PLANNING AN ESSAY

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					                             PLANNING AN ESSAY

Step 1 - ANALYSING THE QUESTION

Keywords -             analyse them

Terminology -          make sure you know what it means

Ask questions -        what will you need to do in this essay?

Step 2 – BRAINSTORMING

Jot down all your ideas in any order

Step 3 - ORGANISING YOUR MATERIAL

1)      Decide your point of view - think about what statement you want to make
2)      Group your ideas under 3 or 4 broader points/headings.
        DO THIS BY LOOKING FOR CONNECTIONS BETWEEN YOUR
        SEPARATE IDEAS AND FOR UNDERLYING ISSUES.
3)      Be selective - decide what is relevant and what is not by re-examining the
        question

Step 4 - ORDERING YOUR ESSAY

    Think about the structure of the essay
    Where are you committed to going?
    How can you get there?
    Try different ways of sequencing your material.

Ways to make a plan

1) Outline form – one sheet of paper
2) Pattern or Poster form
3) Index cards -one point per card, sort into piles

Move your plan around

1) Cut up your plan and re-arrange it
2) Use tippex or a rubber
3) Sort and resort your ideas into piles

Do your thinking physically

Other useful tools

     1) Highlighting in different colours: a) main points or key words b) secondary
        points
     2) Colour coding: Give each main point a colour
        Mark all secondary points and examples, which belong to it, with the same
        colour

www.learnhigher.ac.uk                                             Learning Development Unit

				
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