KARMA YOGA - Gita Chapter. III. etc., and then entered my body. For a few seconds I felt and
ART OF CORRECT ACTIONS experienced as if I was weightless and floating in a soft cloud of
Is God a fact or fiction or Myth?
My total existence and everything in the room was in tune and
I was coming to USA in 1981. I purchased a book from
oneness with this cosmic light. I realized as if everything was made
Ahmedabad airport THE TAO OF PHYSICS by Fritj of Capra for
up of that light. There was no sun in the sky at midnight. I knew this
reading during travel.
was something else. I saw at my wrist watch.
Prof. Capra (Prof. of high energy physics at Berkeley University,
The time was EXACTLY 12.00 midnight, Zero hour between
California) had described his unique experience of SEEING Cosmic
years 1979 and 1980, and the date was DEC 31-1979.
Light and Dancing Figure of Lord Shiva (Nataraj)- a deity God
I perfectly remember that I saw a shining cross along with
worshipped by Hindus. He saw SHIVA in the open sky during
this bright light in the background. At a later date I understood
daytime. This inspired him to write this book, which nicely discusses
that it was the 'Cosmic Light of God’ and the Holy Spirit of
Eastern religions, science and philosophies.
With help of the famous equation of Albert Einstein, E=MC2
I did not understand any significance of that event at that time.
Prof. Capra beautifully correlates facts of science, verses of Gita and
Even today, after 20 years I do not know its meaning. Whatever I
Upanishads, Matter, Energy, Space and Time.
saw that night was not a dream or imagination. I am very positive
Mr. Capra writes in the preface of this book:-
about this. It was a real experience in fullest conscious state of mind.
"I 'saw' cascades of energy coming from the outer space, in
It is still a question for me and I have no answers. Why I was
which particles were created and destroyed in rhythmic pulses;
chosen in India by Almighty God to SEE (Darshana) this LIGHT of
I 'saw' the atoms of these elements and those of my body,
HOLY CROSS exactly at a particular time of Christian Calendar?
participating in this cosmic dance of energy; I felt its rhythm
This is called Shakshatkara or DIVINE COSMIC EXPERIENCE in
and I 'heard' its sound, and at that moment I KNEW that this
was the Dance of Shiva, The Lord of dancers, worshipped by
Today in retrospect, I understand its some meaning. God
had chosen me to be HIS instrument in linking Eastern and
* * *.
Western religious thoughts. This I say “Today” in August 1998,
I had also a similar experience 2 years ago, which I would like to
after my study of world religions in unattached manner for last
record before presenting Karm-Yoga.
"It was a cold winter night. I was fast asleep on the second floor
I wrote down this experience in my notebook on the next day
of my clinic at Naroda- a suburb of Ahmedabad- Gujarat, India. I
morning. I was writing my scattered thoughts on the meaning of
woke up perspiring like a moist sponge. My clothes were soaked
Karma and other religious subjects in those days.
with sweat. Body hairs were raised in elation, amazement and
surprise. I wiped my face and eyes. I saw a shining ball of dazzling
How I was interested in study of Karm-Yoga and Gita?
light outside the window. The brightness of light was greater than
I would record here how an atheist like me got interested in the
thousand suns in the sky. From the East window this ‘Ball of Light’
study of KarmYoga and the Gita. Only three months prior to above
entered the room. It pervaded in all objects like table, chairs, books
experience I had started seriously the study of the Gita after hearing
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a week’s discourse by late Rev Swami Chinmayananddji. It was in understands all organs, attached deities, Perfect Laws of Karma and
Oct- 1979, on the Gujarat college ground, Ahmedabad. I was highly how bondages of Karma occur to all individuals.
inspired and fascinated by this chapter and some understanding Karma are done by Body. Karma can be done at the Present
gained from famous BMI (Body, -Mind -Intellect) chart of Swamiji. Moment of Time only. It is always ‘Today and Now’ for every
I had no back-ground of Christianity, any attachments to individual (Atma) on Globe Earth. This meditation leads to first
Hinduism or any religion or God. I never believed in myth, idol understanding that, “we all are equal human beings”.
