Chicago Terror Cover For NATO Implementation Of
SKYNET Terminator Program
Posted: May 20, 2012 in Breaking News, SKYNET Terror
David Chase Taylor
May 20, 2012
The highly controversial 2012 NATO Summit in Chicago has gained unprecedented
news coverage in respect to the Occupy protests and arrests, the war in Afghanistan and
the NATO attack on Pakistan in November of 2011, all of which appear to be cover for
implementation of the 5th SKYNET, whereby NATO military satellites which will finally
be integrated with NATO’s “Smart Defense” killer drone program.
SKYNET, although billed as a fictional name for the terminator program in the
“Terminator” movie series, is in fact a real-life NATO military program that appears to
be nearing completion.
According to Wikipedia, “Skynet is a family of military satellites, now operated
by Paradigm Secure Communications on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence, which
provide strategic communication services to the three branches of the British Armed
Forces and to NATO forces engaged on coalition tasks.” Although SKYNET has been
around since 1969, the 2012 NATO summit marks the first time in history that the full-
scale legalization and implementation of robotic terminators is on the political agenda.
A CNN article dated May 20, 2012, entitled “NATO summit opens against backdrop of
protests, foiled terror plot”, nicely hides the real undercover agenda of the 2012 NATO
“Two senior U.S. officials said NATO leaders would agree Sunday to purchase shared
surveillance drones as part of “smart defense,” a term used to describe efforts to do more
with less at a time when many nations’ defense budgets are being slashed. Thirteen
countries will buy the drones, while other NATO members will help with logistics and
Although neither the SKYNET Wikipedia page or the CNN article directly connect the
two controversial NATO programs, the infamous terminator scenario is already a grim
reality in the nations of Afghanistan and Pakistan, both of which are curiously the focus
of the 2012 NATO Summit for other reasons.
As seen in the war laboratories of Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan, it is virtually
impossible to verify whether a deadly drone attack was done autonomously or by a
soldier thousands of miles away. Despite this despicable and reprehensible form of
warfare, the terror, violence and bloodshed of armed drones appears ready for mass
While false-flag and state-sponsored terror is likely still on the menu of the Chicago
NATO Summit, the real reason behind the first ever NATO Summit outside of
Washington D.C. appears to be the implementation of the most deadly and controversial
autonomous terminator system ever known to man-kind.
Smart Defence according to the NATO website:
“Smart defence is a new way of thinking about generating the modern defence
capabilities the Alliance needs for the coming decade and beyond.
The crisis in Libya is a recent example, underlining the unforeseeable nature of conflicts,
but also showing the need for modern systems and facilities, and for less reliance on the
United States for costly advanced capabilities.
Smart defence is based on capability areas that are critical for NATO, in particular as
established at the Lisbon summit in 2010. Ballistic missile defence, intelligence,
surveillance and reconnaissance, maintenance of readiness, training and force
preparation, effective engagement and force protection – these are all on the list.”
About the Author: David Chase Taylor is an American journalist living in Zurich,
Switzerland, where he has sought political asylum after the release of his first book
entitled The Nuclear Bible. In May of 2012, Taylor released The Bio-Terror Bible, which
exposes the coming global bio-terror pandemic. Taylor has also revealed the future
assassination of Barack Obama by the Israeli Mossad, as well as the Alex Jones links to
Skynet (military satellite system)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Launch of the first Skynet satellite, Skynet 1A, by Delta rocket in 1969 from Cape
Skynet is a family of military satellites, now operated by Paradigm Secure
Communications on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence, which provide strategic
communication services to the three branches of the British Armed Forces and to NATO
forces engaged on coalition tasks.
o 1.1 Skynet 1
o 1.2 Skynet 2
o 1.3 Skynet 3
o 1.4 Skynet 4
o 1.5 Skynet 5
1.5.1 Technical specifications
2 Information assurance
3 Satellite summary
4 See also
6 External links
 Skynet 1
There were two Skynet 1 satellites (A and B); Skynet 1A was launched on a Delta M on
November 22, 1969, but the satellite failed after less than a year of operation. Skynet 1B
was launched on a Delta M on August 19, 1970. Skynet 1B was placed in a geostationary
transfer orbit and was abandoned in transfer orbit (270 x 36058 km) due to a failure of
the Thiokol Star 37D apogee kick motor.
 Skynet 2
Following the operational failure of the Skynet 1A satellite, the timetable for the launch
of the Skynet 2 communications satellite was delayed. Skynet 2A was launched on the
Delta 2313 by NASA for the United Kingdom on 19 January 1974. A short circuit in a
electronics package circuit board (on second stage) left the upper stages and satellite in an
unstable low orbit (96 x 3,406 km x 37.6 deg) that rapidly decayed. An investigation
revealed that a substandard coating had been used on the circuit board.
