Academic Discipline - PowerPoint by A0R01wt

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									 Sporiš Goran, PhD.
 http://kif.hr/predmet/mki
 http://www.science4performance.com/




EXERCISE
AND
SPORT
SCIENCES
ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE
• A formal body of knowledge
  discovered, developed, and
  disseminated through scholarly
  research and inquiry
   CHARACTERISTICS OF AN
    ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE
What is the meaning of each of these?
 A body of knowledge
 A conceptual framework
 Scholarly procedures and
  methods of inquiry
 Both the process of discovery
  and the end result

          Describe the research process.
      THE RESEARCH PROCESS
Identify the topics, themes, concepts, terms, or keywords (broadly,
 then narrow as appropriate) — may use a search engine like
 Google to begin but do not use this exclusively
 http://www.google.com/webhp?hl=en&btnG=Google+Search
When using web sites, you must differentiate between scholarly,
 professional organizations, governmental, wikis, plogs,
 commercial, etc.
  http://scholar.google.com/
  http://www.acsm.org//AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home_Page
  http://www.nih.gov/
  http://www.caate.net/
Format of information — books; professional (peer reviewed)
 journal articles; popular articles; other
Databases http://www.lib.ku.edu/
  Sport Discus
    http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/search?vid=1&hid=13&sid=586
    7a1ea-5009-42d8-901f-3d63d462d726%40SRCSM1
NATURAL, PHYSICAL, AND
   SOCIAL SCIENCES
     Numerous          Anatomy
      disciplines       Biochemistry
      provide the       Biology
      content and       Chemistry
      methods of
      scientific        History
      inquiry used      Philosophy
      by researchers    Physics
      in the exercise   Physiology
      and sport
                        Psychology
      sciences
                        Sociology
  Exercise and Sport Sciences

                 Motor Control
                  and Motor
   Motor                                                      Sport
                   Learning
Development                                     Sport      Management
                                  Sport and
                                              Sociology
                                   Exercise
               Exercise          Psychology                   Sport
              Physiology                         Sport       History
                              Athletic
                                              Philosophy
                             Training
            Sport
        Biomechanics
Exercise and Sport
    Sciences
                                       Exercise
                                      Physiology
              Sport Management
                                                          Sport and
                                                           Exercise
                                                          Psychology
   Sport Sociology
                                                                         Motor
                                                                       Development

     Sport History


                                                                   Motor Control
                                                                    and Motor
               Sport Philosophy                                      Learning