worship seen in temples, Guru worship or various rituals carried out
in Hinduism. My knowledge of Hinduism was superficial and hear- KARMA YOGA – (The Gita Chapter. III).
say. I did not meditate, nor attended any Yoga classes or took any ART OF CORRECT ACTIONS
lessons, but had started cramming this chapter in Sanskrit. The Bhagavat Gita is a widely studied and most popular
Understanding of scientific meaning of the word Karma took me universal scripture of Hinduism. Scholars and priests of all religions
three months. This is very important before one studies Karm-Yoga also read it. Hindu Upanishads and the Gita deal with the subject of
or any Yoga. In earlier articles we had studied different meanings of body mind and Spirit or Soul, and teach practical religion in life. All
Karma. these scriptures are written in a symbolic (metaphoric) manner.
Let us remember again the five Karma Organs (Indriya), and Arjuna symbolizes a confused intellectual mind. Krishna
deity Gods linked with Karma organs in Vedanta Darshan. symbolizes an unbiased clear mind who knows duty-bound actions
The five organs of actions are: which must be done at all times by able intellectuals for equal justice
1. Speech (Vani). is a unique human ability. It is at root of all and the welfare of all people in any country.
audio-knowledge (Shruti-Gyan) one has and the holy mantra OM is Arjuna, a great warrior and Pandava prince was in duality of
at the root of SPEECH. Fire God (Agni) is linked with speech. mind, on the battle field of Kuru-kshatra. “To fight or not to fight in
2. Two hands. Also a special gift of God to human beings only. the war” was his dilemma. The war was against his own relatives
Many skills are done by hands, e.g. grabbing, holding, writing, and respect worthy elderly Guru-Jana and teachers. Arjuna wanted
playing music, shooting with a gun etc,. Indra, God of Heaven is to run away from the battle field. He had doubts and questions
linked with hands. regarding need and morals (Dharma) in this war. His trust worthy
3. Two legs. Walking, running, dancing, jumping, kicking, etc,. friend Krishna (Supreme intellect, or Supreme God incarnate in
Vishnu, the God of material wealth is linked with legs. human form) removes his doubts and shows him the path of Dharma
4. Organs of excretions. The organs of passing urine and stool and correct actions, or Karma-Yoga.
are called Upastha Karma Indriyas. Yama, God of death is linked The battle field of ‘Kuru-Kshatra’ is not some historic place near
with excretory functions. Yama is first step in Ashtang Yoga. Delhi but any confused mind. What to do and what not to do, what is
5. The organs of sex. Sex organs in males and females are right and what is wrong action is many a times question in a given
called Janan Karm Indriya. Prajapati Brahama, God of creation of set of circumstances in daily life. This makes the Gita a wonderful
life on Earth is linked with sex organs. scripture for all people of all ages, at all places and at all times.
How Muladhar-Chakra- controls last two Karma organs is In all chapters of the Gita, when the word YOGA used singly- it
studied in Yoga. By study of 8 steps of Yoga and Self meditation one means 'Karma Yoga', and the word GYANA used singly- means
'Self- Knowledge' or AdiAtma-Vidya. If a student remembers these
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two abbreviations then meanings of many verses in the Gita will The cause of Arjuna's dilemma was family attachments and
become very clear. respect towards Gurus. But in running away from the battle field he
The first six chapters of the Bhagavat Gita discuss Karma was neglecting his duty (Dharma).
Mimansa - Philosophy of Karma. Karma-Yoga leads to many Lord Krishna shows him two paths - and not one. The path of
material successes (Siddhies) in life. You become a Siddh-Purush. Karma Yoga is path of duty bound actions for material happiness.
Gita is Nectar of all Upanishads and Darshans teaching:- The second path is of Sankhya Yoga which brings Spiritual
a. Eternal Universal Religion, (Sanatan Dharma). happiness by a path of Self-knowledge. V. (3).
b. Provides a scientific proof of One supreme God. Lord Says:-
c. It is a master piece of human psychology- explaining Body, Na Karmanyam anarambhat
Mind, Emotions, Intellect, Egos, Desires and Soul or Spirit. Naishkarmayam purushoshnute,
d. Science of self-realization AdiAtma-Vidya. Na ch sanyasanadeva
e. Teaches 18 Self uplifting Yoga like, Sankhya Yoga, Karma Siddhim samadhigachhati.
