State Concept of the United Positioning by 9w2902f3

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									                 SAE Meeting, October 2006




The Federal Russian Mission Oriented Program
                  “GLONASS”
                     and
   State Concept of the United Positioning,
          Navigation and Time System
                presented by
          Mikhail N. Krasilshchikov,



         Moscow Aviation Institute


             Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
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                       Board of Authors



 V.Klimov, Federal Space Agency
 V.Bartenev, V.Kossenko, Scientific Production Corporation of
  Applied Mechanics, named after Academician M.F.Reshetnev
 V.Dvorkin, Russian Research Institute of Space Device
  Engineering
 A. Tyulyakov, Russian Institute of Radio Navigation and Time
 S.Revnivykh, V.Pochukaev, Central Research Institute of
  Machine Building
 M.Krasilshchikov, Moscow Aviation Institute




                    Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
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Part one: GLONASS Status & Update




         Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
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                  Part one: Contents




   GLONASS state policy
   Actual GLONASS status
   GLONASS development and update
   Conclusion




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   State Policy Principles

 GLONASS is a strategic element of the national security issue
 GLONASS is a dual-use system
 No direct user fees for civil GLONASS service
 Open access to the GLONASS civil signal structure for user
  equipment manufacturing, applications development and value-
  added services
 Combine GLONASS/GPS receivers use on the Russian territory
 Compatibility and interoperability of GLONASS with GPS and
  GALILEO
 Development of the GNSS global market
 Since 2006 binding equipment of Russian users by GLONASS or
  combine receivers only

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  GLONASS State Policy Sources (I)




 Decree of the President , 1999
 Decision of the Government, 1999
 Federal GLONASS Program for 2002-2011, approved
  by the Government, August 2001; Update approved
  at July 14, 2006
 State concept of the Russian United Positioning,
  Time and Navigation Service System, October 2004




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   GLONASS State Policy Sources (II)

 Program directions
    GLONASS development
    User equipment development and production for both civil and special
     users
    GNSS technique introduction into the transport section
    Geodesy reference system update
   New Presidential initiatives:
 Directive issued at January 18, 2006
    To ensure GLONASS minimum operational capability (constellation of 18
     NSV) by the end of 2007
    To ensure GLONASS full operational capability (constellation of 24 NSV) by
     the end of 2009
    To ensure GLONASS performance comparable with GPS and GALILEO by
     2010
 Directive issued at April 19, 2006
    To ensure the navigation equipment mass production: encourage the
     industry in the manufacture renovation
    Mass market development

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   Federal GLONASS Program for 2002-2011 Directions

 Development of GLONASS system (Roskosmos or Russian Space
  Agency, Ministry of Defense):
    Minimal operation capability (18 satellites) by 2008
    Full operation capability (24 satellites) by 2010-2011
 Development and production preparation of the GNSS user
  equipment for civil and governmental users (Agency of
  Industry, Ministry of Defense)
    Combined GNSS receivers
    Integrated systems based on GNSS techniques
    Components manufacture
 Navigation technology introduction in the transport
  infrastructure (Transport Agency of Ministry of Transport)
 Geodesy system modernization (Mapping Agency of Ministry of
  Transport)

       GLONASS Federal Mission Oriented Program –
                   directly funded from
        the Federal Budget with annual adjustment
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   GLONASS Program Management

 Roskosmos (Russian
  Space Agency):                                  MOD
                                                  MOD                           Roskosmos
                                                                                 Roskosmos
    GLONASS development
    GLONASS augmentation                                                                           Civil Aviation Agency
                                                                                                     Civil Aviation Agency
     development                      Ministry                  Interagency         Ministry
                                                                                     Ministry
                                       Ministry              Coordination Board     of Transport    Maritime Agency
                                    of Industry                                      of Transport
    GLONASS performance             of Industry                   of the
                                                                                                     Maritime Agency
                                    and Energy
     monitoring and control          and Energy              GLONASS Program                  Road Transport Agency
                                                                                               Road Transport Agency

 Ministry of Defense                  Agency
                                        Agency
                                     on Industry
                                                                                          Rail Transport Agency
                                                                                           Rail Transport Agency
                                      on Industry
  (MOD):                                                                                 Mapping Agency
                                                                                          Mapping Agency

    GLONASS development
    GLONASS operation                                   Executive Secretariat
                                                          Executive Secretariat
    User equipment
     development for
     governmental use