Despite being in an unstable orbit, the ground stations successfully located and tracked
Skynet 2A and were able to use telemetry readings from the solar panels to determine its
alignment. Based on this analysis it was decided to use the alignment thrusters to deorbit
the unit, and it was destroyed when it re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 27 January
Skynet 2B was successfully launched on the Delta 2313 by NASA for the United
Kingdom on 23 November 1974.
The Skynet 2 satellites were assembled and tested at the Marconi Space and Defence
Systems establishment in Portsmouth, England, and were the first communication
satellites built outside the US and USSR. The Skynet 2 system was very successful for
its time, and remained in service for several years beyond the originally planned
 Skynet 3
Was cut due to budget restrictions, the capability being delivered using US assets. This
dependence was identified as a weakness during the Falklands war and was one of the
contributing factors for the emergence of the Skynet 4 tranche of space vehicles.
 Skynet 4
Skynet 4 satellites have few similarities to the earlier generations. The cylindrical body of
Skynet 1 and 2 was replaced by a large square body housing antennas with deployable
solar-cell arrays. This marks the technological improvement from spin-stabilisation, used
in earlier cylindrical satellites, to three-axis stabilisation using momentum wheels and
reaction wheels controlling the satellite gyroscopically.
Skynet 4 were the first purely British built satellites, manufacture of 4A, 4B and 4C being
carried out by British Aerospace Dynamics (BAe Dynamics). NATO adapted the design
for the NATO IVA and IVB communication satellites, also manufactured by BAe
Dynamics. Skynet 4A and 4C were launched in 1990.
The improved Stage 2 satellites (4D, 4E and 4F) were built by Matra Marconi Space and
Astrium to replace the earlier versions. Improvements included increased power and
resistance to electronic jamming. Skynet 4D was launched in 1998, 4E in 1999 and 4F in
Skynet 4 provides SHF and UHF services using earth cover, wide area and spot beam
 Skynet 5
Skynet 5 is the next generation of satellites, replacing the existing Skynet 4 Stage 2
system. It has been contracted via PFI to a partnership between Paradigm Secure
Communications and EADS Astrium, a European spacecraft manufacturer. EADS
Astrium were responsible for the build and delivery of Skynet 5 satellites in orbit, whilst
subsidiary company Paradigm will be responsible for provision of service to the MoD.
Paradigm have also been contracted to provide communications services to NATO using
spare capacity on the satellites.
The Skynet 5 satellite is based on the Eurostar E3000 bus design, weighs about 4700
kilograms, has two solar panels each about fifteen metres long, and has a power budget of
five kilowatts. It has four steerable transmission dishes, and a phased-array receiver
designed to allow jamming signals to be cancelled out. They will also resist attempts to
disrupt them with high-powered lasers.
The first of a constellation of three Skynet 5 vehicles was launched by an Ariane 5 rocket
at 22:03 GMT on 11 March 2007, in a launch shared with the Indian INSAT 4B civil
communications satellite, and entered full service on 10 May 2007. The launch was
delayed from 10 March due to malfunction of a launch pad deluge system. Skynet 5A
successfully separated from its launch vehicle and Telemetry was acquired by its
dedicated Control Centre approximately 40 minutes after launch.
The second Skynet 5 UK military communications satellite was launched at 22:06 GMT
on 14 November 2007, from Kourou in French Guiana, aboard an Ariane 5ECA rocket.
This launch was delayed from 9 November due to problems with the electronics on one
of the Solid Rocket Boosters, and 12 November due to a fueling problem with the launch
pad. At time of launch the Ariane 5 ECA launcher set a new record on this mission,
deploying a total payload of more than 8,700 kg.
The third Skynet 5 UK military communications satellite was launched at 22:05 GMT on
12 June 2008, from Kourou in French Guiana, aboard an Ariane 5 ECA rocket. The
launch had been delayed twice. Originally scheduled for 23 May, more checks were
carried out on the launch vehicle and the launch was rescheduled for 30 May. A
problem with the launch software during pre-launch checks led Arianespace to
reschedule the launch for a second time to 12 June.
The programme marks a change of approach in the UK from traditional defence
procurement methods to a services-based contract which also includes provision of leased
ground terminals, Reacher vehicles, the Satellite Communications Onboard Terminal
(SCOT) for ships, and the associated baseband equipment.
