Group 18: Sustainable Urban Planning
By: Jonathan Findon-Henry (0569518); Iain Mackenzie (0562979); Callum Murdoch (0456597); Colm O’Boyle (0789161), G-18 IMS3 Sustainability Module, March 2008
Introduction-What is Sustainable Urban Planning Aspects Dongtan – Eco City
Brown Field Regeneration
“Redevelopment of brownfield land has been identified as an Why Dongtan?
From the Brundtland Commission, Our Common Future Major pollution problems;
presented in 1986. Sustainable Development is a essential component of the achievement
of sustainable urban regeneration.” Limits of growth; Relieve
“development that meets the needs of the present without over-crowding of
compromising the ability of future generations to meet their A brownfield site is any land or premises
own needs”. How practical is this in reality? which has been previously developed
“Sustainable” ≠ “Green” and is currently not in full use. This has What is Dongtan?
“Sustainability” = Media Buzz Word become so important that it is central to A pioneering Eco-City;
the UK's strategic planning approach to achieving sustainable cities. Template for sustainable
Sustainable Urban Planning is the practice of Sustainable This form of redevelopment has many sustainability advantages these urban design; Carbon neutral.
managing and directing city growth include :
•Decreasing pressures on greenfield land. How Dongtan? Compact City
The Institute of Civil Engineers •Socially sustainable due to a revitalisation of communities. SIIC has appointed Arup; $1.3bn Densely developed; social mix and
have ranked the pursuit of a project; 3 villages; 20,000 ppl by interaction; concentration of activities
•Economically more sustainable as existing infrastructure
“Sustainable Development” as 2010; To be connected to Shanghai. high quality of life; efficient transport.
their single most important maybe used.
policy. With Young Graduate This form of urban planning requires careful consideration as site
Energy Production and Emmission Reduction
Civil Engineers are at the may be of value to community as open space or habitat for rare
Wind, solar, bio-fuel and recycled city waste; Clean technologies to power public
forefront of this. wildlife.
transport; Network of cycle and footpaths, zero vehicle emissions; Organic farming
Transport methods, Planting trees and use of green public spaces.
This is an aspect which should be involved in the design process for a
new development. Transport design is an important part of any town Accessibility and Transport
and city and providing fast and hassle free public transport will help Island close to Shanghai on Yangtze river; high quality road infrastructure
reduce the amount of private vehicles on the roads. This design connected to Shanghai; 18-mile long bridge-tunnel; cars banned from city centre; 7
of public transport could include minute walk from any part of the city to bus or tram stop; Regular ferries
designated bus lanes, a good
network of cycle lanes and Waste Management
electric trams, similar to those Capturing and purifying water;
currently being built in recycling; reducing landfills,
The UK Indicators of sustainable development
Edinburgh. creating combined heat and
“Failure to Prepare is Preparing to Fail” power systems; Clean energy
Infrastructure from organic waste; Energy
Historically Cities that failed to meet the needs of their Infrastructure is a very important consideration when any form of from renewable sources.
citizens using the given resources often failed to survive. sustainable urban development is to take place. Infrastructure
includes utilities, water supply and energy production. These all have Construction Impact
Ancient Maya Failed because they over farmed their subservient roles to achieve the indicators shown in the introduction. Twice the volume of materials; Balance of cut and fill; Off-site manufacture and
resources There are many sustainable options for infrastructure development, pre-assembly; Local sourcing where possible; Sustainable housing for workers.
for example; for energy production there is renewable technologies or
In order for the successful development of infrastructure to CHP schemes, for water supply, portable water can be used only “ Our biggest challenge in the new century is to take an idea that seems abstract
be possible sustainable development must be implemented where it is necessary and self collected rain water used for all other sustainable development and turn it into a daily reality for all this worlds people”
at all levels throughout an integrated approach. types of water use. There are however great number of common Kofi Annan
barriers to the use of these options. These include:
•Lack of knowledge
•High initial costs References
•Inherited systems (too difficult to retrofit) •Pediaditi K., Wehrmeyer W. and Chenoweth J. (2006) Sustainability evaluation for brownfield redevelopment.
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineering, Engineering Sustainability 159 Issue ES1.
•Lack of public awareness •Girardet, (2006) Dongtan, An Eco-City, Geneva, July 2006.
www.wbcsd.org/plugins/DocSearch/details.asp?type=DocDet&ObjectId=MTk4MTk (accessed 28 Janurary 2008)
It is hoped these can be over come in the future by enablers like •United Nations. 1987."Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development." General Assembly
Resolution 42/187, 11 December 1987.
greater communication •Hunt D.V. L. and Rodgers C. D. F. (2005) Barriers to sustainable infrastructure in urban regeneration. Proceedings of the
Institution of Civil Engineering, Engineering Sustainability 158 Issue ES2. Pages 67-81