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					              Welcome to:
• League of American
• Kids I course
               Chris Daigle
• 25 years as a cyclist, racer, coach, commuter,
  tandemist, mechanic, etc.
• League of American Bicyclists Cycling Instructor
• U.S. Cycling Federation Licensed Coach
• U.S. Cycling Federation Licensed Racer
• Barnett Bicycle Institute Elite Bicycle
  Technicians course- Graduate with Excellence
• Bicycling Instructor for Lafayette Parish School
What did your first bike mean to
    What did your first bike mean to
•   Freedom
•   Independence
•   Fun
•   Peer Status
•   Transportation
       paper routes (commercial)
       visit a friend (recreational)
 As adults, will your children have
    similar happy memories?
• That is probably a large part of the reason
  you are here today – you are concerned,
  responsible parents who would like to
  insure that they do.
          The bicycle is not a toy!
              It is a vehicle!
• Louisiana Revised Statues:
• 32:1 (92) “Vehicle” Means every device by which
  persons or things may be transported upon a public
  highway or bridge, except devices moved by human
  power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
  A bicycle or ridden animal shall be a vehicle, and a trailer
  or semitrailer shall be a separate vehicle.
• 32:194 Every person riding a bicycle upon a highway of
  this state shall be granted all of the rights and shall be
  subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a
  vehicle by this chapter, except as to special regulations
  in this part and except as to those provisions of this
  chapter which by their very nature can have no
  As adults, will your children have
     similar happy memories?
• This is the attitude that will guide children
  into a lifetime of responsible roadway
  usage skills.
Does education benefit
Most parents think so or they wouldn’t
spend many, many dollars for music
 lessons, dance lessons, gymnastics
            classes, etc.
   Does bicycle education benefit
• Absolutely!
• In 1993 the Hawaii Bicycle League documented
  that their BikeEd Hawaii Program (for 4th
  graders) evaluation indicated that children who
  participated in bicycle education dramatically
  improved their riding behavior:
• Right side riding improved by 7%
• Helmet usage among children increased by 13%
• Sidewalk riding decreased by 47%
• Crashes decreased by 77%
            Getting Started
• A properly fitting helmet
• A properly fitting and maintained bicycle
• Helmets are stylish and come in a variety of
• Get your children involved in choosing the color
  and style of helmet!
• Your job is to make sure that it meets Consumer
  Product Safety Commission (CPSC) standards.
• You, the parent, play the key role in helping your
  child develop the helmet habit early in life.
• AND, set the right example- always wear your
               Helmet Fit
• Eyes- just able to see the front edge of the
• Ears- Straps meet just below the ears.
• Mouth- When buckled, the chin strap
  should be tight enough to pull the helmet
  down on the head.
     Bicycle - Correct size only!

• Straddle the bike with both feet on the
  ground. The child should clear the top tube
  of the bike.
• Beginners should have the seat low
  enough to have the feet flat on the ground
  when seated.
              First bikes
• Should have coaster brakes.
• Small hands are not strong enough to use
  hand brakes.
     Video – A Kids Eye View
• What does the world look like to a child?
• What basic requirements do parents have
  in helping their children ride safely?
• What mistakes do children make when
• What basic skills should children be
 What does the world look like to a
• Physical considerations - height is a
 What does the world look like to a
• Visual development
• Children are typically farsighted-
  outgrowing the condition as they mature.
• Peripheral vision is not well developed.
• Eyes are not well coordinated, requiring
  more time to focus than an adult.
    What does the world look like to a
•   Comprehension
•   Children see only part of a situation. They may see a blur and be unable to focus or
    identify important items around them.
•   Sounds are not localized – they may hear a motor vehicle but not comprehend how
    close it may be.
•   Their thoughts are a combination of reality and fantasy, knowledge and
•   They think of one thing at a time – tasks requiring divided attention are rarely handled
•   They have short attention spans.
•   They are impulsive.
•   They rarely understand the true nature of dangerous situations. They see primarily
    their own point of view.
•   They do not know traffic laws – therefore have no concept of what a driver may do or
    challenges and limitations facing drivers.
•   Thoughts are based on realities – what they actually see – reasoning abilities are
    typically poor.
•   Experience base is limited – further reducing the ability to reason.
 What does the world look like to a
• Emotion
• Children rarely use logic.
• Fear, excitement, anger or jealousy may be
  more intensive as children come in contact with
• Spontaneous reactions – children will focus on
  what is important to them – if the birthday party
  is across the street they may dart across
  thinking only of the party, not the possibility of
    What basic requirements do parents
     have in helping their children ride
• Bike sized appropriately for the child.
• Helmet appropriately sized and fitted.
• Parents (and other cyclists) setting a good example.
• Ride in a straight line.
• Behave predictably.
• Follow rules of the road (traffic laws).
• Parents setting rules for the children about when and
  where they may ride.
• Do not ride at night!
• Parents instilling beginning rules of the road for their
  What mistakes do children make
          when cycling?
• Ride outs – failure to yield the right of way, mid-
  block and intersections (stop signs).
• Wrong way riding.
• Left turn or sudden swerves.
• Poor judgment of traffic speed and distance.
• Visibility – their ability to see and be seen, and
  they assume motorists see them.
• Lane position – ride all over the street.
• Ride in groups – instead of single file.
• Not scanning behind for traffic.
What basic skills should children be
• Ride on the right.
• Right of way and yielding – look before
  entering (left, right, left).
• Scanning (looking) and signaling.
• Lane position for left turns.
• Passing parked cars.
       Thank you for coming!
• Your interest in your child’s welfare is
  shown by your participation today.

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