Initially two Skynet 5 satellites were to be built, with insurance covering any launch loss;
the MoD later decided to have a third satellite built in advance, and later still to have the
third satellite launched to serve as an on-orbit spare. A fourth satellite, Skynet 5D, is
planned for launch in 2012.
 Technical specifications
The fleet of military X-band satellites have been specifically designed to support smaller,
low powered, tactical terminals. Each Skynet 5 satellite is equipped with:
High power 160W TWTAs on all transponders, giving 56 dBW peak EIRP in
each transmit spot beam and 41 dBW peak EIRP in each global beam per
15 active transponders ranging in bandwidth from 20 MHz to 40 MHz
Up to 9 UHF channels
Multiple fully steerable downlink spot beams
On Board Active Receive Antenna (OBARA) capable of generating multiple
shaped uplink beams
Flexible switching capability allowing connectivity between any uplink beam and
at least two downlink beams
Nuclear hardening, anti-jamming countermeasures and laser protection
 Information assurance
In early 1999, Reuters reported that the Skynet system was breached by a group of
hackers who issued blackmail threats against the MoD. Duncan Campbell reported that
the wire reports were wrong.
 Satellite summary
Model Manufacturer Launch date Comments
1A Philco Ford 22 November 1969 Delta M
1B Philco Ford 19 August 1970 Delta M Apogee motor failure
Marconi Space Rocket guidance
2A 19 January 1974 Delta 2000
2B 23 November 1974 Delta 2000
4A British Aerospace 1 January 1990 Titan 34D
4B British Aerospace 11 December 1988
4C British Aerospace 30 August 1990 Ariane 44LP
Skynet 4 Stage 2
4D 10 January 1998 Delta 7000 Replaced 4B
4E 26 February 1998 Ariane 44L
4F Astrium4 7 February 2001 Ariane 44L
11 March 2007, 22:03 Ariane 5- Launched with Insat
5A EADS Astrium5
GMT ECA 4B
14 November 2007, Ariane 5- Launched with Star
5B EADS Astrium
22:06 GMT ECA One C1
12 June 2008, 22:05 Ariane 5- Launched with
5C EADS Astrium
GMT ECA Turksat 3A
5D EADS Astrium Planned for 2012
1. With technical assistance from Philco Ford
2. Launched with Astra 1A, the first of the European Astra satellite constellation
3. Marconi Space Systems merged to form Matra Marconi Space in 1990. MMS
acquired BAe Space Systems in 1994.
4. In 2000 MMS merged with DASA's space division to form Astrium.
5. BAE Systems sold its 25% share of Astrium, renamed EADS Astrium
 See also
Skynet (Terminator) – name coincidence for a sinister Military Defense computer
network in the Terminator movie series, which becomes self aware and tries to
wipe out humanity.
1. ^ NASA. "Skynet 1B NSSDC ID: 1970-062A".
2. ^ Kevin S. Forsyth. "History of the Delta Launch Vehicle: Flight Log".
3. ^ Kyle, Ed (9 April 2010). "Delta 2000 series".
4. ^ NASA. "Skynet 2B NSSDC ID: 1974-094A".
5. ^ "Minisatellites 1970-1980". Surrey Satellite Technology Limited.
http://centaur.sstl.co.uk/SSHP/mini/mini70s.html. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
6. ^ "UK Military Space Programmes, Whitehall Papers Volume 35, Issue 1, 1996".
Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies. 1996.
Module. Retrieved 18 June, 2012.
7. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1990-001A
8. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1990-079A
9. ^ http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/skynet-4.htm
10. ^ "UK set for military space launch". BBC News. 9 November 2007.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7079876.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
11. ^ 
12. ^ "British Skynet satellite launched". BBC News. 12 March 2007.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6434773.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
13. ^ "Arianespace boosts Skynet 5B and Star One C1 into orbit: Sets new record"
(Press release). Arianespace. 14 November 2007.
http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel07_11_14_2.html. Retrieved 2008-
14. ^ "Successful dual launch for Arianespace:Skynet 5C and Turksat 3A in orbit;
25th successful launch in a row for Ariane 5" (Press release). Arianespace. 12 June 2008.
http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_06_12.html. Retrieved 2008-
15. ^ "Arianespace Flight Skynet 5C – Turksat 3A: Liftoff rescheduled for the night
of May 30, 2008" (Press release). Arianespace. 14 May 2008.
http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_05_14.html. Retrieved 2008-
16. ^ "Arianespace launch with Skynet 5C and Turksat 3A: launch postponed" (Press
release). Arianespace. 30 May 2008.
http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_05_30.html. Retrieved 2008-
17. ^ "Arianespace launch with Skynet 5C and Turksat 3A: Liftoff is set for
Thursday, June 12" (Press release). Arianespace. 9 June 2008.
http://www.arianespace.com/site/news/releases/presrel08_06_09.html. Retrieved 2008-
18. ^ "Countdown to UK military launch". BBC News. 29 May 2008.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/7419751.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
19. ^ "UK Skynet military satellite system extended". BBC News. 9 Mar 2010.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/8556585.stm. Retrieved 2010-03-09.