Yoga, Raj Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Gyan-Yoga etc,. “If you don't do any action (Karma) it is not called a “Desireless
f. Shows a path of direct Relationship between Man and God. state of mind” (Nish-karmya bhava). If you abandon in the middle
g. A path of knowing, seeing and merging with Almighty, any action once started, then success never comes to you”. (V-4).
Omnipresent God, by use of Buddhi, intellect- reason and logic. The following example will explain above point clearly.
Lord Krishna advises:- "Conquer first thy inner enemies Once a hunter ran after a beautiful deer for three days and
(Satans) like selfish-desires (Vasanas), angers, greed of money and nights in a deep jungle. Finally he killed the deer with an arrow. He
power, family attachments (Raga), hates, jealousy, sense of revenge thought "Now I will take some rest and sleep for a while and then
and false egos like ego of wealth, sex, beauty, knowledge, political carry the dead deer to my place". A thief hidden in the bushes was
power, physical strength etc,. Then only you are able to judge well, watching activities of the hunter. When the hunter was fast asleep,
make correct decisions and do correct actions". the thief came out and carried away the ready kill. Rest and sleep
A theme translation of the 3rd chapter of the Gita is presented (idleness and sleep) resulted in loss of the fruits of actions for the
below in essay format. A good discourse needs 12 to 16 hours- hunter. The hunter had abandoned his actions in the middle.
divided into 2 hours daily classes or a 2 days week-end workshop. The Pandavas had planned this war and made arrangements
after suffering injustice from their cousins, - the Kauravas for many
The Gita Chapter-III. KARMA YOGA. years. Arjuna wanted to run away from battle field at the last
The chapter starts with a question of Arjuna. moment when the bugles were blown, and armies were facing one
Arjuna asks. "Oh Lord, you told me (in the 2nd chapter’s ending another.
verses) that intellect is higher than actions (Karma). My intellect says Success or failure of actions (Karma) do come in life. But one
not to engage in this bloody and devastating war against my own must remain alert (Jagruta) and complete the started job until the
relatives and teachers (Gurus). I am in illusion (Moha) and not very goal is reached. Slogans and proverbs can give some guidelines.
clear about the right path of actions. So please tell me one thing and But they can misguide also. Proverbs are not absolute truths. One
show me the “correct path of actions” so that I become happy, proverb will say, "Delay is dangerous". Second proverb will say.
successful and excel in life.” V.(1-2).
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"Hurry makes curry". Which one you will believe? Lord Krishna born. This is the design of God for all living animals including human
shows the path of correct actions -Karma Yoga. beings.
“No born can remain inactive and idle, even for a second. Fathers, mothers, teachers and home coming guests are looked
Nature demands that all living beings have to do some activities. upon and respected as living angels (God’s assistants- Devas -
Karma done in past are hidden in all completed jobs and deeds”. (V- staying near by). They help children and always guide them on
5). correct path in life. How to live in family relations with sense of duty
(Dharma) is nicely narrated in these verses.
Lord defines a hypocrite and real Karma Yogi. Parental love is always divine and universal. It is not linked with
“He, who withholds (his 5 organs of) actions but dreams in mind a country, religion, place and time. Parents sacrifice their many
of many objects of sensual pleasures and joys - is a hypocrite”. (V-6) wants and comforts when they care for their children’s food,
“But one who has controlled his all (ten) organs by mind, and education, etc.,.
then does actions (with 5 Karma organs) in an unattached manner is “Lord Brahama (Prajapati, the creator God) having created
doing real Karma Yoga (correct actions). He always excels in life”. bisexual species, advised them to live in cooperation, enjoy (Sex)
“Some jobs are destined for you. You must do them well. To life, procreate their races and continue family lineage. The path of
discharge your duties and remain active is better than inaction cooperation works like a Kam-Dhanu, (Wish fulfilling Heavenly cow)
(idleness). By remaining idle and inactive, you will not remain in giving all desired things” (V-10).
good health of body, and will not be able to complete the journey of Life long celibacy is preached and practiced by many religious
100 years of life. priests. Freedom or unrestricted sex was preached and practiced by
“All actions must be done with a sense of duty and sacrifices the late Acharya Rajanish. Both these paths are not correct in family
(Yagna-Bhavna), otherwise Karma always produce bondages in relations.
human society. Oh, Son of Kunta (a good mother), do your actions
in sense of sacrifices and do them in a well balanced unattached Lord’s advice to parents and children.
manner. (Vs- 7, 8, 9) “Please the Devas (near by Gods and Goddesses like fathers,
mothers and teachers) with respect, affection, sense of gratitude and
Give more - expect less. This is Yagna-Bhav. obedience. These Devas help at all places. Children are ever
Yagna is a fire sacrifice ritual popular since Vedic times in India. indebted to parents. They must return the debts of parents and
In next 4 verses Yagna -Bhav, noble attitude of sacrifice in family teachers when they grow up. In this way by mutual love and help
relations is preached. everyone will prosper and become happy". (V-11).
Love means giving help with sense of sacrifice and no
expectations of rewards. In family relations one must learn to live A thief within family.
with sense of cooperation and duty. A heaven will be created in “Devas (parents) give desired gifts in spirit of sacrifices (Yagna-
home. Be an angle (Deva) in family living. Bhav, divine love). Children who have received the gifts from Devas
Men and women have to live in cooperation and play the roles but do not return their debt are thieves". (V-12).
of mothers and fathers as indicated in scriptures when children are Lord says, children who forget the obligations of parents are
thieves. In clear words Lord declares, “He, who does not return the
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gifts received from Devas is a thief”. Grown-up children are thieves if “Karma depend on spirit and the imperishable (Akshara) Spirit is
they forget the obligations and debts of their parents and teachers. preserved by Karma. God is evident at all places daily in sacrificial
This is the cultural heritage of India, and essence of Sanatan actions done by all living beings.” (V-15)
Dharma. It is nicely and clearly declared in these verses. The great “A wheel of life cycle of birth and death is going on since ages.
epics of Ramayan and Mahabharat include stories of love and Those who do not understand this message, and live for sensual
conflict’s in family living. The message of these great scriptures pleasures are living a purposeless and useless life”. (V-16)
reaches to average family people by such stories. Since 3 “Those, who are self-contented, self centered, and satisfied with
millenniums, these epics have inspired all generations of people in little possessions, do not know that many good deeds can be done”.
all parts India and abroad. (V-17).
"Divine saints (parents and teachers) are firm in giving needed Many Indian Gurus translate this particular verse and preach
help with love and sacrifices. If they are free from expectations of satisfaction and contentment in life. They preach, ‘there is no need
rewards, then they have no worries. But those who cook for of accumulating material wealth’. This is wrong preaching as one
themselves and do not care or share (the selfish parents and observes in the very next verse.
teachers) suffer for their sins". (V-13). “Even if they (above referred self-satisfied individuals) do
actions, or not do actions - it makes no difference. Because they
Lord shows us his Perfect Universe. have nothing to give to people and nothing to receive from others.
All physical bodies of living animals and human beings arise (V-18)
from and nourished by food. Food grows by rain. Rain comes due to “Therefore Oh, Arjuna, always remain active but unattached,
sacrifices of clouds (Indra God). Thus a perfect cycle of sacrifices is and do nonstop actions. In this way only, you will excel in life and
going on since ages”. (V-14) achieve higher goals”. (V-19)
This is the perfect design of God. Even non-living objects like “By doing correct Karma, Kings like Janak (father of Sita and
the Sun, Rain, Land, clouds, Air, etc., are doing their assigned father-in-law of Lord Rama) and others achieved great successes.
actions with Yagna-Bhav. The sun (deity God of Hindus) is giving You have got to do Karma, if not for yourself then for the welfare of
light and heat to all. The heat of the sun creates clouds and rain all people. By your auspicious Karma only, you will be remembered
(another Hindu deity God- Indra). Food (deity God- Anna-Dev) for a long time. (V-20).
