Chicago Terror Cover For NATO Implementation Of SKYNET Terminator Program Posted: May 20, 2012 in Breaking News, SKYNET Terror SKYNET PSYOP David Chase Taylor May 20, 2012 Truther.org News The highly controversial 2012 NATO Summit in Chicago has gained unprecedented news coverage in respect to the Occupy protests and arrests, the war in Afghanistan and the NATO attack on Pakistan in November of 2011, all of which appear to be cover for implementation of the 5th SKYNET, whereby NATO military satellites which will finally be integrated with NATO’s “Smart Defense” killer drone program. SKYNET, although billed as a fictional name for the terminator program in the “Terminator” movie series, is in fact a real-life NATO military program that appears to be nearing completion. According to Wikipedia, “Skynet is a family of military satellites, now operated by Paradigm Secure Communications on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence, which provide strategic communication services to the three branches of the British Armed Forces and to NATO forces engaged on coalition tasks.” Although SKYNET has been around since 1969, the 2012 NATO summit marks the first time in history that the full- scale legalization and implementation of robotic terminators is on the political agenda. A CNN article dated May 20, 2012, entitled “NATO summit opens against backdrop of protests, foiled terror plot”, nicely hides the real undercover agenda of the 2012 NATO Summit: : “Two senior U.S. officials said NATO leaders would agree Sunday to purchase shared surveillance drones as part of “smart defense,” a term used to describe efforts to do more with less at a time when many nations’ defense budgets are being slashed. Thirteen countries will buy the drones, while other NATO members will help with logistics and data analysis”. Although neither the SKYNET Wikipedia page or the CNN article directly connect the two controversial NATO programs, the infamous terminator scenario is already a grim reality in the nations of Afghanistan and Pakistan, both of which are curiously the focus of the 2012 NATO Summit for other reasons. As seen in the war laboratories of Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan, it is virtually impossible to verify whether a deadly drone attack was done autonomously or by a soldier thousands of miles away. Despite this despicable and reprehensible form of warfare, the terror, violence and bloodshed of armed drones appears ready for mass Western consumption. While false-flag and state-sponsored terror is likely still on the menu of the Chicago NATO Summit, the real reason behind the first ever NATO Summit outside of Washington D.C. appears to be the implementation of the most deadly and controversial autonomous terminator system ever known to man-kind. Smart Defence according to the NATO website: “Smart defence is a new way of thinking about generating the modern defence capabilities the Alliance needs for the coming decade and beyond. The crisis in Libya is a recent example, underlining the unforeseeable nature of conflicts, but also showing the need for modern systems and facilities, and for less reliance on the United States for costly advanced capabilities. Smart defence is based on capability areas that are critical for NATO, in particular as established at the Lisbon summit in 2010. Ballistic missile defence, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, maintenance of readiness, training and force preparation, effective engagement and force protection – these are all on the list.” About the Author: David Chase Taylor is an American journalist living in Zurich, Switzerland, where he has sought political asylum after the release of his first book entitled The Nuclear Bible. In May of 2012, Taylor released The Bio-Terror Bible, which exposes the coming global bio-terror pandemic. Taylor has also revealed the future assassination of Barack Obama by the Israeli Mossad, as well as the Alex Jones links to STRATFOR. Skynet (military satellite system) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Launch of the first Skynet satellite, Skynet 1A, by Delta rocket in 1969 from Cape Canaveral Skynet is a family of military satellites, now operated by Paradigm Secure Communications on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence, which provide strategic communication services to the three branches of the British Armed Forces and to NATO forces engaged on coalition tasks. Contents [hide] 1 Models o 1.1 Skynet 1 o 1.2 Skynet 2 o 1.3 Skynet 3 o 1.4 Skynet 4 o 1.5 Skynet 5 1.5.1 Technical specifications 2 Information assurance 3 Satellite summary 4 See also 5 References 6 External links  Models  Skynet 1 There were two Skynet 1 satellites (A and B); Skynet 1A was launched on a Delta M on November 22, 1969, but the satellite failed after less than a year of operation. Skynet 1B was launched on a Delta M on August 19, 1970. Skynet 1B was placed in a geostationary transfer orbit and was abandoned in transfer orbit (270 x 36058 km) due to a failure of the Thiokol Star 37D apogee kick motor.  