Short-beaked Echidna Fact File by h0Ly71Qb

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									Short-beaked Echidna Fact File
Tachyglossus aculeatus

The Short-beaked Echidna is the only species of echidna
in Australia and is easily recognised by its sharp spines,
short legs and long snout. Its closest relative, the much
larger Long-beaked Echidna (Zaglossus bruijni), is from
New Guinea.

Using its pointed snout and sharp claws, the Short-
beaked Echidna breaks into ant and termite nests and
catches its prey by flicking its long sticky tongue in and      Short-beaked Echidna,
out. It also catches a lot of dirt in the process and this is   Tachyglossus aculeatus
expelled in the droppings.                                      Photo: Pavel German

Like the Platypus, the Short-beaked Echidna is an egg-
laying mammal or monotreme and lays one egg at a time.
The eggs hatch after about 10 days and the young,
emerge blind and hairless. Clinging to hairs inside the
mother's pouch, the young echidna suckles for two or
three months. Once it develops spines and becomes too
prickly, the mother removes it from her pouch and builds
a burrow for it. It continues to suckle for the next six
months.

The Short-beaked Echidna has few natural enemies, but           Short-beaked Echidna,
it may be killed by cars, dogs, foxes and occasionally          Tachyglossus aculeatus
goannas, and cats may take the young. Although it is
found all over Australia, it is not as common in Sydney as
it once was.

Distribution:
Throughout Australia, including Tasmania.

Habitat:
Forests and woodlands, heath, grasslands, arid environments.

Status:
Common

Size:
40-55 cm.
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Write Questions that you could ask about this article:

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                       Report writing
Name:
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Description:
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Diet:
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Reproduction facts:
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Enemies:
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Distribution:
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Habitat:
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Status:
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Size:
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Interesting facts:
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Choose an Australian Threatened species and write a report
about that animal.
Publish your report in Microsoft Word. Add a border and
pictures.
Once your teacher has checked your report add it to the
wikispace.
www.austwriting.wikispaces.com.au
Word List:
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Underline vowels   Break into parts   Cover/spell/check   Cover/spell/check




Use your list words in sentences:
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Use a dictionary to write out the meaning of the following words:
snout_____________________________________________
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prey_____________________________________________
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Have you ever seen an echidna in the wild? Tell me about it.
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Complete these sentences using the following words:
     Echidna    spines pouch prickly        burrow     enemies
     1. The bush growing in the garden was very sharp and
        _________.
     2. The ______________ was injured as it crossed a busy
        road.
     3. The kangaroo had a Joey in it’s ____________.
     4. The ___________ was built by a wombat.
     5. Native Australian animals have many ______________.
     6. The echidna has ___________ on its back to protect it
        from predators.
  Put the words in the wordlist into alphabetical order.
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Make as many words as you can from the letters in the word
“echidna”
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