20. ^ Duncan Campbell (20 May 1999). "Cyber Sillies". The Guardian.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/1999/may/20/military.defence. Retrieved 2008-02-19.
 External links
Astrium Ltd - manufacturer
Paradigm Secure Communications - Owner Operator of Skynet 5
BBC Article on March 2007 launch
UK Skynet ground terminal locations
Arianespace Launch Status & Schedule
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Paradigm Secure Communications)
Jump to: navigation, search
Astrium Services is the services division of EADS Astrium.
The services division specializes in military satellite communications services. Currently
2,200 employees work in this Business Division.
It is responsible for delivering the following services and systems:
SATCOMBw, Germany (2009)
Paradigm Secure Communications: provides all the UK MoD’s satellite
NATO service provision to Portugal and Canada
 External links
Astrium Services @ EADS
Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ministry of Defence
Flag of the Ministry of Defence
Ministry of Defence
Combined Services badge
Formed 1964 (As modern department)
Jurisdiction United Kingdom
Headquarters Whitehall, Westminster, London
Employees Over 80,000 civilian staff
£27.3 billion (current) & £10 billion
(capital) in 2011-12 
Minister Philip Hammond, Secretary of State for
General Sir David Richards, Chief of
the Defence Staff
Ursula Brennan, Permanent Secretary
Child agencies Defence Science and Technology
Defence Support Group
Service Children's Education
United Kingdom Hydrographic Office
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the United Kingdom
The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department
responsible for implementing the defence policy set by the UK's government, and is the
headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
The MOD states that its principal objectives are to defend the United Kingdom and its
interests and to strengthen international peace and stability. With the collapse of the
Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, the MOD does not foresee any short-term
conventional military threat; rather, it has identified weapons of mass destruction,
international terrorism, and failed and failing states as the overriding threats to the UK's
interests. The MOD also manages day-to-day running of the armed forces, contingency
planning and defence procurement.
3 Senior officials
o 3.1 Permanent Secretaries and other senior officials
o 3.2 Chiefs of the Defence Staff
4 Defence policy
o 4.1 Perceived current threats
5 Departmental organisation
6 Property portfolio
o 7.1 Fraud
o 7.2 Chinook HC3 helicopters
o 7.3 Volunteer army cuts
8 See also
10 External links
During the 1920s and 1930s, British civil servants and politicians, looking back at the
performance of the state during World War I, concluded that there was a need for greater
co-ordination between the three Services that made up the armed forces of the United
Kingdom—the British Army, the Royal Navy, and the Royal Air Force. The formation of
a united ministry of defence was rejected by Prime Minister David Lloyd George's
coalition government in 1921; but the Chiefs of Staff Committee was formed in 1923, for
the purposes of inter-Service co-ordination. As rearmament became a concern during the
1930s, Stanley Baldwin created the position of Minister for Coordination of Defence.
Lord Chatfield held the post until the fall of Neville Chamberlain's government in 1940;
his success was limited by his lack of control over the existing Service departments and
his limited political influence.
Winston Churchill, on forming his government in 1940, created the office of Minister of
Defence to exercise ministerial control over the Chiefs of Staff Committee and to co-
ordinate defence matters. The post was held by the Prime Minister of the day until
Clement Attlee's government introduced the Ministry of Defence Act of 1946. The new
ministry was headed by a Minister of Defence who possessed a seat in the Cabinet. The
three existing service Ministers — the Secretary of State for War, the First Lord of the
Admiralty, and the Secretary of State for Air — remained in direct operational control of
their respective services, but ceased to attend Cabinet.
From 1946 to 1964 five Departments of State did the work of the modern Ministry of
Defence: the Admiralty, the War Office, the Air Ministry, the Ministry of Aviation, and
an earlier form of the Ministry of Defence. These departments merged in 1964; the
defence functions of the Ministry of Aviation Supply merged into the Ministry of
Defence in 1971.