Skynet 2 Following the operational failure of the Skynet 1A satellite, the timetable for the launch of the Skynet 2 communications satellite was delayed. Skynet 2A was launched on the Delta 2313 by NASA for the United Kingdom on 19 January 1974. A short circuit in a electronics package circuit board (on second stage) left the upper stages and satellite in an unstable low orbit (96 x 3,406 km x 37.6 deg) that rapidly decayed. An investigation revealed that a substandard coating had been used on the circuit board. Despite being in an unstable orbit, the ground stations successfully located and tracked Skynet 2A and were able to use telemetry readings from the solar panels to determine its alignment. Based on this analysis it was decided to use the alignment thrusters to deorbit the unit, and it was destroyed when it re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 27 January 1974. Skynet 2B was successfully launched on the Delta 2313 by NASA for the United Kingdom on 23 November 1974. The Skynet 2 satellites were assembled and tested at the Marconi Space and Defence Systems establishment in Portsmouth, England, and were the first communication satellites built outside the US and USSR. The Skynet 2 system was very successful for its time, and remained in service for several years beyond the originally planned timeframe.  Skynet 3 Was cut due to budget restrictions, the capability being delivered using US assets. This dependence was identified as a weakness during the Falklands war and was one of the contributing factors for the emergence of the Skynet 4 tranche of space vehicles.  Skynet 4 Skynet 4 satellites have few similarities to the earlier generations. The cylindrical body of Skynet 1 and 2 was replaced by a large square body housing antennas with deployable solar-cell arrays. This marks the technological improvement from spin-stabilisation, used in earlier cylindrical satellites, to three-axis stabilisation using momentum wheels and reaction wheels controlling the satellite gyroscopically. Skynet 4 were the first purely British built satellites, manufacture of 4A, 4B and 4C being carried out by British Aerospace Dynamics (BAe Dynamics). NATO adapted the design for the NATO IVA and IVB communication satellites, also manufactured by BAe Dynamics. Skynet 4A and 4C were launched in 1990. The improved Stage 2 satellites (4D, 4E and 4F) were built by Matra Marconi Space and Astrium to replace the earlier versions. Improvements included increased power and resistance to electronic jamming. Skynet 4D was launched in 1998, 4E in 1999 and 4F in 2001. Skynet 4 provides SHF and UHF services using earth cover, wide area and spot beam coverage.  Skynet 5 Skynet 5 is the next generation of satellites, replacing the existing Skynet 4 Stage 2 system. It has been contracted via PFI to a partnership between Paradigm Secure Communications and EADS Astrium, a European spacecraft manufacturer. EADS Astrium were responsible for the build and delivery of Skynet 5 satellites in orbit, whilst subsidiary company Paradigm will be responsible for provision of service to the MoD. Paradigm have also been contracted to provide communications services to NATO using spare capacity on the satellites. The Skynet 5 satellite is based on the Eurostar E3000 bus design, weighs about 4700 kilograms, has two solar panels each about fifteen metres long, and has a power budget of five kilowatts. It has four steerable transmission dishes, and a phased-array receiver designed to allow jamming signals to be cancelled out. They will also resist attempts to disrupt them with high-powered lasers. The first of a constellation of three Skynet 5 vehicles was launched by an Ariane 5 rocket at 22:03 GMT on 11 March 2007, in a launch shared with the Indian INSAT 4B civil communications satellite, and entered full service on 10 May 2007. The launch was delayed from 10 March due to malfunction of a launch pad deluge system. Skynet 5A successfully separated from its launch vehicle and Telemetry was acquired by its dedicated Control Centre approximately 40 minutes after launch. The second Skynet 5 UK military communications satellite was launched at 22:06 GMT on 14 November 2007, from Kourou in French Guiana, aboard an Ariane 5ECA rocket. This launch was delayed from 9 November due to problems with the electronics on one of the Solid Rocket Boosters, and 12 November due to a fueling problem with the launch pad. At time of launch the Ariane 5 ECA launcher set a new record on this mission, deploying a total payload of more than 8,700 kg. The third Skynet 5 UK military communications satellite was launched at 22:05 GMT on 12 June 2008, from Kourou in French Guiana, aboard an Ariane 5 ECA rocket. The launch had been delayed twice. Originally scheduled for 23 May, more checks were carried out on the launch vehicle and the launch was rescheduled for 30 May. A problem with the launch software during pre-launch checks led Arianespace to reschedule the launch for a second time to 12 June. The programme marks a change of approach in the UK from traditional defence procurement methods to a services-based contract which also includes provision of leased ground terminals, Reacher vehicles, the Satellite Communications Onboard Terminal (SCOT) for ships, and the associated baseband equipment. Initially two Skynet 5 satellites were to be built, with insurance covering any launch loss; the MoD later decided to have a third satellite built in advance, and later still to have the third satellite launched to serve as an on-orbit spare. A fourth satellite, Skynet 5D, is planned for launch in 2012.  Technical specifications The fleet of military X-band satellites have been specifically designed to support smaller, low powered, tactical terminals. Each Skynet 5 satellite is equipped with: High power 160W TWTAs on all transponders, giving 56 dBW peak EIRP in each transmit spot beam and 41 dBW peak EIRP in each global beam per transponder. 15 active transponders ranging in bandwidth from 20 MHz to 40 MHz Up to 9 UHF channels Multiple fully steerable downlink spot beams On Board Active Receive Antenna (OBARA) capable of generating multiple shaped uplink beams Flexible switching capability allowing connectivity between any uplink beam and at least two downlink beams Nuclear hardening, anti-jamming countermeasures and laser protection  Information assurance In early 1999, Reuters reported that the Skynet system was breached by a group of hackers who issued blackmail threats against the MoD. Duncan Campbell reported that the wire reports were wrong.  Satellite summary Summary Launch Model Manufacturer Launch date Comments vehicle Skynet 1 1A Philco Ford 22 November 1969 Delta M 1B Philco Ford 19 August 1970 Delta M Apogee motor failure Skynet 2 Marconi Space Rocket guidance 2A 19 January 1974 Delta 2000 Systems¹ failure Marconi Space 2B 23 November 1974 Delta 2000 Systems Skynet 4 4A British Aerospace 1 January 1990 Titan 34D Ariane 4B British Aerospace 11 December 1988 44LP² 4C British Aerospace 30 August 1990 Ariane 44LP Skynet 4 Stage 2 Matra Marconi 4D 10 January 1998 Delta 7000 Replaced 4B Space³ Matra Marconi 4E 26 February 1998 Ariane 44L Space 4F Astrium4 7 February 2001 Ariane 44L Skynet 5 11 March 2007, 22:03 Ariane 5- Launched with Insat 5A EADS Astrium5 GMT ECA 4B 14 November 2007, Ariane 5- Launched with Star 5B EADS Astrium 22:06 GMT ECA One C1 12 June 2008, 22:05 Ariane 5- Launched with 5C EADS Astrium GMT ECA Turksat 3A 5D EADS Astrium Planned for 2012 Notes 1. With technical assistance from Philco Ford 2. Launched with Astra 1A, the first of the European Astra satellite constellation 3. Marconi Space Systems merged to form Matra Marconi Space in 1990. MMS acquired BAe Space Systems in 1994. 4. In 2000 MMS merged with DASA's space division to form Astrium. 5. BAE Systems sold its 25% share of Astrium, renamed EADS Astrium  See also Zircon (satellite) Skynet (Terminator) – name coincidence for a sinister Military Defense computer network in the Terminator movie series, which becomes self aware and tries to wipe out humanity.  References 1. ^ NASA. "Skynet 1B NSSDC ID: 1970-062A". http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1970-062A. 2. ^ Kevin S. Forsyth. "History of the Delta Launch Vehicle: Flight Log". http://kevinforsyth.net/delta/log.php. 3. ^ Kyle, Ed (9 April 2010). "Delta 2000 series". http://www.spacelaunchreport.com/thorh10.html. 4. ^ NASA. "Skynet 2B NSSDC ID: 1974-094A". http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1974-094A. 5. ^ "Minisatellites 1970-1980". Surrey Satellite Technology Limited. http://centaur.sstl.co.uk/SSHP/mini/mini70s.html. Retrieved 2007-10-08. 6. ^ "UK Military Space Programmes, Whitehall Papers Volume 35, Issue 1, 1996". Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies. 1996. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02681309609414784?tab=permissions#tab Module. Retrieved 18 June, 2012. 7. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1990-001A 8. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1990-079A 9. ^ http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/skynet-4.htm 10. ^ "UK set for military space launch". BBC News. 9 November 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7079876.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 11. ^  12. ^ "British Skynet satellite launched". BBC News. 12 March 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6434773.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 13. ^ "Arianespace boosts Skynet 5B and Star One C1 into orbit: Sets new record" (Press release). Arianespace. 14 November 2007. http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel07_11_14_2.html. Retrieved 2008- 06-13. 14. ^ "Successful dual launch for Arianespace:Skynet 5C and Turksat 3A in orbit; 25th successful launch in a row for Ariane 5" (Press release). Arianespace. 12 June 2008. http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_06_12.html. Retrieved 2008- 06-13. 15. ^ "Arianespace Flight Skynet 5C – Turksat 3A: Liftoff rescheduled for the night of May 30, 2008" (Press release). Arianespace. 14 May 2008. http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_05_14.html. Retrieved 2008- 06-13. 16. ^ "Arianespace launch with Skynet 5C and Turksat 3A: launch postponed" (Press release). Arianespace. 30 May 2008. http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_05_30.html. Retrieved 2008- 06-13. 17. ^ "Arianespace launch with Skynet 5C and Turksat 3A: Liftoff is set for Thursday, June 12" (Press release). Arianespace. 9 June 2008. http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_06_09.html. Retrieved 2008- 06-13. 18. ^ "Countdown to UK military launch". BBC News. 29 May 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/7419751.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 19. ^ "UK Skynet military satellite system extended". BBC News. 9 Mar 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/8556585.stm. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 20. ^ Duncan Campbell (20 May 1999). "Cyber Sillies". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/1999/may/20/military.defence. Retrieved 2008-02-19.  External links www.skyrocket.de www.astronautix.com Astrium Ltd - manufacturer Paradigm Secure Communications - Owner Operator of Skynet 5 BBC Article on March 2007 launch UK Skynet ground terminal locations Arianespace Launch Status & Schedule Astrium Services From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Paradigm Secure Communications) Jump to: navigation, search Astrium Services is the services division of EADS Astrium. The services division specializes in military satellite communications services. Currently 2,200 employees work in this Business Division. It is responsible for delivering the following services and systems: ASTEL-S, France TELCOMARSAT, France SATCOMBw, Germany (2009) Paradigm Secure Communications: provides all the UK MoD’s satellite communications NATO service provision to Portugal and Canada Galileo (2010)  References  External links Astrium Services @ EADS Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search United Kingdom Ministry of Defence Flag of the Ministry of Defence Ministry of Defence Combined Services badge Department overview Formed 1964 (As modern department) Jurisdiction United Kingdom Headquarters Whitehall, Westminster, London Employees Over 80,000 civilian staff £27.3 billion (current) & £10 billion Annual budget (capital) in 2011-12  Minister Philip Hammond, Secretary of State for responsible Defence General Sir David Richards, Chief of Department the Defence Staff executives Ursula Brennan, Permanent Secretary Child agencies Defence Science and Technology Laboratory Defence Support Group Service Children's Education United Kingdom Hydrographic Office Website http://www.mod.uk United Kingdom This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the United Kingdom Constitution[show] The Crown[show] Government[show] Legislature[show] Judiciary[show] Devolution[show] Administrative geography[show] Elections[show] Foreign policy[show] Other countries Atlas Politics portal v t e The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by the UK's government, and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. The MOD states that its principal objectives are to defend the United Kingdom and its interests and to strengthen international peace and stability. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, the MOD does not foresee any short-term conventional military threat; rather, it has identified weapons of mass destruction, international terrorism, and failed and failing states as the overriding threats to the UK's interests. The MOD also manages day-to-day running of the armed forces, contingency planning and defence procurement. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Ministers 3 Senior officials o 3.1 Permanent Secretaries and other senior officials o 3.2 Chiefs of the Defence Staff 4 Defence policy o 4.1 Perceived current threats 5 Departmental organisation 6 Property portfolio 7 Controversies o 7.1 Fraud o 7.2 Chinook HC3 helicopters o 7.3 Volunteer army cuts 8 See also 9 References 10 External links  History During the 1920s and 1930s, British civil servants and politicians, looking back at the performance of the state during World War I, concluded that there was a need for greater co-ordination between the three Services that made up the armed forces of the United Kingdom—the British Army, the Royal Navy, and the Royal Air Force. The formation of a united ministry of defence was rejected by Prime Minister David Lloyd George's coalition government in 1921; but the Chiefs of Staff Committee was formed in 1923, for the purposes of inter-Service co-ordination. As rearmament became a concern during the 1930s, Stanley Baldwin created the position of Minister for Coordination of Defence. Lord Chatfield held the post until the fall of Neville Chamberlain's government in 1940; his success was limited by his lack of control over the existing Service departments and his limited political influence. Winston Churchill, on forming his government in 1940, created the office of Minister of Defence to exercise ministerial control over the Chiefs of Staff Committee and to co- ordinate defence matters. The post was held by the Prime Minister of the day until Clement Attlee's government introduced the Ministry of Defence Act of 1946. The new ministry was headed by a Minister of Defence who possessed a seat in the Cabinet. The three existing service Ministers — the Secretary of State for War, the First Lord of the Admiralty, and the Secretary of State for Air — remained in direct operational control of their respective services, but ceased to attend Cabinet. From 1946 to 1964 five Departments of State did the work of the modern Ministry of Defence: the Admiralty, the War Office, the Air Ministry, the Ministry of Aviation, and an earlier form of the Ministry of Defence. These departments merged in 1964; the defence functions of the Ministry of Aviation Supply merged into the Ministry of Defence in 1971.  