                                Sport               Athletic
                             Biomechanics          Training
    EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY
 The study of the causes and
  consequences of bodily functioning
  and changes occurring due to
  physical activity
 Based on an understanding of the
  anatomic and physiological bases of
  human movement
 Investigates the biochemical reactions
  that supply muscles with energy
 Examines changes in the
  cardiovascular system and other
  physiological parameters
      ATHLETIC TRAINING
 The study and application of the
  prevention, treatment, and
  rehabilitation of sports injuries
 Design and help implement
  conditioning programs
 Assess injuries and needs for
  immediate first aid
 Provide preventive taping and
  treatment modalities
 Work with physicians to help
  athletes regain their abilities to
  perform
      MOTOR LEARNING
 The study of the internal processes associated
  with movement or repetitive actions that result
  in changes in response or performance
 Important to the learning of motor skills are
  Relationship of movements to prior knowledge and skills
  Transfer of learning
  Involvement of cognitive processes
  Types of practice sessions
  Feedback
 Building on the neuro-muscular pathways
  learned through motor control, motor learning
  adds knowledge of results, feedback, and optimal
  practice methods
MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
  The maturation and changes in motor
   behavior throughout life and the factors
   that affect them
  Performance of motor skills is influenced
   by genetic, environmental, and
   developmental factors
  Throughout life, individuals progress
   from unskilled movements to the learning
   of complex motor patterns
  Perceptual-motor skills are especially
   important to the learning of sport skills
       SPORT BIOMECHANICS
 The study of the effects of anatomical and physiological
  effects of natural laws and internal and external forces
  acting on the human body during movement
 Factors that influence human movement include
   Force of muscular contractions
   Flexion, extension, pronation, and supination of muscles
   Composition of muscle fibers
   Equilibrium, center of gravity, and base of support
   Transfer of momentum
   Force absorption
   Leverage
 Biomechanical analyses examine acceleration, energy,
  mass, power, torque, and velocity
SPORT HISTORY
   The descriptive and analytical
    examination of significant people, events,
    organizations, and trends that shaped
    the past
   Descriptive history explains
     Events
     Individuals’ contributions
     Pivotal happenings
   Analytical history explains
     The significance of historical
       occurrences
     Interpretations within the societal
       context
SPORT MANAGEMENT
  The study of the theoretical and
   applied aspects of leading,
   planning, organizing, staffing,
   funding, and conducting
   sporting events
  Includes these management
   functions: planning, organizing,
   directing, and evaluating
  Involves business components of
   marketing, accounting,
   economics, finance, and law
SPORT PHILOSOPHY
      The study of the beliefs and
       values of humans as
       displayed within sport and
       an analysis of their meaning
       and significance
      Examines the beautiful and
       ugly and the good and bad
       in sport
      Seeks an understanding of
       how and why people play
       and engage in sport
      SPORT AND EXERCISE
      PSYCHOLOGY
The study of human behavior in sport,
 including an understanding of the
 mental processes that interact with
 motor skill performance
Includes a study of the theories of
 learning, importance of reinforcement,
 and linkages of perceptual and motor
 factors
Involves a understanding of
 achievement motivation, arousal,
 attribution, and personality
 development
SPORT SOCIOLOGY
       The study of the sport as a social
        phenomenon and an examination
        of the social structures, processes,
        and groups within the sporting
        context
       Seeking to understand why
        people play and how their
        involvement with sports
        influences them
       Examines concepts such as social
        mobility, class and gender
        stratification, racial and ethnic
        discrimination, team dynamics,
        and social consciousness and
        values
      EXERCISE AND SPORT
        SCIENCES QUIZ
1. Which of the exercise and sport sciences studies
   oxygen utilization during cardiorespiratory exercise
   and metabolic responses to exercise and training?
2. Which of the exercise and sport sciences describes
   and analyzes the past?
3. Which of the exercise and sport sciences studies
   how people learn skills, especially through practice
   and feedback?
4. Which of the exercise and sport sciences studies
   how sport impacts social units, processes, and
   institutions?
5. Which of the exercise and sport sciences analyzes
   the impact of motion, force, and energy on sport
   performance?
      EXERCISE AND SPORT
        SCIENCES QUIZ
6. Which of the exercise and sport sciences analyzes the
   developmental patterns associated with movement
   and skill performance?
7. Which of the exercise and sport sciences uses
   extensive knowledge of the body to help athletes stay
   injury free and return to competition safely?
8. Which of the exercise and sport sciences seeks to
   understand why people act as they do based on their
   values?
9. Which of the exercise and sport sciences involves
   providing sports products and conducting sporting
   events?
10.Which of the exercise and sport sciences uses various
   mental coping strategies to aid sports performances?
             TECHNOLOGY
 Incorporates the use of computer
  software as a tool to achieve physical
  education, exercise science, and sport
  goals — Name several examples
 Exercise and sport scientists use
  technology hardware and software to
  help in the analysis of human movement,
  to measure the effectiveness of exercise
  programs on bodily functions, and for
  data collection and analysis.
 Databases with the help of search engines
  provide online access to professional
  journals and other information.
       HUMANITIES
 Help focus on the aesthetic aspects
  of movement, such as through art,
  literature, and music
 Art includes various forms of
  dance and sculptures and frescos of
  athletes and human movement.
 Literature can include sports
  biographies as well as analytical
  critiques about sport and physical
  activity.
 Music can accompany human
  movement to enrich the experience.

								
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