknotes in circulation in Scotland
come from the Scottish banks.
• The value of Scottish banknotes is around £20 billion
(about US$30 billion).
• There are still some Scottish one pound notes in circulation
and other denominations are £5, £10, £20, £50 and £100.
• The highest temperature recorded in Scotland was
32.8C/91.0F at Dumfries on 2 July 1908.
• The coldest daytime temperature in Scotland was -27.2C/-
17.0F at Bremar on 11 February 1985.
• In the sunniest parts of Scotland (Angus, Fife, Lothians,
Ayrshire, Dumfries & Galloway) there is an average of
1,400 hours of sunshine each year.
• The western Highlands of Scotland are the wettest parts
of Scotland with over 3000mm or 118 inches of rain a
• As might be expected, tartans and the kilt have a great
deal of myth and legend attached to Scots.
• Bagpipes are what Caledonia Road are all about. Good
bagpipes start with the right materials which are then
crafted into pipes which sound and look perfect.
• The word "whisky" comes from the Gaelic
"uisgebeatha" which means "water of life".
• The role of the Secretary of State and the Scotland
Office is to represent Scottish interests in matters
that are reserved to the United Kingdom
• Helen Liddell was appointed as Secretary of State
for Scotland on 24 January 2001.
The Scottish Parliament
• The Scottish Parliament is made up of all 129
MSPs. The Scottish Parliament passes laws. It also
scrutinises the work and policies of the Scottish
• There 72 MPs representing Scotland in the House
of Commons at Westminster.
The difference between the Scottish
Parliament and the Scottish
• The Scottish • The Scottish
Parliament is made up Executive is the
of all 129 MSPs. government in
Scotland for all
• The Scottish devolved matters.
Parliament passes • The Scottish
laws. Executive is formed
• It also scrutinises the from the party or
work and policies of parties holding a
the Scottish majority of seats in
Executive. the Parliament.
• Scotland is the home and birthplace of golf
• Skiing in Scottish Highlands.
• You can go fishing.
• Watersports on the lakes
• Many cultural events
• It is said that the Scots have a good sense of
humour because it's free. Much of it is
influenced by the stereotypes.
• Some examples of Scottish humour:
A Lewis man was planning a flight to Glasgow and phoned to find out
how long the flight would be. "Just one second, sir" said the girl at the
other end. "Thanks very much" he replied and hung up.
Jessie was out for a walk and came to a river and saw Maggie on the
opposite bank. "Hello there," she shouts, "how can I get to the other
side?" Maggie looked up the river, then down the river, then shouted
back, "You ARE on the other side."
• Loch Lomond is the best known of all the
• Loch Tay is in the heart of Perthshire. Like
many of Scotland's lochs it is long and narrow.
• Loch Earn is mainly in Perthshire. It is a
favourite place for sailing and watersports.
The climate in Scotland is very changeable depending on the
height of the land. There is a very beautiful countryside and we
definitely recommend you to visit Scotland for holidays or for