Ministers The Ministers in the Ministry of Defence are as follows: Minister Rank Portfolio The Rt Hon Philip Overall responsibility and Secretary of State Hammond MP strategic direction The Rt Hon Andrew Minister of State Operations, force generation Robathan MP The Rt Hon Mark Defence Personnel, Welfare and Minister of State Francois MP Veterans Parliamentary Under- Dr Andrew Murrison International Security Strategy Secretary of State Parliamentary Under- Defence Equipment, Support Phillip Dunne MP Secretary of State and Technology Parliamentary Under- Lord Astor of Hever DL Lords spokesman Secretary of State Conservative Key Liberal Democrat  Senior officials  Permanent Secretaries and other senior officials The Ministers and Chiefs of the Defence Staff are supported by a number of civilian, scientific and professional military advisors. The Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Defence (generally known as the Permanent Secretary) is the senior civil servant at the MOD. His or her role is to ensure the MOD operates effectively as a department of the government. Acting Permanent Under-Secretary of State — Tom McKane Chief of Defence Materiel — Bernard Gray Chief Scientific Adviser — Professor Mark Welland Director General Finance — Jon Thompson  Chiefs of the Defence Staff The current Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of the British Armed Forces, is General Sir David Richards, British Army. He is supported by the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff and by the professional heads of the three services of HM Armed Forces. Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff — General Sir Nicholas Houghton, British Army. First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff — Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope, Royal Navy Chief of the General Staff — General Sir Peter Wall, British Army. Chief of the Air Staff — Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton, Royal Air Force There are also three Deputy Chiefs of the Defence Staff with particular remits, Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Capability), Deputy CDS (Personnel and Training) and Deputy CDS (Operations). The Surgeon General, represents the Defence Medical Services on the Defence Staff, and is the clinical head of that service. Additionally, there are a number of Assistant Chiefs of Defence Staff, including the Defence Services Secretary in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, who is also the Assistant Chief of Defence Staff (Personnel).  Defence policy Main Building—The Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence, Whitehall, Westminster, London The 1998 Strategic Defence Review and the 2003 Delivering Security in a Changing World White Paper outlined the following posture for the British Armed Forces: The ability to support three simultaneous small- to medium-scale operations, with at least one as an enduring peace-keeping mission (e.g. Kosovo). These forces must be capable of representing the UK as lead nation in any coalition operations. The ability, at longer notice, to deploy forces in a large-scale operation while running a concurrent small-scale operation. The MOD has since been regarded as a leader in elaborating the post-Cold War organising concept of “Defence Diplomacy”. In November 2010, the MOD released its first ever business plan.  Perceived current threats Following the end of the cold war, the perceived threat of direct conventional military confrontation with other states has been replaced by terrorism - Sir Richard Dannatt predicted British forces to be involved in combating "predatory non-state actors" for the foreseeable future, in what he called an "era of persistent conflict". He told the prestigious think tank Chatham House that the fight against al-Qaeda and other militant Islamist groups was "probably the fight of our generation". Sir Richard Dannatt criticised a remnant "Cold War mentality", with military expenditures based on retaining a capability against a direct conventional strategic threat; He said currently only 10% of the MoD's equipment programme budget between 2003 and 2018 was to be invested in the "land environment" - at a time when Britain was engaged in land-based wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. The Defence Committee - Third Report "Defence Equipment 2009" cites an article from the Financial Times website stating that the Chief of Defence Materiel — General Sir Kevin O’Donoghue had instructed staff within Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S) through an internal memorandum to reprioritize the approvals process to focus on supporting current operations over the next three years; deterrence related programmes; those that reflect defence obligations both contractual or international; and those where production contracts are already signed. The report also cites concerns over potential cuts in the defence science and technology research budget; implications of inappropriate estimation of Defence Inflation within budgetary processes; underfunding in the Equipment Programme; and a general concern over striking the appropriate balance over a short-term focus (Current Operations) and long-term consequences of failure to invest in the delivery of future UK defence capabilities on future combatants and campaigns. The then Secretary of State for Defence — The Rt Hon. Bob Ainsworth, MP reinforced this reprioritization of focus on current operations and had not ruled out "major shifts" in defence spending. In the same article the First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff — Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope, Royal Navy, acknowledged that there was not enough money within the defence budget and it is preparing itself for tough decisions and the potential for cutbacks. According to figures published by the London Evening Standard the defence budget for 2009 is "more than 10% overspent" (figures cannot be verified) and the paper states that this had caused Gordon Brown to say that the defence spending must be cut. The MOD has been investing in IT  to cut costs and improve services for its personnel.  Departmental organisation Ministry of Defence Main Building, from the air A British armed forces careers office in Oxford The Ministry of Defence includes a number of organisations: Central command organisations: Air Command Army Headquarters Navy Command Central TLB Chief of Joint Operations Support organisations: Defence Business Services (DBS) Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S) Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO) Executive agencies: Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) Defence Support Group (DSG) Service Children's Education UK Hydrographic Office (UKHO) Dstl, DSG and UKHO also have trading fund status. Non-departmental public bodies: National Army Museum National Museum of the Royal Navy Royal Air Force Museum  Property portfolio Statue of a Gurkha on Horse Guards Avenue, near the Ministry of Defence building in London The Ministry of Defence is one of the United Kingdom's largest landowners owning, as of January 2010, 240,000 hectares (2,400 square kilometres) which were valued in 2009 at "nearly £20 billion". The MOD also has "rights of access" to a further 130,000 hectares. The National Audit Office estimates annual expenditure on the defence estate at £2.9 billion. The defence estate is divided as training areas & ranges (78.1%), airfields (7%), research & development (4.9%), storage & depots (3.1%), barracks & camps (3.1%), miscellaneous (1.8%), radio sites (1.7%), and naval bases (0.3%). These are largely managed by the Defence Infrastructure Organisation. The headquarters of the MOD are in Whitehall and are now known as Main Building. This structure is neoclassical in style and was originally built between 1938 and 1959 to designs by Vincent Harris to house the Air Ministry and the Board of Trade. The northern entrance in Horse Guards Avenue is flanked by two monumental statues, Earth and Water, by Charles Wheeler. Opposite stands the Gurkha Monument, sculpted by Philip Jackson and unveiled in 1997 by Queen Elizabeth II. Within it is the Victoria Cross and George Cross Memorial, and nearby are memorials to the Fleet Air Arm and RAF (to its east, facing the riverside). A major refurbishment of the building was completed under a PFI contract by Skanska in 2004. Henry VIII's wine cellar at the Palace of Whitehall, built in 1514–1516, is in the basement of Main Building, and is used for entertainment. The entire arched brick structure of the cellar was moved a short distance in 1949.  Controversies  Fraud Main article: Gordon Foxley The most notable fraud conviction was that of Gordon Foxley, head of defence procurement at the Ministry of Defence from 1981 to 1984. Police claimed he received at least £3.5m in total in corrupt payments, such as substantial bribes from overseas arms contractors aiming to influence the allocation of contracts.  Chinook HC3 helicopters “ ...the most incompetent procurement of all time...might ” as well have bought eight turkeys. — Parliamentary public accounts committee The MOD has been criticised for an ongoing fiasco, having spent £240m on eight Chinook HC3 helicopters which only started to enter service in 2010, years after they were ordered in 1995 and delivered in 2001. A National Audit Office report reveals that the helicopters have been stored in air conditioned hangars in Britain since their 2001 delivery, while troops in Afghanistan have been forced to rely on helicopters which are flying with safety faults. By the time the Chinooks are airworthy, the total cost of the project could be as much as £500m. In April 2008, a £90m contract was signed with Boeing for a "quick fix" solution, so they can fly by 2010: QinetiQ will downgrade the Chinooks - stripping out some of their more advanced equipment.  Volunteer army cuts In October 2009, the MOD was heavily criticized for withdrawing the bi-annual non- operational training £20m budget for the volunteer Territorial Army (TA), ending all non-operational training for 6 months until April 2010. The government eventually backed down and restored the funding. The TA provides a small percentage of the UK's operational troops. Its members train on weekly evenings and monthly weekends, as well as two week exercises generally annually and occasionally bi-annually for troops doing other courses. The cuts would have meant a significant loss of personnel and would have had adverse effects on recruitment.  See also Defence Diplomacy Defence Review Franco-British Defence and Security Cooperation Treaty and Downing Street Declaration Stabilisation Unit United Kingdom budget  References Citations 1. ^ 51°30′14″N 0°7′30″W51.50389°N 0.125°W 2. ^ "Defence in the Community". Ministry of Defence. http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/AboutDefence/Organisation/KeyFactsAboutDefence /DefenceInTheCommunity.htm. Retrieved 22 March 2010. 3. ^ Budget 2011. London: HM Treasury. 2011. p. 48. http://cdn.hm- treasury.gov.uk/2011budget_complete.pdf. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 4. ^ The Defence Vision Ministry of Defence website, accessed 23 April 2006. 5. ^ Strategic Defence Review 1998 Ministry of Defence, accessed 8th December 2008. 6. ^ History of the Ministry of Defence Ministry of Defence website 7. ^ Cabinet Office List of Government Departments and Ministers: Ministry of Defence 8. ^ Mod.uk 9. ^ Mod.uk 10. ^ Mod.uk 11. ^ Mod.uk 12. ^ Afri-ct.org 13. ^ Spectator.co.uk 14. ^ "Business Plan 2011-2015 - Ministry of Defence". 2010-11-08. http://www.mod.uk/NR/rdonlyres/88EA12B8-E08F-4EE4-9963- AFF82DBC665B/0/20101108_mod_business_plan_final.pdf. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 15. ^ "2010-11-09". http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/Rapid-Fire-2010-11-9- 06634/. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 16. ^ a b c d "MOD 'must adapt' to new threats". BBC. 2009-05-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8052790.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 17. ^ Monbiot, George (2009-06-22). "Any real effort on climate change will hurt - Start with the easy bits: war toys Our brains struggle with big, painful change. The rational, least painful change is to stop wasting money building tanks". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/jun/22/debt-crisis- environment-defence-spending. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 18. ^ a b Defence Committee - Third Report - Defence Equipment 2009 19. ^ "MOD orders spending clampdown", Financial Times, 16 November 2008, FT.com 20. ^ a b Head of Royal Navy tells Government not to cut ships Friday, September 18, 2009, 11:30 21. ^ Defence cuts 'to leave aircraft carriers without any planes', Robert Fox, 23.06.09 22. ^ Ministry of Defence 23. ^ MOD march out HR system firing at savings 24. ^ Virus attacks Ministry of Defence 25. ^ Mod.uk 26. ^ Mod.uk 27. ^ a b NAO.org.uk 28. ^ Better Defence Builds Project Case Study 29. ^ History of MOD Main Building on Ministry of Defence website 30. ^ "Mr. Mike Hall (Warrington, South)". Parliament of England. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199596/cmhansrd/vo961016/debtext/61016- 37.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 31. ^ a b "MOD sorts out 'turkey' helicopters for Xmas". The Register. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2007/12/20/chinook_hc3_cockup_finally_resolved_turkeys _fly_at_last/. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 32. ^ a b Hencke, David (4 June 2008). "Chinook blunders cost MOD £500m". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jun/04/military.defence?gusrc=rss&feed=networkfro nt. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 33. ^ "National Audit Office Value for Money Report: Executive Summary - Ministry of Defence: Chinook Mk3 Helicopters". NAO. http://www.nao.org.uk/publications/nao_reports/07-08/0708512es.pdf. Retrieved 2008- 06-04. 34. ^ Cuts force TA to cease training BBC News, 10 October 2009 Bibliography Chester, D. N and Willson, F. M. G. The Organisation of British Central Government 1914–1964: Chapters VI and X (2nd edition). London: George Allen & Unwin, 1968.  External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) Official website SaBRE Defence Image Database Defencemanagement.com - Defence News UK Ministry of Defence's channel on YouTube Police, protesters clash outside NATO summit From Elise Labott and Mike Mount, CNN May 21, 2012 -- Updated 0214 GMT (1014 HKT) Protesters rally in Chicago on Sunday, May 20, the first day of the NATO summit. A week of demonstrations led up to the two-day meeting, which brought together the leaders of more than 50 nations. Chicago (CNN) -- Protesters and police clashed outside the NATO summit in Chicago, where world leaders met to discuss the way forward in Afghanistan. Police hit protesters with batons as they pushed against a line of officers, video from CNN affiliate WLS showed. The clashes came toward the end of a day of peaceful protests. At least 45 people were arrested Sunday and four officers were taken to the hospital with injuries, said Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy. One officer had been stabbed in the leg, he said. "They rallied. They charged the cops and they assaulted the officers," McCarthy said. "The finger should be pointed at the people who assaulted the cops." Occupy Chicago, one of the groups that helped organize the demonstrations, similarly reported that some people were injured. "The police have several demonstrators detained behind their lines, calling for medics. Bloodied protesters being dragged out of sight now," the group wrote on its Twitter page earlier in the day. A city official, who was not authorized to talk to the media on police matters, told CNN that between 75-100 protesters had refused to leave the area after being told to disperse. They threw bottles and other objects at police, the official said. "Quite frankly, I think it's been an incredibly successful event in spite of some of these issues," said McCarthy, who offered high praise for his officers. "We're not here to get battered." He accused some protesters of splashing red paint on themselves to make it look like they had been wounded. The clashes took place just blocks from the NATO summit. Inside that meeting, U.S. President Barack Obama met with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and hosted other world leaders. He stressed that more work must be done before NATO troops pull out of Afghanistan. "There will be great challenges ahead. The loss of life continues in Afghanistan. There will be hard days," Obama said at the summit. "But we are confident we are on the right track and (what) this NATO summit reflects is that the world is behind the strategy we've laid out. Now it's our task to implement it effectively and I believe we can do so in part because of the tremendous strength and resilience of the Afghan people." Obama and other world leaders were expected to draw up a road map out of the war in Afghanistan. The summit comes at a