The Language Teacher in the 21st Century by 2KE0Yt3a

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									The Language Teacher
in the 21 st Century




Carol A. Chapelle
Volker Hegelheimer
Iowa State University
                    The Language Teacher in the 21st Century




    For the21  century ESL teacher,
              st

the two important deliberations are
theoretical knowledge of Applied
Linguistics and manipulation of
Technology in classrooms.
                        The Language Teacher in the 21st Century

Applied Linguistics          Technology

1.Language            1.Using the World
Learning Tasks        Wide Web

2.Language            2.Communication
Learners              Tools

3. Evaluating CALL    3. Language Labs
                                    The Language Teacher in the 21st Century


            Applied Linguistics

1.Language Learning Tasks
        ◆ Focus on communicative competence, which
constitutes what to teach and assess
       ◆ Language learning encompasses the “how” and
“why”

2. Language Learners
  ◆ ESL teachers should explore teaching strategies (such as:
    ideal input, interaction, and collaboration), especially
    based on technology for stimulating motivation
                                             The Language Teacher in the 21st Century


                Applied Linguistics
3. Evaluating CALL
       ◆ Criteria from Susser and Robb
       a) the standard literature evaluating ESL and EFL textbooks;
       b) the multimedia CALL evaluation literature;
       c) Evaluations of distance learning and Internet-based training
       d) Web site evaluation using Web usability theory, interface
          design rules and other parameters.
       ◆ Methods from Chapelle
       a) language-learning potential,
       b) learner fit
       c) meaning focus,
       d) authenticity
       e) Impact
       f) practicality
       ◆ Empirical data to evaluating CALL-          Teachers
       Such as: records of learners’ performance, think-aloud protocols,
and assessment of motivation and linguistic outcomes
                                   The Language Teacher in the 21st Century



                   Technology
1.Using the World Wide Web
◆ Using Web Materials include:
     a) Searching for information and materials;
     b) evaluating Web-based materials;
     c) repurposing of materials;
     d) trouble-shooting;
◆ Creating Web Materials
2. Communication Tools
     chat rooms, bulletin board, email, mailing lists which
make language more accessible to our L2 students.
3. Language Labs
                                     The Language Teacher in the 21st Century


14


12


10


8


6


4


2


0
     Using Technology   never used                        other
                                     The Language Teacher in the 21st Century


14
     WWW,
     Moodle,
12   Articles links,
     Wiki/seedwiki,
     (Course ) webCT,
10


8


6


4


2


0
     Using Technology   never used                        other
                                     The Language Teacher in the 21st Century


14
     WWW,
     Moodle,
12   Articles links,
     Wiki/seedwiki,
     (Course ) webCT,
10


8


6


4                         Course factor,
                          Technology not
                          available
2


0
     Using Technology   never used                        other
                                     The Language Teacher in the 21st Century


14
     WWW,
     Moodle,
12   Articles links,
     Wiki/seedwiki,
     (Course ) webCT,
10


8


6


4                         Course factor,
                          Technology not                 When NOT to use
                          available                      technology?

2


0
     Using Technology   never used                        other
                                              The Language Teacher in the 21st Century


14
                        Problems:
     WWW,
     Moodle,
                        Printing problems
12   Articles links,    Compatibility issues
     Wiki/seedwiki,     Wiki: not stable/links do not work/essays disappeared
     (Course ) webCT,   Could not predict students behavior/indirect interaction
10
                        Overall problems:
                        Software underutilized/not smartly
8                       Time-consuming/5minutes lag time

6


4                                   Course factor,
                                    Technology not                When NOT to use
                                    available                     technology?

2


0
     Using Technology            never used                        other
                      The Language Teacher in the 21st Century

               Other
        Problems/Difficulties


? Re-purposing materials
   Ford and BMW Re-purposing
? Technology in developing countries
? Stance against technology
? Face to face communication
? Outdated problems
                                               The Language Teacher in the 21st Century

                   Voice from Others
“ I think that if could experience CALL for myself in the authentic
 situation of a language classroom, I would have a better idea on
 how to design and implement CALL into my own teaching.”                    Bethany
“ Most universities worldwide do not afford to train their teachers
 using technological methods.”                                                Adrian
“Can teacher training programs develop teachers who are highly skilled
 in CALL and still have adequate time to teach them the linguistic and
 pedagogical skills they need to be effective teachers?”               Marilyn
“When the teachers search for, repurpose and create web materials,
 do they already have a clear understanding of their students’ specific levels,
needs and learning styles that the web-based tasks should be tailored to?”
Fushun
“CALL environments seem to have only found widespread in those
 situations that have accepted distance learning…”                              Sam
“…you need to have access to all this technology, which many people don’t.
You also need to have teachers who possess this knowledge, which many
schools probably do not.”                                               Mike
“Plan your lesson as if you only have a chalkboard.”                           Nicole
      The Language Teacher in the 21st Century




Thank you !

								
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