OCRACOKE COMMUNITY RADIO
WOVV 90.1 FM
P. O. Box 1447
216 Irvin Garrish Highway
Ocracoke, NC 2 7 9 6 0
252-928-WOVV (928-9688) – Broadcast Studio
252-928-1811 – Transmitter
Web Site: www.WOVV.org
Email: info@WOVV.org (general inquiry)
announcements@WOVV.org (announce your event!)
business@WOVV.org (business matters)
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3. WELCOME TO WOVV
4-5. HISTORY OF WOVV
6. BECOMING A BROADCASTER
7. BROADCASTER’S RIGHTS
8-9. BROADCASTER INFORMATION SHEET
11. HOLD HARMLESS AGREEMENT
12-19. WOVV GUIDELINES AND POLICIES
20-22. FCC REGULATIONS
23-25. STATION STRUCTURE
26. WOVV PERSONNEL
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WELCOME TO WOVV!! Introduction
Welcome to WOVV 90.1 FM. This handbook provides you a basic orientation to
Ocracoke Community Radio WOVV, 90.1 FM. It outlines how the station is
structured and includes the WOVV Guidelines and Policies and the FCC Regulations
that define the rights and responsibilities of our broadcasters. It also outlines the
steps you need to take to become a broadcaster. We ask you to take the time to
look it over. A thorough understanding of this handbook will help you fulfill your
obligations as a volunteer broadcaster at WOVV.
This handbook serves two functions:
As a training guide for new broadcasters
As a reference for active broadcasters to consult when questions of policy
The handbook establishes the ground rules and the recourses available when we
don’t see eye to eye. While it may not answer every tough question broadcasters
might have about station policy, it can help us all work together toward our
common goal of making WOVV radio the best it can be.
Every broadcaster is responsible for knowing and understanding all the policies
contained in the Broadcaster Handbook. Ask the WOVV Program Coordinator or
Station Manager is you have any questions.
WOVV MISSION STATEMENT
Ocracoke Community Radio’s mission is to provide the village of Ocracoke and its
visitors with a community-enhancing medium of education, information, civic
discourse, and entertainment through access to the public airwaves for locally-
focused, regional, and national programming produced by and responsive to the
needs of our unique island community of Ocracoke, North Carolina.
Welcome to WOVV, 90.1 FM.
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THE HISTORY OF WOVV
In 2007, when the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) opened a rare
window for the licensing of new non-profit, educational, FM broadcast radio
stations, a group of interested local residents organized Ocracoke Community Radio
(OCR) in an attempt to secure one of these new licenses for a station at Ocracoke.
This committee met on a regular basis for more than two years to formulate and
execute a plan to get our community radio station on the air.
Since only a non-profit entity can hold a license for this class of station, the
Ocracoke Foundation (OFI) stepped in to apply for a construction permit to build
and license a community broadcast station in the Ocracoke area, and to act as the
license holder of record during the station’s construction and organizational setup.
On February 29, 2008, the FCC granted a construction permit to OFI for a
noncommercial educational FM station to be built and operated at 90.1 FM.
OCR leased the present studio location on Silver Lake in January, 2009, and studio
construction began. We created the website WOVV.org, which began streaming
Creative Commons (open copyright) content on line until WOVV went on the air at
90.1 FM on June 15, 2010. WOVV acquired standard music licenses to broadcast
commercially-available music and content on the air, but the online stream had to
be suspended while we worked out the internet legalities. In June, 2011, we began
to simulcast our on-air signal online through WOVV.org.
The “Memorandum of Understanding” between OFI and OCR listed a number of
criteria that OCR would need to satisfy before OCR would become an independent,
nonprofit corporation and operator of WOVV. On December 31, 2011, the OFI
directors declared by resolution that OCR had satisfied the requirements and began
the process of transferring assets and control to OCR. In January, 2012, OFI began
the final step by filing an application with the FCC to transfer the WOVV broadcast
license to OCR, which we expect will be completed by March, 2012.
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WOVV fills the majority of broadcast time with a diverse range of music
programming created by local community members. In addition to music
programming, local community members produce and broadcast a variety of shows
covering community affairs, local news and sports, topics of local interest, and
interviews with a variety of people, both residents and visitors. We will continue to
build programming relevant to our community and listeners, both on the island and
Our broadcast calendar, the “official” version of our programming schedule, hangs
in the air studio and is posted on our website. We continue to work to get more
and more people on it.
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BECOMING A BROADCASTER
Volunteers produce all of our live programming. Many of them had no previous
experience in radio, but they did have a passion for music or a topic of interest that
they wanted to talk about, and they are now on the air with a regular show that
they produce themselves. At WOVV, we strive to provide an organized and easily
accessible pathway to getting on the air. We also hope to assist you in the
promotion of your show, technical support, and communication with the other dj’s,
various committees and the WOVV Board of Directors. To that end, we ask
1. Fill out and pass to the Program Committee a “Show Information Sheet” and
a “Hold Harmless Agreement”. The program committee will review your
information and fit your show into the existing schedule. We will then
contact you as soon as possible to begin the training process. Once you have
an established show, we ask that you update these same forms yearly
between January 1 and March 1. This lets WOVV know that you intend to be
on the air for the upcoming season and gives you an opportunity to make
changes to content, scheduling, partners, etc.
2. Be available and participate in training in the studio following the steps
outlined in the Training section of this handbook. The program committee
will assist you in scheduling your training sessions with an established dj.
3. Please look over the entire Handbook and familiarize yourself with the WOVV
Guidelines and Policies and the FCC Regulations.
4. Attend meetings for broadcasters as requested and communicate with the
program committee or station manager as needed.
5. Maintain current membership in WOVV by paying your annual membership
6. Participate in the creation of sweepers promoting your show as part of your
training and keep them current if you rotate on and off the air throughout
7. This list may be amended or added to from time to time
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WOVV Broadcasters have the expectation and right to:
Be thoroughly trained with station equipment
Be informed of current FCC rules and regulations
Be informed of current WOVV guidelines and policies
Receive written and verbal feedback on their programs
Receive assistance to improve broadcasting skills
Be contacted beforehand of any preemption of a regular air shift
Have a safe environment and have properly working equipment
Have a safe, secure working facility
Expect the station management to follow the prescribed guidelines, policies
and procedures when making decisions that affect broadcasters and their
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WOVV Broadcaster Information Sheet (sample—get copies from Station Mgr)
Name of primary person_____________________________________________
Name of partner or substitute_________________________________________
Type of show: music news talk interview call in
Describe in as much detail as you can:__________________________________
Name of Show:____________________________________________________
Time Slot/Day Requested: First Choice_______________________________
The program committee will do everything possible to accommodate preferences in scheduling. Please check the Program Calendar in the studio
or on the website for available time slots. The program committee will assign final on air time.
Projected Start Date________________________________________________
Program Committee will confirm this with you before start date.
Seasonal Year Round Temporary Substitute
(i.e. live, in-studio, pre-recorded, via internet, etc., as much detail as you have.)
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Who will produce show if pre-recorded and how?__________________________
I have received and read the WOVV Handbook, which includes Becoming a Broadcaster, Training in the
Studio, WOVV Guidelines and Policies and FCC Regulations.
I agree to follow and abide by all WOVV and FCC guidelines, policies, and regulations as outlined in the
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WOVV HOLD HARMLESS AGREEMENT
WOVV 90.1 FM, is an all-volunteer, non-profit community radio station which serves the residents of
and visitors to Ocracoke Island, NC. Ocracoke Community Radio is the parent organization of WOVV
and is a non-profit (501(3)c corporation. WOVV’s studio is located at 216 Irvin Garrish Hwy, Ocracoke,
I understand and recognize that I am responsible for my own well-being and the well being of the other
volunteers at WOVV. I declare that I recognize that it is in my best interest, as well as that of the other
participants and the station to follow the suggestions, guidelines and rules of the station, supervisors and/
or coordinators, and that my participation in this activity is entirely voluntary.
I fully understand and appreciate the potential dangers, hazards and/or risks, directly or indirectly inherent
in participating in this activity, which could also include the loss of life, serious loss of limb, or loss of
property. Also, I understand that the consumption of alcohol and/or use of illegal drugs are strictly
prohibited and could result in my dismissal from further participation at WOVV.
NOW, THEREFORE, IN CONSIDERATION for being allowed to participate as a volunteer of WOVV, I
agree to hold harmless WOVV, Ocracoke Community Radio, owners of property leased to WOVV, its
officers, agents, and/or employees, heirs, executors, administrators, successors, assigns, representatives
and all other persons, partnerships, firms or corporations of and from any and all direct, indirect, special or
consequential damages, or costs, legal and otherwise, actions, causes of action, damages, or negligence
which I may incur as the result of my participation in this activity, including but not limited to an injury or
I understand that I will not be covered by any health and/or accident insurance while I am volunteering or
visiting these facilities. I agree to read the entire “Broadcasters Handbook” and review the applicable
operations manual(s), and/or guidelines of the station prior to going on-air or participating in any WOVV
activity. I agree to follow all rules of behavior and directions regarding use of the facilities and equipment.
I, on behalf of myself, my agents, heirs and next of kin, voluntarily assume the risk of, and hereby release
WOVV, Ocracoke Community Radio, owners of property leased to WOVV, its employees, agents, and
other volunteers, from any responsibility or liability for personal injury, including death, and damage to or
loss of personal property, that I may incur due to negligence or accidental occurrences while I am using
facilities and equipment of WOVV, Ocracoke Community Radio, owners of property leased to WOVV, or
while I am engaging in any activity on behalf of WOVV.
I, the undersigned, am at least eighteen (18) years of age and am competent to sign this release. I have
read carefully and understand and agree to the terms and conditions of this release.
Dated this_ day of , in the year .
Volunteer Signature Volunteer Printed Name
Address, City, State, Zip Home or Contact Telephone Number
Volunteers and Visitors under eighteen (18) years of age must have this agreement co-signed by their parent or guardian.
This is to certify that I, as parent/guardian with legal responsibility for this volunteer/visitor, do consent and agree to his/her release
as provided above, and for myself, my heirs, assigns, and next of kin, I release and agree to indemnify and hold harmless WOVV,
Ocracoke Community Radio, from any and all liabilities incident to my minor child’s involvement as a Volunteer to WOVV.
Parent/Guardian Signature Date Parent/Guardian Printed Name
Address, City, State, Zip Home or Contact Telephone Number
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TRAINING IN THE STUDIO
The FCC no longer requires each person operating a radio station to hold an FCC
radiotelephone license. Rather, the FCC mandates that each licensed broadcast
station must insure that its broadcasters are competent to operate the station in
compliance with FCC rules. To insure that competency, WOVV has developed the
following training program:
1. WOVV has established regular times in the studio for the training of
prospective broadcasters. To be a WOVV broadcaster, you must participate
in at least one of these training sessions which consist of three parts. First,
an established broadcaster will sit with you in the studio and train you in
the use and care of the studio equipment. You will learn how to use the
compact disc player, station computer, broadcast board and broadcast
telephone. You will also be coached on microphone technique. You will be
shown how to complete the required operating log and where the Public
Inspection File is located. You will create your own sweeper for your show
and probably some station ID’s as well. You will be shown how to pull
underwriter and station ID’s from the computer for broadcast throughout
your air time. While we only require only one training session, if more is
needed, more will be provided.
2. Secondly, the new broadcaster will then complete an internship that
requires that they sit in with one broadcaster during the airing of their
show and, third, have a trainer sit in with them during the airing of their
first show to confirm their proficiency in operating the equipment, airing
underwriter announcements and filling out the required log.
3. The Broadcaster Information Sheet and the Hold Harmless Agreement must
be completed and signed before training begins.
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WOVV GUIDELINES AND POLICIES
1. SMOKING Smoking is not permitted in the studio.
2. DRUGS/ALCOHOL Use, possession, offer for sale, or being under the
influence of illegal drugs, controlled substances, or alcohol on WOVV
property is prohibited at any time. Violation of this policy will result in
immediate loss of broadcasting privilege.
3. RESPECT At all times, WOVV broadcasters are expected to treat fellow
broadcasters, colleagues, visitors, and all others with respect, and to care
for WOVV’s equipment, broadcast studio, music library and other facilities.
4. STUDIO EQUIPMENT Unless cleared with the Music Librarian or Station
Manager, please do not take station recorders, microphones, or other
equipment out of the studio. Broadcasters must sign the equipment out
and back in, making note of any troubles or maintenance required.
5. FOOD AND DRINK Food and drink must never be placed where ANY
possibility exists that it could spill onto or into any electronic equipment.
6. MEMBERSHIP All broadcasters must be current, dues-paying members of
7. INFORMATION SHEETS Every year, between January 1 and March 1, we
ask each broadcaster to submit a new Broadcaster Information Sheet to the
program committee. This lets the committee know that you commit to be
on the air during the upcoming season and also allows you the opportunity
to make time, schedule, or format changes to your show.
8. BROADCASTER UNAVAILABILITY In the event a broadcaster must
unexpectedly end or change their show in mid season, broadcasters are
asked to contact the program committee as soon as possible, as there may
be someone available to fill your time slot. If you know of someone who
would like to continue your show, please let the program committee know.
If you are unable to broadcast any single show during the season for any
reason, you may pre-record a show, air a rerun or simply let the computer
run automated programming during your time slot. We understand that, as
volunteers, we cannot always be available; however, we ask that you notify
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the station manager of your upcoming absence and coordinate with him to
fill your air time.
9. RESIGNATION Broadcasters desiring to resign their air shift should notify
the Program Coordinator at least two weeks in advance.
10.STATION PROMOTIONS It is a priority for all broadcasters to promote
upcoming events and fundraisers sponsored by WOVV at some point during
their air shift.
11.AIRING DIRTY LAUNDRY We ask broadcasters to refrain from making any
appeal to listeners regarding decisions made by station management, staff
or committees. Complaining or “airing dirty laundry” is considered
substandard programming and only alienates our audience. If you have
grievances, discuss them with the Station Manager or Program
12.CONTROVERSIAL OPINIONS Our primary purpose is to entertain, relay
unbiased, accurate news and weather, and liaison with the community as a
whole, respecting the broad variety of viewpoints that is the village of
Ocracoke. Broadcasters, as representatives of WOVV, will use caution
when airing opinions on outside controversial issues. Those shows
designated as debate will endeavor to present all sides of an issue fairly,
objectively, and accurately. The disclaimer text that follows regarding
opinions will be aired twice a day at approximately 8am and 10pm. “The
views and opinions expressed on WOVV are solely those of the speaker and
do not necessarily represent those of WOVV, its management, staff, or
13.LEAVING THE STUDIO Always leave the broadcast studio and music library
in a condition that is as good or better than you found it. Complete all logs.
Assure that the NEXT item on the automation computer will play at its
correct time, and double-check before leaving the studio that the screen
displays the green AUTOMATED button. Turn down the volume on head
phones, control room speakers and sidewalk speakers. Throw all litter in
wastebaskets and remove all of your belongings. Re-file all recordings in
their appropriate location before departing. Check that the heat pump unit
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thermostat is set to its proper position. Remember to turn off the lights
and lock the door upon leaving.
14.EQUIPMENT PROBLEMS Treat WOVV broadcast equipment with care. It is
important that you note any malfunctions on the bottom of the operating
log and leave a note for the station manager on the office desk.
15.MECHANICAL CONFIGURATION As a consideration to others and to assure
that equipment is functioning as it is intended, do not unplug, re-patch or
attempt to repair any equipment without prior discussion with the station
manager. If you have special needs that are not accommodated by the
normal studio set-up, please make a request for these modifications ahead
16.SECURITY As a WOVV broadcaster, you are responsible for the security of
the studio, music library and office equipment when you are on the air.
Please remember that and act responsibly. If you are alone in the studio,
you may choose at any time to keep the front door locked during your
broadcast. Do not allow non-staffers or strangers to be left unattended in
the studio. If you are out of sight of the front door, even for a few minutes
(on a restroom break, for example), lock the front door. The phone
numbers of local police and emergency personnel are located on the wall
beside the office desk. If it’s an emergency, call 911.
17.AIR SHIFT TRANSITIONS Please foster a smooth transition between air
shifts. Begin and end on time. If you are running late, please let the
preceding broadcaster know. Arrive ten minutes before your show airs and
cooperate with the sitting broadcaster to make a smooth transition.
Cooperate and help each other out.