The Ministers in the Ministry of Defence are as follows:
Minister Rank Portfolio
The Rt Hon Philip Overall responsibility and
Secretary of State
Hammond MP strategic direction
The Rt Hon Andrew
Minister of State Operations, force generation
The Rt Hon Mark Defence Personnel, Welfare and
Minister of State
Francois MP Veterans
Dr Andrew Murrison International Security Strategy
Secretary of State
Parliamentary Under- Defence Equipment, Support
Phillip Dunne MP
Secretary of State and Technology
Lord Astor of Hever DL Lords spokesman
Secretary of State
 Senior officials
 Permanent Secretaries and other senior officials
The Ministers and Chiefs of the Defence Staff are supported by a number of civilian,
scientific and professional military advisors. The Permanent Under-Secretary of State for
Defence (generally known as the Permanent Secretary) is the senior civil servant at the
MOD. His or her role is to ensure the MOD operates effectively as a department of the
Acting Permanent Under-Secretary of State — Tom McKane
Chief of Defence Materiel — Bernard Gray
Chief Scientific Adviser — Professor Mark Welland
Director General Finance — Jon Thompson
 Chiefs of the Defence Staff
The current Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of the British Armed
Forces, is General Sir David Richards, British Army. He is supported by the Vice Chief
of the Defence Staff and by the professional heads of the three services of HM Armed
Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff — General Sir Nicholas Houghton, British Army.
First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff — Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope, Royal
Chief of the General Staff — General Sir Peter Wall, British Army.
Chief of the Air Staff — Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton, Royal Air Force
There are also three Deputy Chiefs of the Defence Staff with particular remits, Deputy
Chief of the Defence Staff (Capability), Deputy CDS (Personnel and Training) and
Deputy CDS (Operations). The Surgeon General, represents the Defence Medical
Services on the Defence Staff, and is the clinical head of that service. Additionally,
there are a number of Assistant Chiefs of Defence Staff, including the Defence Services
Secretary in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, who is also
the Assistant Chief of Defence Staff (Personnel).
 Defence policy
Main Building—The Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence, Whitehall, Westminster,
The 1998 Strategic Defence Review and the 2003 Delivering Security in a Changing
World White Paper outlined the following posture for the British Armed Forces:
The ability to support three simultaneous small- to medium-scale operations, with
at least one as an enduring peace-keeping mission (e.g. Kosovo). These forces
must be capable of representing the UK as lead nation in any coalition operations.
The ability, at longer notice, to deploy forces in a large-scale operation while
running a concurrent small-scale operation.
The MOD has since been regarded as a leader in elaborating the post-Cold War
organising concept of “Defence Diplomacy”.
In November 2010, the MOD released its first ever business plan.
 Perceived current threats
Following the end of the cold war, the perceived threat of direct conventional military
confrontation with other states has been replaced by terrorism - Sir Richard Dannatt
predicted British forces to be involved in combating "predatory non-state actors" for the
foreseeable future, in what he called an "era of persistent conflict". He told the
prestigious think tank Chatham House that the fight against al-Qaeda and other militant
Islamist groups was "probably the fight of our generation".
Sir Richard Dannatt criticised a remnant "Cold War mentality", with military
expenditures based on retaining a capability against a direct conventional strategic
threat; He said currently only 10% of the MoD's equipment programme budget
between 2003 and 2018 was to be invested in the "land environment" - at a time when
Britain was engaged in land-based wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
The Defence Committee - Third Report "Defence Equipment 2009" cites an article
from the Financial Times website stating that the Chief of Defence Materiel —
General Sir Kevin O’Donoghue had instructed staff within Defence Equipment and
Support (DE&S) through an internal memorandum to reprioritize the approvals process
to focus on supporting current operations over the next three years; deterrence related
programmes; those that reflect defence obligations both contractual or international; and
those where production contracts are already signed. The report also cites concerns over
potential cuts in the defence science and technology research budget; implications of
inappropriate estimation of Defence Inflation within budgetary processes; underfunding
in the Equipment Programme; and a general concern over striking the appropriate balance
over a short-term focus (Current Operations) and long-term consequences of failure to
invest in the delivery of future UK defence capabilities on future combatants and
campaigns. The then Secretary of State for Defence — The Rt Hon. Bob Ainsworth,
MP reinforced this reprioritization of focus on current operations and had not ruled out
"major shifts" in defence spending. In the same article the First Sea Lord and Chief of
the Naval Staff — Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope, Royal Navy, acknowledged that there
was not enough money within the defence budget and it is preparing itself for tough
decisions and the potential for cutbacks. According to figures published by the London
Evening Standard the defence budget for 2009 is "more than 10% overspent" (figures
cannot be verified) and the paper states that this had caused Gordon Brown to say that the
defence spending must be cut. The MOD has been investing in IT  to cut costs and
improve services for its personnel.
