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Juvenile Justice

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					Juvenile Justice
YOU DECIDE
   Using the iRespond Units, in each
    scenario, decide whether the person
    should be tried as a juvenile or
    transferred to criminal court and tried
    as an adult. Be ready to explain the
    reasons for your decisions.
Scenario #1
   Eric, age 15, is accused of robbing an
    86-year-old woman at gunpoint. Eric,
    who has a long juvenile record including
    acts of burglary, brags about the
    robbery.
Where should Eric's punishment
take place?
A.) Adult Court System
B.) Juvenile Court System
Scenario #2
   Marcia, age 17, is accused of killing a
    pedestrian while driving a stolen car.
    She has never been in trouble before, is
    remorseful about the killing, and claims
    that she planned to return the car after
    the short joyride.
Where should Martha's punishment
take place?
A.) Adult Court System
B.) Juvenile Court System
The Sentencing of Bill Thomas
   While watching the video, feel free to
    take notes in order to make the best
    informed decision you can make
    regarding Bill Thomas’ fate.
 Which of the following do you think is the
 most appropriate punishment for Bill
 Thomas?
A.) an additional probation period of 6 months

B.) community service of 300 hours
C.) time in the juvenile detention center, followed by
probation and community service
D.) release into his mother's care and custody with a
warning
E.) other (be ready to explain)
Did you know…
   in Georgia, people 17 and older are
    considered adults for the purpose of
    trials and court systems?
Definition of Georgia’s Juvenile
   Georgia’s juvenile justice
    system has jurisdiction over
    children.
   In Georgia, a person is
    considered to be a child if they
    are 16 years old or less.
      In addition, someone who

        is up to 18 and deprived
        (child without supervision
        of parents or other
        caregiver) is also
        considered a child.
                 Juvenile Justice
   Unruly behavior is also
    considered a status offense.
    This means this behavior
    would not be criminal if
    committed by an adult.
   Sometimes status offenses
    are handled by offering
    appropriate adult supervision,
    or with drug or alcohol
    treatment (if necessary)
   If the court decides unruly
    behavior is serious, the child
    may be committed to a
    juvenile justice detention
    center
       Children may be
         sentenced to up to two
         years time
Juvenile courts in GA consider the
following to constitute unruly behavior
     The child frequently
      refuses to go to school.
     The child frequently
      disobeys
      parents/caregivers.
     The child runs away from
      home.
     The child roams about on
      the streets between
      midnight and 5 a.m.
     The child goes to a bar
      without his or her
      parents/caregivers,
      and/or is caught with
      alcoholic drinks in hand.
Juvenile Justice-Delinquent
Behavior
   Juvenile Courts may also
    decide if a child shows
    delinquent behavior
    (committing a crime)
   A child who is under 13
    cannot be tried for a crime in
    Georgia
   Children 13 to 17 will be
    punished according to the law
      This can include up to 5
        years in a detention facility
Which of the following is an unruly
behavior?
A.) shoplifting
B.) skipping school
C.) speeding
D.) burglary
Which of the following is a
delinquent behavior?
A.) shoplifting
B.) skipping school
C.) being in a bar underage
D.) being out past curfew
The Seven Delinquent
Behaviors
    These behaviors lead juveniles
     directly to adult court:
     (Superior Court will handle)
1.   Aggravated child molestation
2.   Aggravated sexual battery
3.   Aggravated sodomy
4.   Murder
5.   Rape
6.   Voluntary manslaughter
7.   Armed robbery with a firearm
    These crimes are punishable
     with harsh punishments, i.e.,
     prison
Juvenile Rights while in Custody
1.   Right to have a lawyer
2.   Right to cross-examine
     witnesses
3.   Right to provide evidence to
     support own case
4.   Right to provide witnesses
     to support own case
5.   Right to remain silent
6.   Right to appeal
7.   Right to a transcript of the
     trial
Delinquent Behavior

   This term describes
    unruly behavior by a
    person less than 18
    years of age.
Probable Cause Hearing

   After a child is detained this is the next
    step. This hearing takes place in two
    days or less after the child is detained.
    A judge in the juvenile court system
    looks at the case and decides whether
    the child should be detained further or
    released.
     Adjudicatory Hearing
   The next step – this takes place in ten
    days or less for detained children. For
    released children, it takes place within
    60 days or less. At the adjudicatory
    hearing a judge in the juvenile court
    decides whether the charges in the
    petition are true or not. If the judge
    thinks the charges are untrue, the case
    will be dismissed.
Dispositional Hearing
   If the judge thinks the charges are true this
    type of hearing takes place. At this hearing
    the judge decides the course of treatment,
    supervision, or rehabilitation that the
    delinquent, unruly, or deprived child should
    undergo. The judge decides whether the child
    will receive probation or be put into a
    detention facility. In serious crimes the
    juvenile could receive 5 years or in certain
    cases the case will be transferred to superior
    court.
What is the purpose of Georgia’s
Juvenile Court System?

A.) To handle crimes committed by people over
17
B.) To handle crimes committed by people
under 16
C.) To handle crimes committed by people 16
and under
D.) To handle crimes committed by people 21
and under
Children under ______ years of
age cannot be tried for a crime in
Georgia.
A.) 13
B.) 14
C.) 15
D.) 16
In Georgia's Juvenile Court
System, who is responsible for
deciding the punishment the
criminal will receive?
A.) the jury
B.) the juvenile attorney
C.) the judge
D.) the state's attorney general
Which of the following is NOT a
right of a juvenile taken into
custody?
A.) Right to an attorney
B.) Right to witnesses
C.) Right to a transcript of the trial
D.) Right to a jury trial
Children 13 - 17 who commit a crime
which is prosecuted in juvenile court can
be sentenced to up to _____ years in a
juvenile facility.
A.) 3
B.) 5
C.) 7
D.) 10
Unruly offenses are offenses which
are also considered crimes when
adults commit them.
A.) True
B.) False
Someone up to ______ years of
age can be considered "deprived"
if they do not have proper adult
guidance and supervision.
A.) 16
B.) 17
C.) 18
D.) 19
Which of the following is an unruly
behavior?
A.) shoplifting
B.) skipping school
C.) speeding
D.) burglary
Which of the following is a
delinquent behavior?
A.) shoplifting
B.) skipping school
C.) being in a bar underage
D.) being out past curfew
Which of the following can lead a
juvenile directly to the supervision
and punishment of the adult court
system?
A.) multiple shoplifting offenses
B.) armed robbery
C.) speeding
D.) curfew violation
How long can a juvenile be
sentenced to a juvenile dention
center if unruly behavior is seen to
be severe/repetitive?
A.) up to 2 years
B.) up to 1 year
C.) up to 6 months
D.) up to 5 years

				
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