Facilitating Expansive school Transformation Using ICT in the SADC by BlUvMbi


									    Facilitating Expansive school
Transformation Using ICT in the SADC
  Region: A Botswana Pilot Project

         Paul T. T. Nleya (P hD)
          University of Botswana
             P/Bag P/Bag 0022
General Context
• Launched under auspices of WITFOR 2005
• Emphasis on developmental studies &
  methodological experiments
• School transformation and ICT–related activities
  in developing countries.
• Pilot study in ten (10) pilot schools in Botswana
• Local & international project collaborators
• Scaling up of CL–based research activity to SADC
• Based on WSIS, Stellenbosch & WITFOR decisions
                Introduction Continued
Botswana Policy Frameworks on ICT
- Commission on Education Policy (NCE, 1994)
 -Botswana’s Vision 2016 (Republic of Botswana, 1997).
- Science and Technology Policy (1998)
- ‘Maitlamo’ ICT policy (Republic Botswana (2004, 2007)
“Botswana to be a globally competitive, knowledge & information society where
lasting improvements in social, economic & cultural development is achieved
through effective use of ICT.” (Republic of Botswana, 2004).

- The country’s first attempt to coordinate & integrate all ICT
      initiatives under MCST
Pilot Project Collaborators
    International SADC collaboration

       University of                    Ministry of MoLD, MoST
       Botsw ana                        Education

       of Educational

                                         Policy             ATIG
      Developer Research
      education collaboration

       University of
       Helsinki                                             Teacher
                                        Ten pilots chools   training
                                        & informal          and
       Centre for       Res earch and   education
       Res earch on                                         media
                        development,                        centres
       Activity,        4 CL
       and Learnning    interventions      in their
          Objectives of the Project
• Training, application, adaptation and development of the Cultural Historical
  Activity Theory (CHAT) and other methodologies in the context of school and
  community transformation.

• Planning, developing and implementing training to support educational
  transformation among teachers in a pilot project of ten (10) secondary

• Training of change agents for school and community transformation and new
  uses of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)

• The establishment of a virtual community of practice network for enhancing
  the teachers in the pilot project and the SADC region.

• Engagement in Developmental Work Research (DWR) on school and
  community transformation using Change Laboratory method.

• Diffusion of innovative learning and knowledge communities project to SADC
  region through collaborative projects
     Activity System of the Project

                         The activity system
              ICT IMPLEMENTS
              ICT SKILLS
              CHANGE LAB
              CHANGE OF MINDSET
                                         tools and signs
                                                                        ICT INTERGRATION
                                                                        ACROSS THE
     STUDENT                                                   sense,
                     Subject                                                 Outcome       CITIZENS W ITH
     MANAGEMENT                                                meaning
                                                                                           HIGH LEVELS
                                                                                           OF ICT

                 Rules                  Community             Division of labor
A.    TIME TABLING (COMPUTER                                                     MINISTRIAL AND
      LABS)                       PROVIDERS OUTSIDE THE SCHOOL                   SCHOOL LEVEL
B. TEACHING LOADS                 PTA                                            COORDINATION
                                                                                 (CDNE, DEPT SEC,
C. OTHER COMPUTER                 POLICY MAKERS                                  SMT).
                                  MOE DEPARTMENTS e.g. TT&D AND
D. POLICIES                       DNFE
Conceptual Frameworks of the Project

• Adopted a socio-technical approach
• Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT)
  Developmental Work Research (DWR),
• Change Laboratory (CL)
• School & community transformation models
• The Expansive Cycles of Learning
• Zone of Proximal development
The Cycle of Expansive Learning
Towards a School & Community
    Transformation Model
               Outcomes of the Project
General Outcomes
• Produce scientific knowledge, concerning applicability of CL methodology

• Help specify challenges & constraints regarding ICT-related educational

• Produce information concerning current practices of learning & instruction in
  schools in the SADC region

• Results to be published in series of symposia & conferences

Specific Outcomes

• Establishment of Centre for Activity Theory & DWR within the University of
  Botswana responsible for undertaking research based on Activity Theory on the
  educational activities of schools & teacher education
                   Outcomes Continued
•   Centre to offer Post Graduate training of change agents for school and community
    transformation and new uses of ICTs at the University of Botswana

•   Adopting & adapting DWR & Change Laboratory methodologies as authentic “Action
    Research’ models for Botswana schools, institutions and communities

•   Utilization of virtual community of practice serving SADC-wide region in eLearning,
    school and community transformation promoting CHAT & CL

•   Linking with best practice centers of Activity Theory in the world (i. e. Centre for
    Activity Theory and DWR at University of Helsinki, Centre for Activity Theory and
    Socio-cultural Research, University of Bath, UK & Center for Human Activity Theory,
    Kansai University, Osaka, Japan

•   Establish DWR projects based at ‘Kitsong ICT Community centers to promote eLearning
    in line with MAITLAMO and Vision 2016 ideals.

•   A network of school developers applying the Change Laboratory method in SADC
    region after the pilot

•   Establish Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) to promote entrepreneurship


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