 Departmental organisation
Ministry of Defence Main Building, from the air
A British armed forces careers office in Oxford
The Ministry of Defence includes a number of organisations:
Central command organisations:
Chief of Joint Operations
Defence Business Services (DBS)
Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S)
Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO)
Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl)
Defence Support Group (DSG)
Service Children's Education
UK Hydrographic Office (UKHO)
Dstl, DSG and UKHO also have trading fund status.
Non-departmental public bodies:
National Army Museum
National Museum of the Royal Navy
Royal Air Force Museum
 Property portfolio
Statue of a Gurkha on Horse Guards Avenue, near the Ministry of Defence building in
The Ministry of Defence is one of the United Kingdom's largest landowners owning, as
of January 2010, 240,000 hectares (2,400 square kilometres) which were valued in 2009
at "nearly £20 billion". The MOD also has "rights of access" to a further 130,000
hectares. The National Audit Office estimates annual expenditure on the defence estate at
The defence estate is divided as training areas & ranges (78.1%), airfields (7%), research
& development (4.9%), storage & depots (3.1%), barracks & camps (3.1%),
miscellaneous (1.8%), radio sites (1.7%), and naval bases (0.3%). These are largely
managed by the Defence Infrastructure Organisation.
The headquarters of the MOD are in Whitehall and are now known as Main Building.
This structure is neoclassical in style and was originally built between 1938 and 1959 to
designs by Vincent Harris to house the Air Ministry and the Board of Trade. The northern
entrance in Horse Guards Avenue is flanked by two monumental statues, Earth and
Water, by Charles Wheeler. Opposite stands the Gurkha Monument, sculpted by Philip
Jackson and unveiled in 1997 by Queen Elizabeth II. Within it is the Victoria Cross and
George Cross Memorial, and nearby are memorials to the Fleet Air Arm and RAF (to its
east, facing the riverside). A major refurbishment of the building was completed under a
PFI contract by Skanska in 2004.
Henry VIII's wine cellar at the Palace of Whitehall, built in 1514–1516, is in the
basement of Main Building, and is used for entertainment. The entire arched brick
structure of the cellar was moved a short distance in 1949.
Main article: Gordon Foxley
The most notable fraud conviction was that of Gordon Foxley, head of defence
procurement at the Ministry of Defence from 1981 to 1984. Police claimed he received at
least £3.5m in total in corrupt payments, such as substantial bribes from overseas arms
contractors aiming to influence the allocation of contracts.
 Chinook HC3 helicopters
as well have
— Parliamentary public accounts
The MOD has been criticised for an ongoing fiasco, having spent £240m on eight
Chinook HC3 helicopters which only started to enter service in 2010, years after they
were ordered in 1995 and delivered in 2001. A National Audit Office report reveals
that the helicopters have been stored in air conditioned hangars in Britain since their 2001
delivery, while troops in Afghanistan have been forced to rely on helicopters which are
flying with safety faults. By the time the Chinooks are airworthy, the total cost of the
project could be as much as £500m.
In April 2008, a £90m contract was signed with Boeing for a "quick fix" solution, so they
can fly by 2010: QinetiQ will downgrade the Chinooks - stripping out some of their more
 Volunteer army cuts
In October 2009, the MOD was heavily criticized for withdrawing the bi-annual non-
operational training £20m budget for the volunteer Territorial Army (TA), ending all
non-operational training for 6 months until April 2010. The government eventually
backed down and restored the funding. The TA provides a small percentage of the UK's
operational troops. Its members train on weekly evenings and monthly weekends, as well
as two week exercises generally annually and occasionally bi-annually for troops doing
other courses. The cuts would have meant a significant loss of personnel and would have
had adverse effects on recruitment.
 See also
Franco-British Defence and Security Cooperation Treaty and Downing Street
United Kingdom budget
1. ^ 51°30′14″N 0°7′30″W51.50389°N 0.125°W
2. ^ "Defence in the Community". Ministry of Defence.
/DefenceInTheCommunity.htm. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
3. ^ Budget 2011. London: HM Treasury. 2011. p. 48. http://cdn.hm-
treasury.gov.uk/2011budget_complete.pdf. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
4. ^ The Defence Vision Ministry of Defence website, accessed 23 April 2006.