                                                                  Problem Council




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Federal GLONASS Program Update
                          Speed up of the constellation deployment
                          GLONASS performance (accuracy first) comparable
                           with GPS
                          Multisystem receivers and end-user systems
                           development
  GLONASS                 Manufacture renovation for mass production of the
   Program                 user equipment
 Extra Budget             Pilot projects implementation
for 2007-2011             GNSS equipment combination with ground based
                           radio-navigation systems (“Chayka” (Gull) like)
                         Non-classified navigation maps production (100 m
                           and 50 m scale)
                          Legal basis establishing for mass application of
                           GNSS techniques
 GLONASS                  Communication system modernization
  Program
   Budget
  of 2001       Requirements of 2001: Program update:
                • Full constellation in 2011              • 18 satellites in constellation – 2007
                • Standard Performance                    • 24 satellites in constellation – 2009




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        GLONASS Constellation at 01.09.06
              16 SV in orbit, 15 operational
   12 satellites «Glonass» (3 -5 years life-                   Block 35
    time):                                                      Launch:       Глонасс-M                 Глонасс-M       Глонасс-M
       11 operational                                                          № 15                      № 16            № 17
                                                             December 2006 г. САС 7 лет                 САС 7 лет       САС 7 лет
   4 satellites «Glonass-М» (7 years life-time)
       All operational
   Next launch – December 2006

                                     1                                                                  7          8

                                  Глонасс     Глонасс      Глонасс     Глонасс Глонасс       Глонасс-M Глонасс-М Глонасс
                                    № 96        № 95         № 89        № 94    № 11Л         № 11Л     № 12Л      № 97
                                   Запуск      Запуск       Запуск      Запуск   Запуск       Запуск    Запуск     Запуск
                                 26.12.2004   10.12.03     01.12.01    10.12.03 01.12.01      10.12.03 26.12.2004 26.12.2004
                                  САС 3 г.    САС 3 г.     САС 3 г.    САС 3 г. САС 5 лет    САС 7 лет САС 7 лет САС 3 г.




                                     9           10         11         12        13          14       15           16

                                                                                            L3 1201.703 MHz


                                                            19         20

                                  Глонасс       Глонасс     Глонасс    Глонасс Глонасс       Глонасс Глонасс-М      Глонасс-М
                                    № 87          № 83        № 98       № 93     № 92         № 91     № 14Л         № 13Л
                                   Запуск        Запуск      Запуск     Запуск   Запуск       Запуск   Запуск        Запуск
                                  13.10.00      13.10.00    25.12.05   25.12.02 25.12.02     25.12.02 25.12.2005    25.12.2005
                                  САС 3 г.      САС 3 г.    САС 3 г.   САС 3 г. САС 3 г.     САС 3 г. САС 7 лет     САС 7 лет


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        GLONASS Constellation at 12.10.06
              16 SV in orbit, 11 operational
   12 satellites «Glonass» (3 years life-time):                Block 35
      7 operational                                            Launch:       Глонасс-M                Глонасс-M       Глонасс-M
    4 satellites «Glonass-М» (7 years life-time)                                № 15                     № 16            № 17
                                                            December 2006 г. САС 7 лет                САС 7 лет       САС 7 лет
      All operational
   Next launch – December 2006


                                     1                                                                 7          8

                                  Глонасс     Глонасс      Глонасс     Глонасс Глонасс      Глонасс-M Глонасс-М Глонасс
                                    № 96        № 95         № 89        № 94    № 11Л        № 11Л     № 12Л      № 97
                                   Запуск      Запуск       Запуск      Запуск   Запуск      Запуск    Запуск     Запуск
                                 26.12.2004   10.12.03     01.12.01    10.12.03 01.12.01     10.12.03 26.12.2004 26.12.2004
                                  САС 3 г.    САС 3 г.     САС 3 г.    САС 3 г. САС 5 лет   САС 7 лет САС 7 лет САС 3 г.