18.MAINTAINING LOGS It is the responsibility of each broadcaster to
maintain the Operating Log during your air shift. The Operating Log is an
official record of the name of the broadcaster, the time they went on the
air and off the air. This is a federal requirement and is subject to review in
the event of an FCC station inspection. The Operating Log is located in the
studio and its maintenance is covered in the training of our broadcasters.
19.TELEPHONE USE The WOVV telephone is used for conducting WOVV
business during the day. If you answer the phone, please write down clear
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messages and leave them on the desk. If you are using the studio
telephone for on-air interviews and taking requests, please coordinate with
the office. IN ADDITION, NOTE THE FOLLOWING IS FCC REGULATION
REGARDING LIVE TELEPHONE CONVERSATIONS: Before you broadcast a
telephone conversation or record a telephone conversation for later
broadcast, any and all parties taking part in the conversation must be
notified of WOVV’s intent to broadcast it. This is known as “prior
notification” and must take place before any part of the conversation is
aired or recorded. Failure to notify often results in significant
embarrassment, or worse, for both broadcaster and caller. Prior
notification does not necessarily need to be made on air. However, when
taking calls, such as during a phone-in program, you must notify each caller
of your intent to broadcast the conversation before it begins. This can be
accomplished by working with a second person that screens calls and
notifies callers before they are patched on air. If you are working alone, as
you patch each caller on air, you should begin your conversation by saying
“Hello caller, you are on the air.”
20.STATION ID’S The FCC requires broadcast stations to identify themselves
“Hourly, as close to the hour as feasible, at a natural break in program
offerings.” The FCC tightly defines an official ID as the station’s call letters,
immediately followed by the station’s community of license. Optionally, an
ID can include the licensee’s name and the station frequency between the
call letters and community. Thus our official ID is: WOVV, Ocracoke, and
we can optionally insert “90.1 FM” and/or “Ocracoke Community Radio” in
the middle. We have many pre recorded station ID’s in our automation
computer. You may play one from the computer, or simply speak it live.
“This is WOVV, Ocracoke”. You may precede or follow the ID with any
appropriate words, as long as the ID part meets the FCC requirement.
21.THANKING MEMBERS AND LISTENERS WOVV invites broadcasters to
thanks its membership and listeners on a regular basis.
22.ACKNOWLEDGING UNDERWRITERS In much the same way that
individuals support WOVV through membership donations, the business
community supports the station through financial donations as well. The
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FCC permits noncommercial educational stations like ours to recognize our
business underwriters on the air via “enhanced underwriting”
announcements, under rather stringent restrictions to assure the
announcements “recognize” but do not “promote.” WOVV plays such
announcements on a regular rotating basis. The WOVV Board of Directors
determines the number of underwriter announcements to be played in
each hour of programming. The assignment as of this writing is 5
announcements per hour, but could change in each season. Each season
the current assignment per hour will be posted in the studio along with a
suggested airing schedule. For example, at the current rate of 5, it is
suggested that the required station id is played at the top of the hour,
followed by one underwriter announcement. Then at approximately 20
minutes and 40 minutes after the hour, two each underwriter
announcements are played back to back. That, combined, fulfills the
required assignment of 5 per hour. Individual broadcasters doing a “live”
show may choose to air underwriters on a different schedule throughout
their hour, as long as the required number is played. Check on the studio
board for the current assignment and suggested schedule. The automation
computer randomizes the underwriting announcement schedule, so you
only need to play them from the computer during the hour scheduled.
Each spring, we update and refresh our pre-recorded underwriter
announcements and you may be asked to participate in the recording of
these, as we like to feature as many voices as possible. Many underwriters
will suggest wording for their announcements, though WOVV must reserve
the exclusive right to assure the announcements will pass FCC muster. For
this reason, we do not allow “ad lib” underwriter announcements – play
them as recorded. Even so, you should familiarize yourself with the
following underwriting announcement guidelines:
EXAMPLES OF ACCEPTABLE UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCEMENTS:
“for their contribution to WOVV, we’d like to thank…..”
“this hour is underwritten in part by…..”
“this hour is made possible in part by……….”
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“thanks to….for their part in underwriting this hour”
EXAMPLES OF UNACCEPTABLE UNDERWRITER ANOUNCEMENTS:
“this hour is brought to you by….”