grows with rain water. These verses indicate that even non-living Janak - in general sense means any father. Every father must
natural objects are doing their God assigned sacrificial jobs in a non- do Karma to earn money for family needs. A family needs so many
stop manner. things like a home, food, water, clothes etc.,. Janak symbolizes any
So a human being also cannot remain idle if he/she wants to noble king or the head of a state. A good king creates heaven in his
become happy, survive and succeed. In verses Nos. 14, 15 & 16, land by making good laws and fair justice for all. Such a king’s name
Lord points to Arjuna a cycle of non-stop sacrificial actions going on is written in golden letters in the history.
in mother nature and the universe. All living human beings must also The next verse is very inspiring for people who are rich and
do their assigned Karma to preserve life and propagate their races. famous, and in higher political positions in any country.
“People mimic the life styles of rich and famous. The actions
and behaviors of people in high positions are mimicked by young
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and average people. They think that these are right actions and the “A family attached person does all his activities with great zeal
correct way of life, and ideal standard of life". (V-21). for achieving material results. With similar zeal a wise person must
Children pickup the good or bad habits and behaviors of do all Karma in a detached manner, but with a goal of helping other
parents, leaders and nearby people. people until the end of life”. (V-25).
The recent historic example of America’s president Mr. Bill Mother Terresa and Mahatma Gandhi provide examples of
Clinton - and Monika, provides a message of wrong and immoral living a noble active divine life of God’s angles.
behavior. A wrong example has been set for the young growing “Do not call a person a fool if he is doing wrong actions. A wise
children. It was a wrong Karma. The proceedings in House of person must show him correct actions by doing them him-self, and
Congress and Senate went on for six months. Man made laws lead an ignorant person on the right path”. (V-26)
proved imperfect for a sinning person in highest political position. Events occur in nature and life of every person according
Yet the bondage of doing every day’s wrong actions done at a to perfect and fixed laws of God. The following famous verse
particulate place and time was occurring for both according to daily declares perfect Eternal laws of Mother-Nature (God).
Karma done by them. It had created a sense of shame and mental Prakrutehe kriyamanani
pain for both. Their Karma bondage will remain attached to them for Gunaihi karmani sarvashaha
entire remaining years of life. This incident will remain recorded for Ahamkara vimudha atma
ever in black letters in the history of America and the world. Karta aham eeti manyate.
"All activities (events) in the world (and in life of every individual
God also remains active when He assumes a human form. also) occur according to fixed laws of mother nature (Prakruti) and
Lord says: “I am King of Kings and maker of this perfect inborn qualities of human nature. Only an Egoistic human being
universe. I have nothing to gain or to loose. But when I assume a says and believes “I did this and I did that". (V-27).
human form, I do non-stop Karma, without blinking of eyes”. (V-22).
In Vaishnava temples there is a tradition of rest hours for God We are only actors and not doers.
(Shayan). In above verse, God clearly declares that HE never sleeps The first person singular pronoun in Sanskrit is AHAM. It also
or blinks eyes even for a second. The temple tradition of making means EGO. The Gita is written in such a manner that Supreme
God to sleep in afternoons is wrong according to this verse. God- ‘Maker of all non-living objects in visible universe (Vishnu), and
“If I don’t do constant Karma and sleep, people will follow my bodies of all living creatures on the earth’ - speaks as first person as
example and neglect their duties and become inactive and idle”. (V- Aham, or 'I'.
23). “All material objects and living creatures in this world possess
“The order and harmony in nature and that land will come to an inborn natural qualities (Goons). All events occur and countless
end. An Era of disorder and chaos will get established and I may activities are going on accordingly to inherent qualities within the
become Shankara - the destroyer and killer of all people”. (V-24). living bodies and non-living objects. One who knows this, will not get
Lord Krishna is incarnate Vishnu-God, who maintains life. He is attached to material objects.” (V-28).
preserver of life and not destroyer of life. The three qualities (Goons) seen in mother nature are creation,
preservation and destruction. This observation led ancient Seers
Difference between a - Wise and Fool. (Rishies) in India to create 3 mythological Deity Gods- viz.,
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Brahama, Vishnu and Shiva. They do above three activities “The 5 senses are instruments of gaining knowledge of outside
according the mythological scriptures of Hinduism, called Purana. world. Likes and dislikes (Rag and dwesh) ever get linked with them.