                                     9           10         11         12        13         14       15           16




                                                            19         20

                                  Глонасс       Глонасс     Глонасс    Глонасс Глонасс      Глонасс Глонасс-М      Глонасс-М
                                    № 87          № 83        № 98       № 93     № 92        № 91     № 14Л         № 13Л
                                   Запуск        Запуск      Запуск     Запуск   Запуск      Запуск   Запуск        Запуск
                                  13.10.00      13.10.00    25.12.05   25.12.02 25.12.02    25.12.02 25.12.2005    25.12.2005
                                  САС 3 г.      САС 3 г.    САС 3 г.   САС 3 г. САС 3 г.    САС 3 г. САС 7 лет     САС 7 лет


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Integral GLONASS Availability

               Integral GLONASS availability for on-ground User
          at 24 hours interval (mask angle not less than 5 degrees).
                              Date: 01.09.2006г.
Current Constellation: 15 Spacecrafts (1,2,3,4,.6,7,8,...17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24)




             Availability and maximal navigation world gap: 87.3%, 1.47 h
           Availability and maximal navigation Russia’s territory gap: 0.03 h
Availability is computed (using system almanac at 24 hours interval) as visibility of 4
                                  GLONASS satellites.

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Integral GLONASS Availability

               Integral GLONASS availability for on-ground User
            at 24 hours interval (mask angle not less than 5 degrees).
                                Date: 06.10.2006г.
       Current Constellation: 11Spacecrafts (1,2,3,4,.6,7,8,...19,..22,23,24.)




          Availability and maximal navigation world gap: 33.6%, 21.07 h
    Availability and maximal navigation Russia’s territory gap: 40.7%, 6.87 h
 Availability is computed (using system almanac at 24 hours interval) as visibility
                              of 4 GLONASS satellites.

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 Instant GLONASS availability

                           Instant GLONASS availability
number of the visible GLONASS satellites at current time instant ( 08: 37:02 01.09.06
                                  Moscow Time)
                            mask angle not less than 5




                          Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
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 Instant GLONASS availability

                           Instant GLONASS availability
number of the visible GLONASS satellites at time instant ( 11: 51:45 06.10.06 Moscow)
                            mask angle not less than 5




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         GLONASS Constellation

                                 GLONASS Constellation at 01.09.06г.
№ of     № of    № carrier   Mission Control     Kosmo       Date of      Date of putting into   Date of drawing   Active life.
                                                                                                                                        Remarque
plane.   point   character     Center №           s№         launch           operation                out         (months)
          1         7             796             2411       26.12.04          06.02.05                               18.1
          2         1             794             2402       10.12.03          02.02.04                               30.7
          3         12            789             2381       01.12.01          04.01.02                               53.7
          4         6             795             2403       10.12.03          29.01.04                               31.0
  I
          5         7             711             2382       01.12.01          13.02.03             09.07.06          36.1        Temporary out of order
          6         1             701             2404       10.12.03          08.12.04                               16.5
          7         4             712             2413       26.12.04          07.10.05                               9.2
          8         6             797             2412       26.12.04          06.02.05                               18.0




  II




          17        5             787             2375      13.10.00          04.11.00                                68.4
          18        10            783             2374      13.10.00          05.01.01                                61.0
          19        3             798             2417      25.12.05          22.01.06                                7.2
          20        11            793             2396      25.12.02          31.01.03                                41.0
 III
          21        5             792             2395      25.12.02          31.01.03                                42.7
          22        10            791             2394      25.12.02          21.01.03                                42.5
          23        3             714             2419      25.12.05          31.08.06                                0.0
          24        2             713             2418      25.12.05          31.08.06                                0.0




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         GLONASS Constellation

                                            GLONASS Constellation at 06.10.06г.
№ of         № of         № carrier     Mission Control     Kosmo       Date of      Date of putting into   Date of drawing   Active life.
                                                                                                                                                       Remarque
plane.       point        character       Center №           s№         launch           operation                out         (months)
         1                7           796                   2411      26.12.04       06.02.05                                 19.3
         2                1           794                   2402      10.12.03       02.02.04                                 31.8
         3                12          789                   2381      01.12.01       04.01.02                                 54.9
         4                6           795                   2403      10.12.03       29.01.04                                 32.1
  I
         5                7           711                   2382      01.12.01       13.02.03               09.07.06          36.1           temporary out of order
         6                1           701                   2404      10.12.03       08.12.04                                 17.6
         7                4           712                   2413      26.12.04       07.10.05                                 10.4
         8                6           797                   2412      26.12.04       06.02.05                                 19.2




  II




         17          5                787                   2375      13.10.00       04.11.00               12.09.06          68.7           temporary out of order
         18          10               783                   2374      13.10.00       05.01.01               24.09.06          61.7           temporary out of order
         19          3                798                   2417      25.12.05       22.01.06                                 8.3
         20          11               793                   2396      25.12.02       31.01.03               23.09.06          41.7           temporary out of order
 III     21          5                792                   2395      25.12.02       31.01.03               24.09.06          43.5           temporary out of order
         22          10               791                   2394      25.12.02       21.01.03                                 43.1

