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									 Keep America’s Food and Agriculture Safe


USDA Homeland Security



                             Dr. John L. Williams, DVM
                              U.S. Dept. of Agriculture

                              NASDA Annual Meeting
                               Food and Agriculture
                                Security Task Force

                                St. Paul, Minnesota
                                September 26, 2004
                 USDA Homeland Security Structure
                                         Executive Office of the President



                                         USDA Homeland Security Council
                                         Secretary
                                         Deputy Secretary
                                         Homeland Security Staff
                                         Under/Assistant Secretaries
                                         Communications Director




                                             Protecting USDA Facilities & Other
Protection of the Food Supply &              Infrastructure
Agricultural Production                      Under Secretary, Natural Resources &     Protecting USDA Staff/
Under Secretary, Food Safety, Co-Chair        Environment, Co-Chair                   Emergency Preparedness
Under Secretary, Marketing &                 Under Secretary, Research, Education &   Assistant Sec., Administration
 Regulatory Programs, Co-Chair                Economics, Co-Chair                     Inspector General
                The Agriculture & Food Sector
               is Essential To National Security




All Photos - Source: USDA/OC Photo Library
    U.S. Agriculture - a National Resource
                 $1.24
Value Toward               “Most reliable, secure
                Trillion
                            and safe supply of
   GDP            or
                            food at a reasonable
               12.3% of
                            cost that the world
                 GDP
                            has ever known”
 Direct and     16.7%
  Related         or
Employment 1 in 6 Jobs


                           Source: Agricultural Statistics Board (National Agricultural Statistics Service)
          Threats to the U.S.
      Agriculture and Food Sector
• Terrorism knows no boundaries.
  – Sept. 11, 2001
  – Expanding USDA’s mission to include ‘security’


• USDA faces Domestic Terrorism
  – Arson attack on the FS
    Northeast Research Station
  – Sabotage at the FS North
    Central Research Station.


                                    Source: http://www.fs.fed.us/lei/home_page.html
          Challenges to Protecting the U.S.
           Agriculture and Food Sector
•   Largest in world
     - Highly concentrated
     - Vast transportation systems – spread disease rapidly
     - Increased travel, tourism & trade – multiplies risks




               Source: USDA/OC Photo Library
    Challenges to Protecting U.S.
Agriculture and Food Sector continued

• Animal and plant pathogens and pests - readily available
  overseas
• Information on their use - on the Internet
• Scientific knowledge and equipment - minimal and
  widely available
What is USDA Doing to Address
 Security within the Sector?
    Protecting American Agriculture

• Assessments of USDA-owned facilities (i.e., research
  facilities, airtanker bases) and private facilities (i.e.., food
  processing facilities, rural utilities).

• Cooperation with DHS on border protection, food and
  agricultural security.
        Protecting American Agriculture

• Increased development of rapid detection field kits

• Created producer/provider/processor biosecurity
  guidelines for agricultural constituents

• Developed a CD-ROM to help practitioners better identify
  and diagnose animal diseases




            Source: USDA/APHIS/VS       Source: USDA/APHIS/VS
    National Animal & Plant Health
Laboratory Networks (NAHLN & NPDN)

• Network of Federal and State resources to enhance
  detection of and enable a rapid and sufficient response
  to animal and plant health emergencies




 All Photos Source: USDA/ARS Photo Library
          Protecting the Food System
• Implemented the national Consumer Complaint
  Monitoring System, a surveillance and sentinel system
  that monitors and tracks food-related consumers
  complaints

• Conducted threat and vulnerability assessments for
  domestic and imported food

• Hired additional inspectors for
  food security purposes
• Contracted for security survey
  and guidelines for food and
  agricultural truck transporters
                                    Source: USDA/ARS Photo Library
         Food Emergency Response
             Network (FERN)

• Joint Network with FSIS and FDA
  – Enables participating State and Federal laboratories to
    establish an effective national data exchange program and
    to cooperate effectively to handle the surge of samples that
    might result from a successful terrorist attack on the food
    supply.




                            Source: USDA/OC Photo Library
  Our Goal is to Develop a
National Strategy to Address
 Security within the Sector.



    Homeland Security Presidential Directive/HSPD-9
   Subject: Defense of United States Agriculture and Food
                     January 30, 2004
                                             HSPD-9 Highlights
       • HSPD-9 sets a national policy for defending our food
         and agriculture system against terrorist attacks, major
         disasters, and other emergencies.
                – It tasks the relevant Federal departments and agencies to
                  act in coordination to develop the key components of the
                  national policy.




All Photos - Source: USDA/OC Photo Library
               HSPD-9 Highlights

• Federal Partners:
  – HSPD-9 tasks the relevant Federal departments
  and agencies to act in coordination to develop the
  key components of the national policy.
                 HSPD-9 Highlights

• Key Components of a National Strategy:
 – Awareness and Warning,
 – Vulnerability Assessments,
 – Mitigation Strategies,
 – Response Planning and Recovery,
 – Outreach and Professional
   Development, and
 – Research and Development.

                                     Source: USDA/ARS Photo Library
                HSPD-9 Highlights

USDA has the lead (or is the lead in conjunction with HHS
and or EPA) on tasks. Examples follow:
– Enhancing current monitoring and surveillance programs
  for animal disease, plant disease, wildlife disease, food,
  public health, and water quality

– Expanding and continuing
  vulnerability assessments of the
  agriculture and food sectors

– Enhancing recovery, disposal,
  and decontamination systems.
                                     Source: USDA/ARS Photo Library
                                        HSPD-9 Highlights

   – Developing countermeasures against the intentional
     introduction or natural occurrence of catastrophic animal, plant
     and zoonotic diseases.

   – Developing a plan for secure agriculture biocontainment
     laboratories to research and develop diagnostic capabilities for
     foreign animal diseases and zoonotic diseases.




Both Image Source: USDA/APHIS/VS/Ames
                     HSPD-9 Highlights
USDA works in coordination with the lead Department
(typically DHS coordinates) and others on tasks such as the
following:

– Developing and enhancing agriculture, food, and water
  intelligence capabilities.

– Creating a new biological threat
  awareness capacity to enhance
  detection of an attack.

– Conducting on-going threat
  assessments of the agriculture and
  food systems and developing           Source: USDA/ARS Photo Library

  mitigation strategies.
                                   HSPD-9 Highlights

– Developing a coordinated agriculture and food response plan for
  addition to the National Response Plan.
    –Ex. Cooperative Agreement w/ NASDA, USDA, FDA, & DHS

– Establishing an Information Sharing and Analysis Center to
  facilitate information sharing with the private sector.

                                           – Establishing a University Center
                                             for Excellence in Agriculture and
                                             Food Security.




  Source: USDA/ARS Photo Library
Homeland Security Office
  Contact Information
     Phone: (202) 720-7654
      Fax: (202) 720-8344

								
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