key time for NATO countries, who are trying to figure out how to meet a 2014 deadline to withdraw from an unpopular war in Afghanistan while shoring up that nation's security forces. "There will be no rush for the exits. We will stay committed to our operations in Afghanistan and see it through to a successful end. Our goal, our strategy, our timetable remains unchanged," NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Sunday. "Once the Afghans have full responsibility by the end of 2014, our combat mission will come to an end. But we will not walk away," he added later in the day. Also Sunday, NATO leaders inked a deal to acquire five unarmed drones as part of "smart defense," a term used to describe efforts to do more with less at a time when many nations' defense budgets are being slashed, Rasmussen said. More than a dozen countries will help to buy the drones. "NATO in itself is smart defense because it is about helping each other instead of re- nationalizing defense," said the secretary general. Security was tight at the summit following Saturday's arrest of three men, described by authorities as anarchists who plotted to attack Obama's Chicago campaign headquarters and lob Molotov cocktails at police during the summit. Two other men, not believed to be part of the alleged plot, appeared in court Sunday to face charges from "related investigations," authorities said. Police insist there were no imminent threats to the leaders of more than 50 nations gathering at the summit. The leaders are expected to formally adopt a timetable to transition security from the NATO- led International Security Assistance Force to Afghan forces, senior administration officials told CNN. Why ordinary Afghans worry about NATO summit The officials, speaking on condition of anonymity as a matter of practice, said the plan will also lay out NATO's training and advisory role after 2014. A small contingent of British forces could remain after NATO forces leave in 2014, a senior British official said. A senior U.S. official said the United Kingdom may keep some troops in Afghanistan post-2014 for counter-terrorism purposes. Both officials requested anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the media. One of the key issues to be considered by the NATO leaders is who will pay for the buildup of Afghan forces as ISAF draws down its troops. Afghan security forces are expected to total 350,000 by 2015, according to CNN National Security Analyst Peter Bergen. Afghan President Karzai, who is attending the summit along with Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari, can only afford to cover a fraction of the cost of building up his country's forces. The cost of building up forces is expected to total roughly $4 billion annually by 2014, Bergen said. Rasmussen said Sunday that he was optimistic that other countries will contribute. "At the end of the day, it is less expensive to finance the Afghan security forces to do the combat than to deploy our own troops," he told CNN's "State of the Union." A user's guide to the Chicago NATO summit As expected, France's new president, Francois Hollande, announced the withdrawal of French combat troops from Afghanistan by year's end. As part of ISAF, French trainers will remain. A Taliban spokesman said Sunday that Hollande's declaration "is a decision based on realities and a reflection of the opinion of (his) nation." "We call upon all the other NATO member countries to avoid working for the political interests of American officials and answer the call of your own people by immediately removing all your troops from Afghanistan," Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said in a statement, describing what he said was the "savagery" of troops in Afghanistan. "The invasion of Afghanistan by America and its allies under the banner of 'war of terror' was an unjustified and tyrannical action which was only carried out for political and economical gains," he said. Also at issue at the NATO summit is Islamabad's continued blockade of much-needed NATO supplies shipped over Pakistani roads to Afghanistan. Pakistan closed the ground routes after a NATO airstrike in November killed two dozen of its soldiers. NATO insists the incident was an accident. The United States and Pakistan have not come to an agreement on the price of opening the supply lines, according to senior administration officials. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met Sunday with Pakistani President Zardari to discuss the lines, reconciliation and Pakistani commitments to go after extremists, the officials said. Without a deal, officials said Obama would not meet with Zardari at the summit. The two were scheduled to hold trilateral talks with Karzai on political reconciliation in Afghanistan. Pakistan's support in reaching a deal with the Taliban is seen as critical in ending the war in Afghanistan. U.S. Republican presidential frontrunner Mitt Romney was not at the summit, but he weighed in Sunday with an op-ed piece in the Chicago Tribune, arguing that many NATO countries have not contributed enough to the alliance. The Obama administration's defense budget cuts have further fueled the problem, he said. "The administration's irresponsible defense cuts are clearing the way for our partners to do even less," Romney wrote. "An alliance not undergirded by military strength and U.S. leadership may soon become an alliance in name only."
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