         23          3                714                   2419      25.12.05       31.08.06                                 1.2

         24          2                713                   2418      25.12.05       31.08.06               01.10.06          1.0            temporary out of order




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   GLONASS Ground Control Segment

 GLONASS System Control Center
    Krasnoznamensk, Moscow reg.
    Satellite operation
    OD&TS
 TT&C stations
    St.Petersbourg reg.
    Schelkovo, Moscow reg
    Yenisseysk
    Komsomolsk-Amur
 System clock (Central
  synchronizer)
    Schelkovo




       Mission control segment modernization is in schedule


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     GLONASS Satellite Performance

   Guaranteed Life-time                         3-5 years
   Satellite mass                               1 415 kg
   Power supply                                 1 000 W
   Navigation payload
      Mass                                        180 kg
      Power consumption                           600 W
   Clock stability (24 hours)                   5*10-13
   Attitude control accuracy                    0.5 deg
   Solar panel pointing accuracy                5 deg




                        Group
                        launch by
                        PROTON                                 Total launched 81 satellites
                                                                Actual life-time 4.5 years




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     GLONASS-M Performance

 Guaranteed Life-time                          7 years
 Satellite mass                                1 415 kg
 Power supply                                  1 450 W
 Navigation payload
    Mass                                         250 kg
    Power consumption                            580 W
 Clock stability (24 hours)                    1*10-13
 Attitude control accuracy                     0.5 deg
 Solar panel pointing accuracy                 2 deg


    GLONASS-M new features:
   Extended life-time
                                                                       Group
   L2 civil signal
   Improved clock stability
                                                                       launch by
   Improved solar panel pointing
                                                                       PROTON
   Improved dynamic model, less level of unpredicted
    accelerations


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        GLONASS-K Performance

 Guaranteed Life-time                       10 years
 Satellite mass                             850 kg
 Power supply                               1 270 W
 Navigation payload
    Mass                                      260 kg
    Power consumption                         750 W
 Clock stability (24 hours)                 1*10-13
 Attitude control accuracy                  0.5 deg
 Solar panel pointing accuracy              1 deg



 GLONASS-K new features:
                                                                        Group
       Extended life-time                                          launch by
       L3 civil signal                                                SOYUZ
       Improved performance
       SAR function



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                                                        Constellation deployment schedule update

                                                                             Программа развертывания орбитальной группировки ГЛОНАСС
                                                                                   GLONASS Constellation Deployment Program

                                                        30

                                                        27
                                                                                                                                                                             24      24        24   24   24     24
                                                        24                       FMOP “GLONASS”                                                                       24
numder of operational satellites in the constellation




                                                                              implementation according                                                   20   20
                                                        21                            to 2001                                                  18   18
                                                        18
                                                                                                                                       15
                                                                                                                             14   14
                                                        15                                                      13      13                       FMOP “GLONASS”
                                                                                                           11                                implementation considering
                                                        12                                         10
                                                                                    9          9                                                   2006 updating
                                                                    8   8      8
                                                         9
                                                             6
                                                         6

                                                         3

                                                         0
                                                                 2001       2002        2003            2004     2005         2006          2007     2008          2009           2010          2011          2012
                                                                     GLONASS deployment milestones:
                                                                  Блок 30
                                                                  01.12.01
                                                                            3118 satellites in constellation – 2007Блок 39
                                                                           Блок
                                                                           25.12.02
                                                                                    Блок 32
                                                                                    10.12.03
                                                                                             Блок 33
                                                                                             26.12.03
                                                                                                      Блок 34
                                                                                                      25.12.03
                                                                                                               Блок 35 Блок 36 Блок 37 Блок 38                Блок 40 Блок 41        Блок К3                   Блок К3
                                                                                                                                                                   Блок К1
                                                                            24 satellites in constellation – 2009                                                              Глонасс-К (ЛИ)


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            Results of GLONASS Program Implementation


12/2001: 6 SV, A=17 
     gap = 13.7h                   12/2002: 8 SV, A=22 
                                        gap = 9.3h


                                                                      12/2003: 9 SV, A=35 
                                                                           gap = 9.0h




                                                                 12/2004: 11 SV, A=58 
                                                                       gap = 4.6h