These are symbolic imaginary deities Gods and not real persons. One has to conquer likes and dislikes to get liberated from the drag
These masters also observed 3 inborn qualities (goons) in human of 5 senses, because they lead to wrong actions”. (V-34)
beings and called them Sat, Rajas and Tamas. There is a potential In various Hindu scriptures the word ‘Dharma’ (religion) is used
in all human beings of doing some creative, preservative and in many different meanings. But in the Gita it is used in sense of
destructive activities. (Sankhya Darshan of Kapil). moral and obligatory duties- always linked with an individual self, or
To fight in a holy war and kill a tyrant ruler or a criminal person Atma. (See Dharma and Karma Essays).
is not SIN but a good action and noble deed. Lord Shiva is
mythological auspicious Hindu deity of ENERGY and TIME. Shiva Swa-Dharma is preached in the Gita..
destroys diseased old bodies and recreates new bodies. Meditation The word 'Swa-Dharma' used in next verse indicates, "My duty,
upon TIME- leads to understanding of death. There is always an thy duty, her duty and so on". At all times, actions done by any
invisible time-place bondage to all physical objects and all living individual must always be guided by his/her sense of duty and not by
bodies. emotions and sensual attachments. This is the ideal path of actions
“Many activities are going on and done by ignorant people. in all situations and circumstances. Also note that the word ‘Dharm’
They are in grip of inborn temptations. A wise person should not try is used for 4- times in this verse.
to change them in short-time”.(V-29) Shreyan swa-dharmo vigunaha
The next verse is like a diamond in this chapter. Lord says that par-dharmat swanusthitat,
as long as one is alive, he/she must remain active like a soldier on Swadharme nidhanam shreyaha
the battle field of life. par-dharmo bhayavahaha.
"To do one's Dharma (duty) is good, even if it is a small and un-
God is the supreme controller at every place in all events. rewarding job. To die doing one's duty (Dharma) is the best course.
"Surrender all your actions with inner-most consciousness and One should not try to do else’s Dharma, because to do others jobs is
devotion to Me. Don't expect rewards of actions and keep no dangerous". (V-35).
attachments. If not sick (with fever or diseases) do your actions like This verse is translated and interpreted in many controversial
a fighter in a war."(V-30). manners. By quoting this verse, average orthodox priests tell people
"One who knows my opinion -expressed in above verse- will not to remain attached to their religion and die in name of religion.
get bound to actions and will remain free from tensions and worries. Similar verses are also seen in Koran and other religious cults. This
But one who does not understand how my laws (of Karma) work, will has led to religious martyrdom, terrorisms and Jihad’s. Jihad means
remain a lost-path soul; even if he may be a scholar in worldly a holy war (Dharm-Yuddh. It teaches to die for a noble cause but not
subjects or knower of all the stars of universe". (31 & 32). to kill innocent people. Dying for doing Gods noble work and
“Any person who knows the laws of mother nature will also act propagation of noble thoughts leads to heaven.
according to his inborn qualities and tendencies. All living beings do The word meaning of Dharma in Sanskrit is moral duty. Dharma
Karma according inborn qualities and desires. Nobody has any is linked with self or an individual. The same individual has to do
control over Mother Nature(Prakruti)”. (V-33)
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many duties and play different roles at different places and times. "No body intends or wants to commit sins. Yet people commit
Different occasions demand different duties and different actions. many sins daily (make mistakes in life) as if they are under drag of
The duty of a warrior on battle field is to fight and not to run some invisible force. Oh Krishna please explain me why and how
away. The duty of a teacher is to teach and give knowledge FREE, sins occurrs?" (V-36).
and not to ask for fees. Not to give knowledge to a curious student is This is the beauty of Gita. It raises questions and than explains
a sin. The duty of a mother is to cook food and care for children. If them in a logical manner. How sins occur, though no one wants to
she eats herself all foods without caring for children or family it is sin. commit them? This was an intelligent question of Arjuna. All religions
The duty (Dharma) of father is to do job and bring home the pay advise not to commit sins and ask for forgiveness if they are
check. If he wastes money in alcohol, drugs or gambling, it is sin. committed.
