BRAZIL FIAT by 2511mF

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									Fiat into Brazil
Write down the three
main points as to why
Fiat wanted to expand in
Brazil.
1.

2.


3.
          Describe and Explain the Advantages and Disadvantages of TNC’s.
Possible points:

                                      8 marks
                                     June 2003
Advantages of TNCs (For LEDCs)                  Disadvantages of TNCs (For LEDCs)

•          Economic growth.                 •       Few jobs       in capital intensive
•          Capital investment                       industry e.g. oil.
•          Technology, knowledge, skills.       •   Low wages / exploitation.
•          Infrastructure improvements.         •   Export of       profits   (to   home
•          Job creation (e.g. manufacturers).       country).
•          Trade e.g. exports.                  •   Export dependant – affected by
•          “knock on”/multiplier effects            world trade.
•          etc.                                 •   Safety records.
                                                •   Pollution control issues.


                                                •   etc.


                                 Accept advantages and disadvantages for MEDCs/TNCs
                                                        Level 1 1-3 marks
              (Basic)                                                                       List like points made.
        Only one aspect covered (either disadvantages only or advantages only), e.g. “TNCs create jobs and trade”.
                                                       Level 2 4 – 6 marks
            (Clear)                                                                        May still be imbalanced.
            Clear development, e.g. “TNCs create a lot of jobs in certain types of industry e.g. manufacturing…”
                                                       Level 3 7 – 8 marks
                                            (Detailed) Both aspects are covered.
    One or more points on each aspect in full/detail, e.g. “TNCs which deal with manufacturing can bring a lot of jobs to an
    LEDC, but when they are industries with a lot of technology e.g. oil, there are fewer jobs available for “local” people…”
                    A = advantages D = disadvantages                                                (8 marks)

								
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