                                                               03/2005: 13 SV, A=76 
                                                                     gap = 2.9h
               12/2007: 18 SV, A=96 
                     gap = 0.6h


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   GLONASS Service Modernization

 Second civil signal at L2 frequency band since GLONASS-M
  in 2003 for higher accuracy
 Third civil signal at L3 frequency band since GLONASS-K in
  2009 for higher reliability and accuracy, especially for safety-of-
  life applications
 GNSS Integrity information in the third civil signal (GLONASS-K,
  tbc) – reliability of navigation service
 Global differential ephemeris and time corrections in the third
  civil signal (GLONASS-K, tbc) – sub meter real time accuracy for
  mobile users
 Search and Rescue service (extension of COSPAS/SARSAT
  service) – shortening time of precise positioning and rescue for
  people in distress




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            GLONASS Signals
                                                                      GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO
                                                                                spectrums
                                                                         10.22 MHz
                                                                     1.022
                                                                     MHz
                                                                              -        -                             +9
                  L1          BPSK 5.11/0.511 MHz                             7        6
                              1598.0625 – 1607.0625
      GPS                             MHz                                                                                           1610.6
                                ∆F = 0.5625 MHz                                                                                     MHz
                                                                                                                                              R/A

158          158        158     158      159      159         159       159       159       160     160     160      160      160       161         161    161
 3            5          7       9        1        3           5         7         9         1       3       5        7        9         1           3      5
                                                                ∆F
                                                                                                                  10.22 MHz
                                                                              -    -                       +9
                               BPSK 5.11/0.511 MHz            1.022
                   L2                                                         7    6
                               1242.9375 – 1249.9375          MHz
            GPS                         MHz
                                 ∆F = 0.4375 MHz
                                                                                                                                              E4 GALILEO
                                 L2f(i) = 7/9 L1f(i)

122          123        123     123     123       123         124       124       124       124     124     125   125         125       125         125    126
 8            0                          6         8           0         2         4         6       8                                               8
                         2       4                              ∆F                      -
                                                                                                             0 +9 2            4         6                  0

                                    BPSK 4.095 MHz                                      7
            L3/L5
                                   1201.743 -1208.511                                                                                            E5B
      GPS/GALILEO                          MHz                                                                                                 GALILEO
          E5A                       ∆F = 0.423 MHz
                                  L3f(i) = 94/125 L1f(i)

118         118         119    119      119       119        119        120       120       120     120     120      121      121       121      121       121
 6           8           0      2        4         6          8          0         2         4       6       8        0        2         4        6         8




                                                 8.19                               1207.14 MHz           L3 signal to be refined
                                                 MHz
                  ФГУП «РНИИ КП»                           Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
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Number of GLONASS satellites with civil signals


      30


      25


                                                                                    GLONASS-M
      20
                                                                                    GLONASS-K
NSV




      15

                                         GLONASS                             L1+L2
      10                                 GLONASS-M
                                         GLONASS-K
      5
                         L1
                                                                                            GLONASS-K
                                                                                         L1+L2+L3
      0
           2001   2002   2003    2004        2005      2006         2007   2008   2009    2010   2011   2012



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 GLONASS Performance                                        1.16


Swiss Institute of Science Research and Engineering estimation
                    SV ephemeris accuracy, m
                     (20/03/2005-20/06/2005)




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GLONASS Performance (continue)


                                         Onboard Clock Stability
  1,00E-10
                                                                R04     R06   R07



                                            (Allan Variance)
                                                                G20     G03   G30




         GLONASS R04 (#94)
  1,00E-11




         GLONASS-M R06 (#11L)
  1,00E-12




             GLONASS-M R07 (#12L)
  1,00E-13




                                                                GPS G20
  1,00E-14
             100                 1000                           10000               100000




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                                          GPS - GLONASS
                                     System Time Status at 2005



                                  Monitoring GLO/GPS System Time
                    400

                    300                                                        UTC-GLO as published by BIPM (Paris)
UTC - SYSTEM TIME




                    200
     Unit 1 ns




                    100

                      0
                           UTC-GPS as published by BIPM
                    -100 UTC-GPS as published by IMVP

                    -200
                                                                         UTC-GLO as published by IMVP (VNIIFTRI)
                    -300
                      52900             53100                         53300                 53500            53700
                                                                       MJD                               1.12.2005
                      1.09.2003
                                      Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
                                                                                                                      30
 GLONASS Performance Modernization Plan


