PLANNING AN ESSAY
Step 1 - ANALYSING THE QUESTION
Keywords - analyse them
Terminology - make sure you know what it means
Ask questions - what will you need to do in this essay?
Step 2 – BRAINSTORMING
Jot down all your ideas in any order
Step 3 - ORGANISING YOUR MATERIAL
1) Decide your point of view - think about what statement you want to make
2) Group your ideas under 3 or 4 broader points/headings.
DO THIS BY LOOKING FOR CONNECTIONS BETWEEN YOUR
SEPARATE IDEAS AND FOR UNDERLYING ISSUES.
3) Be selective - decide what is relevant and what is not by re-examining the
Step 4 - ORDERING YOUR ESSAY
Think about the structure of the essay
Where are you committed to going?
How can you get there?
Try different ways of sequencing your material.
Ways to make a plan
1) Outline form – one sheet of paper
2) Pattern or Poster form
3) Index cards -one point per card, sort into piles
Move your plan around
1) Cut up your plan and re-arrange it
2) Use tippex or a rubber
3) Sort and resort your ideas into piles
Do your thinking physically
Other useful tools
1) Highlighting in different colours: a) main points or key words b) secondary
2) Colour coding: Give each main point a colour
Mark all secondary points and examples, which belong to it, with the same
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