5. ^ Strategic Defence Review 1998 Ministry of Defence, accessed 8th December
6. ^ History of the Ministry of Defence Ministry of Defence website
7. ^ Cabinet Office List of Government Departments and Ministers: Ministry of
8. ^ Mod.uk
9. ^ Mod.uk
10. ^ Mod.uk
11. ^ Mod.uk
12. ^ Afri-ct.org
13. ^ Spectator.co.uk
14. ^ "Business Plan 2011-2015 - Ministry of Defence". 2010-11-08.
AFF82DBC665B/0/20101108_mod_business_plan_final.pdf. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
15. ^ "2010-11-09". http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/Rapid-Fire-2010-11-9-
06634/. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
16. ^ a b c d "MOD 'must adapt' to new threats". BBC. 2009-05-15.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8052790.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-23.
17. ^ Monbiot, George (2009-06-22). "Any real effort on climate change will hurt -
Start with the easy bits: war toys Our brains struggle with big, painful change. The
rational, least painful change is to stop wasting money building tanks". The Guardian
environment-defence-spending. Retrieved 2009-06-23.
18. ^ a b Defence Committee - Third Report - Defence Equipment 2009
19. ^ "MOD orders spending clampdown", Financial Times, 16 November 2008,
20. ^ a b Head of Royal Navy tells Government not to cut ships Friday, September
18, 2009, 11:30
21. ^ Defence cuts 'to leave aircraft carriers without any planes', Robert Fox,
22. ^ Ministry of Defence
23. ^ MOD march out HR system firing at savings
24. ^ Virus attacks Ministry of Defence
25. ^ Mod.uk
26. ^ Mod.uk
27. ^ a b NAO.org.uk
28. ^ Better Defence Builds Project Case Study
29. ^ History of MOD Main Building on Ministry of Defence website
30. ^ "Mr. Mike Hall (Warrington, South)". Parliament of England.
37.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
31. ^ a b "MOD sorts out 'turkey' helicopters for Xmas". The Register.
_fly_at_last/. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
32. ^ a b Hencke, David (4 June 2008). "Chinook blunders cost MOD £500m". The
nt. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
33. ^ "National Audit Office Value for Money Report: Executive Summary -
Ministry of Defence: Chinook Mk3 Helicopters". NAO.
http://www.nao.org.uk/publications/nao_reports/07-08/0708512es.pdf. Retrieved 2008-
34. ^ Cuts force TA to cease training BBC News, 10 October 2009
Chester, D. N and Willson, F. M. G. The Organisation of British Central
Government 1914–1964: Chapters VI and X (2nd edition). London: George Allen
& Unwin, 1968.
 External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)
Defence Image Database
Defencemanagement.com - Defence News
UK Ministry of Defence's channel on YouTube
Police, protesters clash outside NATO
From Elise Labott and Mike Mount, CNN
May 21, 2012 -- Updated 0214 GMT (1014 HKT)
Protesters rally in Chicago on Sunday, May 20, the first day of the NATO summit. A week of demonstrations
led up to the two-day meeting, which brought together the leaders of more than 50 nations.
Chicago (CNN) -- Protesters and police clashed outside the NATO summit in Chicago,
where world leaders met to discuss the way forward in Afghanistan.
Police hit protesters with batons as they pushed against a line of officers, video from CNN
affiliate WLS showed. The clashes came toward the end of a day of peaceful protests.
At least 45 people were arrested Sunday and four officers were taken to the hospital with
injuries, said Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy. One officer had been stabbed
in the leg, he said.
"They rallied. They charged the cops and they assaulted the officers," McCarthy said. "The
finger should be pointed at the people who assaulted the cops."
Occupy Chicago, one of the groups that helped organize the demonstrations, similarly
reported that some people were injured.
"The police have several demonstrators detained behind their lines, calling for medics.
Bloodied protesters being dragged out of sight now," the group wrote on its Twitter page
earlier in the day.
A city official, who was not authorized to talk to the media on police matters, told CNN that
between 75-100 protesters had refused to leave the area after being told to disperse.
They threw bottles and other objects at police, the official said.
"Quite frankly, I think it's been an incredibly successful event in spite of some of these
issues," said McCarthy, who offered high praise for his officers. "We're not here to get
He accused some protesters of splashing red paint on themselves to make it look like they
had been wounded.
The clashes took place just blocks from the NATO summit. Inside that meeting, U.S.
President Barack Obama met with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and hosted other world
leaders. He stressed that more work must be done before NATO troops pull out of
"There will be great challenges ahead. The loss of life continues in Afghanistan. There will be
hard days," Obama said at the summit. "But we are confident we are on the right track and
(what) this NATO summit reflects is that the world is behind the strategy we've laid out. Now
it's our task to implement it effectively and I believe we can do so in part because of the
tremendous strength and resilience of the Afghan people."