 Satellite modernization
    Clock stability improvement
    Dynamic model improvement (attitude accuracy, eclipse passing algorithm
 Receiving monitoring stations (RMS) network extension
 GLONASS time keeping system modernization
    New system clocks with high stability
    Synchronization system modernization
 Geodesy system refinement in direction to ITRF : PZ-90.02 in
  2006
 OD&TS software modernization based on one-way code and
  phase data processing




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                                                                           31
Positioning performance improvement
(for ideal user receiver)

                   Predicted GLONASS Positioning Error (95%)
      35

      30

      25

      20
[m]                                                                   Current GPS
      15
                                                                         Level
      10

      5

      0
           2007           2008                       2009      2010          2011


Modernization of Orbit and Time Determination Techniques
                  is a key to improve performance

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  International Cooperation: Russia - US

GPS/GLONASS full compatibility provided by
 design for existing signals
Joint statement signed in December 2004:
  No direct user fees for civil GLONASS/GPS service
   confirmed
  Cooperation at International organizations
  Ensure compatibility and interoperability
  SAR function implementation
  Agreement preparation




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                                                         33
GPS/GLONASS Combine Use Benefits (1/2)

Advantage of Positioning Availability for Urban and Canyon Conditions
                      (GDOP<5, mask angle 25o)




                                                                GPS+GLONASS (9 sats)
               GPS only




                                                            GPS+GLONASS (12 sats)


             GPS+GLONASS (18 sats)



        GPS only

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                                                                                       34
                                        GPS/GLONASS Combine Use Benefits (2/2)

                                                                                                  Real-Time Precision Navigation
                                                                                                   for construction and geodesy
                                                                                                     (GDOP<5, mask angle 25o)

                                                     Number of satellite visible for
                                                     Moscow region during a day
                                                                 Comparison of the Numbers of the visible satellites in Moscow,                                               Continuous navigation
                               11
                                                                                  for date 16.11.2004 and mask angle = 25°
                                                                                                                                                                               during a day:
                                                                                                                                                                                 With GPS only 83.1%
                               10
                                                GPS+GLONASS (9 satellites)
                               9
                                                                                                                                                                                 With GPS + GLONASS
                                                                                                                                                                                   (9 satellites) 100%
Number of satellites in view




                               8



                               7



                               6



                               5



                               4

                                        ИАЦ НКВО ЦУП-М ЦНИИмаш
                                                                                                 GPS only
                               3
                                    0   1    2     3     4   5      6    7    8       9     10    11     12     13      14   15   16   17    18    19    20   21   22   23
                                              Time (hours)
                                                                                                   Only GPS constellation                   GPS + 9GLONASS




                                                                                                              Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
                                                                                                                                                                                                         35
                         Summary
 Positioning, Time and Navigation is a component of the critical state
  infrastructure for national security and economical growth
 GLONASS is a key element of the Russian Positioning, Time and
  Navigation service
 GLONASS remains as a dual use system
 GLONASS is open for civil use world wide. In combination with GPS can
  benefit users already now
 Governmental support to the spread use of satellite navigation in the
  different areas of national economy
 The goals of the international cooperation are to faster constellation
  deployment with new satellites, to provide better compatibility and
  interoperability with existing and future systems and augmentations
 New Presidential Directive: to speed up the GLONASS constellation
  deployment with performance comparable with GPS and future
  GALILEO
    18 satellites in 2007
    24 satellites in 2009


                         Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
                                                                           36
 Part two: State Concept of the United
Positioning, Navigation and Time System
      Based on the results of PNT System Study, implemented
     by the Interagency Commission in 2005 under leadership
                     of the Federal Space Agency
     in fulfillment of the Governmental Directive of 01.04.2005




                 Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
                   Basic definition




 United Positioning, Navigation and Time System
  (UPNTS) is integrated system, consisting of the
mutually connected structures and giving to User an
 opportunity to create own User’s systems to solve
   PNT problem according to User requirement.