“this hour is sponsored by…..”
“this hour is made possible by…..”
“come on down for $1 drinks” (cannot include “calls to action” or prices)
23.NON HARRASSMENT WOVV prohibits sexual harassment, harassment
based on pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions, race, religious
creed, color, national origin or ancestry, physical or mental disability,
medical conditions, marital status, age, sexual orientation or any other
basis protected by federal, state, or local law or ordinance or regulation.
Prohibited unlawful harassment includes, but is not limited to, the
Verbal conduct such as epithets, derogatory jokes or comments, slurs or
unwanted sexual advances, invitations or comments.
Visual conduct such as derogatory and/or sexually oriented posters,
photography, cartoons, drawings or gestures.
Physical conduct such as assault, unwanted touching, blocking normal
movement or interfering with work because of sex, race, or any other
Threats and demands to submit to sexual requests or added benefits in
return for sexual favors.
Retaliation for having reported or threatened to report harassment.
23. RECOURSE FOR HARASSMENT If you believe that you have been
unlawfully harassed, provide a written complaint to the Station Manager as
soon as possible after the incident. Your complaint should include details
of the incident, names of the individuals involved and names of any
witnesses. WOVV will immediately undertake an effective and thorough
investigation of the harassment allegations. If WOVV determines that
unlawful harassment has occurred, effective remedial action will be taken
in accordance with the circumstances involved. Any volunteer determined
by WOVV to be responsible for unlawful harassment will be subject to
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appropriate disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal. A WOVV
representative will advise all parties concerned of the results of the
investigation. WOVV will not retaliate against you for filing a complaint and
will not tolerate or permit retaliation by volunteers. WOVV encourages all
volunteers to report any incidents of harassment forbidden by this policy
immediately so that complaints can be quickly and fairly resolved. The
Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and North Carolina
Department of Fair Employment and Housing investigates and prosecutes
complaints of prohibited harassment. If you think you have been harassed
or that you have been retaliated against for resisting or complaining, you
may file a complaint with the appropriate agency. The nearest office is
listed in the telephone book.
24.DISCIPLINARY ACTION AND APPEALS TO ANY COMMITTEE OR BOARD
Disciplinary action for non program related violations of Federal regulations
or WOVV policy will be administered by the Station Manager. In the case of
a violation, a letter will be written noting the violation and will be entered
into the broadcaster’s file and kept for one year. On all violations, a
conference will be scheduled with the Station Manager and the
broadcaster within two weeks. After the conference, the Station Manager
shall determine what disciplinary action is warranted.
Disciplinary actions for program related violations of Federal regulations or
WOVV policy will be administered by the Station Manager and the Program
Coordinator. In the case of a violation, a letter will be written noting the
violation and will be entered into the broadcaster’s file for one year. On all
violations, a conference will be scheduled with the Station Manager,
Program Coordinator and the broadcaster with two weeks. After the
conference, the program coordinator will determine what action is
25. DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURES Serious offenses and violations of WOVV
guidelines and policies or FCC Regulations can be met with immediate
removal. However, the following disciplinary procedures apply to the
violations of regulations contained in the Handbook that are deemed
moderate or lesser offenses.
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1st offense-immediate verbal and written warning, entered into
broadcasters file for one year. If no further violations occur, letter is
removed after one year.
2nd offense within one year-a three month suspension from the station and
loss of all air shifts assignments. Suspension will be documented and kept
permanently in the broadcaster’s file. After suspension period, broadcaster
may apply for open air shifts as they become available.
Any additional offenses after receiving a suspension will result in dismissal,
which is permanent and includes revocation of broadcasting privileges.
26.APPEALS TO DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS Disciplinary actions taken by the
Station Manager or Program Coordinator may be appealed by the following
procedure: the person requesting appeal must submit, in writing, the basis
for the appeal to the Station Manager or the Program Coordinator within
one week of action taken. Station Manager and/or Program Coordinator
will then have one week to review decision, schedule a meeting with
broadcaster or other relevant third parties for input and respond, in
writing, with a decision regarding the appeal. If further appeal is desired,
appellant may appeal to the Board of Directors of WOVV. Again, appeal
must be submitted in writing within one week to the Chairman of the
Board. The board will then, at its next regularly scheduled meeting, decide
if it will hear the appeal. If it decides not to hear the appeal, the decision
will be recorded in the board’s minutes and the Chairman will inform the
appealing party. If the board decides to hear the appeal, the Chair will
gather information, which may or may not include a meeting with the
appealing party and place the matter before the board for review. The
board’s final decision regarding the matter will be delivered to the
appealing party from the Chair of the board in writing. All appeal decisions
made by the Board of Directors of WOVV are final.