When such duties are neglected or inter-changed a dangerous Scriptures of all religions indicate doctrines, commandments
situation arises in family. A critical situation results if an infantry man and taboos. What we call ‘Mistakes’ in daily language are called
is doing the work of an air pilot in a war. ‘SINS’ in scriptural language and ‘Crimes’ in legal terms. A criminal
Dangerous situations arise in families when senses gripped may escape the punishments of human laws, as observed in the
young children try to make important family decisions (like choice of famous O. J. Simpson case in USA.
spouses) and do not consult their experienced parents and grand But there is no escape in Perfect laws of Karma. There will
parents. Arjun’s Guru Drona had refused to teach Akalavya because always remain bondage of Karma to every individual till end of life.
he came from a lower class (Shudra). Akalavya learned Karma done in past and present decide the future outcome. Every
bowmanship, by himself all alone. Once Guru Drona saw this boy born has to suffer for sins and/or enjoy the rewards of good deeds in
shooting amazing arrows, and inquired who taught him. future, in the “Perfect Kingdom of God’. This law could be easily
Aklavya replied “Sir, you are my mental Guru”. understood by meditation and self-realization, and study of Raj-
The Brahmin Guru Drona asked him to give fees of a teacher Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Karma Yoga.
(Guru-Dakshina). He demanded his right thumb. There was an evil In the ending verses (37-43) Lord explains the root cause of
motive of making Akalavya’s hand infirm in this demand, so that he sins. If you know how sins occur, you will remain alert and avoid
will loose his ability of throwing perfect arrows. This malicious Guru them.
had demanded fees even after ‘refusing to teach and without Lord says:-
teaching’. It was an act of sin done by a Brahmin. Such Bhramin "When desires and angers get mixed with selfish motives
Gurus must be punished. (Rajas) in mind, then great sins are committed. The selfish desires
In this war Guru Drona was on the side of evil relatives of Arjuna are greatest enemies of any individual. They always burn and
-the Kauravas. Therefore Krishna advises Arjuna to fight this war destroy him/her. Recognize and conquer them by self-meditation
and kill immoral individual, even if he happened to be Arjuna’s Guru. and developing self-control". (V-37).
Many doubts of Arjuna were cleared by this time. Now Arjuna In next verse Lord gives beautiful examples and explains how
asks Krishna an important and intelligent question, what is Sin? any person’s knowledge gets clouded by drag of selfish and wrong
Eternal Definition of Sin (in The Gita) "The sex of a fresh embryo is not evident if covered by placenta;
Arjuna asks, the flames of fire are not visible if covered by smoke; and a person’s
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face is not clearly seen in a mirror covered by dust. In same way the Summary:-
selfish-desires produce a veil (curtain) over knowledge. Like an ever 1. This chapter starts with questions of Arjuna. “My intellect says
burning wild fire, Ego-centric desires (Vasnas) are greatest enemies not to fight this bloody war. My intellect is confused (in Moha).
of a man of knowledge. They cover his knowledge like a semi- Please show me a path so that I can excel in life? (V-1&2)
transparent veil". (Vs-38 & 39). 2. Lord Krishna shows two paths -not one. A. Path of Karma Yoga
and B. a path of self knowledge- Sankhya-Yoga. (V-3). Karma
Where is the residence of such Desires ? Yoga is discussed in great details in this chapter. Previous Ch-2
“Desires reside in 5 sense organs, mind and intellect. The ability and Later Chapters 13 & 14 discuss Samkhya and Vedanta
of thinking in right direction (judgment) is lost and intellect remains in Darshans.
illusion (Moha). (V-40). 3. To preserve physical body, race and to become successful in life
“Therefore Oh, Arjuna first control 5 senses, then slain thy one must do constant Karma. All Karma must be guided by
greatest enemy desires, which drags you to do sins and destroy sense of duty (Dharma).
your knowledge and judgment. Knowledge and science are human 4. Actions once started must be completed to the end and not
faculties of judgment, reason and logic”. (V- 41) abandoned in the middle. Do not remain idle, even for a moment.
“The organs of knowledge (senses) and organs of actions are Don’t waste Time. Doing non-stop, duty bound actions in the
good tools, but mind is higher than sense organs and intellect is best manner is Karma Yoga. (V-4,5,6,7,8 and 9).
higher than mind. But the highest of all is THAT. (Holy Spirit, soul, 5. Obey, respect and return obligations of nearby Deva with sense
Divine-self, Atman)”. (V-42). of duty and gratitude. Parents and teachers are living Gods near
In many verses of the Gita the divine spirit or Brahaman you. Live in cooperation to create a heaven in home.
(ATMAN) is referred to simply as nameless ‘THAT or THIS’. 6. Children who do not return the debts of their old parents and
Compare this verse with Kathopanishad’s verse No. III-10. It is a don’t care for them are thieves. (V-10-13).
‘word for word’ pick up from this Upanishad. 7. God of the universe is also doing non-stop Karma via his many
"Oh man of mighty-arms (Mahabaho), desires (Kama) is the assistants (Devas) like sun, water, air, rain, food, etc,. in spirit of
most difficult of all inner enemies to conquer. Recognize them by sacrifices (Yagna-Bhav). Take a lesson from these Devas and
use of intellect and spiritual consciousness. Then conquer and slain do such actions in unattached manner and spirit of sacrifices.
thy greatest enemy- DESIRES (wants, expectations, passions). (V- 8. All visible world of material objects perceived by the senses and
43). mind is ever changing according to fixed laws of mother nature.
Thus we conclude the 3rd Chapter of Karma Yoga of the 9. Selfish people don’t do noble deeds or achieve any success. (V-
Bhagavat Gita- a science of Yoga (yog-shastra) and spiritual 14 -19)
knowledge (Brahm-Vidya)- presented in form of a dialogue between 10. By doing humanitarian good deeds like king Janak - a good
Krishna and Arjuna. father and good king- one can achieve many successes. People
of ability and knowledge must set an example for average people
by doing noble selfless Karma for community welfare. People
giving religious or scientific knowledge and doing selfless deeds
for welfare of mankind are immortal souls. (V-20-21)
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11. When the formless God assumes a human form, HE is also 20. Accumulated Karma soon become deeds, work done or Karya”.
active, alert and does many noble deeds. A wise man knows, it 21. Occasions sometimes demand that duty bound actions must be
is difficult to change inborn nature of an individual. Events in the done by all men of ability. They cannot run away from moral
world and life happen according to laws of mother nature. Only responsibilities.
an Ego-gripped person says -“I did this or that”. (22- 34) 22. This is true KARM YOGA and important message of this chapter
12. The word Dharma is generally translated as religion, but it has and the Gita.
many meanings. In Gita it means ‘moral duty of individual or self
(Swa-Dharma). To perform one's duty and job is the best course.
To do other's job is dangerous. At 4 different age periods, for
people of different talents and abilities- special duties and goals
(Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha) are indicated in scriptures.
13. Arjuna asks a nice question. How sins are committed - though no
one intends or wishes to commit sins? (V-36)
14. Ego centric desires (Vasanas) and angers are at root of all sins.
It is difficult to conquer and slain desires or passions. Inborn
desires of survival drag all living creatures to do actions. Desires
reside with 5 senses, in mind and produce a cover over
knowledge and intellect. Conquer desires and angers. Only
human beings possesses intellect- the ability of reason- and say
no to wrong desires. (V- 37-43)
15. God is not a person but an invisible creator, maintainer and
destroyer of all material objects, plants and animals and human
bodies in the universe.
16. Meditate upon the five organs of actions and five senses, mind
17. Karma are always done with 5 Karma Indriyas (organs of action)
by all human beings and animals Today and Now on Globe of
18. The 5 Karma organs are:- Speech, hands, feet, excretory
and sex organs. Actions can be done Today only, which is
the last Day of Universal creation.
19. Meditate on Universal Time like this. When Universe Was
Created, by whom, and what has changed so far in
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