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                                                       38
UPNTS Importance

UPNTS should be considered as basic state
 infrastructure, providing both national security
 and stability.
Development of the UPNTS will provide:
Elaboration of the united state policy, considering
 requirements of the different Russian groups of
 Users
The guaranteeing world quality User’s positioning
 service
Development of Russian competitiveness
 hardware
Development of Russian competitiveness PNT
 service


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                                                        39
   UPNTS specific features

 UPNTS is double purpose (dual use) system, which should be
  included into Russian National Security System (Infrastructure)
 UPTNS is designated for wide civilian utilization, including both
  scientific and commercial organizations
 UPTNS includes the wide spectrum of independent systems,
  providing positioning, navigation and time data
 GNS Systems should be considered currently as basement of
  UPNTS
 Development of UPNTS supposes fundamental problems solution
  updating according to actual requirements
 Development of UPNTS supposes integration of the International
  Positioning, Navigation and Time systems, such as
    Loran-С/Chaika (Gull)
    GLONASS/GPS/Galileo/QZSS/SBAS…


 Design and development of UPNTS is complex multi criteria problem,
 which should be solved, considering mutually eliminated requirements
                      Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
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    Basic UPNTS Requirements

                             General requirements
   Continuity and globality
   Guaranteeing service
   Open access
   Compatibility
   Controllability
   Safety of operation and utilization
   Legality

                 Basic standard on-line positioning performances
         Type of User          Positioning accuracy                     Accessibility           Integrity
                                          [м]                               [%]                   [%]
                                  min              max             min           max     min           max

     Sea & River transport         0.1            3 700            99.0          99.9    90.0          99.0
         Air transport             3.5           23 000            99.9         100.0   99.9       99.999995

        Road transport              2              100             95.0         99.999   95.0          99.9

           Geodetic                0.1              50             99.0          99.0    99.0          99.0




                               Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
                                                                                                                41
  Positioning, Navigation and Time Approach

         Governmental Commission of 01.04.2005:
         Systematic Study to define the way to go


   United PNT System                                              State Program of the United PNT
        (UPNTS)                                                         System development

Fundamental Basis for PNT                                            Federal GLONASS Program

                                                                    State Program of Armament
Navigation Field Generation
                                                                  Federal Program of Modernization
 Legal Issues and Control                                            of Transport Infrastructure

   Use and Application                                                 Federal Space Program

                                                                  Federal Program Electronic Russia
      Infrastructure
                                                                                …




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                                                                                                      42
  UPNTS Architecture

  United Positioning Navigation and
                                                                                         UPNTS
    Time System consists of the
    following segments:                                                       Segments


   Artificial navigation field
    generation
   Fundamental research                               Artificial
                                                      Navigation    Fundamental
                                                                                         Legal Issues   Users   Infrastructure

   Legal issues
                                                        Field        Research
                                                      Generation
                                                                                                                    Service
                                                                                                                Provision and
   Use and applications                                                                                         Application
                                                                                                                Infrastructure
   Infrastructure




The main UPNTS goal is: to give all Users both necessary data and means for
positioning, navigation and time problems solution according to corresponding
User requirement


                        Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
                                                                                                                                 43
     Segment of Artificial Navigation Field Generation

The following basing systems are formed this
    segment:
                                                                                     Segment of Artificial Navigation Field Generation
GNSS GLONASS
 Long Range Radio Navigation Systems (such as
    “Tchaika” (“Gull”))
 Wide area GNSS GLONASS augmentation
    (System of Differential Corrections &                                                              Regional and local
    Monitoring)                                                      GNSS GLONASS                       GNSS functional              GNSS GPS
                                                                                                         supplements
 Artificial Navigation Fields Synchronizer (System
    “Tsiel” (“Goal”))                                                Long Range Radio                Local Radio Navigation
Besides, the following regional and local systems are                Navigation Systems                     Systems
                                                                                                                                   Future GALILEO

    involved into this Segment
 Regional and local GNSS augmentations                              Wide zonal GNSS
                                                                                                     Radio Beacon Systems
 Local Radio Navigation Systems                                   GLONASS supplement                                                    LORAN-C

 Radio Beacon Systems
                                                                     Artificial Navigation
The foreign navigation systems could be involved                     Fields Synchronizer
    also                                                                                                                                  WAAS

 GNSS GPS (and future GALILEO)
 LORAN-C
 SBAS (WAAS, EGNOS).                                                                                                                    EGNOS




                                                                                                                                         .......




