F = force
L = length
Y = deflection = FL3 / 3EI
Given the deflection at the end of the beam shown above
when a load F is applied, what is the stiffness of this beam?
C) 3EI/ L
1 Engineering 10, SJSU
The plot shows load versus C
deflection for three structures.
Which is stiffest?
D. I don’t know
Engineering 10, SJSU 2
Engineering Success &
Think for a minute . . .
What does success mean to you?
Which description most closely
represents your idea of success?
A. Rich and famous
B. Achieved your desired goal
C. A job with decent pay
D. Respected by colleagues
E. A real leader – you have inspired others
Success: Achievement of a Goal
Success means something different to each of us
What kind of success are we talking about today?
To be successful professionally.
To become a successful engineer.
To have a successful engineering career.
What makes a Successful Engineer?
Form groups of 3 or 4 (you may have to
turn around in your seat)
One person serve as recorder
Answer these two questions:
– What are the attributes of a successful
– If you asked a CEO of a big company the
same question, what would he or she say?
I want to be a successful
engineer. How do I get there?
1. Master technical knowledge
2. Develop soft skills --- communication,
teamwork, leadership, social skills,
interpersonal skills, professionalism, sense of
responsibility, dependability, maturity,
confidence, positive attitude…..
Technical knowledge vs. Soft skills
Which one is more important ?
* Technical knowledge is a minimum
JKA_ 2009 10
“Getting” good players is easy.
Gettin' 'em” to play together is the hard part.”
(former NY Yankees manager)
“Coming together is a beginning.
Keeping together is progress
Working together is success.”
“Everyone has to work together; if we can’t get everybody
working toward common goals, nothing is going to happen
Harold K. Sperlich
(Former President, Chrysler Corporation)
“Teamwork” - Dictionary definitions
Teamwork is the ability to work together
toward a common vision.
It is the ability to direct individual
accomplishments toward organizational
It is the spark that allows common people to
attain uncommon results.
In other words….
A team is a small group of
people with complementary
skills who are committed to a
performance goals and
approach, for which they hold
The Benefits of Working in Teams
1. Accomplish more in:
2. Generate more solutions/brainstorming ideas.
3. Gain exposure to various points of view.
4. Develop/use “critical thinking” and “evaluation”
5. Improve conflict resolution skills
6. Improve communication skills
Benefits – more detail
Accomplish projects an individual cannot do – Most
engineering projects are too large or too complex for one
individual to complete alone. Imagine trying to build the Golden
Gate Bridge all by yourself!
Brainstorm More Solution Options - Different people looking
at the same problem will find different solutions.
Detect Flaws in Solutions - A team looking at different
proposed solutions may find pitfalls that an individual might miss.
Build Community - Members of effective teams can form
personal bonds which are good for individual and workplace
morale. In the university setting, students on teams often form
bonds that extend beyond the classroom.
Benefits – more detail
Exposure to different points of view - You
learn different ways of approaching a problem
when you are exposed to methods and ideas
that other people have.
Critical Thinking and Evaluation Skills – You
must use these skills to evaluate the complex
issues of team project goals and to formulate
appropriate solutions and plans.
Benefits – more detail
Conflict Resolution Skills - Yes, teams have
conflicts, but you can develop the skills to
facilitate solutions to conflicts so that the team
Students may do more academic work -
Some students may accomplish more in order
to keep up with the rest of the team.
Benefits – more detail
Communication Skills - A team relies on
communication among members.
– Actively and effectively listen to their team members
to understand their ideas and concerns.
– Effectively articulate their ideas or their concerns to
– Provide genuinely constructive feedback to team
Teamwork Enhances Learning
Teamwork provides the opportunity for collaborative
Teamwork keeps members motivated.
People (students, engineering colleagues) are the
best motivators of other people.
Teaching others is the deepest form of learning.
Teamwork helps speed up the solution process.
IT IS how engineering professionals work and learn.
Has teamwork worked for you?
Has your SJSU teamwork experience
so far been good or not too good?
Turn to your small group and discuss this
Let’s take a closer look…
1. Listen: Listen to other people's ideas. When people are allowed to
freely express their ideas, these initial ideas will produce other
2. Question: Ask questions, interact, and discuss the objectives of
3. Persuade: Individuals are encouraged to exchange, defend, and
then to ultimately rethink their ideas.
4. Respect: Treat others with respect and support their ideas.
5. Help: Help one's coworkers, which is the general theme of
6. Share: Share with the team to create an environment of teamwork.
7. Participate: All members of the team are encouraged to
participate in the team.