Obama and other world leaders were expected to draw up a road map out of the war in
Afghanistan. The summit comes at a key time for NATO countries, who are trying to figure
out how to meet a 2014 deadline to withdraw from an unpopular war in Afghanistan while
shoring up that nation's security forces.
"There will be no rush for the exits. We will stay committed to our operations in Afghanistan
and see it through to a successful end. Our goal, our strategy, our timetable remains
unchanged," NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Sunday.
"Once the Afghans have full responsibility by the end of 2014, our combat mission will come
to an end. But we will not walk away," he added later in the day.
Also Sunday, NATO leaders inked a deal to acquire five unarmed drones as part of "smart
defense," a term used to describe efforts to do more with less at a time when many nations'
defense budgets are being slashed, Rasmussen said. More than a dozen countries will help
to buy the drones.
"NATO in itself is smart defense because it is about helping each other instead of re-
nationalizing defense," said the secretary general.
Security was tight at the summit following Saturday's arrest of three men, described by
authorities as anarchists who plotted to attack Obama's Chicago campaign headquarters
and lob Molotov cocktails at police during the summit.
Two other men, not believed to be part of the alleged plot, appeared in court Sunday to face
charges from "related investigations," authorities said.
Police insist there were no imminent threats to the leaders of more than 50 nations gathering
at the summit.
The leaders are expected to formally adopt a timetable to transition security from the NATO-
led International Security Assistance Force to Afghan forces, senior administration officials
Why ordinary Afghans worry about NATO summit
The officials, speaking on condition of anonymity as a matter of practice, said the plan will
also lay out NATO's training and advisory role after 2014.
A small contingent of British forces could remain after NATO forces leave in 2014, a senior
British official said. A senior U.S. official said the United Kingdom may keep some troops in
Afghanistan post-2014 for counter-terrorism purposes. Both officials requested anonymity
because they were not authorized to speak to the media.
One of the key issues to be considered by the NATO leaders is who will pay for the buildup
of Afghan forces as ISAF draws down its troops. Afghan security forces are expected to total
350,000 by 2015, according to CNN National Security Analyst Peter Bergen.
Afghan President Karzai, who is attending the summit along with Pakistani President Asif Ali
Zardari, can only afford to cover a fraction of the cost of building up his country's forces. The
cost of building up forces is expected to total roughly $4 billion annually by 2014, Bergen
Rasmussen said Sunday that he was optimistic that other countries will contribute.
"At the end of the day, it is less expensive to finance the Afghan security forces to do the
combat than to deploy our own troops," he told CNN's "State of the Union."
A user's guide to the Chicago NATO summit
As expected, France's new president, Francois Hollande, announced the withdrawal of
French combat troops from Afghanistan by year's end. As part of ISAF, French trainers will
A Taliban spokesman said Sunday that Hollande's declaration "is a decision based on
realities and a reflection of the opinion of (his) nation."
"We call upon all the other NATO member countries to avoid working for the political
interests of American officials and answer the call of your own people by immediately
removing all your troops from Afghanistan," Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said in a
statement, describing what he said was the "savagery" of troops in Afghanistan.
"The invasion of Afghanistan by America and its allies under the banner of 'war of terror' was
an unjustified and tyrannical action which was only carried out for political and economical
gains," he said.
Also at issue at the NATO summit is Islamabad's continued blockade of much-needed NATO
supplies shipped over Pakistani roads to Afghanistan.
Pakistan closed the ground routes after a NATO airstrike in November killed two dozen of its
soldiers. NATO insists the incident was an accident.
The United States and Pakistan have not come to an agreement on the price of opening the
supply lines, according to senior administration officials.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met Sunday with Pakistani President Zardari to
discuss the lines, reconciliation and Pakistani commitments to go after extremists, the
Without a deal, officials said Obama would not meet with Zardari at the summit. The two
were scheduled to hold trilateral talks with Karzai on political reconciliation in Afghanistan.
Pakistan's support in reaching a deal with the Taliban is seen as critical in ending the war in
U.S. Republican presidential frontrunner Mitt Romney was not at the summit, but he weighed
in Sunday with an op-ed piece in the Chicago Tribune, arguing that many NATO countries
have not contributed enough to the alliance. The Obama administration's defense budget
cuts have further fueled the problem, he said.
"The administration's irresponsible defense cuts are clearing the way for our partners to do
even less," Romney wrote. "An alliance not undergirded by military strength and U.S.
leadership may soon become an alliance in name only."