Semester 1 Biology Study Guide
INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY (Chapters 1 & 2)
1. Identify and describe the ten themes of biology.
2. List the levels of organization from cell to biosphere.
3. What is the structure and the function of the parts labeled on the
4. What is the magnification of a compound light microscope with an eyepiece
magnification of 15X and an objective magnification of 500X? Show your work.
5. When you are looking in a microscope you notice a live specimen is swimming to the
right. Which way do you move the slide to keep the specimen in view?
6. How does the diameter of the field of view change when you go from low to high
7. List and describe the steps of the scientific method.
ECOLOGY (Chapters 34-36)
8. Identify the characteristics (climate, plants, animals) of the 8 terrestrial biomes.
9. Describe the following relationships and give an example of each.
e) competitive exclusion
10. List 10 biotic and 10 abiotic factors.
11. Draw a graph showing exponential growth.
12. Draw a graph showing carrying capacity.
13. What is a niche?
14. What would be a limiting factor for a population of deer in a forest?
15. What is a consumer? What is a producer? What is a decomposer?
16. Draw a food chain with 5 organisms.
17. How much energy is lost in each level of a trophic pyramid?
18. Describe the following nutrient cycles.
a) water cycle
b) carbon cycle
c) nitrogen cycle
19. Describe 5 negative impacts that humans have on the environment.
20. Describe 5 positive impacts that humans have on the environment.
PLANTS (Chapters 19-21)
21. Describe the function of roots, stems, leaves, stomata, and flowers.
22. Draw a plant and label the roots, stems, leaves and flower.
23. Draw, label and give the function of the flower and its parts.
24. What is the difference between an angiosperm and a gymnosperm?
25. What is the difference between xylem and phloem?
26. What is the difference between vascular and nonvascular plants?
CELL STRUCTURE & FUNCTION (Chapter 6)
27. Explain the differences between a plant and animal cell.
28. What is the function of the following organelles: nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes,
29. Draw a cell membrane with the 3 cell surface proteins. Label each protein with its
30. What are the differences between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell?
CELL TRANSPORT (Chapter 6)
31. Which way will the water move in the diagram to the right?
32. What is the difference between osmosis and diffusion?
33. Why do cells need the processes of osmosis and diffusion?
34. What is the goal of osmosis and diffusion?
CELLS & ENERGY (Chapter 5 & 7, 8)
35. Describe the connection between enzymes and activation energy.
36. Draw a graph showing two reactions one with an enzyme and one without an enzyme.
37. What is an active site? What is a substrate?
38. What is the goal of photosynthesis?
39. What are the reactants and products of photosynthesis?
40. What is the goal of cell respiration?
41. What are the reactants and products of cell respiration?
42. What is the relationship between photosynthesis and cell respiration?
43. Why do we need ATP?
CELL REPRODUCTION (Chapter 9)
44. Draw out the phases of mitosis and explain what is happening in each phase.
45. What is the connection between mitosis and cancer?
46. What are the three reasons that we need mitosis?
47. What is cytokinesis?
48. What is interphase?
49. What is nuclear division?