Standard 3.4 requires you to determine
characters' traits by what the characters
say about themselves in narration,
dialogue, and other literary elements.
What is a CHARACTER?
In a work of fiction,
a CHARACTER is a
or other figure
that keeps the action moving
What is characterization?
is the way a CHARACTER
in a work of
Why is characterization important?
It allows you to
and think critically
There are two types
occurs when a narrator
tells us “directly” what a
character is like.
Next, she removed her glasses,
Just then Mrs. Pinewood
and all and so help me God,
smiled, I saw were these two
blood-red eyes zeroing in
she had the sharpest teethon
me like telescopic reminded
I’ve everaseen. They rifle.
me of razorblades.
This form of behavior is unacceptable,
Max is a really smart and creative
and He just needs to focus his
boy. if Max doesn’t modify his childish
A few days ago I bent down to
attention ontoo cluttered, at his parents.
ways, I will be forced to callhand.
His mind is the material and andspends
pick up a pencil, he I noticed
way too much time fantasizing about me.
Max staring at my behind.
There are FIVE methods of indirect characterization
What does a character say?
How does he or she speak?
Sometimes I’d feel the
cool darkness sweep over
my body, and I’d hear the
sound of other inmates
snorin’ or talkin’ in their
I lived a peaceful prison life. I
sleep, and it’s like the
even did a little preachin’, and
I spent a lotta time prison
Actually, preachin’, I’dwhole starin’ would be
when I wasn’t
outta my bunk, smoke suspended in time and
just lie on this window, ’specially at night,
space, kinda like
’cause that’s when I could see the sky The
cigarettes, or stare outta this
and window in the moon.
barred-upthe stars andmy cell.
The character’s speech is. . .
(A) Dull and repetitive
(B) Full of prison slang
(C) Descriptive and thoughtful
(D) Wordy and hard to understand
What is revealed
through a character’s
For of a first timehe wanted
His heart was beating life,
All the sudden, in his so
Jake wasback into his
to climb scared. He became
fast that he thought it
dizzy, he womb, His legs
might explode. where he
mother’s started sweating,
Jake Monroe from this
and hisbe safe was in the
were hands vision
would stiff, histrembled.
presence of God (or at least
was blurry, and he
strange Force and this
some Godlike figure).
almost wet his pants.
The character’s two feelings are. . .
(A) Love and happiness
(B) Fear and anxiety
(C) Rage and vengefulness
(D) Boredom and apathy
What effect does the character have on other people?
What do they say about him or her?
Your mom would rest her head on my
shoulder, and sometimes she would
whisper strange words in my ear.
Esther was the most
beautiful woman who
ever walked a
She was gentle as the streets
mouse and tender asand I still
don’t know could
the night, and shewhat she saw
in me. I with her
hypnotize you treated the poor
woman like her
crystal-blue eyes, garbage.
snow-white hair, and
her apple-red lips.
The character remembers his wife as. . .
(A) An ugly old witch
(B) A distant and strange being
(C) A grumpy housewife he could barely stand
(D) A deeply attractive and loving woman
What does the character do?
How does the character behave?
I placed the I ate a on cracker for
This morning crackerRitzmy tongue. It
Normally,there, waiting a Ritz cracker, but
lingered I only eat It was crispy and golden
breakfast—just one. halfto be consumed. a
whole Igobbled it up, and . tasted in I
Then still Pure the way Tomorrow
brown.Ione? recall insanity. I.itregret thatmy will
moment salty and anything. It was a
mouth, allmore than loaded with calories. It
eat nothing for breakfast.
moment me of a large, edible coin.
reminded of weakness. I’ll never do it again.
The character is probably. . .
(A) A big fan of Ritz crackers
(B) A super-thin fashion model
(C) Suffering from an eating disorder
(D) Recovering from manic depression
The character’s physical
appearance suggests that he is. . .
(B) Often judged because of how he looks
(C) Going to wind up in jail
(D) Ready to drop out of high school
A protagonist is the main character of a story
An antagonist is the villain or opposing force
And Knight, Batman is the protagonist
In The Dark the Joker is the antagonist
A flat character
has only one or two
character traits (or qualities)
A round character
has many sides to
his or her personality
A static character does not change or grow.
The Joker is a static character because he
never really changes. He is a psychopathic
killer from beginning to end.
A dynamic character changes or grows.
Whether characters are in books or
movies, remember that they all embody
They represent the BEST and are YOU of us.
So which characters WORST in alllike?
qualities that many of us possess.