# KP ush and Pull

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Rockaway Township Public Schools
Science Literacy Unit Plan
Physical Science: K - Push and Pull

Unit Title:                                 Time Frame:                            21st Century Theme:
9.1 Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
Push and Pull                              Second Quarter                   Communication
Standard:
   5.2 Physical Science: Physical science principles, including fundamental ideas about matter, energy, and motion, are powerful
conceptual tools for making sense of phenomena in physical, living, and Earth systems science.

Strands:                                                          Cumulative Progress Indicator Number(s):
   E. Forces and Motion: It takes energy to change the                5.2.2.E.1 - Investigate and model the various ways that
motion of objects. The energy change is understood in               inanimate objects can move.
terms of forces.

Rockaway Township Goals:
   Some objects move in only one way.
   Some objects can move in many ways.
   Toys and other objects can move by winding up, pushing them, or pulling them.
   Sometimes, an object’s motion can be predictable.
   Sometimes, an object’s motion can be unexpected.

Essential Question                                                Enduring Understandings
   What causes an object to move?                                     Objects change their motion when a push or pull is applied to the
object.
Rockaway Township Public Schools
Science Literacy Unit Plan
Physical Science: K - Push and Pull

Unit Learning Targets:                                            Suggested Activities:
The Students will be able to…                                     Including Differentiated Strategies (DI)
   Identify objects that can move.                                 Observe various toys, carts, ramps, and objects that move.
   Identify objects that can only move in one way.                 Discus what causes the movement of various toys, carts, ramps,
   Identify objects that can move in many ways.                     and objects that move. (Push or Pull?)
   Identify a pushing force.                                       Sort various toys into groups that move only in one way.
   Identify a pulling force.                                       Sort various toys into groups that move in many ways.
   Predict the motion of various wind-up or pull-back cars and toys.

Resource Materials:                                               Assessments:
   National Science Digital Library, Science Digital Literacy          For example: Set up a simple pulley. Attach a block or toy to the
Maps: National Science Digital Library: Laws of Motion               string. Ask the students to predict the motion of the block or toy
http://strandmaps.nsdl.org/?id=SMS-MAP-1357                          when you pull down on the string.
   National Science Digital Library, Science Refreshers
http://nsdl.org/refreshers/science/
   Science Curriculum Topic Study
Describing Position and Motion p. 207

Technology Integration:                                           Vocabulary:
   Sesame Street website:
http://www.sesamestreet.org/browseplaylistsbysubject
   Online simulations:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/5_6/sci            force                     pull                     push
ence_5_6.shtml (ages 5-6)
Rockaway Township Public Schools
Science Literacy Unit Plan
Physical Science: K - Push and Pull

Related Literature:
   Suggested literature to integrate ILA with Science: http://www.thereadingnook.com/kindergarten2/
   Science and Children’s Literature: https://www.msu.edu/~stanawa8/Science%20and%20Children's%20Literature.htm
   Science activities Based on Children’s Literature: http://www.ehow.com/list_6197241_science-activities-based-children_s-
literature.html

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