            Main problems, being solved by this Segment, consist in:
                         • Navigation signals generation
            • User’s access providing to generating navigation signals
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     Fundamental Research Segment

This Segment includes:
 Time & Frequency Etalon                                                                 Fundamental Research Segment
 Extra Long Range Base Interferometer (Quasar
     KVO)
 Quantum Optical Tracking Stations Network
 Federal Astronomical & Geodetic Network
 One Way Tracking Stations Network                                     UTC (SU)
                                                                                                   Time & Frequency           VLBI Network
                                                                                                        Etalon
 Russian Centers for Fundamental Research
The foreign networks, services and centers could be                 Earth’s Rotation
     involved also:                                                Parameters Service
                                                                                                      Quasar KVO              ILRS Network
 VLBI Network
 ILRS Network                                                       Inertial Frame              Laser Tracking Stations
 IGS Network                                                      Generation Service                   Network               IGS Network
 BIPM Service
 IER Service                                                       Geodetic Frame
                                                                   Generation Service
                                                                                                 Federal Astronomical &
                                                                                                   Geodetic Network
 Foreign Centers for Fundamental Research.                                                                                    IER Service

                                                                   Metrological Base of            One Way Tracking
                                                                    the Fundamental                Stations Network
                                                                    Problems Solution
                                                                                                                              BIPM Service

                                                                                                   Russian Centers for
                                                                                                  Fundamental Research
                                                                                                                             Foreign Centers for
                                                                                                                           Fundamental Research




 The main problem, being solved by this Segment, is:
 to generate data, needed for the Artificial Navigation Field Generation
 according to formulated above requirements
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                                                                                                                                                   45
      Legal Issues Segment

The following components are included into
   this Segment:                                                                            Legal Issues Segment

 UPNTS Legal Issues
 UPNTS Monitoring System
 Frequency Diapason Protection System                                                                                       ITU
                                                                           UPNTS Legal Issues
 Metrological Support System
 Certification Service                                                 UPNTS Monitoring System
 Safety System
                                                                                                                            ICAO


 Protection System.
                                                                   Frequency Diapason Protection System
The following international services and means                                                                              IMO

   could be involved also:
                                                                        Metrological Support System
 ITU                                                                                                              International Certification,
                                                                                                                      Standardization and
 ICAO                                                                                                                   Safety Centers
                                                                            Certification Service
 IMO
 International Certification, Standardization
   and Safety Centers.                                                        Safety System



                                                                            Protection System




   The main problem, being solved by this Segment, is: to provide the
   legal conditions for both guaranteeing and safe UPNTS service
                               Информационно-аналитический центр КВНО
                                                                                                                                                  46
    Use and Applications Segment

This Segment includes:
 User Application Centers
                                                                        Use and Applications Segment


 Pilot Projects Implementation
 Service Centers
The following foreign Centers and                    Infrastructure of Civilian
                                                          User’s Service                         CGSIC of GPS

   Services could be also:
 CGSIC                                                   Applied UPNTS
                                                             Centers
                                                                                               International Positioning
                                                                                               and Time Organizations

 International Positioning and
   Time Organizations                                  “Pilot” UPNTS Centers                      Foreign Applied
                                                                                                     Centers
 Foreign User Application Centers
                                                       Mission Oriented Applied
                                                         Centers are involved




 The main goal of this Segment is: to provide necessary data to all
 hardware manufacturers and Users for efficient Positioning, Navigation
 and Time problem solution
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                                                                                                                           47
Infrastructure Segment


         Artificial Navigation Field Generation




                                                                        Users
Fundamental Research                       Users




                     Legal Issues



                       Infrastructure
                                                                          The main goal of this Segment
                                                                           is: to provide mutual
                                                                           cooperation between all UPNTS
                                                                           segments for maximal efficiency
                                                                           Positioning, Navigation and
                                                                           Time problems solution

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                                                                                                             48
   Cooperation of UPNTS approach and Federal Mission
   Oriented Programs (FMOP)

The following Federal Programs are mutually connected with
  UPTSS approach:
 FMOP GLONASS
 State Armament Program
 FMOP of Russian Ministry of Transport
 Federal Space Program.
 FMOP “Electronic Russia”




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                                                             49
   Conclusion

 GNSS and corresponding regional and local functional
  supplements should be considered as the technical basement of
  UPNTS
 Both Russian and International Fundamental Problems solution
  Institutions & Centers should be included into UPNTS
  infrastructure to provide it’s efficient operability
 Development, deployment and updating of UPNTS can be
  implemented only by mutual cooperation of the various Federal
  Mission Oriented Programs
 Federal Mission Oriented Program GLONASS can be accepted as
  the basic one by UPNTS implementation




 Development, deployment and updating of UPNTS should be considered
        as one from priority directions of Russian State policy.
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                                                                      50

								
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