What do I expect to get out of
E10 teamwork experience?
Complete a project and earn a top grade
Satisfaction of achievement
Networking and friendships
Peer performance evaluation
Teamwork Evaluation on Projects
Teamwork Skill Performance
Level (1 to 5)
1) open and honest communication among members
2) each individual carried his/her own weight
3) collaboration in decision making
4) team set goals and milestones
5) people listened to each other
6) leadership was shared among the members
5 = we did this all of the time
1 = we did no do this at all
Anthony worked in an engineering firm before he started at SJSU and
knows a bit about design and construction. In his efforts to ensure a
good project he tells everyone what to do and disregards other’s
input. What do you think will happen?
A. The team will build the best turbine structure in the
B. Team members will appreciate Anthony taking charge
C. Team members will resent his controlling attitude
D. Anthony will end up doing all of the work himself
Define a common goal for the project.
List tasks to be completed.
Assign responsibility for all tasks.
Develop a timeline.
Develop and post a checklist.
Maintain a central archive for all communications.
(Drawings, Photos, Report, Presentation)
Communicate all team meetings.
Send reminders when deadlines approach.
Send confirmation when tasks are completed.
What are the E10 Teamwork Basics?
1. Team Formation
– Team members: 4 to 6 per team
– Team Name
– Team Roster: Name, phone, e-mail
Copy to all members and to class Prof.
2. Member introduction
(“getting to know you” )
3. Set Ground Rules-Operational
E10 Teamwork Basics - Ground rules
Assign a Group Leader
– (Project manager, Project Leader, Facilitator, etc.)
– (why)? Do we need a boss???????
Distribute the work among members
Time and Effort
Communicate - FREQUENTLY
Do what you promise to do . . . Be accountable
Your best quality work
On the first project day, the team divided up project duties. Cynthia designed
the robot arm, Juan designed the robot chassis, Tri and Robert started
the computer programming, and Calvin volunteered to write the report
and make the PowerPoint presentation. On testing day their robot still
couldn’t complete the specified tasks reliably and the group’s oral report
was disjointed and incomplete. What is the most likely cause?
A. A couple of people are not very smart and they dragged the
B. The wrong people chose the wrong tasks
C. The members worked individually without much communication
D. They didn’t have a strong enough boss who could tell each
person what to do
E. They were basically not working hard enough
Team Dynamics - Communication**
Be aware of body language and tone.
Use appropriate humor.
Don't express an opinion as a fact.
Explain your reasons.
Compliment each other's ideas.
Evaluate - Do not criticize.
Restate the original idea to be sure it is understood.
Respond, don't react.
Critique the idea, not the person.
Tip - Running a Good Meeting
Plan the meeting – objectives & agenda
Inform the team – when, where, information
they need, what they need to prepare
Conduct effectively – follow agenda, one item
at a time, manage discussion, maintain focus
Summarize meeting – summarize decisions
and action items, send notes out to team
A bunch of things have come up and you aren’t going to be able to complete
the task you were assigned before tomorrow’s team meeting. What
should you do?
A. Skip the team meeting because you have nothing to present
B. Send an email to everyone and tell them you won’t meet the
C. Go to the meeting and pretend you have it done but left it at
D. Figure out when you will be able to complete it and discuss this
– All team members contribute their time and
energy to the project. More importantly, all
team members participate in the decision
– Having a dominant leader may work for the
very short term, but will eventually lead to
– Members trust that each member will add
value to the project
– Members work to ensure that everybody
does contribute and that appreciation is
expressed for different contributions.
One of your team members is not good about answering email. He
has missed a meeting and you are waiting for a product from
him. What should you do?
A. Discuss team operations at a team meeting.
Reiterate/create the team operating rules.
B. Go tell the professor. You want him off the team!
C. Send him a nasty email telling him he is spoiling it for
D. Call him and find out what is going on
E. A &D
While equal contribution from each member is ideal, a
true equal division of work may not be always possible.
Doing more than your ‘fair’ share of the work is an
opportunity to demonstrate your ability and
A team’s success is measured by the achievement of
the team as a whole. -- Nothing can justify an
intentional act that negatively impact the achievement
of the team. Examples:
– I don’t want to share that information because I spent a lot of
time to find it.
– I don’t want to do that because that is his job.
Keep in mind that:
Working in a team does NOT mean that you
work as a team.
Teamwork does NOT just happen.
Team skills need practice and development.
A team’s success is measured by the
achievement of the team as a whole.
Industry values teamwork more than an
individual’s ability to contribute.
This presentation is adopted in part from the
following web pages: