Word Study 1
Differentiation Word Study
I use several differentiation techniques in my classroom to meet all of the
needs of my students. During my Language Arts block of my schedule I have
created a word study component to assist my students in both reading and
writing. To group the students I use several assessments including reading
running records, students writing samples, and most importantly the spelling
inventory from Words Their Way.
After analyzing the assessment data I place the children into 4 groups:
Beginning, Transitional, Intermediate, and Advanced. These groups correlate
directly to the students spelling inventory ranging from letter-name alphabetic to
the higher functioning derivational relations spellers.
Types of Instruction
One instructional activity I utilize, that is designed for the remediation of
students struggling in reading is to create word sort lessons from the Words
Their Way Series. These lessons target the spelling rules and concepts of word
families, providing children tools to use for word attack during fluency
breakdowns. A second activity is to make words and create a working word
An instructional activity that will allow the student to compensate for the
reading barrier is to provide appropriate reading material. Often Children
reading on lower level are forced to read material that is not age appropriate. I
strive to find material that is stimulating and interesting and on the child's
Developmental Reading Assessments indicate the students reading level.
I also instruct students on techniques for selecting their own reading material.
Finally, providing time for students to simply enjoy a book of their choosing is
crucial and has been sacrificed in today's No Child Left Behind testing
Word Study 2
Each individualized group receives a list of spelling words for the week
that has been selected specifically from that weeks word sorts. The children are
given the words and asked to spell and sort them according to the rule or word
family. In the past students memorized a set or list of words and were asked to
write the words from memory. We know and research suggests now that
learners need to understand the rules of the English language. Practicing the
usage and application of these rules will allow children to comprehend many
words following the same patterns and rules.
Content Area Vocabulary
Because of the methods the brain uses to categorize words, graphic
organizers are essential for struggling readers. The Frayer Model, provides
students with concrete strategies to remember and apply meaning to words.
Below is an example that can be used across curricula. Students write content
vocabulary into the center and complete the graphic. One modification I have
made is to have students sketch or draw a representation of the word.
Word Study 3
The Frayer Model is a word categorization activity. Students analyze a word's
essential and nonessential attributes and also refine their understanding by choosing
examples and non-examples of the concept.