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1. MAINTAINING LOGS It is the responsibility of each broadcaster to
maintain the Operating Log during your air shift. The broadcast
computer, along with the Operating Log, constitutes the WOVV Program
Log. These are used to compile quarterly reports that demonstrate that
our programming is fulfilling our mission as a community radio station.
Both are federal requirements. In addition, WOVV maintains its
Underwriter Log as displayed in our computer records.
2. FORBIDDEN SPEECH As outlined in the National Federation of
Community Broadcasters Public Radio Legal Handbook, the FCC groups
forbidden speech into three categories: obscenity, indecency and
profanity. While the FCC clearly identifies the three categories, they are
less clear about what represents the categories or what the penalties
will be for stations that air forbidden speech.
OBSCENITY-whether the average person would find that the work,
taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest, and whether the
work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive was, sexual conduct
specifically defined by the applicable state law, and whether the work
taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political or scientific
INDECENCY-the FCC considers a broadcast to be indecent if it contains
language or material that depicts or describes, in terms patently
offensive for the broadcast medium, sexual or excretory activities or
PROFANITY-Court cases have stated that in the case of language that
might be characterized as profane-hell, damn, etc.-the key factor is the
intention of the speaker. If the speaker’s language is meant as an
“imprecation of divine vengeance or condemnation so used as to
constitute a public nuisance” the language is considered profane.
Further, the FCC enforces it’s Indecency Policy between the hours of
6:00am and 10:00 pm, while stating that Obscenity may not be
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broadcast at any time. While it is generally acknowledged that the FCC
rules regarding all of this are unclear and vague, WOVV chooses to err
on the side of caution, and ask all broadcasters to be mindful and
respectful of all of our listening audience. In the event that something
is broadcast accidentally, a respectful apology should assuage any
listener who may be offended.
3. OTHER REGULATED CONTENT
LIBEL/SLANDER In the simplest terms, libel/slander is the knowing,
negligent and/or unguarded broadcast of false information that harms
the reputation of or causes shame or ridicule for an individual, alive or
dead, or organization in a way that causes actual injury in the form of
financial loss, impairment of reputation, public scorn or mental anguish
and suffering. It is a violation of state and federal law and includes not
only what you say, but things said by your guests.
CALLS TO ACTION As a broadcaster you may not encourage listeners to
take an action, such as go to a specific event, buy a specific product or
shop at a specific place.
CONSIDERATION You cannot promote or endorse any product, event, or
activity that you might receive consideration from.
POLITICAL CANDIDATES WOVV is not allowed to endorse any candidate
and if you want to have a candidate on your show, the FCC requires that
we offer equivalent time to other candidates. Any broadcaster running
for public office must resign their air shift.
COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL It is legal to broadcast any material that has
been commercially recorded. It is illegal to broadcast bootleg recordings
without written permission of the artists. Regarding written material
that is to be read on the air, you must either obtain written permission
from the author or publisher or adhere to the “fair use rule” which
states that the material you read should not take away any of the
financial value of the printed work. The reading of an entire book would
be a violation of the “fair use rule.”
REBROADCASTS A station may rebroadcast the programs of another
station only if the originating station has given it’s authority.
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DISCRIMINATORY BROADCASTING It is forbidden to broadcast any
material that demeans, encourages hatred or may lead to violence
toward any individual or group based on age, race, religion, sex, sexual
preference or national origin.
RELIGIOUS BROADCASTING A broadcaster may not promote one
religious belief over another, proselytize, or exhort others to embrace
any particular religious point of view.
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1. THE BROADCASTER In the simplest sense, the broadcaster is someone who
broadcasts at WOVV. But in a very real way, you are WOVV. It is the
personality and creativity of the broadcaster that defines the stations on air
sound. It is both a great freedom and a profound responsibility and we
must treat this opportunity with care and respect.
2. THE LISTENER Our listeners tune into WOVV for entertainment, sports,
local news, weather and commentary. They hear things on WOVV that
they can not hear anywhere else.
3. FCC The Federal Communication Commission is the federal agency that
regulates broadcast media. They are charged with monitoring radio and
television station and enforcing the rules that govern them.
4. BMI BMI is an American performing rights organization that represents
more than 300,000 songwriters, composers and publishers. They collect
license fees on behalf of those artists and distributes them as royalties.
WOVV pays a fee to BMI.
5. ASCAP ASCAP is a membership organization of 190,000 composers,
songwriters, publishers that collects license fees and distributes them as
royalties. WOVV pays a yearly fee to ASCAP.
6. VOLUNTEERS WOVV would not exist without an active and dedicated
volunteer base. Volunteers run every aspect of the station including
administration, broadcasting, fundraising and committee planning. The
entire WOVV Board of Directors are volunteers. The only paid position as
of this writing is the station manager.
7. CHIEF OPERATOR/STATION MANAGER The station manager handles all of
the day to day activities at the station. Duties include interfacing with the
board, various committees, and the community at large. He/she maintains
equipment and supplies, manages the email and phone, addresses
technical issues, makes reports, produces underwriter spots, provides
technical support to broadcasters, inventories merchandise and
coordinates all activities.
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8. PROGRAM COMMITTEE The program committee is a four person
committee, chaired by the Program Coordinator, and is responsible for all
aspects of programming, the management of the on air schedule,
promotion of shows and the management of music files. The committee
develops program guidelines, recruits volunteers to host shows, trains
broadcasters, and acts as a liaison between the broadcasters and the
administration of WOVV.
9. MUSIC LIBRARIAN This is a program committee position. The music
librarian manages the station music files, makes them easy to locate, help
new broadcasters with the loading of files, updates files regularly.
10.ON AIR ANNOUNCEMENT COORDINATOR This is a program committee
position. He/she manages the files that contain public service
announcements, sweepers, station id’s and coordinates all announcements
that go over the air live. He/she receives information from a variety of
sources and manages the transmittal of this information to the
11.MEMBERSHIP COORDINATOR This is a WOVV Board position. The
membership coordinator maintains the computer database of WOVV’s
membership, account records, prepares newsletters and mailers,
membership cards and works on membership recruiting and campaigns.
12.UNDERWRITING COORDINATOR This is a WOVV Board position. The
underwriter coordinator solicits and manages the accounts of businesses
that underwrite on air programming, assists the station manager in
coordinating and scheduling on air acknowledgements.
13.FUNDRAISING COORDINATOR This is a WOVV Board position. The
fundraising coordinator is responsible for activities that raise money for
various projects through special events. He/she develops ideas, recruits
volunteers, and manages events from beginning to end.
14.TREASURER This is a WOVV Board position. The treasurer manages all
WOVV accounts payable and receivable. This includes making bank
deposits, paying bills, formulating yearly budgets, presenting reports at
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15.SECRETARY This is a WOVV Board position. The secretary acts as record
keeper for WOVV, taking notes, recording minutes, publishing notes and
reminders and additional clerical duties.
16.REGULAR IN STUDIO OFFICE VOLUNTEERS WOVV maintains a regular
schedule of office volunteers who work at the station every weekday for
several hours. They clean and maintain the office, keep signs up, sell
merchandise, print forms, greet visitors, run errands, answer the phone and
occasionally do on air announcements, etc.
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2012 ROSTER OF STATION PERSONNEL
STATION MANAGER CLAYTON GASKILL
CHIEF OPERATOR CLAYTON GASKILL
WOVV BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Chair Greg Honeycutt
Vice Chair Robert Rayburn
Treasurer Andrew Stern
Secretary Debbie Wells
Jim Borland, Bill Cole, Jenny Scarborough, Charles
Temple, Sean Death
Underwriter Coordinator Greg Honeycutt
Fundraising Coordinator Jenny Scarborough
Membership Coordinator Debbie Wells
Debbie Wells Chair
Mike Norris Music Librarian
Sean Death On Air Announcement Coordinator
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